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1.
Sci. agric ; 76(3): 220-226, May-June 2019. ilus, map, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497779

Resumo

Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze is a native tree species of major importance in southern Brazil. It is a regional symbol due to its iconic shape and stature in the landscape; its wood was once economically important and its seeds are an important source of food for the fauna and are presently used in regional cuisine. Despite its importance and apparent abundance, the species is facing extinction mainly as a result of unregulated exploitation and deforestation. This study catalogued the remaining individuals in order to add to the body of knowledge available on A. angustifolia, a species that has become rare across its historic range. The circumference at breast height (1.30 m), the total height, and the tree volume were measured (3,529 araucarias). We catalogued trees with a large diameter measuring them in loco over three years involving a journey of more than 6,800 km. The volumes of these old trees are very large, ranging from 38.2 m3 to 106.6 m3. The largest A. angustifolia individual is located in the state of Santa Catarina and measures 3.25 m in diameter. The giant araucarias with > 2.00 m in diameter are rare and only 13 individuals could be found in southern Brazil; a priority action at the governmental level is to recognize and preserve these monumental trees and together with a need for a public policy of drawing up specific inventories of large trees.

2.
Sci. agric. ; 76(3): 220-226, May-June 2019. ilus, mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-740872

Resumo

Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze is a native tree species of major importance in southern Brazil. It is a regional symbol due to its iconic shape and stature in the landscape; its wood was once economically important and its seeds are an important source of food for the fauna and are presently used in regional cuisine. Despite its importance and apparent abundance, the species is facing extinction mainly as a result of unregulated exploitation and deforestation. This study catalogued the remaining individuals in order to add to the body of knowledge available on A. angustifolia, a species that has become rare across its historic range. The circumference at breast height (1.30 m), the total height, and the tree volume were measured (3,529 araucarias). We catalogued trees with a large diameter measuring them in loco over three years involving a journey of more than 6,800 km. The volumes of these old trees are very large, ranging from 38.2 m3 to 106.6 m3. The largest A. angustifolia individual is located in the state of Santa Catarina and measures 3.25 m in diameter. The giant araucarias with > 2.00 m in diameter are rare and only 13 individuals could be found in southern Brazil; a priority action at the governmental level is to recognize and preserve these monumental trees and together with a need for a public policy of drawing up specific inventories of large trees.(AU)

3.
Ci. Rural ; 45(10): 1802-1808, Oct. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28815

Resumo

A região da Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul estende-se por planícies e relevos suaves ondulados, com predomínio de florestas de galeria. Este estudo teve o objetivo de investigar a estrutura e a diversidade dos remanescentes de Floresta Estacional Decidual em diferentes posições na paisagem de pequenos tributários ao longo de uma microbacia em Pantano Grande, RS. Os levantamentos foram realizados em 40 pontos amostrais com 500 m2. Foi constatada a existência de três grupos ecológicos, espacialmente correlacionados à posição no relevo, tendo diferentes estágios de conservação, diversidade, estrutura e florística. O grupo 1, formação submontana (FS), destacou-se pela maior densidade de indivíduos nas maiores classes de diâmetro e pela maior altura, com alta dominância ecológica, determinada por uma particular espécie tolerante à sombra, Actinostemon concolor . O grupo 2, FA/FS, revelou-se com maior diversidade que os demais grupos, apresentando menor dominância ecológica. O grupo 3, formação aluvial (FA), foi caracterizado por indivíduos arbóreos menores e pela presença dominante de Sebastiania commersoniana.(AU)


Central Depression region in the state of Rio Grande do Sul extends across plains and gentle undulated reliefs, with a predominance of gallery forests. This study aimed to analyze remaining tree communities of the seasonal deciduous forest in different positions of the landscape in small tributaries of a watershed in Pantano Grande, RS, Brazil. Surveys were conducted at 40 sampling points equaling 500 m2. The analysis pointed to the existence of three ecological groups, spatially correlated with their positions in the landscape, at different stages of preservation, diversity, structure and floristic development. The community groups were named sub-montane (upper plains) and alluvial formations, and the domain area of both formations (FA/FS). TheFA/FS proved to be more diverse than the others, with lower ecological dominance in narrow fragments. Submontane stood out with higher density of individuals in the largest diameter and height classes, with high ecological dominance, determined by a particular species tolerant to shade,Actinostemon concolor . Alluvial formation (FA) was characterized by smaller individual trees and the dominant presence of Sebastiania commersoniana in narrow corridors.(AU)


Assuntos
Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/fisiologia , Rios , Biodiversidade
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