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1.
Sci. agric ; 782021.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497909

Resumo

ABSTRACT: Environmental impacts caused by the addition of rare earth elements (REEs) to agricultural soils are a growing concern. The sedimentary basin of the Gurguéia River is located in one of the last agricultural frontiers in Brazil; nevertheless, data regarding quality reference values (QRVs) for REEs in soils are still scarce. The objective of this study was therefore to determine the natural concentration and establish the QRVs of REEs in soils of Gurguéia watershed, Brazil. Fifty-five composite soil samples were collected at sites under no or minimal anthropic interference. The average REE natural concentrations in soils from the Gurguéia watershed were lower than those found in other regions of Brazil and worldwide, following the order (mg kg1): Ce (14.01) > Nd (6.19) > La (5.52) > Pr (2.51) > Sm (1.45) > Gd (0.93) > Dy (0.63) > Er (0.42) > Yb (0.39) > Tb (0.28) > Eu (0.26) > Lu (0.20). The parent material was the main factor that controlled the distribution of REEs in soils. The QRVs in soils followed the order (mg kg1): Ce (18.8) > Nd (7.92) > La (6.32) > Pr (3.3) > Sm (1.97) > Gd (1.35) > Dy (0.85) > Er (0.55) > Yb (0.47) > Tb (0.37) > Lu (0.25). These values serve as a basis to assist the development of legislation, including REE thresholds for Brazilian soils.

2.
Sci. agric ; 78(supl. 1): e20200069, 2021. map, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1498004

Resumo

Environmental impacts caused by the addition of rare earth elements (REEs) to agricultural soils are a growing concern. The sedimentary basin of the Gurguéia River is located in one of the last agricultural frontiers in Brazil; nevertheless, data regarding quality reference values (QRVs) for REEs in soils are still scarce. The objective of this study was therefore to determine the natural concentration and establish the QRVs of REEs in soils of Gurguéia watershed, Brazil. Fifty-five composite soil samples were collected at sites under no or minimal anthropic interference. The average REE natural concentrations in soils from the Gurguéia watershed were lower than those found in other regions of Brazil and worldwide, following the order (mg kg−1): Ce (14.01) > Nd (6.19) > La (5.52) > Pr (2.51) > Sm (1.45) > Gd (0.93) > Dy (0.63) > Er (0.42) > Yb (0.39) > Tb (0.28) > Eu (0.26) > Lu (0.20). The parent material was the main factor that controlled the distribution of REEs in soils. The QRVs in soils followed the order (mg kg−1): Ce (18.8) > Nd (7.92) > La (6.32) > Pr (3.3) > Sm (1.97) > Gd (1.35) > Dy (0.85) > Er (0.55) > Yb (0.47) > Tb (0.37) > Lu (0.25). These values serve as a basis to assist the development of legislation, including REE thresholds for Brazilian soils.


Assuntos
Metais Terras Raras/análise , Solo/química , Áreas de Fronteira
3.
Sci. agric. ; 78(supl. 1): e20200069, 2021. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765606

Resumo

Environmental impacts caused by the addition of rare earth elements (REEs) to agricultural soils are a growing concern. The sedimentary basin of the Gurguéia River is located in one of the last agricultural frontiers in Brazil; nevertheless, data regarding quality reference values (QRVs) for REEs in soils are still scarce. The objective of this study was therefore to determine the natural concentration and establish the QRVs of REEs in soils of Gurguéia watershed, Brazil. Fifty-five composite soil samples were collected at sites under no or minimal anthropic interference. The average REE natural concentrations in soils from the Gurguéia watershed were lower than those found in other regions of Brazil and worldwide, following the order (mg kg−1): Ce (14.01) > Nd (6.19) > La (5.52) > Pr (2.51) > Sm (1.45) > Gd (0.93) > Dy (0.63) > Er (0.42) > Yb (0.39) > Tb (0.28) > Eu (0.26) > Lu (0.20). The parent material was the main factor that controlled the distribution of REEs in soils. The QRVs in soils followed the order (mg kg−1): Ce (18.8) > Nd (7.92) > La (6.32) > Pr (3.3) > Sm (1.97) > Gd (1.35) > Dy (0.85) > Er (0.55) > Yb (0.47) > Tb (0.37) > Lu (0.25). These values serve as a basis to assist the development of legislation, including REE thresholds for Brazilian soils.(AU)


Assuntos
Solo/química , Metais Terras Raras/análise , Áreas de Fronteira
4.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 41(4): 1119-1134, jul.-ago. 2020. mapas, ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1373264

Resumo

The sustainable use of soil requires a broad knowledge of its genesis, morphology, properties, and distribution in the landscape. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize the pedogenetic attributes of representative soils from the cerrado-caatinga transition of the Gurguéia river basin to indicate their agricultural potential and limitations for the implementation of agroforestry systems. National and international soil classification systems were used to define the soil classes. The limiting factors and agricultural potential were characterized following the evaluation system of the agricultural potential of Brazilian land. In general, profiles 1, 3, 5, and 6 had a low nutrient budget and a sandy to loam texture. Profiles 2, 4, and 7 showed high clay content and nutrient budget. The soil profiles were classified as Ustic Quartzipsamments, Udic Haplusterts, Xanthic Haplustox, Arenic Kanhaplustults, Typic Haplustox, and Aridic Dystrustept based on their pedogenetic characteristics. Udic Haplusterts and Arenic Kanhaplustults soils display restrictions regarding the planting of forests owing to oxygen and soil depth limitations. The other soil classes had adequate physical properties for the implementation of agricultural systems and pastures, including good drainage and medium texture; however, they had low natural fertility, and thus require technologies for soil acidity correction and fertilization. Ustic Quartzipsamments and Ustic soils require the implementation of conservation systems, such as agroforestry, to avoid degradation.(AU)


O uso do solo de forma sustentável requer um amplo conhecimento sobre sua gênese, morfologia, propriedades e distribuição na paisagem. Dessa forma, objetivou-se com esta pesquisa realizar a caracterização pedogenética dos solos representativos da transição cerrado-caatinga da bacia hidrográfica do rio Gurguéia a fim de indicar sua aptidão e limitações para a implantação de sistemas agroflorestais. A caracterização baseou-se no estudo morfológico e na análise química e física dos horizontes de sete perfis de solos. Os sistemas de classificação de solos nacional e internacional foram utilizados para definir as classes de solos existentes na área pesquisada. Os fatores limitantes e a aptidão agrícola dos solos foram caracterizados conforme preposto no sistema de avaliação da aptidão agrícola de terras do Brasil. De forma geral, os perfis 1, 3, 5 e 6 apresentam baixa reserva de nutrientes e textura arenosa a média. Os perfis 2, 4 e 7 possuem maiores teores de argila e maior reserva de nutriente. Diante das características pedogenéticas dos perfis, pôde-se classificar os perfis de solo como NEOSSOLO QUARTZARÊNICO Órtico latossólico; VERTISSOLO HIDROMÓRFICO Órtico típico, LATOSSOLO AMARELO Distrófico típico, ARGISSOLO AMARELO Distrófico Abrúptico, LATOSSOLO VERMELHOAMARELO Distrófico argissólico e CAMBISSOLO HÁPLICO Tb Eutrófico típico respectivamente. Os VERTISSOLOS e CAMBISSOLOS presentam restrições a implantação de florestas devido à restrição de oxigênio e restrição a profundidade do solo. As demais classes de solos apresentaram propriedades físicas adequadas para a implantação de sistemas agrícolas e pastagens, incluindo boa drenagem e textura média; no entanto, tinham baixa fertilidade natural e, portanto, requerem correção da acidez do solo e adubação. Os solos NEOSSOLOS e ARGISSOLOS requerem a implementação de sistemas de conservação, como as agroflorestas, para evitar sua degradação.(AU)


Assuntos
24444 , Usos do Solo , Análise do Solo , Brasil , Fenômenos Geológicos
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