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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1655-2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458053

Resumo

Background: Mycoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), usually seen in therespiratory system of chickens, chick and turkeys, that causing great economic loss. The disease is characterized by respiratory system lesions such as sinusitis, tracheitis, airsacculitis, pneumonia and other symptoms such as loss of yield, arthritis,tenosynovitis. In this study, it was aimed to investigate diagnose of the disease by pathologic and molecular techniquesin hens that naturally infected with MG as well as the usability of immunocytochemical (ICC) method in diagnose of thedisease.Materials, Methods & Results: For this purpose, 98 hens were collected from 10 different coops that serologically positive.After necropsy, routine pathological procedures were performed to samples taken from nose, sinus, larynx, trachea, lungand air sacs. Scraping samples taken from lungs and tracheas were evaluated by ICC. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stainingwas performed to samples taken from nose, sinus, larynx, trachea, lung and air sacs. Indirect immunoperoxidase methodwas applied in the both IHC and ICC staining. Rabbit polyclonal anti MG antibody was used as primer antibody in theIHC and ICC staining. Additionally, culture and PCR techniques were applied to tracheas of all hens for MG. The GPO3and MGSO genes were made for PCR analysis. In the tracheal examinations, 23 cases were positive for PCR, 17 casesICC positive, 16 cases IHC positive and 10 culture samples found positive. All of culture positive cases were also positivefor other three methods. When findings in all organs were evaluated, in 37 cases were detected positive by IHC (38%) and23 cases were positive by ICC (23.5%). In the IHC positive cases, the first order was trachea in 16 cases followed by in 11cases in sinus, in 8 cases in lung, in 6 cases air sac and 4 cases in nose, respectively. In 8 cases, IHC positivity was foundin at least two organs...


Assuntos
Animais , Aves Domésticas/virologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/isolamento & purificação , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1655, Apr. 26, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18914

Resumo

Background: Mycoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), usually seen in therespiratory system of chickens, chick and turkeys, that causing great economic loss. The disease is characterized by respiratory system lesions such as sinusitis, tracheitis, airsacculitis, pneumonia and other symptoms such as loss of yield, arthritis,tenosynovitis. In this study, it was aimed to investigate diagnose of the disease by pathologic and molecular techniquesin hens that naturally infected with MG as well as the usability of immunocytochemical (ICC) method in diagnose of thedisease.Materials, Methods & Results: For this purpose, 98 hens were collected from 10 different coops that serologically positive.After necropsy, routine pathological procedures were performed to samples taken from nose, sinus, larynx, trachea, lungand air sacs. Scraping samples taken from lungs and tracheas were evaluated by ICC. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stainingwas performed to samples taken from nose, sinus, larynx, trachea, lung and air sacs. Indirect immunoperoxidase methodwas applied in the both IHC and ICC staining. Rabbit polyclonal anti MG antibody was used as primer antibody in theIHC and ICC staining. Additionally, culture and PCR techniques were applied to tracheas of all hens for MG. The GPO3and MGSO genes were made for PCR analysis. In the tracheal examinations, 23 cases were positive for PCR, 17 casesICC positive, 16 cases IHC positive and 10 culture samples found positive. All of culture positive cases were also positivefor other three methods. When findings in all organs were evaluated, in 37 cases were detected positive by IHC (38%) and23 cases were positive by ICC (23.5%). In the IHC positive cases, the first order was trachea in 16 cases followed by in 11cases in sinus, in 8 cases in lung, in 6 cases air sac and 4 cases in nose, respectively. In 8 cases, IHC positivity was foundin at least two organs...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Aves Domésticas/virologia , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 46: Pub.1594-2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457884

Resumo

Background: Lameness results in major economic losses on dairy farms. The proportion of lameness in cows are between 4-55%, the origin of 90% lameness are caused by foot diseases. Hoof abnormalities such as laminitis are major contributors to lameness. Aim of the study, compared with thermographic imaging (IRT) and radiographic, magnetic resonans (MR), computer tomography (CT), histopathological analysis on the diagnosis of laminitis.Materials, Methods & Results: Preliminary, the animals (20 Holstein-Fresian) were selected by lameness examination for evaluation of the for any obvious signs of disease. The animals were examined when rising and walking of the free stalls. Walking was very painful and clinical symptoms of general distress become present for laminitic group. The cows were scored on a 1 to 5 scale for their locomotion (1 = normal locomotion; 5 = severely lame). Thermographic examinations were performed the all animals after the routine clinical examination methods. The infrared images were taken from the dorsal view of all hoovesto monitor the temperature of coronary band. All images were scanned using a hand-held portable infrared camera (Wahl, Thermal Imager HSI3000 Series), which was calibrated to ambient temperature and absorptive conditions. Incentives radiological examinations, dorso-palmar and latero-medial shooting was done for using of (Regius Model 110 Konica, Minolta) 70 kV and 30 mAs for each claws. MRI images of all isolated digits were performed at the Department of Radiology, by using Siemens Symphony Erlangen, Germany. Continuous series of transversal, sagital and dorsoplantar scan were obtained from all digit. Computer tomography (CT), isolated digits were performed at the Imaging Department of Radiology, by using Siemens Symphony Erlangen, Germany.[...]


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Casco e Garras/anatomia & histologia , Casco e Garras/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Pé/veterinária , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Termografia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 46: Pub. 1594, 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734611

Resumo

Background: Lameness results in major economic losses on dairy farms. The proportion of lameness in cows are between 4-55%, the origin of 90% lameness are caused by foot diseases. Hoof abnormalities such as laminitis are major contributors to lameness. Aim of the study, compared with thermographic imaging (IRT) and radiographic, magnetic resonans (MR), computer tomography (CT), histopathological analysis on the diagnosis of laminitis.Materials, Methods & Results: Preliminary, the animals (20 Holstein-Fresian) were selected by lameness examination for evaluation of the for any obvious signs of disease. The animals were examined when rising and walking of the free stalls. Walking was very painful and clinical symptoms of general distress become present for laminitic group. The cows were scored on a 1 to 5 scale for their locomotion (1 = normal locomotion; 5 = severely lame). Thermographic examinations were performed the all animals after the routine clinical examination methods. The infrared images were taken from the dorsal view of all hoovesto monitor the temperature of coronary band. All images were scanned using a hand-held portable infrared camera (Wahl, Thermal Imager HSI3000 Series), which was calibrated to ambient temperature and absorptive conditions. Incentives radiological examinations, dorso-palmar and latero-medial shooting was done for using of (Regius Model 110 Konica, Minolta) 70 kV and 30 mAs for each claws. MRI images of all isolated digits were performed at the Department of Radiology, by using Siemens Symphony Erlangen, Germany. Continuous series of transversal, sagital and dorsoplantar scan were obtained from all digit. Computer tomography (CT), isolated digits were performed at the Imaging Department of Radiology, by using Siemens Symphony Erlangen, Germany.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Casco e Garras/anatomia & histologia , Casco e Garras/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Pé/veterinária , Termografia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
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