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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50(supl.1): 778, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1370123

Resumo

Background: Urethral tumors are uncommon in canines, represented predominantly by transitional cell carcinoma, marked by aggressive behavior associated with short life expectancy. Definitive diagnosis is achieved by histopathological analysis. Surgery associated with chemotherapy is the main therapeutic alternative. The aim of this paper is to report a case of primary transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra in a bitch, submitted to surgical treatment associated with conventional adjuvant chemotherapy and metronomic chemotherapy, achieving survival of 21 months, to date. Case: A 12-year-old bitch mixed breed was admitted at the Veterinary Hospital of Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), manifesting hematuria and urinary incontinence for one month. Physical examination indicated that vital parameters were within normal limits. Laboratory tests of blood count and serum biochemistry, urinalysis, culture, urinary antibiogram, and abdominal ultrasound were performed. The ultrasound image suggested a neoplastic urethral process. Because of the suspicion of neoplasm, a thoracic X-ray was performed, showing no evidence of metastasis. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdominal region was performed, revealing an expansive lesion in the urethra with loss of definition of the walls and urethral lumen extending to the level of the pelvic floor, measuring about 2.9 x 1.4 x 1.2 cm. After preanesthetic exams, the animal underwent resection and surgical anastomosis of the affected urethral region. The sectioned tissue was sent for histopathological analysis, with diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy was performed using carboplatin at a dose of 250 mg/m², intravenously, every 21 days for 6 sessions. After completing the protocol, abdominal ultrasonography was performed again, which showed a cicatricial process in the urethral region of the surgical excision, with no sign of tumor recurrence. A metronomic chemotherapy protocol was then started with cyclophosphamide at a dose of 15 mg/m², daily for 6 months, with periodic oncological follow-up. At the end of the period, the animal remained under periodic follow-up with ultrasound exams performed at 2-month intervals, and has been free from recurrence for 21 months until now. Discussion: Urethral neoplasms account for 0.5 - 2% of all canine tumors, and are represented mostly by transitional cell carcinomas. Clinical signs of urinary obstruction and hematuria are the most common, as reported in the patient in question. The definitive diagnosis is by histopathological examination. However, imaging tests such as computed tomography are important in the initial investigation and surgical planning. The indicated treatment is surgical resection of the mass with subsequent adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The chemotherapy protocol associating cisplatin and piroxicam can achieve remission rates of 70%, but this association has a high nephrotoxic effect. In the present case, cisplatin was replaced by carboplatin in order to reduce the nephrotoxic effects of chemotherapy. The metronomic protocol using cyclophosphamide was used as maintenance therapy, at the end of the conventional chemotherapy protocol. Survival achieved was longer than that described in the literature in cases of transitional cell carcinomas in the urethral region. Therefore, multimodal therapy using surgery associated with conventional and metronomic chemotherapy, is an option in canines with urethral carcinoma.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Uretra/patologia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/veterinária , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Uretrais/veterinária , Administração Metronômica/veterinária
2.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 15(3): 235-240, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1453291

Resumo

The inverted ovariosalpingohysterectomy (OSH) technique involves initial uterine removal, followed by ovarian disinsertion. The objective of this study was to compare the inverted technique with the traditional technique, characterized by initial removal of the ovaries followed by uterine resection, for evaluating the performance of the inverted OSH technique in cats. For this, 24 healthy, female cats, aged between 7 months and 5 years, with a body condition score of up to 6 points (9-point scale), divided into two equal groups: the traditional technique (TT) and the inverted technique (IT). Procedures were performed by the same veterinarians (surgeon and their assistant) as well as semi-quantitative analysis of the techniques (questionnaire related to the ease of uterine and ovarian manipulation as well as of intestinal and urinary vesicle manipulation) and descriptive qualitative analysis (technical report with the opinion of surgeons and an external evaluator). In addition, the total surgical time and positive pain response were evaluated, indicated by the changes in vital parameters observed by the anesthesiologist during surgery. Inverted technique it promoted greater ovarian exposure, allowing uterine cranial flexion to perform the ligatures, thus facilitating their manipulation, hemostasis, and section of the pedicle. Free the uterus from its ligaments to the abdominal cavity allowed greater mobilization of the conjoint. Both techniques required short operation time (average time of 16’± 1.321’ in the IT group and 15’± 0.525’ in the TT group). The presence of algetic stimulus was similar in the techniques, three animals in each group suffered analgesic rescue.


A técnica de ovariossalpingohisterectomia (OSH) invertida envolve a remoção inicial uterina seguida da desinser-ção ovariana bilateral. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a técnica invertida com a tradicional, caracterizada pela remoção inicial dos ovários seguida da ressecção uterina, a fim de avaliar aspectos de execução da OSH Invertida em gatas. Para isso, 24 felinas hígidas, com idade entre 7 meses e 5 anos, com escore de condição corporal até 6 pontos (escala 9 pontos), foram divididas em dois grupos iguais (TT- técnica tradicional e TI- técnica invertida). As cirurgias e anestesias foram efetuadas pelos mesmos médicos veterinários, as técnicas foram avaliadas pelo cirurgião e auxiliar por análises semiquantitativa (questionário com escores relativos à facilidade de manipulação uterina e ovariana, nível de manipulação do intestino e vesícula urinária) e qualitativa descritiva (relatório das técnicas com opinião dos cirurgiões e avaliador externo). Ainda, avaliou-se o tempo cirúr-gico total e a indicação de resposta álgica positiva conforme mudanças nos parâmetros vitais no transoperatório. A OSH inver-tida nos felinos não revelou diferença estatística na análise semiquantitativa quando comparada à técnica tradicional. Porém, promoveu maior exposição ovariana permitindo a flexão cranial uterina, facilitando sua manipulação, hemostasia e secção do pedículo. Ainda, a liberação do útero dos ligamentos à cavidade abdominal permitiu maior mobilização do conjunto. Ambas as técnicas revelaram-se de rápida execução sendo a média de tempo no TI de 16’±1,321’, e no TT de 15’±0,525’. A presença de estímulo álgico foi semelhante nas técnicas havendo resgates analgésicos em três animais de cada grupo.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Gatos , Gatos/anatomia & histologia , Laparotomia/métodos , Laparotomia/veterinária , Técnicas de Ablação/veterinária
3.
Acta Vet. bras. ; 15(3): 235-240, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765326

Resumo

The inverted ovariosalpingohysterectomy (OSH) technique involves initial uterine removal, followed by ovarian disinsertion. The objective of this study was to compare the inverted technique with the traditional technique, characterized by initial removal of the ovaries followed by uterine resection, for evaluating the performance of the inverted OSH technique in cats. For this, 24 healthy, female cats, aged between 7 months and 5 years, with a body condition score of up to 6 points (9-point scale), divided into two equal groups: the traditional technique (TT) and the inverted technique (IT). Procedures were performed by the same veterinarians (surgeon and their assistant) as well as semi-quantitative analysis of the techniques (questionnaire related to the ease of uterine and ovarian manipulation as well as of intestinal and urinary vesicle manipulation) and descriptive qualitative analysis (technical report with the opinion of surgeons and an external evaluator). In addition, the total surgical time and positive pain response were evaluated, indicated by the changes in vital parameters observed by the anesthesiologist during surgery. Inverted technique it promoted greater ovarian exposure, allowing uterine cranial flexion to perform the ligatures, thus facilitating their manipulation, hemostasis, and section of the pedicle. Free the uterus from its ligaments to the abdominal cavity allowed greater mobilization of the conjoint. Both techniques required short operation time (average time of 16± 1.321 in the IT group and 15± 0.525 in the TT group). The presence of algetic stimulus was similar in the techniques, three animals in each group suffered analgesic rescue.(AU)


A técnica de ovariossalpingohisterectomia (OSH) invertida envolve a remoção inicial uterina seguida da desinser-ção ovariana bilateral. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a técnica invertida com a tradicional, caracterizada pela remoção inicial dos ovários seguida da ressecção uterina, a fim de avaliar aspectos de execução da OSH Invertida em gatas. Para isso, 24 felinas hígidas, com idade entre 7 meses e 5 anos, com escore de condição corporal até 6 pontos (escala 9 pontos), foram divididas em dois grupos iguais (TT- técnica tradicional e TI- técnica invertida). As cirurgias e anestesias foram efetuadas pelos mesmos médicos veterinários, as técnicas foram avaliadas pelo cirurgião e auxiliar por análises semiquantitativa (questionário com escores relativos à facilidade de manipulação uterina e ovariana, nível de manipulação do intestino e vesícula urinária) e qualitativa descritiva (relatório das técnicas com opinião dos cirurgiões e avaliador externo). Ainda, avaliou-se o tempo cirúr-gico total e a indicação de resposta álgica positiva conforme mudanças nos parâmetros vitais no transoperatório. A OSH inver-tida nos felinos não revelou diferença estatística na análise semiquantitativa quando comparada à técnica tradicional. Porém, promoveu maior exposição ovariana permitindo a flexão cranial uterina, facilitando sua manipulação, hemostasia e secção do pedículo. Ainda, a liberação do útero dos ligamentos à cavidade abdominal permitiu maior mobilização do conjunto. Ambas as técnicas revelaram-se de rápida execução sendo a média de tempo no TI de 16±1,321, e no TT de 15±0,525. A presença de estímulo álgico foi semelhante nas técnicas havendo resgates analgésicos em três animais de cada grupo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Gatos/anatomia & histologia , Laparotomia/métodos , Laparotomia/veterinária , Técnicas de Ablação/veterinária
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