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1.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 33(1): 86-98, jan.-mar. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1434513

Resumo

A cana-de-açúcar pode ser empregada na alimentação animal devido ao seu alto rendimento de matéria seca. No entanto, há muitas recomendações para evitar o emprego como alimento para animais de bom potencial genético, pois apresenta baixo teor proteico e de minerais, bem como e fibra de baixa qualidade. Desta forma, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos da aplicação de uma mistura de cinco bactérias diazotróficas (Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus; Herbaspirillum seropedicae; Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans; Paraburkholderia tropica; Nitrospirillum amazonense) e da adubação nitrogenada sobre a produção, maturação e composição químico-bromatológica de cinco variedades de cana-de-açúcar com potencial para serem empregadas na alimentação animal. Os tratamentos foram formados conforme a combinação dos cinco genótipos de cana-de-açúcar (RB867515, RB966928, RB106814, RB106818 e RB106819) com quatro condições de inoculação e adubação nitrogenada em cobertura. Os teores de sólidos solúveis totais foram determinados dos 180 dias após o transplante até a colheita do experimento, onde foi avaliada a produtividade e a amostragem de material foi coletada para as avaliações químico-bromatológicas: matéria seca, nitrogênio acumulado, proteína bruta, fibra em detergente neutro, fibra em detergente ácido, holocelulose, celulose, hemicelulose, lignina, extrativos totais e cinzas. De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, conclui-se que a aplicação de bactérias diazotróficas de forma isolada ou em conjunto com a adubação nitrogenada, aumenta a produtividade e os sólidos solúveis totais, antecipando a maturação, além de melhorar a composição químico-bromatológica das plantas de cana-de-açúcar.


Sugarcane can be used in animal feed due to its high dry matter yield. However, there are many recommendations to avoid its use as food for animals with good genetic potential, since it has a low contents of protein and minerals, as well as fiber of low quality. Therefore, this work aimed to evaluate the effects of applying a mixture of five diazotrophic bacteria (Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus; Herbaspirillum seropedicae; Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans; Paraburkholderia tropica; Nitrospirillum amazonense) and nitrogen fertilization on the production, maturation, and chemical-bromatological composition of five sugarcane varieties with potential to be used in animal feed. The treatments were formed according to the combination of the five sugarcane genotypes (RB867515, RB966928, RB106814, RB106818, and RB106819) with four conditions of inoculation and nitrogen fertilization in coverage. The levels of total soluble solids were determined from 180 days after transplantation until the harvest of the experiment, where productivity was evaluated and the sample material was collected for chemical-bromatological evaluations: dry matter, accumulated nitrogen, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, holocellulose, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, total extracts, and ashes. According to the results of the present study, it is concluded that the application of diazotrophic bacteria alone or in conjunction with nitrogen fertilization, increases productivity and total soluble solids, anticipating maturation, in addition to improving the chemical-bromatological composition of sugarcane plants.


Assuntos
Animais , Saccharum , Dieta/veterinária , Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio , Ração Animal
2.
Sci. agric ; 78(1): e20190035, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497923

Resumo

Little is known about the interaction between the inoculation of diazotrophic bacteria, the variety, and the substrate used in inoculated sugarcane seedling production. Bearing this in mind, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diazotrophic bacteria inoculation, four sugarcane varieties and four different substrates on the growth and nitrogen accumulation of sugarcane seedlings. Parameters related to sprouting, height, and root growth, as well as nitrogen accumulation, were evaluated. The results indicate that inoculating sugarcane seedlings belonging to the following varieties: RB867515, RB92579, RB966928 and RB975932 with bacteria may increase sprouting speed index, height, root length, fresh and dry matter weight, as well as nitrogen accumulation, which has resulted in a more uniform stem diameter. However, the responses to inoculation differ from variety to variety and are also dependent on the substrate used with better results observed in the commercial substrate and the substrate mixtures containing a higher proportion of organic compost. Understanding the interaction between the variety and the substrate with the bacterial inoculation is essential to the success of the production of inoculated sugarcane seedlings.


Assuntos
Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio , Brotos de Planta/química , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Substratos para Tratamento Biológico
3.
Sci. agric. ; 78(1): e20190035, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27047

Resumo

Little is known about the interaction between the inoculation of diazotrophic bacteria, the variety, and the substrate used in inoculated sugarcane seedling production. Bearing this in mind, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diazotrophic bacteria inoculation, four sugarcane varieties and four different substrates on the growth and nitrogen accumulation of sugarcane seedlings. Parameters related to sprouting, height, and root growth, as well as nitrogen accumulation, were evaluated. The results indicate that inoculating sugarcane seedlings belonging to the following varieties: RB867515, RB92579, RB966928 and RB975932 with bacteria may increase sprouting speed index, height, root length, fresh and dry matter weight, as well as nitrogen accumulation, which has resulted in a more uniform stem diameter. However, the responses to inoculation differ from variety to variety and are also dependent on the substrate used with better results observed in the commercial substrate and the substrate mixtures containing a higher proportion of organic compost. Understanding the interaction between the variety and the substrate with the bacterial inoculation is essential to the success of the production of inoculated sugarcane seedlings.(AU)


Assuntos
Fixação de Nitrogênio , Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio , Substratos para Tratamento Biológico , Brotos de Planta/química , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
4.
Ci. Rural ; 50(1): e20181043, Jan. 31, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24971

Resumo

The purpose of this study was to select cold-tolerant sugarcane families and clones. Evaluations were carried out during three selection phases in the municipality of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The experiments were arranged in an incomplete block design, with initially 4,452 seedlings of 53 full-sib families. Aside from the traits soluble solids content (BRX), tons of stalks per hectare (TSH) and tons of brixper hectare (TBH), the survival of the apical bud (ABS) was evaluated in the first selection stage (T1) of the breeding program. At the end of three selection phases, 15 clones of 14 of the 53 families evaluated in the first phase (T1) were selected for the experimental phase. Of these, the clones RS/PR126066, RS/PR126044, RS/PR126052, RS/PR126007 and RS/PR126033, had a good performance for apical bud survival in the first selection phase.(AU)


O objetivo desse trabalho foi selecionar famílias e clones de cana-de-açúcar tolerantes ao estresse por frio. As avaliações ocorreram durante três fases de seleção no município de Pelotas, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os experimentos foram conduzidos no delineamento de blocos incompletos, sendo inicialmente composto por 4.452 seedlings oriundos de 53 famílias de irmãos completos. Além dos caracteres teor de sólidos solúveis (BRIX), tonelada de colmos por hectare (TCH) e tonelada de brix por hectare (TBH), foi avaliada a sobrevivência do meristema apical (GEM) na primeira fase de seleção (T1) do programa de melhoramento genético. Ao final de três fases de seleção, 15 clones pertencentes a 14 das 53 famílias avaliadas na primeira fase (T1) foram selecionados para a fase de experimentação, destes, destacam-se: RS/PR126066, RS/PR126044, RS/PR126052, RS/PR126007 e RS/PR126033, pois além de apresentar desempenho satisfatório para os caracteres TCH e TBH, foram avaliados com notas máximas (N4 e N5) para sobrevivência de gema apical no primeiro ciclo de seleção.(AU)


Assuntos
Saccharum/genética , Seleção Genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Melhoramento Vegetal
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