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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub.361-2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458125

Resumo

Background: The use of distinct drugs and techniques for establishing balanced anesthesia protocols has shown promisingresults in birds. The techniques of locoregional block can be incorporated to these protocols, thereby providing intra- andpost-operative analgesia and reducing the requirement for general anesthesia. Additionally, the use of neurostimulatorsincreases the chances of success and reduces the risk of toxicity; however, there are limited reports in the literature of itsapplicability in wild birds. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the brachial plexus block technique guidedusing a neurolocalizer in a striped owl (Asio clamator) submitted for right wing amputation.Case: A striped owl weighing 400 g with a history of exposed fracture of the right wing was supplied by the clinical sectorat the Veterinarian Hospital of the Federal University of Bahia. Following hydration and stabilization of vital signs, theanimal was referred to the surgical center for amputation of the limb. Dexmedetomidine (10 µg.kg−1 IM) was administeredas premedication, and after 20 min, anesthetic induction was performed using sevoflurane (FiO2 = 100%) via a mask followed by maintenance using the same drug. The animal was positioned in a left lateral decubitus position with access to thebrachial plexus determined by palpation and identification of the border of the following muscles: pectoral, cranial branchof the brachial biceps, and dorsal branch of the ventral serratus. The brachial plexus nerves are situated in the subcutaneous site craniodorsal to the axillary depression. For the block, a neurolocalizer was used, fixing the positive electrode toapproximately 5 cm from the needle insertion site (21G × 2’”) in the axillary depression, which remained connected to theneurostimulator by the second electrode. At first, the needle was attached to the peripheral nerve stimulator using a pulsefrequency of 1 Hz with an...


Assuntos
Animais , Anestésicos Locais , Dexmedetomidina , Estimulação Elétrica , Estrigiformes , Nervos Periféricos , Plexo Braquial , Amputação Cirúrgica/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub. 361, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-738860

Resumo

Background: The use of distinct drugs and techniques for establishing balanced anesthesia protocols has shown promisingresults in birds. The techniques of locoregional block can be incorporated to these protocols, thereby providing intra- andpost-operative analgesia and reducing the requirement for general anesthesia. Additionally, the use of neurostimulatorsincreases the chances of success and reduces the risk of toxicity; however, there are limited reports in the literature of itsapplicability in wild birds. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the brachial plexus block technique guidedusing a neurolocalizer in a striped owl (Asio clamator) submitted for right wing amputation.Case: A striped owl weighing 400 g with a history of exposed fracture of the right wing was supplied by the clinical sectorat the Veterinarian Hospital of the Federal University of Bahia. Following hydration and stabilization of vital signs, theanimal was referred to the surgical center for amputation of the limb. Dexmedetomidine (10 µg.kg−1 IM) was administeredas premedication, and after 20 min, anesthetic induction was performed using sevoflurane (FiO2 = 100%) via a mask followed by maintenance using the same drug. The animal was positioned in a left lateral decubitus position with access to thebrachial plexus determined by palpation and identification of the border of the following muscles: pectoral, cranial branchof the brachial biceps, and dorsal branch of the ventral serratus. The brachial plexus nerves are situated in the subcutaneous site craniodorsal to the axillary depression. For the block, a neurolocalizer was used, fixing the positive electrode toapproximately 5 cm from the needle insertion site (21G × 2”) in the axillary depression, which remained connected to theneurostimulator by the second electrode. At first, the needle was attached to the peripheral nerve stimulator using a pulsefrequency of 1 Hz with an... (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Plexo Braquial , Estimulação Elétrica , Nervos Periféricos , Dexmedetomidina , Estrigiformes , Anestésicos Locais , Amputação Cirúrgica/veterinária
3.
R. bras. Ci. Vet. ; 24(3): 132-137, jul.-set. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-16944

Resumo

Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar o uso do anestésico alfaxalona associado à meperidina e midazolam para o procedimento de desobstrução uretral em um gato com doença do trato urinário inferior felino (DTUIF), analisando as qualidades de indução e recuperação, assim como as alterações fisiológicas. Um felino macho, quatro anos de idade, 3.1 Kg, castrado, foi atendido no setor de emergência do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-árido com histórico de estrangúria, abdome distendido e vesícula urinária repleta, sendo diagnosticado com DTUIF obstrutiva. Para o procedimento de desobstrução uretral a MPA foi instituída com meperidina 3mg/Kg por via intramuscular (IM), dez minutos após, procedeu-se a indução anestésica: 0,4mg/Kg de midazolam seguido de 2mg/Kg de alfaxalona, ambos diluídos em água de injeção, dispostos separadamente em seringas individuais, e administrados pela via intravenosa (IV). A alfaxalona foi administrado lentamente, contabilizando 1 minuto para total fornecimento. Foram avaliadas a frequência cardíaca (FC), frequência respiratória (f), temperatura retal (TR), pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), média (PAM), diastólica (PAD) e hemogasometria venosa, antes, durante e após o procedimento anestésico. A alfaxalona em associação com o midazolam produziu perda rápida da consciência, do reflexo de deglutição e intenso relaxamento muscular, bem como boa qualidade de indução e recuperação. O protocolo utilizado produziu mínimas anormalidades clinico patológicas, sem alterações importantes nos parâmetros cardíacos e respiratórios durante todo o procedimento, com manutenção da pressão arterial. Portanto, o anestésico alfaxalona foi considerado seguro para o procedimento de desobstrução uretral emgato macho com DTUIF.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the anesthetic alfaxalone in combination with meperidine and midazolam as an anesthetic protocol for managing urethral obstruction in a male cat with feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), and verify the quality of the induction and recovery as well as the physiological changes. A male four-year-old cat, weighing 3.1 kg, was admitted to the emergency service of the Veterinary Hospital at the Federal Rural Semi-Arid University, with a clinical history of stranguria, haematuria, distended abdomen and an enlarged urinary bladder. To prepare to unblock the urethral obstruction, intravenous (IV) Lactated Ringers solution (RL) administration was initially performed. The anesthetic protocol used was 3mg.kg-1 meperidine IM, followed by 0.4 mg.kg-1 midazolam IV given immediately before 2 mg.kg-1 alfaxalone IV. Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), rectal temperature (RT), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and venous blood gases were evaluated before, during and after the anesthesia. There was no significant variation in the analyzed parameters after administration of meperidine. Alfaxalone, in combination with midazolam, produced rapid loss of consciousness, swallowing reflex and intense muscle relaxation, as well as a good quality of induction and recovery. The presented protocol induced minimal clinical pathological abnormalities, no significant changes in cardiac and respiratory parameters throughout the procedure, with maintenance of the blood pressure. Therefore, the anesthetic alfaxalone was considered safe for managing urethral obstruction in male cat with FLUTD.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Gatos , Anestésicos Gerais/administração & dosagem , Adjuvantes Anestésicos , Meperidina/farmacologia , Midazolam/farmacologia , Obstrução Uretral/terapia , Obstrução Uretral/veterinária
4.
R. bras. Ci. Vet. ; 24(2): 65-68, Apr.-June.2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17450

Resumo

A mucocele sublingual é uma afecção incomum em cães, porém de grande importância para a medicina veterinária, devido aosprejuízos gerados por suas consequências. Deste modo, o presente relato tem como objetivo descrever o caso de mucocelesublingual em cão com posterior recidiva em glândula mandibular e sublingual, bem como discutir sua importância para a medicinaveterinária. Foi atendido no Hospital Veterinário Dix-Huit Rosado Maia HOVET/ Universidade Federal Rural de Semiárido(UFERSA), um cão macho, com um ano e 10 meses de idade, apresentando aumento de volume bilateral na região sublingualhá, aproximadamente, dois meses. Após exame clínico suspeitou-se de mucocele da glândula sublingual bilateral (rânula)indicando-se o tratamento de ressecção da glândula sublingual esquerda devido ao aspecto nodular e marsupalização da glândulasublingual direita. Passado um mês da alta médica o animal retornou ao HOVET UFERSA com queixa de aparecimento de umnovo aumento de volume sublingual e na região cervico-ventral suspeitando-se de uma possível mucocele cervical e recidivada mucocele sublingual esquerda. Indicou-se como tratamento a sialoadenectomia sublingual e mandibular. Cerca de dez diasapós a última cirurgia o cão não apresentava mais aumento de volume da área afetada e não havia sinais de alteração quanto àprodução de saliva. O tratamento sugerido proporcionou bons resultados promovendo a reparação tecidual e reestruturação dolocal afetado e diminuindo o índice de recidiva.(AU)


The sublingual mucocele is a rare disease in dogs, but very important for veterinary medicine due to losses generated by itsconsequences. Thus, this report aims to describe the case of sublingual mucocele in a dog with subsequent relapse in mandibularand sublingual gland and discuss their importance to veterinary medicine. It was the Veterinary Hospital Dix-Huit Rosado Maia -HOVET / Universidade Federal Rural de Semi-árido (UFERSA), a male dog with one year and 10 months, an increase of bilateralvolume in the sublingual region for approximately two months. After clinical examination was suspected of mucocele of bilateralsublingual gland (ranula) indicating the treatment of sublingual left gland resection due to nodular and marsupalização the rightsublingual gland. After one month of a medical release the animal returned to HOVET - UFERSA with emergence of complaint froma further increase in sublingual volume and cervical-ventral region suspecting it is a possible cervical mucoceles and recurrenceof sublingual mucocele left. It is stated as a treatment to sublingual and mandibular sialoadenectomy. About ten days after the lastsurgery, the dog had no more swelling of the affected area and no signs of change with saliva production. However, the suggestedtreatment provided good results by promoting tissue repair and restructuring of the affected area and decreasing the recurrence rate.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Rânula/veterinária , Recidiva , Mucocele , Glândulas Salivares
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