Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros

Tipo de documento
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Vet. zootec ; 29([supl]): 34-39, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1427432

Resumo

A consanguinidade é uma realidade na criação de bubalinos no Brasil, devido ao número pequeno de animais no rebanho, e principalmente a falta de escrituração zootécnica e seleção genética da espécie. Isso faz com que exista muita endogamia e como consequência aparecem as anomalias congênitas, que associadas às condições ambientais resultam em animais com problemas de pele, baixo desenvolvimento, baixa produção e sanidade deficitária. O presente estudo demonstrou os efeitos de um manejo cuja persistência de um touro por período de 8 anos gerou progênie com despigmentação, culminando com alterações dermatológicas e baixo desenvolvimento em alguns animais de um rebanho, sendo estas: albinismo acentuado, albinismo parcial -cabeça e peitoral e fotossensibilização, na qual todos eram menos desenvolvidos se comparados aos pais não consanguíneos. A alta incidência de raios solares na região do Pantanal Mato-Grossense potencializou queimaduras cutâneas e desgaste desses animais. Com objetivo de eliminar os genes defeituosos, os animais foram descartados e um novo touro foi introduzido.(AU)


IInbreeding is a reality in buffalo breeding in Brazil, due to the small number of animals in the herd, and mainly the lack of zootechnical bookkeeping and genetic selection of the species. This means that there is a lot of inbreeding and, as a consequence, congenital anomalies appear, which, associated with environmental conditions, result in animals with skin problems, poor development, low production and poor health. The present study demonstrated the effects of a management whose persistence of a bull for a period of 8 years generated progeny with depigmentation, culminating with dermatological alterations and low development in some animals of a herd, namely: accentuated albinism, partial albinism -head and pectoral and photosensitization, in which all were less developed compared to non-consanguineous parents. The high incidence of solar rays in the Pantanal Mato-Grossense region potentiated skin burns and wear of these animals. In order to eliminate the defective genes, the animals were discarded anda new bull was introduced.(AU)


La consanguinidad es una realidad en la cría de búfalos en Brasil,debido al pequeño número de animales en el rebaño, y principalmente la falta de contabilidad zootécnica y de selección de genética de la especie. Esto provoca la existencia de mucha endogamia y como consecuencia aparecen las anomalías congénitas, que asociadas a las condiciones ambientales resultan en animales con problemas de piel, bajo desarrollo, baja producción y salud. El presente estudio demostró los efectos de un manejo donde la persistencia de un toro por un periodo de 8 años generó progenie con despigmentación, culminando en alteraciones dermatológicas en un rebaño de 35 animales, siendo de los afectados: despigmentación severa, albinismo parcial -cabeza y pecho y fotosensibilización, en los que todos fueron menos desarrollados si se comparan con los padres no consanguíneos. La alta incidencia de los rayos solares en la región del Pantanal Mato-Grossense colaboró con las quemaduras y el desgaste de estos animales. Con el objetivo de eliminar los genes defectuosos, los animales fueron descartados y se introdujo un nuevo toro.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Búfalos/genética , Endogamia/métodos , Transtornos de Fotossensibilidade/veterinária , Anormalidades Congênitas/veterinária , Brasil
2.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 52(3): 234-248, 20150000.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-86920

Resumo

The occurrence of Leptospira and of seroreactivity against Leptospira was investigated in animals and humans from six farms located in two Brazilian biomes that have different geoclimatic conditions: Pantanal municipalities of Miranda (MS), Itiquira (MT) and Pocone (MT) and Caatinga municipalities of Sobradinho (BA), Garanhuns (PE) and Sobral (BA). Blood and urine samples of wildlife, domestic animals and humans were collected at each property. The samples were collected from February to April 2012 in Caatinga and from July to September 2012 in Pantanal. The serological reactivity against Leptospira spp. was verified by microscopic agglutination technique (MAT) made with a collection consisting by 24 antigens of Leptospira spp. The leptospires research was carried out by urine samples crop sown in Fletcher resources and Ellinghausen McCullough Johnson Harris (EMJH). Crops with growth of leptospires were referred to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology, National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and isolated Leptospira strains were genotyped with the technique of Multiple Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA). The classification procedure employed the VNTR 4, 7, 9, 10, 19, 23, 31, LB4 and LB5, which discriminate strains of L. interrogans and L. borgpetersenii. In Pantanal, 17 wildlife, 65 domestic animals and two humans were examined. In Caatinga, seven wild animals were examined, along with 100 domestic animals and 26 humans. Of 84 blood samples tested in Pantanal, 47 (55.95%) were positive and, of 133 in Caatinga, 59 (44.36%) were reactant. By Fishers exact test, considering a 0.05 significance level, there was no difference between the proportions of serum reagent animals against Leptospira spp. in two biome reviews (p = 0.063). The predominant serovars in SAM reactions were: 1) Pantanal Bratislava (wildlife, dogs and humans), Grippotyphosa (horses and cattle); 2) Caatinga Copenhageni (humans and dogs), Patoc (horses and cattle), Panama (sheep and goats), Patoc, Copenhageni and Australis (wildlife). Four strains of Leptospira were isolated: two in Sobradinho, BA, L. interrogans serogroup Pomona in Cavea aperea and L. interrogans in Euphractus sexcinctus; and two in Sobral, CE, L. interrogans in Cerdocyon thous and L. interrogans serogroup Pomona in Euphractus sexcinctus.(AU)


Foi investigada a ocorrência de leptospiras e de sororreatividade para leptospiras em animais e seres humanos de seis propriedades rurais localizadas em dois biomas brasileiros que apresentam condições geoclimáticas distintas: Pantanal municípios de Miranda (MS), Itiquira (MT) e Poconé (MT) e Caatinga municípios de Sobradinho (CE), Garanhuns (PE) e Sobral (BA). Em cada uma das propriedades, foram realizadas colheitas de sangue e de urina de animais selvagens de vida livre, animais domésticos e de seres humanos. As colheitas de materiais foram realizadas no período de fevereiro a abril de 2012 no bioma Caatinga e no período de julho a setembro de 2012 no bioma Pantanal. A reatividade sorológica contra Leptospira spp. foi verificada pela técnica de soroaglutinação microscópica (SAM) efetuada com uma coleção de antígenos constituída por 24 sorovares de Leptospira spp. A pesquisa de leptospiras foi efetuada por cultivos de amostras de urina semeadas nos meios Fletcher e de Ellinghausen McCullough Johnson Harris (EMJH). Os cultivos em que houve crescimento de leptospiras foram encaminhados ao Laboratório de Leptospirose do Instituto de Patobiologia, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuária, Buenos Aires, Argentina e as estirpes de leptospiras isoladas foram genotipadas com o emprego da técnica de Multiple Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA). O procedimento de tipificação empregou os VNTR 4, 7, 9, 10, 19, 23, 31, Lb4 e Lb5, que discriminam estirpes de L. interrogans e L. borgpetersenii. No Pantanal, foram examinados 17 animais selvagens, 65 animais domésticos e dois humanos. Na Caatinga, foram examinados sete animais selvagens, 100 animais domésticos e 26 humanos. Das 84 amostras de sangue examinadas no Pantanal, 47 (55,95%) foram reagentes e, das 133 da Caatinga, 59 (44,36%) foram reagentes. Pelo teste exato de Fisher, considerando-se um nível de significância de 0,05, não houve diferença entre as proporções de animais sororreagentes para Leptospira spp. nos dois biomas avaliados (p = 0,063). Os sorovares predominantes nas reações de SAM foram: 1) Pantanal Bratislava (animais selvagens, cães e humanos); Grippotyphosa (equinos e bovinos); 2) Caatinga Copenhageni (humanos e cães), Patoc (equinos e bovinos), Panama (ovinos e caprinos), Patoc, Copenhageni e Australis (animais selvagens). Houve isolamento de quatro estirpes de leptospiras: duas em Sobradinho, BA, L. interrogans sorogrupo Pomona em Cavea aperea e L. interrogans em Euphractus sexcinctus; e duas em Sobral, CE, L. interrogans em Cerdocyon thous e L. interrogans sorogrupo Pomona em Euphractus sexcinctus.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Leptospira interrogans/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/análise , Humanos/imunologia , Animais Domésticos/imunologia , Animais Selvagens/imunologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Urinálise , Análise Química do Sangue , Sorologia
3.
Ci. Rural ; 45(1): 47-51, 01/2015. graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-12138

Resumo

The aim of this study was to describe the isolation of a pathogenic strain of Leptospira interrogans from the urine sample of a male human living in the rural area of the County of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul. An aliquot of each urine sample was sown in a Fletcher and Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH) media. Samples in which there was growth of spirochetes were sent to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were typified by the Multiple Locus of Variable Number Tandem Repeat technique (MLVA). Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni strain Fiocruz L1-130 was isolated, and this is a very important finding that serves as a warning to characterize risk situation of leptospirosis epidemic by a pathogenic strain. Health professionals need to be more committed to the primary health care in Brazil and routinely apply actions of preventive medicine in rural communities in order to get success in the control of leptospirosis and other important zoonoses.(AU)


O objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever um caso de isolamento de espécie patogênica de Leptospira interrogans em amostra de urina de um humano morador da zona rural do Município de Cruz Alta, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. De cada amostra de urina, uma alíquota foi semeada nos meios Fletcher e Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH). As amostras, nas quais houve crescimento de espiroquetas, foram encaminhadas para o Laboratório de Leptospirose do Instituto de Patobiologia do Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuária, Buenos Aires, Argentina e foram tipificadas pela técnica Multiple Locus of Variable Number Tandem Repeat (MLVA). De um residente do sexo masculino da área rural do município de Cruz Alta, foi isolada Leptospira interrogans sorovariedade Copenhageni cepa Fiocruz L1-130, uma descoberta muito importante e que serve como um alerta por caracterizar uma situação de risco de epidemia de leptospirose por uma cepa patogênica. Os profissionais de saúde precisam ser mais comprometidos com a atenção primária à saúde no Brasil e rotineiramente aplicar ações de medicina preventiva nas comunidades rurais, a fim de obter sucesso no controle da leptospirose e de outras importantes zoonoses.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Leptospirose/prevenção & controle , Leptospira interrogans/isolamento & purificação , Zoonoses/prevenção & controle
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 41: Pub. 1119, 2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1372489

Resumo

Background: Fumonisins produced by Fusarium verticillioides are among the most important medical mycotoxins known. The intake of concentrate based on corn and corn by-products contaminated with fumonisins can cause severe poisoning in horses. The injuries are observed mainly in the white matter of the brain, and the disease is known as Equine Leukoencephalomalacia (ELEM). This study aims to describe and discuss the epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic aspects of an outbreak of ELEM occurred in three farms in the municipalities of Canarana and Água Boa, in the eastern region of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Materials, Methods & Results: The outbreak occurred between May and August 2010. The disease affected six horses and four mules of different ages and sex. Clinical examination was only possible in animals with chronic evolution of the disease. All the affected animals showed neurological clinical signs such as ataxia and recumbency, which progressed to death or sudden death. Histopathological analysis showed foci of necrosis that predominantly affected the white matter, and the presence of gitter cells. Degenerative lesions were observed in the liver of the animals. Mortality rate ranged from 12.5 to 71%, and lethality reached 100%. The cases were preceded by sudden drops in the weather temperature. Fumonisins levels of 6.6 ppm were detected in the feed of the animals. Discussion: The presumptive diagnosis of leukoencephalomalacia was consistent and based on clinical and epidemiological studies. However, the definitive diagnosis was based upon the histological features of the brain including the presence of extensive areas of malacia. Moreover, the animals were being fed with corn or corn by-products contaminated with fumonisins levels considered to be toxic to equids. The mortality and lethality rates are in agreement with outbreaks described in previous studies. The animals showed neurological signs as the predominant clinical manifestation, with gait ataxia followed by recumbency, prostration and death between 24 h and 29 days. Similarly to other reports, the disease was more frequent in adult animals, which succumbed in 24-48 h. Conversely, the evolution of the disease in young animals was of 10 to 29 days. Sudden death was more prevalent in the mules. Previous studies have shown a predominance of cerebral and brainstem lesions in horses, whereas in mules the clinical signs are related to brainstem lesions. Corn and corn byproducts are commonly used as energy supplementation to horses in the southern of Mato Grosso state, but outbreaks of the disease are uncommon. This may be influenced by the prevalence of hot climate conditions, which does not favor the production of toxin by the fungus. The atypical low weather temperatures (9-11ºC) observed prior to the outbreak could have contributed to the mycotoxin production by F. verticillioides, which requires temperatures between 8-12°C to produce toxins. However, the disease in the region may be underestimated, considering that the practice of necropsies is not common among field technicians, mainly in the occurrence of sporadic deaths among horses intended for work. Preventive measures include avoiding the use of corn and corn by-products for horses after periods of sudden drops in temperature in the region. Furthermore, clinical and epidemiological surveys and post-mortem and histopathological analyses are undoubtedly important for appropriate differential diagnosis, especially in equids with neurological signs.


Assuntos
Animais , Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico , Leucoencefalopatias/veterinária , Leucoencefalopatias/epidemiologia , Fusariose/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos/microbiologia , Micotoxinas/análise , Autopsia/veterinária
5.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 50(6): 457-461, 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-334228

Resumo

Leptospirosis is a waterborne disease and, therefore, stands out for the possibility of environmental contamination, the cross transmission between domestic and wild animals and humans. Opossum species are important reservoirs of this disease making them potential pathogen spreaders. Aiming to verify the presence of Leptospira spp. and the antibodies against Leptospira spp. in the Campus of São Paulo State University, in Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brazil, freeliving wild life opossum (Didelphis albiventris) were captured for blood and urine sampling. Serological analysis was performed Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT). Aliquots of urine were seeded in media Ellinghausen-McCullough- Johnson-Harris (EMJH) and Fletcher without antibiotics. The samples in which there was growth of leptospires were forwarded to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were genotyped using Multiple Locus Variable number tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA). Of the 15 analyzed animals, nine (60.0%) were reactant to Patoc serovar. The pathogenic specie Leptospira borgpetersenii was isolated and identified in three Didelphis albiventris. The isolation findings of pathogenic specie Leptopsira borgpetersenii in the urine culture of three Didelphis albiventris in a university campus are a major discovery in the area of preventive veterinary medicine and public health and open a discussion about the important role of free-living wild animals as reservoirs of this agent to domestic animals and humans, a condition that serves as a warning for the improvement of health practices(AU)


A leptospirose é uma zoonose de veiculação hídrica e, portanto, se destaca pela possibilidade de contaminação ambiental, o que facilita a transmissão cruzada entre animais domésticos, selvagens e humanos. Espécies de gambás são importantes reservatórios dessa enfermidade, tornando-os potenciais disseminadores do agente. Com o objetivo de verificar a presença de Leptospira spp. e de anticorpos contra Leptospira spp. no Campus da Universidade Estadual Paulista, em Jaboticabal, foram capturados gambás (Didelphis albiventris) de vida livre para a colheita de amostras de sangue e de urina. As análises sorológicas foram efetuadas pela técnica de Soroaglutinação Microscópica (SAM). Alíquotas de urina foram semeadas nos meios Ellinghausen-McCullough-Johnson-Harris (EMJH) e Fletcher sem antibióticos. As amostras que apresentaram crescimento de espiroquetas foram levadas ao Laboratório de Leptospirose do Instituto de Patobiologia, no Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina e foram genotipadas com a técnica de Múltiplos Locus de Números Variáveis de Repetição em Tandem (MLVA). Dos 15 animais examinados pela SAM, nove (60,0%) foram reagentes à sorovariedade Patoc. Foi isolada e identificada a espécie patogênica Leptospira bosrpetersenii de três Didelphis albiventris. Os achados de isolamento da espécie patogênica Leptospira borgpetersenii na cultura de urina de três Didelphis albiventris são um grande descobrimento para as áreas da medicina veterinária preventiva e da saúde pública e reforçam a discussão sobre o importante papel dos animais selvagens de vida livre como reservatórios desse agente para animais domésticos e seres humanos, situação que serve de alerta para melhorias nas práticas sanitárias(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Didelphis/microbiologia , Leptospira/isolamento & purificação , Marsupiais/microbiologia , Repetições Minissatélites , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária , Zoonoses , Animais Selvagens/microbiologia
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456830

Resumo

Pythiosis in horses is a proliferative and ulcerative disease that primarily affects the skin and subcutaneous tissue of limbs, thoracic-abdominal region and head. This disease sometimes can also affect limb bones or cause tumoral masses in abdomen. Usually, the cutaneous cases are confused with habronemiasis. The disease is more common in marshy areas, places with formation of slow drainage ponds and aquatic vegetation under high temperatures. The aim of this study was to describe the development of facial lesions in a horse caused by pythiosis in Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, and, additionally to discuss relevantissues regarding the diagnosis, clinical course and response to immunotherapy treatment.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Cavalos/classificação , Blefaroptose , Ferimentos e Lesões , Sorologia/tendências
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-381298

Resumo

Pythiosis in horses is a proliferative and ulcerative disease that primarily affects the skin and subcutaneous tissue of limbs, thoracic-abdominal region and head. This disease sometimes can also affect limb bones or cause tumoral masses in abdomen. Usually, the cutaneous cases are confused with habronemiasis. The disease is more common in marshy areas, places with formation of slow drainage ponds and aquatic vegetation under high temperatures. The aim of this study was to describe the development of facial lesions in a horse caused by pythiosis in Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, and, additionally to discuss relevantissues regarding the diagnosis, clinical course and response to immunotherapy treatment.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cavalos/classificação , Blefaroptose , Ferimentos e Lesões , Sorologia/tendências
8.
Jaboticabal; s.n; 25/01/2012. 131 p.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-1695

Resumo

Pythium insidiosum causa doença de pele e ocasionalmente de outros tecidos de mamíferos e aves que vivem em estreito contato com águas contaminadas. Pelas características bioclimáticas e ambientais da região do Pantanal, estima-se que seja uma das áreas com maior prevalência do mundo. Não obstante, certifica-se na literatura compilada poucos estudo enfatizando aspectos epidemiológicos nessa região, sendo esse o principal objetivo dessa pesquisa. As normais climatológicas foram obtidas de duas estações metereológicas de Instituição pública, que abrange a sub-região do estudo, complementados por dados dispostos em outras fontes. Obteve-se validação de 76 casos em equideos e sete bovinos, através do ELISA-teste, PCR, histopatologia e isolamento do agente. A doença apresentou dinâmica sazonal, com picos de incidência emergindo após os maiores índices pluviométricos. Evidenciaram-se também, um número expressivo de enfermidades confundíveis, coinfecções e reinfecções, demonstrando frágil imunidade do hospedeiro equino ao patógeno. Cabe ressaltar ainda, que ferramentas de diagnóstico são pouco utilizadas a campo. Resposta significativa relativa à imunoterapia (Pitium Vac®) no grupo de equideos tratados e aumento do intervalo de reinfecções, indica que o fármaco poderá ser aperfeiçoado, de modo a agregar características profiláticas, além das terapêuticas


The disease caused by Pythium insidiosum affects the skin and occasionally other tissues of mammals and birds which live in close contact with contaminated water. Due to its bio-climatic and environmental characteristics, the Pantanal region is estimated to be one of the areas with higher prevalence of pythiosis in the world. However, few studies have focused on epidemiological aspects this region, the main objective of this work. Climatological normals were obtained from two meteorological stations of a public institution which covers the subregion studied. Data from other sources were also used to complement the study. Seventy six cases of pythiosis in equidae and seven in cattle were confirmed by ELISA-test, PCR, histopathology and isolation of Pythium insidiosum. The disease showed seasonal dynamics with peaks of incidence emerging after the wettest pluviometric gradients. Similar diseases, co infections and reinfections were also realized, suggesting a suppression of equine immune system to Pythium insidiosum. It is worth mention that diagnosis tests tools available are not widely adopted in the field. Significant response on immunotherapy (Pitium Vac®) in equine treated group and increased of the intervals the reinfection, indicating that the drug could be improved by adding prophylactic and therapeutical properties

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA