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1.
Ci. Rural ; 50(12): e20180931, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-29595

Resumo

Foodborne diseases are often related to consumption of contaminated food or water. Viral agents are important sources of contamination and frequently reported in food of animal origin. The goal of this study was to detect emerging enteric viruses in samples of industrialized foods of animal origin collected in establishments from southern of Brazil. In the analyzed samples, no Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genome was detected. However, 21.8% (21/96) of the samples were positive for Rotavirus (RVA) and 61.4% (59/96) for Adenovirus (AdV), including Human adenovirus-C (HAdV-C), Porcine adenovirus-3 (PAdV-3) and new type of porcine adenovirus PAdV-SVN1. In the present research, PAdV-SVN1 was detected in foods for the first time. The presence of these viruses may be related to poor hygiene in sites of food preparation, production or during handling.(AU)


As doenças transmitidas por alimentos são frequentemente descritas e relacionadas ao consumo de alimentos ou água contaminados, sendo alguns agentes virais importantes fontes de contaminação e frequentemente encontrados em alimentos de origem animal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi detectar patógenos entéricos emergentes em amostras de alimentos industrializados de origem animal coletados em estabelecimentos da região sul do Brasil. Nas amostras analisadas, não foi detectado o genoma do vírus da Hepatite E (HEV). No entanto, 21,8% (21/96) das amostras foram positivas para Rotavírus (RV) e 61,4% (59/96) para adenovírus (AdV), incluindo Adenovírus humano-C (HAdV-C), Adenovírus porcino-3 (PAdV-3) e novo tipo de suíno adenovírus PAdV-SVN1. No presente trabalho, é descrito pela primeira vez em alimentos a presença de PAdV-SVN1. A presença desses vírus pode estar relacionada à falta de higiene em locais de preparo de alimentos, manipulação de produção.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Carne Vermelha/análise , Doenças dos Suínos , Adenovirus Suínos , Alimentos Industrializados , Contaminação de Alimentos
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1702-2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458100

Resumo

Background: The Brazilian domestic canine population are the second largest in the world and their feeding means 0.4%of the Brazilian gross domestic product. For maintaining the quality of the food, the companies use worldwide standardsfor technical prevention and control of contaminants and biological conservation. The packaging is part of this process,since it provides a barrier between food and environment. However, in Brazil, packagings are often opened in retail storesfor bulk marketing. The objectives of this work were to develop a methodology to detect viruses in foods and to analyzethe bacterial and fungal contamination in puppies’ food sold in bulk in Ivoti and Estância Velha, cities in Southern Brazil.Materials, Methods & Results: Twenty samples collected between September and October 2016 were analyzed for mostprobable number of coliforms, Salmonella sp., mesophilic aerobic bacteria and yeast/mold following the regulation of theBrazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply guidelines. They were also tested for Human MastadenovirusC (HAdV), Canine Mastadenovirus A (CAdV), and Carnivore Protoparvovirus 1 (CPV) genomes. Viral analysis wereperformed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection. During the collection of the samples hygienic-sanitary conditions, storage of feeds, animals’ access, dog grooming, and veterinary care were considered to evaluate the conditions ofeach store. A pilot study was carried out using one food sample marketed in bulk and one sample from the original package(closed package) and testing them for bacterial and fungal contamination for standardizing viral detection. Ten grams offood from the original package were mixed with 90 mL of Eagles’ Minimal Essential Medium (E-MEM) in 100 mL sterilebottles. These bottles were kept in room temperature and shaken for 60 min. Subsequently, aliquots were obtained by sequentially diluting the sample (10-2 to 10-4)...


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Adenovírus Humanos/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Penicillium/isolamento & purificação , Ração Animal/microbiologia , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias Aeróbias , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Fungos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1702, Nov. 26, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23830

Resumo

Background: The Brazilian domestic canine population are the second largest in the world and their feeding means 0.4%of the Brazilian gross domestic product. For maintaining the quality of the food, the companies use worldwide standardsfor technical prevention and control of contaminants and biological conservation. The packaging is part of this process,since it provides a barrier between food and environment. However, in Brazil, packagings are often opened in retail storesfor bulk marketing. The objectives of this work were to develop a methodology to detect viruses in foods and to analyzethe bacterial and fungal contamination in puppies food sold in bulk in Ivoti and Estância Velha, cities in Southern Brazil.Materials, Methods & Results: Twenty samples collected between September and October 2016 were analyzed for mostprobable number of coliforms, Salmonella sp., mesophilic aerobic bacteria and yeast/mold following the regulation of theBrazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply guidelines. They were also tested for Human MastadenovirusC (HAdV), Canine Mastadenovirus A (CAdV), and Carnivore Protoparvovirus 1 (CPV) genomes. Viral analysis wereperformed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection. During the collection of the samples hygienic-sanitary conditions, storage of feeds, animals access, dog grooming, and veterinary care were considered to evaluate the conditions ofeach store. A pilot study was carried out using one food sample marketed in bulk and one sample from the original package(closed package) and testing them for bacterial and fungal contamination for standardizing viral detection. Ten grams offood from the original package were mixed with 90 mL of Eagles Minimal Essential Medium (E-MEM) in 100 mL sterilebottles. These bottles were kept in room temperature and shaken for 60 min. Subsequently, aliquots were obtained by sequentially diluting the sample (10-2 to 10-4)...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Adenovírus Humanos/isolamento & purificação , Ração Animal/microbiologia , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Penicillium/isolamento & purificação , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Fungos , Bactérias Aeróbias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45: 1-6, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-16951

Resumo

Background: Bovine enterovirus (BEV) and bovine adenovirus (BAV) are widely distributed in cattle population, and are among possible causes of gastroenteritis and respiratory disease, respectively, although the infection is more often subclinical. BAV infection may be also related to conjunctivitis, and may lead to severe infections and death in immunosuppressive calves. BEV infections have been associated with disorders of respiratory and reproductive tracts, and diarrhea. There is little available information about BAV and BEV in Brazil; however the main of the present study was to investigate the presence of antibodies against these viruses in cattle from some counties of the Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. Material, Methods & Results: A total of 415 bovine serum samples collected in 2015 year to detect neutralizing antibodies against BEV and BAV by Virus neutralization (VN) assay were performed. The serum samples were gently provided from Setor de Virologia da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (SV-UFSM). The samples came from bovine with a history or report of clinical cases of diarrhea, respiratory and reproducible disorders and/or abortion suggestive of Leucosis, Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) and/or Bovine herpesvirus type 1 and 5 (BoHV-1 and 5) infections. The samples are originated as from dairy and beef herd cattle in the following regions from RS State: Southwest, Northeast, Northwest, West, Southeast, Midwest and Metropolitan regions; and were classified according to the origin, gender and age. The serum samples were tested against 100 TCID50/mL of (tissue cellular infection dose 50/mL) of previously characterized BEV and BAV-3 isolates. Serial dilution of the serum was performed in duplicate, starting at 1:5 up to > 1:640 for BEV and at 1:2 to > 1:256 for BAV in 96 wells plates. The serum and virus mixture was incubated in 37ºC for 4-6 h and then a suspension of CRIB cells was added to each well. [...] (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Infecções por Adenoviridae/sangue , Infecções por Adenoviridae/epidemiologia , Adenoviridae , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Enterovirus Bovino , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 45: 1-6, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457600

Resumo

Background: Bovine enterovirus (BEV) and bovine adenovirus (BAV) are widely distributed in cattle population, and are among possible causes of gastroenteritis and respiratory disease, respectively, although the infection is more often subclinical. BAV infection may be also related to conjunctivitis, and may lead to severe infections and death in immunosuppressive calves. BEV infections have been associated with disorders of respiratory and reproductive tracts, and diarrhea. There is little available information about BAV and BEV in Brazil; however the main of the present study was to investigate the presence of antibodies against these viruses in cattle from some counties of the Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. Material, Methods & Results: A total of 415 bovine serum samples collected in 2015 year to detect neutralizing antibodies against BEV and BAV by Virus neutralization (VN) assay were performed. The serum samples were gently provided from Setor de Virologia da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (SV-UFSM). The samples came from bovine with a history or report of clinical cases of diarrhea, respiratory and reproducible disorders and/or abortion suggestive of Leucosis, Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) and/or Bovine herpesvirus type 1 and 5 (BoHV-1 and 5) infections. The samples are originated as from dairy and beef herd cattle in the following regions from RS State: Southwest, Northeast, Northwest, West, Southeast, Midwest and Metropolitan regions; and were classified according to the origin, gender and age. The serum samples were tested against 100 TCID50/mL of (tissue cellular infection dose 50/mL) of previously characterized BEV and BAV-3 isolates. Serial dilution of the serum was performed in duplicate, starting at 1:5 up to > 1:640 for BEV and at 1:2 to > 1:256 for BAV in 96 wells plates. The serum and virus mixture was incubated in 37ºC for 4-6 h and then a suspension of CRIB cells was added to each well. [...]


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Adenoviridae , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Enterovirus Bovino , Infecções por Adenoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Adenoviridae/sangue , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
6.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 46(3): 749-752, July-Sept. 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-4493

Resumo

Human adenoviruses (HAdV), members of the Adenoviridae family, are excreted through the fecal route and may be present in the feces of humans consuming contaminated food or water. The presence of HAdV from different serotypes in the feces of healthy individuals was already reported using conventional polymerase chain reaction; however, real-time PCR (qPCR) may reveal not only the rates of detection as well as demonstrate the viral loads excreted by healthy persons. Aiming to identify and characterize the presence of adenoviruses in stool samples, 147 fecal samples from patients with no records of diarrhea were analyzed (74 from winter season and 73 from summer) by Real-Time PCR (qPCR) assay and conventional PCR. HAdV genome was present in 43.8% (32/73) of stools samples collected during summer season and 21.6% (16/74) during winter. The rate of detection of genomic copies (gc) ranged from 4.04×102 to 6.72×105gc/g of feces among the 147 samples analyzed, of which the ranged of genomic copies of DNA HAdV was major in summer. All samples were negative when tested for rotaviruses (RV) and noroviruses (NoV) by PCR conventional and qPCR respectively. HAdV is excreted constantly by infected individuals in the absence of clinical signs and the occurrence may vary seasonally..(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/epidemiologia , Adenovírus Humanos/genética , Adenovírus Humanos/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/virologia , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/virologia , Adenovírus Humanos/classificação , Brasil , Norovirus/genética , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Rotavirus/genética , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Estações do Ano
7.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 35(5): 2539-2549, set.-out. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-745751

Resumo

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) causes important lower respiratory tract illness in calves. According to F and G proteins genetic sequences, three BRSV subgroups have been reported and characterized in several countries, showing differences in its distribution. In Brazil, the virus is widely disseminated throughout the herds and the few characterized isolates revealed the solely occurrence of the subgroup B. This study describes the detection and characterization of an untyped BRSV strain from a twenty-days-old calf from a herd without clinical respiratory disease. Nasal swabs were analyzed by RT-nested PCR for the F and G proteins genes. One sample has amplified the F protein gene. Sequencing and subsequent phylogenetic reconstruction were accomplished, revealing that the strain could not be grouped with any other BRSV subgroups reported. This result may suggest that the BRSV is in constantly evolution, even in Brazil, where the vaccination is not a common practice. More detailed studies about BRSV characterization are necessary to know the virus subgroups distribution among the Brazilian herds to recommend appropriated immunoprophylaxis.(AU)


O vírus respiratório sincicial bovino (BRSV) é responsável por causar severa doença respiratória principalmente em bezerros. De acordo com sequências genéticas das proteínas F e G deste vírus,três subgrupos de BRSV foram relatados e caracterizados em vários países, mostrando diferenças nas suas distribuições. No Brasil, o vírus encontra-se disseminado pelos rebanhos bovinos e, dos poucos isolados caracterizados, todos foram classificados no subgrupo B. Assim, o estudo descreve a detecção e caracterização de uma estirpe de BRSV não tipável proveniente de um bezerro de vinte dias de idade, de um rebanho sem histórico clínico de doença respiratória. Suabes nasais foram analisados pela técnica de RT-nested PCR para os genes das proteínas F e G do BRSV e uma amostra amplificou o gene da proteína F. O sequenciamento da amostra e subsequente reconstrução filogenética mostrou o não agrupamento da estirpe com quaisquer outros subgrupos de BRSV relatados. Este resultado sugere a constante evolução do BRSV, mesmo no Brasil, onde a vacinação não é uma prática comum. Estudos mais detalhados sobre a caracterização do BRSV são necessários para melhor entender a distribuição dos subgrupos nos rebanhos brasileiros a fim de proporcionar medidas de imunoprofilaxia adequadas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Bovino/genética , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/diagnóstico , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Filogenia
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(2): 205-213, fev. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-8274

Resumo

In this study, data regarding the population of productivity fellows from the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Committee of Veterinary Medicine, were evaluated by calculation of scientometrical indexes as an effort to examine the profile of researchers from different levels on these parameters. Other variables, such as the place of doctorate studies, gender, institution, and advisory of human resources were also recorded and evaluated. There is a clear predominance of men (72.37%), which are mostly settled in the South and Southeast. Most of the recipients were awarded his doctorate in Brazil. From the analyzed parameters, advisory of human resources is very high at all levels; among the scientometric variables, the citations indexes and h-index are decreasing from the highest level (PQ-1A) to level 2, yet the intragroup variation is very high for these and other derivatives of the H-index. A modification of the h-index, the AWCR index, in which the calculation takes into account the age of articles published and cited, seems more appropriate to stratify the scholarship of fellows. Studies like these could be repeated in the medium term in order to improve the ranking formulas of scholars.(AU)


No presente estudo, submeteram-se dados da população de bolsistas de produtividade do Comitê de Medicina Veterinária do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) ao cálculo de índices cientométricos, em um esforço para avaliar o perfil de pesquisadores de diferentes níveis perante vários parâmetros. Outras variáveis, como o local de formação, gênero, local de trabalho e formação de recursos humanos foram também anotados e avaliados. Há uma clara predominância do gênero masculino (72,37%), os quais se encontram em sua grande maioria radicados nas regiões Sul e Sudeste do país. A maioria dos bolsistas concluiu seu doutorado no Brasil. Dentre os parâmetros de produção analisados, a formação de recursos humanos é alta em todos os níveis; dentre as variáveis cientométricas, os índices de citações e o índice h são decrescentes do nível mais alto (PQ-1A) ao nível 2; todavia, a variação intragrupos é muito alta para estes e outros derivado do índice h. Uma modificação do índice H, o índice AWCR, em que o cálculo leva em conta a idade dos artigos publicados e citados, parece mais adequado à estratificação dos bolsistas. No âmbito geral, estudos deste tipo poderiam ser repetidos no médio prazo com vistas a aprimorar as fórmulas de ranqueamento de bolsistas.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Institutos Governamentais de Pesquisa , Indicadores de Projetos de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento , Medicina Veterinária
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(10): 1161-1173, Oct. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-9975

Resumo

The list of animal viruses has been frequently added of new members raising permanent concerns to virologists and veterinarians. The pathogenic potential and association with disease have been clearly demonstrated for some, but not for all of these emerging viruses. This review describes recent discoveries of animal viruses and their potential relevance for veterinary practice. Dogs were considered refractory to influenza viruses until 2004, when an influenza A virus subtype H3N8 was transmitted from horses and produced severe respiratory disease in racing greyhounds in Florida/USA. The novel virus, named canine influenza virus (CIV), is considered now a separate virus lineage and has spread among urban canine population in the USA. A new pestivirus (Flaviviridae), tentatively called HoBi-like pestivirus, was identified in 2004 in commercial fetal bovine serum from Brazil. Hobi-like viruses are genetically and antigenically related to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and induce similar clinical manifestations. These novel viruses seem to be widespread in Brazilian herds and have also been detected in Southeast Asia and Europe. In 2011, a novel mosquito-borne orthobunyavirus, named Schmallenberg virus (SBV), was associated with fever, drop in milk production, abortion and newborn malformation in cattle and sheep in Germany. Subsequently, the virus disseminated over several European countries and currently represents a real treat for animal health. [...] Finally, the long time and intensive search for animal relatives of human hepatitis C virus (HCV) has led to the identification of novel hepaciviruses in dogs (canine hepacivirus [CHV]), horses (non-primate hepaciviruses [NPHV] or Theiler's disease associated virus [TDAV]) and rodents. For these, a clear and definitive association with disease is still lacking and only time and investigation will tell whether they are real disease agents or simple spectators. (AU)


O número de vírus animais cresce continuamente, causando preocupação permanente a virologistas e veterinários. O potencial patogênico e associação com doença tem sido claramente demonstrado para alguns - mas não para todos - vírus emergentes. Esse artigo apresenta uma breve revisão das recentes descobertas de vírus animais e a sua potencial relevância para saúde animal. Cães eram considerados refratários aos vírus da influenza até 2004, quando um vírus influenza A subtipo H3N8 foi transmitido de equinos e causou doença respiratória severa em cães galgos na Flórida/EUA. O novo vírus, denominado vírus da influenza canina (CIV), agora considerado uma linhagem distinta do vírus da influenza equina, disseminou-se na população canina urbana dos EUA. Um novo Pestivirus (Flaviviridae) - provisoriamente denominado pestivírus Hobi-like - foi identificado em 2004 em soro fetal bovino importado do Brasil. Os vírus Hobi-like são genética e antigenicamente relacionados com o vírus da diarreia viral bovina (BVDV) e induzem manifestações clínicas semelhantes. A sua origem e distribuição são desconhecidas, mas estão aparentemente disseminados no rebanho brasileiro e já foram identificados no sudeste asiático e na Europa. Em 2011, um novo buniavírus transmitido por mosquitos, denominado vírus Schmallemberg (SBV), foi associado com febre, redução da produção de leite, abortos e malformações fetais em bovinos e ovinos da Alemanha. [...] Finalmente, a longa e intensiva busca por vírus animais relacionados ao vírus da hepatite C humana (HCV) tem levado a identificação de "novos" pestivírus em cães (canine hepacivirus [CHV]), equinos (hepacivirus de não-primatas [NPHV] ou vírus associado à doença de Theiler [TDAV]) e em roedores. Para estes, uma associação clara e definitiva com doença ainda não foi demonstrada e apenas tempo e investigação irão dizer se são patógenos reais ou apenas espectadores. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/veterinária , Seleção Genética/genética , Alphainfluenzavirus/genética , Pestivirus/genética , Orthobunyavirus/genética , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Gyrovirus/genética , Hepacivirus/genética
10.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 44(3): 953-957, July-Sept. 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-304348

Resumo

Viral gastroenteritis and other waterborne diseases are a major concern for health in Brazil. A number of studies were conducted about the presence of viruses on water samples from Brazilian areas. However, the knowledge about the occurrence of viral contamination of drinking water sources in rural settings of the country is insufficient. On the present work, 15 samples from 5 dairy farms located at the municipality of Tenente Portela were collected and analysed for the presence of human adenoviruses (HAdV), as well as human enteroviruses (EV) and rotaviruses (RV). HAdV was present on 66.66% of the water samples, and have been found in all samples from artesian wells and springs, which are used as sources of drinking water for the individuals inhabiting those farms. EV and RV found only in one sample each. The detection rates of HAdV on the water from these dairy farms are alarming and point towards a situation of elevated environmental contamination by fecal microorganisms of human origin and poor basic sanitation conditions.(AU)


Assuntos
Critérios de Qualidade da Água , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adenovírus Humanos
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(1): 72-77, jan. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1669

Resumo

O vírus da cinomose canina (CDV), um Morbillivirus da família Paramyxoviridae, é o agente etiológico de doença neurológica e sistêmica em cães. O diagnóstico laboratorial da infecção requer o isolamento viral ou detecção do material genético do vírus em secreções ou tecidos de cães com suspeita clínica da doença. A diversidade genética entre os isolados de CDV pode ser aferida pelo sequenciamento efilogenia molecular do gene que codifica a hemaglutinina viral (gene H), havendo atualmente um especial interesse em comparar as amostras circulantes a campo com o genogrupo América-1, que abrange as cepas presentes nas vacinas disponíveis no mercado. No presente estudo, foi realizada a detecção molecular do gene H de CDV a partir de amostras biológicas colhidas ante- e post- -mortem de 15 cães com sinais clínicos sugestivos de cinomose na região metropolitana de Campinas, São Paulo. Dez dos 15 cães analisados tiveram ao menos um órgão positivo na detecção molecular e os amplicons obtidos foram submetidos ao sequenciamento nucleotídico seguido de análise filogenética molecular. De forma semelhante ao que já foi reportado para estudo analisando a diversidade do gene H em outros países, a reconstrução filogenética obtida para as amostras de casos de cinomose da região de Campinas demonstrou as mesmas foram agrupadas junto a amostras norte-americanas, europeias e japonesas recentes, em um grupo genético distinto do grupo de amostras clássicas de CDV, nomeado America-1, o qual engloba as estirpes vacinais Snyder Hill, Onderstepoort e Lederle.(AU)


Canine distemper virus (CDV), a Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae, is the etiological agent of neurological and systemic disease in dogs. The laboratory diagnosis of infection requires viral isolation or detection of genetic material of the virus in secretions or tissues of dogs with clinical suspicion of the disease. The genetic diversity among isolates of CDV can be assessed by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the gene that encodes the viral hemagglutinin (H gene), and there is currently a special interest in comparing the strains currently circulating in the field with the genogroup America-1, which comprises strains present in vaccines available in the market. In this study, the molecular detection of CDV gene H was performed from biological samples harvested ante-and post-mortem from 15 dogs with clinical signs suggestive of canine distemper in the metropolitan region of Campinas, São Paulo. Ten of the 15 dogs examined had at least one positive organ under molecular detection and the obtained amplicons were sequenced and further analyzed by molecular phylogenetic analysis. Similarly to what has already been reported on previous studies regarding the diversity of the gene H in other countries, the phylogenetic reconstruction obtained for the samples of cases of distemper from Campinas region showed they were grouped with the North American, European and Japanese newly described samples, a genetic group distinguished from classical samples of CDV, named America-1, which encompasses the vaccine strains Snyder Hill, Onderstepoort and Lederle.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Vírus da Cinomose Canina/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Cinomose Canina/patogenicidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/veterinária , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Anotação de Sequência Molecular
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(11): 961-966, 2011. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-1365

Resumo

Bovine respiratory syncytial viruses virus (BRSV) is one of the etiologic agents of pneumonia in young cattle. Few studies have been made aiming detection of the virus in samples collected from adult animals, especially those asymptomatic bovines. However, it is assumed that infections in these groups may occur mostly asymptomatic and this would be an important mechanism for maintaining of BRSV in herds. In this study, the goal was to conduct an analysis of the occurrence of asymptomatic infections by BRSV in lung samples (n=68) and nasal swabs (209) taken from adult animals collected in abattoirs from Southern and Southeastern Brazil respectively, to detect via polymerase chain reaction the occurrence of infected animals in populations of adult cattle. The samples that resulted positive (6) on RT-PCR were subsequently subjected to cutting with restriction enzymes and sequencing for genetic characterization (2 samples). All samples belongs to subgroup B of BRSV, which is reported as the one circulating in Brazil. The results obtained demonstrate that BRSV may be present in samples taken from adult animals, which is in agreement the hypothesis that infections in adults run in a sub-clinical way that may be of importance as a maintenance mechanism of the virus in bovine herds.(AU)


O vírus respiratório sincicial bovino (BRSV) é rebanhos. No presente estudo, o objetivo foi realizar uma um dos agentes etiológicos de pneumonias em bovinos jo-análise da prevalência de infecções assintomáticas pelo vens. Poucos estudos foram realizados visando à detecção BRSV em pulmões (n=68) e swabs nasais (209) coletados do agente em amostras coletadas de animais adultos, e em de bovinos adultos coletadas em frigoríficos da região Sul especial de bovinos assintomáticos. No entanto, presume-e Sudeste respectivamente, no sentido de detectar por in-se que as infecções ocorridas nestes grupos possam ocor-termédio de reação da polimerase em cadeia qual a taxa rer em sua maioria de forma assintomática e este seria de animais infectados em populações de animais adultos um mecanismo importante para manutenção do BRSV nos onde não ocorram sinais clínicos da infecção. As amostras positivas à RT-PCR (6) foram posteriormente submetidas ao corte com enzimas de restrição (REA) e sequenciamento para caracterização genética do gene F (2 das amostras). Todas as amostras se enquadram no subgrupo B de BRSV, o grupo circulante no Brasil conforme estudos anteriores. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que o BRSV pode estar presente em amostras obtidas de animais sadios, reforçando a hipótese de que infecções subclínicasfazem parte do mecanismo de manutenção do vírus nos rebanhos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Patologia Molecular/métodos , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Bovino/patogenicidade , Infecções Assintomáticas/terapia , Filogenia
13.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456828

Resumo

Bovine encephalitis herpesvirus, or bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5), a member of the family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, is long recognized as the causative agent of bovine herpesvirus encephalitis. The disease caused by BoHV-5 is characterized by signs of nervous impairment, consequent to non-suppurative meningoencephalitis. Although bovine herpetic encephalitis is a rare event in herds from the Northern Hemisphere, BoHV-5 infections are an important cause of central nervous system disease in cattle in Brazil and Argentina. Recovery of animals from clinical illness has been documented before, both in naturally infected animals and experimentally infected individuals.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Atrofia/veterinária , Fibra de Lã/classificação , Necrose/veterinária
14.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-381296

Resumo

Bovine encephalitis herpesvirus, or bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5), a member of the family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, is long recognized as the causative agent of bovine herpesvirus encephalitis. The disease caused by BoHV-5 is characterized by signs of nervous impairment, consequent to non-suppurative meningoencephalitis. Although bovine herpetic encephalitis is a rare event in herds from the Northern Hemisphere, BoHV-5 infections are an important cause of central nervous system disease in cattle in Brazil and Argentina. Recovery of animals from clinical illness has been documented before, both in naturally infected animals and experimentally infected individuals.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Necrose/veterinária , Atrofia/veterinária , Fibra de Lã/classificação , Herpesvirus Bovino 5
15.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1456834

Resumo

The method of collection as well as the packaging conditions in which samples are submitted to laboratories play a critical role on the acquisition of reliable results on diagnostic tests. Alternative methods however have been proposed, as the adsorption of blood or serum in filter paper. In this work, it was evaluated the viability of using serum or whole blood samples from bovines collected in filter paper for serological testing against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1).[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Anticorpos/análise , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Sangue , Soro/citologia
16.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(1): 01-06, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-381302

Resumo

The method of collection as well as the packaging conditions in which samples are submitted to laboratories play a critical role on the acquisition of reliable results on diagnostic tests. Alternative methods however have been proposed, as the adsorption of blood or serum in filter paper. In this work, it was evaluated the viability of using serum or whole blood samples from bovines collected in filter paper for serological testing against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1).[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Anticorpos/análise , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Sangue , Soro/citologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 29(11): 913-918, 2009. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-14186

Resumo

Bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5) is a major cause of viral meningoencephalitis in cattle. The expression of different viral proteins has been associated with BoHV-5 neuropathogenesis. Among these, gI, gE and US9 have been considered essential for the production of neurological disease in infected animals. To evaluate the role of gI, gE and US9 in neurovirulence, a recombinant from which the respective genes were deleted (BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9-) was constructed and inoculated in rabbits of two age groups (four and eight weeks-old). When the recombinant virus was inoculated through the paranasal sinuses of four weeks-old rabbits, neurological disease was observed and death was the outcome in 4 out of 13 (30.7 percent) animals, whereas clinical signs and death were observed in 11/13 (84.6 percent) of rabbits infected with the parental virus. In eight weeks-old rabbits, the BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9- did not induce clinically apparent disease and could not be reactivated after dexamethasone administration, whereas wild type BoHV-5 caused disease in 55.5 percent of the animals and was reactivated. These findings reveal that the simultaneous deletion of gI, gE and US9 genes did reduce but did not completely abolish the neurovirulence of BoHV-5 in rabbits, indicating that other viral genes may also play a role in the induction of neurological disease.(AU)


O herpesvírus bovino tipo 5 é uma das principais causas de meningoencefalite viral em bovinos. A expressão de diferentes proteínas virais tem sido associada à neuropatogenia do BoHV-5. Entre estas, a gI, gE e US9 têm sido consideradas essenciais para a indução de sinais neurológicos nos animais infectados. Para avaliar o papel das proteínas gI, gE e US9 na neurovirulência, construiu-se um recombinante no qual os genes que codificam estas proteínas foram deletados, denominado BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9-. Este vírus foi inoculado em coelhos de idades diferentes (quatro e oito semanas de idade). Quando o vírus recombinante foi inoculado nos seios paranasais de coelhos de quatro semanas de idade, doença neurológica e morte foram observadas em 4 dos 13 (30,7 por cento) animais, enquanto que sinais clínicos e morte foram observados em 11/13 (84,6 por cento) dos coelhos infectados com o vírus parental. Em coelhos de oito semanas de idade, o BoHV-5 gI-/gE-/US9- não induziu sinais clínicos aparentes e, após tentativa de reativação viral por tratamento com dexametasona, o vírus não foi re-excretado. Por outro lado, o vírus selvagem causou doença clínica em 55,5 por cento dos coelhos e foi re-excretado após tratamento com dexametasona. Estes achados revelam que a deleção simultânea dos genes gI, gE e US9 reduziu mas não aboliu completamente a neurovirulência do BoHV-5 em coelhos, indicando que outros genes virais possam ter papel na indução da doença neurológica.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/genética , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Meningoencefalite/veterinária , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Modelos Animais , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas/química
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 29(1): 1-16, 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-419

Resumo

Vários aspectos da biologia do herpesvírus bovino tipo 5 (BoHV-5) têm sido estudados em coelhos, que desenvolvem infecção aguda e doença neurológica após inoculação experimental. A infecção aguda é seguida pelo estabelecimento de infecção latente, que pode ser reativada natural ou artificialmente. Os primeiros experimentos nesta espécie estabeleceram um protocolo de inoculação e monitoramento da infecção, e caracterizaram os principais aspectos virológicos, clínicos e patológicos da infecção aguda. A patogenia da infecção aguda, desde a replicação viral nos sítios de inoculação, vias e cinética de transporte viral até o encéfalo, distribuição e replicação viral no sistema nervoso central (SNC), tropismo celular e tecidual, manifestações clínicas e patologia no SNC foram detalhadamente estudados nestes animais. Posteriormente, vários aspectos biológicos e moleculares da infecção latente também foram elucidados a partir de inoculações de coelhos. Os coelhos também têm sido utilizados para estudar o fenótipo (neuroinvasividade, neurovirulência) de isolados de campo e de cepas vacinais recombinantes, proteção por imunidade passiva, proteção vacinal, eficácia de drogas anti-virais e terapêuticas de suporte da infecção neurológica. Este modelo experimental também foi utilizado para o estudo da origem e distribuição dos estímulos elétricos produzidos durante as convulsões - uma característica da infecção neurológica pelo BoHV-5 -, e para testes de medicamentos anti-convulsivantes. Ressalvadas as diferenças que certamente existem entre bovinos - os hospedeiros naturais - e coelhos, as observações oriundas deste modelo experimental tem contribuído sobremaneira para o conhecimento da biologia do BoHV-5. O presente trabalho apresenta uma coletânea de resultados e observações, publicadas ou não pelo grupo, ao longo de mais de uma década, envolvendo inoculações de coelhos para estudar diversos aspectos da infecção pelo BoHV-5.(AU)


Several aspects of the biology of bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) have been studied in rabbits, which develop acute infection and neurological disease upon experimental inoculation. The acute infection is followed by the establishment of latent infection, which can be naturally or artificially reactivated. The first experiments in rabbits established a protocol for virus inoculation and monitoring the infection, and characterized the main virological, clinical and pathological aspects of the acute infection. The pathogenesis of acute infection, from the initial viral replication at site of inoculation, pathways and kinetics of viral transport to the brain, distribution and virus replication in the central nervous system (CNS), cellular and tissue tropism, clinical signs and CNS pathology have been extensively studied using this animal model. Subsequently, several biological and molecular aspects of latent BoHV-5 infection have also been elucidated upon inoculation of rabbits. Rabbits have also been used to investigate the phenotype (neuroinvasiveness, neurogrowth) of field isolates and recombinant vaccine candidates, protection by passive immunity, vaccine protection, the efficacy of anti-viral drugs and support therapies for neurological disease. This animal model was also used to investigate the origin and distribution of electric impulses involved in seizures - a hallmark of BoHV-5 induced neurological infection - and also to test the efficacy of anti-convulsivants. In spite of the possible differences between rabbits and cattle - the natural host of the virus - the observations taken from this experimental model have greatly contributed to the knowledge of the biology of BoHV-5 infection. The present article presents a review of the main published and unpublished results and observations by our group, comprising more than a decade of studies on the pathogenesis of BoHV-5 infection in the rabbit model.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais , Infecções por Herpesviridae/induzido quimicamente , Coelhos
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 24(1): 43-49, jan.-mar. 2004. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-3190

Resumo

O presente estudo teve como objetivo examinar a capacidade de duas amostras de herpesvírus bovino tipo 1 (BHV-1) de diferentes subtipos (amostra EVI 123/96: BHV-1.1; amostra SV265/98: BHV-1.2a) de induzir doença respiratória em bovinos. Estas duas amostras são representativas de subtipos de BHV-1 prevalentes no Brasil. Os subtipos das amostras foram confirmados por análises com anticorpos monoclonais e com enzimas de restrição. As amostras foram inoculadas por via intranasal em sete bezerros de três meses de idade (quatro com BHV-1.1, três com BHV-1.2a), soronegativos para BHV-1, sendo outros três animais mantidos como controles não infectados. Nos dois grupos de animais inoculados, os sinais clínicos observados foram consistentes com o quadro de rinotraqueíte infecciosa bovina (IBR), incluindo febre, apatia, anorexia, descargas mucopurulentas nasais e oculares, conjuntivite, erosões e hiperemia na mucosa nasal, dispnéia, tosse, estridor traqueal e aumento dos linfonodos retrofaríngeos, submandibulares e cervicais. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os escores clínicos atribuídos aos animais nos dois grupos. Igualmente, foram similares as quantidades de vírus re-isoladas dos animais infectados, à exceção de uma diferença significativa na disseminação de vírus pelas secreções nasais, a qual foi maior nos animais infectados com BHV-1.1 nos dias 1 a 3 pós-inoculação. Após reativação induzida por corticosteróides, foi observado recrudescimento dos sinais clínicos, os quais foram também similares em ambos os grupos. Em conclusão, as amostras de BHV-1 dos subtipos 1 e 2a não apresentaram diferenças significativas em sua patogenicidade sobre o trato respiratório nos animais inoculados, tanto após a infecção primária como após a reativação. (AU)


The study aimed to examine the capacity of two bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) isolates of different subtypes (EVI 123/96, BHV-1.1; SV265/98, BHV-1.2a) to induce respiratory disease in calves. These two isolates are representative of the BHV-1 subtypes prevalent in Brazil. Viral subtypes were confirmed by monoclonal antibody analysis and by restriction enzyme digestion of viral genomes. The viruses were inoculated intranasally into seven 3 months old calves (four with BHV-1.1, three with BHV-1.2a). Three other calves of identical age and condition were kept as uninfected controls. In both groups of infected calves, the clinical signs observed were consistent with typical infectious bovine rhinothracheitis (IBR), including pyrexia, apathy, anorexia, nasal and ocular mucopurulent discharges, erosions on the nasal mucosa, conjunctivitis, lachrymation, redness of nasal mucosa, dyspnoea, coughing, tracheal stridor and enlargement of retropharingeal, submandibular and cervical lymphnodes. No significant differences were observed between the clinical scores attributed to both groups. Virus shedding in nasal and ocular secretions were also similar, apart from a significant difference in nasal virus shedding on day 1 to 3 post-inoculation, which was higher for BHV-1.1 than for BHV-1.2a. Following corticosteroid induced reactivation of the latent infection, recrudescence of clinical signs was also observed, with no significant differences on both groups. It was concluded that both subtypes BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a were able to induce clinically undistinguishable respiratory disease in calves, either subsequent to a primary infection or following reactivation.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina
20.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 31(4): 1045-1050, 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1433322

Resumo

The chronic infection by Mycoplasma pulmonis is frequently found in rats  kept in conventional premises and may influence the results of  the experiments conducted using these animals. During the clinical presentation of the infection animals develop among other manifestations clinical signs of respiratory system impairment. On the present study, we report the diagnosis the histopathological and molecular diagnosis of Mycoplasma sp. infection in Wistar rats both presenting clinical signs of infection and health animals kept in the same colony. The efficacy of therapeutic and prophylactic actions is discussed.


A infecção crônica por Mycoplasma pulmonis é freqüentemente encontrada em ratos alojados em biotérios convencionais e pode influir no resultado dos experimentos realizados com tais animais. Na forma clínica da infecção os animais desenvolvem dentre outras manifestações sinais de comprometimento do sistema respiratório. No presente estudo, relatamos o diagnóstico histopatológico e molecular da infecção por Mycoplasma sp., tanto em ratos Wistar apresentando sinais da infecção quanto em animais saudáveis mantidos na mesma colônia. A eficácia de medidas terapêuticas e profiláticas é discutida.

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