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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243874, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285606

Resumo

Abstract In recent days, cheapest alternative carbon source for fermentation purpose is desirable to minimize production cost. Xylanases have become attractive enzymes as their potential in bio-bleaching of pulp and paper industry. The objective of the present study was to identify the potential ability on the xylanase production by locally isolated Bacillus pumilus BS131 by using waste fiber sludge and wheat bran media under submerged fermentation. Culture growth conditions were optimized to obtain significant amount of xylanase. Maximum xylanase production was recorded after 72 hours of incubation at 30 °C and 7 pH with 4.0% substrate concentration. In the nutshell, the production of xylanase using inexpensive waste fiber sludge and wheat-bran as an alternative in place of expensive xylan substrate was more cost effective and environment friendly.


Resumo Nos últimos dias, a fonte alternativa de carbono mais barata para fins de fermentação é desejável para minimizar o custo de produção. As xilanases têm se tornado enzimas atraentes como seu potencial no biobranqueamento da indústria de papel e celulose. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a capacidade potencial na produção de xilanase por Bacillus pumilus BS131 isolado localmente usando lodo de fibra residual e farelo de trigo em meio de fermentação submersa. As condições de crescimento da cultura foram otimizadas para obter uma quantidade significativa de xilanase. A produção máxima de xilanase foi registrada após 72 horas de incubação a 30 °C e pH 7 com concentração de substrato de 4,0%. Resumindo, a produção de xilanase usando lodo de fibra residual de baixo custo e farelo de trigo como uma alternativa no lugar do substrato de xilano caro foi mais econômica e ecológica.


Assuntos
Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus pumilus/metabolismo , Esgotos , Temperatura , Fibras na Dieta , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/metabolismo , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
2.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 46(3): 659-666, July-Sept. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2285

Resumo

Ten bacterial strains that utilize cyanide (CN) as a nitrogen source were isolated from cassava factory wastewater after enrichment in a liquid media containing sodium cyanide (1 mM) and glucose (0.2% w/v). The strains could tolerate and grow in cyanide concentrations of up to 5 mM. Increased cyanide levels in the media caused an extension of lag phase in the bacterial growth indicating that they need some period of acclimatisation. The rate of cyanide removal by the strains depends on the initial cyanide and glucose concentrations. When initial cyanide and glucose concentrations were increased up to 5 mM, cyanide removal rate increased up to 63 and 61 per cent by Bacillus pumilus and Pseudomonas putida. Metabolic products such as ammonia and formate were detected in culture supernatants, suggesting a direct hydrolytic pathway without an intermediate formamide. The study clearly demonstrates the potential of aerobic treatment with cyanide degrading bacteria for cyanide removal in cassava factory wastewaters..(AU)


Assuntos
Bacillus/metabolismo , Cianetos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas putida/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias/química , Amônia/metabolismo , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Formiatos/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Índia , Manihot , Pseudomonas putida/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
3.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 46(2): 347-354, Apr.-Jun. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2241

Resumo

Halophilic microorganisms are able to grow in the presence of salt and are also excellent source of enzymes and biotechnological products, such as exopolysaccharides (EPSs) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). Salt-tolerant bacteria were screened in the Organic Composting Production Unit (OCPU) of São Paulo Zoological Park Foundation, which processes 4 ton/day of organic residues including plant matter from the Atlantic Rain Forest, animal manure and carcasses and mud from water treatment. Among the screened microorganisms, eight halotolerant bacteria grew at NaCl concentrations up to 4 M. These cultures were classified based on phylogenetic characteristics and comparative partial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as belonging to the genera Staphylococcus, Bacillus and Brevibacterium. The results of this study describe the ability of these halotolerant bacteria to produce some classes of hydrolases, namely, lipases, proteases, amylases and cellulases, and biopolymers. The strain characterized as of Brevibacterium avium presented cellulase and amylase activities up to 4 M NaCl and also produced EPSs and PHAs. These results indicate the biotechnological potential of certain microorganisms recovered from the composting process, including halotolerant species, which have the ability to produce enzymes and biopolymers, offering new perspectives for environmental and industrial applications.(AU)


Assuntos
Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Biológicos/análise , Brevibacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hidrolases/análise , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus/classificação , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Brasil , Brevibacterium/classificação , Brevibacterium/genética , Brevibacterium/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Staphylococcus/classificação , Staphylococcus/genética , Staphylococcus/metabolismo
4.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 45(3): 1089-1094, July-Sept. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28346

Resumo

P34 is an antimicrobial peptide produced by a Bacillus sp. strain isolated from the intestinal contents of a fish in the Brazilian Amazon basin with reported antibacterial activity. The aim of this work was to evaluate the peptide P34 for its in vitro antiviral properties against canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), canine coronavirus (CCoV), canine distemper virus (CDV), canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2), equine arteritis virus (EAV), equine influenza virus (EIV), feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1). The results showed that the peptide P34 exhibited antiviral activity against EAV and FHV-1. The peptide P34 inhibited the replication of EAV by 99.9% and FHV-1 by 94.4%. Virucidal activity was detected only against EAV. When P34 and EAV were incubated for 6 h at 37 °C the viral titer reduced from 10(4.5) TCID50 to 10(2.75) TCID50, showing a percent of inhibition of 98.6%. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that P34 inhibited EAV and FHV-1 replication in infected cell cultures and it showed virucidal activity against EAV. Since there is documented resistance to the current drugs used against herpesviruses and there is no treatment for equine viral arteritis, it is advisable to search for new antiviral compounds to overcome these infections.


Assuntos
Animais , Animais Domésticos/virologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Bacillus/metabolismo , Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/isolamento & purificação , Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Brasil , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Peixes/microbiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Viral
5.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 45(3): 903-910, July-Sept. 2014. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28160

Resumo

A soil screened Bacillus flexus XJU-1 was induced to simultaneously produce alkaline amylase, alkaline lipase and alkaline protease at their optimum levels on a common medium under submerged fermentation. The basal cultivation medium consisted of 0.5% casein, 0.5% starch and 0.5% cottonseedoil as an inducer forprotease, amylase, and lipase, respectively. The casein also served as nitrogen source for all 3 enzymes. The starch was also found to act as carbon source additive for both lipase and protease. Maximum enzyme production occurred on fermentation medium with 1.5% casein, 1.5% soluble starch, 2% cottonseed oil, 2% inoculum size, initial pH of 11.0, incubation temperature of 37 °C and 1% soybean meal as a nitrogen source supplement. The analysis of time course study showed that 24 h was optimum incubation time for amylase whereas 48 h was the best time for both lipase and protease. After optimization, a 3.36-, 18.64-, and 27.33-fold increase in protease, amylase and lipase, respectively was recorded. The lipase was produced in higher amounts (37.72 U/mL) than amylase and protease about 1.27 and 5.85 times, respectively. As the 3 enzymes are used in detergent formulations, the bacterium can be commercially exploited to secrete the alkaline enzymes for use in detergent industry. This is the first report for concomitant production of 3 alkaline enzymes by a bacterium.


Assuntos
Amilases/metabolismo , Bacillus/enzimologia , Bacillus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Detergentes/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Lipase/metabolismo , Bacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Carbono/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 71(2): 409-419, May 2011. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-11066

Resumo

Several techniques are currently used to treat effluents. Bioaugmentation is a new bioremediation strategy and has been employed to improve effluent quality by treating the water during the production process. This technology consists basically of the addition of microorganisms able to degrade or remove polluting compounds, especially organic matter and nutrients. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of bioaugmentation on some parameters of organic matter and on the performance of juvenile tilapias in an intensive aquaculture production system. The combination of two bacterial consortiums in a complete randomized design was employed in a factorial analysis with two factors. Statistical differences between treatments were analyzed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test at the 5 percent level. One of the treatments, heterotrophic bacterial supplementation, was able to reduce biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) by 23 percent, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by 83.7 percent and phytoplanktonic biomass by 43 percent. On the other hand, no damage was done to either the physical-chemical indicators of water quality or to the growth performance of juvenile tilapias assessed in this study.(AU)


Existem diversas tecnologias para tratamento de efluentes, o processo de bioadição consiste em uma vertente da biorremediação e tem sido empregado na melhoria da qualidade dos efluentes através do tratamento da água de produção. Esta tecnologia consiste basicamente na adição de microrganismos com a capacidade de degradar ou remover compostos poluentes, especialmente matéria orgânica e nutrientes. Este estudo objetivou avaliar os efeitos da suplementação de composto bioativo sobre alguns parâmetros de matéria orgânica e de desempenho de juvenis de tilápias em um sistema intensivo de produção aquacultural. Foi empregada a combinação de dois consórcios bacterianos em delineamento inteiramente aleatorizado, em um esquema fatorial com dois fatores. As diferenças estatísticas entre os tratamentos foram analisadas por meio da análise de variância (ANOVA) e do teste de Tukey ao nível de 5 por cento. Verificou-se neste estudo, que a bioadição heterotrófica foi capaz de reduzir em 23 por cento a demanda bioquímica de oxigênio (DBO); em 83,7 por cento, o carbono orgânico dissolvido (COD); e em 43 por cento, a biomassa fitoplanctônica. Por outro lado, não se observou nenhum prejuízo com relação aos parâmetros físico-químicos de qualidade de água bem como ao desempenho de crescimento para juvenis de tilápias avaliados neste estudo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Bacillus/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Reatores Biológicos , Ciclídeos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água Doce/química
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