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1.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1451824

Resumo

Criptococose é uma micose sistêmica não contagiosa que acomete, principalmente, felinos. O agente etiológico é uma levedura do gênero Cryptococcus sp., e a sua transmissão ocorre por via aerógena, com a inalação dos esporos que se alojam, principalmente, na cavidade nasal e pulmão. A forma nasal é a mais comum em felinos e as suas manifestações clínicas incluem edema nasofacial, eritema e secreção nasal. O diagnóstico pode ser realizado por meio de cultivo micológico, citologia, histologia e reação em cadeia polimerase. Neste artigo, é apresentado o relato de caso de um felino diagnosticado com criptococose, no qual o diagnóstico de triagem foi realizado por meio de rinoscopia. No atendimento inicial, o animal apresentava hiporexia, reflexo de deglutição constante, engasgos, odor acentuado em região nasal e crepitações pulmonares com evolução de três meses. O diagnóstico foi realizado com o emprego de rinoscopia, que identificou massa interna na região da mucosa nasofaríngea, com posterior biópsia e exame anatomopatológico. Após a confirmação diagnóstica, o paciente foi medicado com itraconazol 10 mg/kg SID, por 5 meses, e teve a resolução de todos os sinais clínicos apresentados. A criptococose deve ser considerada como diagnóstico, diferencial de alterações do sistema respiratório em felinos e a rinoscopia pode ser um recurso diagnóstico importante para auxiliar na conclusão e reconhecimento da enfermidade.(AU)


Cryptococcosis is a non-contagious systemic mycosis that primarily affects felines. Its etiological agent is a yeast of the genus Cryptococcus sp., and its transmission occurs through the air, by inhalation of spores that primarily lodge in the nasal cavity and lungs. The nasal form is the most common in felines and clinical manifestations include nasofacial edema, erythema and nasal discharge. Diagnosis can be made by means of mycological culture, cytology, histology and polymerase chain reaction. This article presents a case of a feline diagnosed with cryptococcosis, in which the screening diagnosis was performed by means of rhinoscopy. In the initial care, the animal presented hyporexia, constant swallowing reflex, choking, accentuated odor in the nasal region and pulmonary crackles with evolution of three months. The diagnosis was made using rhinoscopy, which identified an internal mass in the nasopharyngeal mucosa, and subsequent biopsy and anatomopathological examination. After diagnostic confirmation, the patient was medicated with itraconazole 10 mg/kg SID for 5 months and had resolution of all clinical signs presented. Cryptococcosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis of alterations in the respiratory system in cats and rhinoscopy can be an important diagnostic tool to assist in the conclusion and recognition of this disease.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos/microbiologia , Criptococose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cryptococcus
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-6, 2023. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468830

Resumo

Bats are important for the homeostasis of ecosystems and serve as hosts of various microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, and fungi with pathogenic potential. This study aimed to isolate fungi from biological samples obtained from bats captured in the city of Sinop (state of Mato Grosso, Brazil), where large areas of deforestation exist due to urbanization and agriculture. On the basis of the flow of people and domestic animals, 48 bats were captured in eleven urban forest fragments. The samples were processed and submitted to microbiological cultures, to isolate and to identify the fungal genera. Thirty-four (70.83%) of the captured bats were positive for fungi; 18 (37.5%) and 16 (33.33%) of these bats were female and male, respectively. Penicillium sp., Scopulariopsis sp., Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Cryptococcus sp., Trichosporon sp., and Candida sp., which may cause opportunistic infections, were isolated. The bat species with the highest number of fungal isolates was Molossus molossus: 21 isolates (43.8%). According to our results, bats captured in urban forest fragments in Sinop harbor pathogenic fungi, increasing the risk of opportunistic fungal infections in humans and domestic animals.


Os morcegos apresentam grande importância na homeostasia dos ecossistemas e são hospedeiros de uma rica diversidade de micro-organismos como bactérias, vírus e fungos com potencial patogênico. Portanto, este estudo visou isolar fungos presentes em amostras biológicas de morcegos na cidade de Sinop - MT, que possui grandes áreas de desmatamento devido à urbanização e agricultura. Foram capturados 48 morcegos de diferentes espécies, em onze fragmentos florestais urbanos definidos de acordo com fluxo de pessoas e animais domésticos, para obtenção de amostras biológicas. Essas amostras foram processadas e submetidas aos cultivos microbiológicos, para isolamento e identificação dos gêneros dos fungos. Dos 48 morcegos, 34 (70,83%) foram positivos para pelos menos um gênero de fungo, sendo 18 (37,5%) fêmeas e 16 (33,33%) machos, e os gêneros isolados a partir das amostras biológicas foram Penicillium sp., Scopulariopsis sp., Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Cryptococcus sp., Trichosporon sp. e Candida sp., que podem ser causadores de infecções oportunistas. Desse total, a espécie que apresentou maior positividade para pelo menos um gênero de fungo foi Molossus molossus com 21 (43,8%). Nossos resultados demonstram que os morcegos capturados nos fragmentos florestais urbanos na cidade de Sinop - MT, podem atuar como agentes veiculadores de fungos com potencial patogênico, aumentando assim o risco de exposição e aquisição de infecções fúngicas oportunistas por pessoas e animais domésticos.


Assuntos
Animais , Fungos/patogenicidade , Quirópteros/microbiologia , Quirópteros/sangue , Alternaria , Aspergillus , Candida , Cryptococcus , Fusarium , Penicillium , Scopulariopsis , Trichosporon
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-6, 2023. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765407

Resumo

Bats are important for the homeostasis of ecosystems and serve as hosts of various microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, and fungi with pathogenic potential. This study aimed to isolate fungi from biological samples obtained from bats captured in the city of Sinop (state of Mato Grosso, Brazil), where large areas of deforestation exist due to urbanization and agriculture. On the basis of the flow of people and domestic animals, 48 bats were captured in eleven urban forest fragments. The samples were processed and submitted to microbiological cultures, to isolate and to identify the fungal genera. Thirty-four (70.83%) of the captured bats were positive for fungi; 18 (37.5%) and 16 (33.33%) of these bats were female and male, respectively. Penicillium sp., Scopulariopsis sp., Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Cryptococcus sp., Trichosporon sp., and Candida sp., which may cause opportunistic infections, were isolated. The bat species with the highest number of fungal isolates was Molossus molossus: 21 isolates (43.8%). According to our results, bats captured in urban forest fragments in Sinop harbor pathogenic fungi, increasing the risk of opportunistic fungal infections in humans and domestic animals.(AU)


Os morcegos apresentam grande importância na homeostasia dos ecossistemas e são hospedeiros de uma rica diversidade de micro-organismos como bactérias, vírus e fungos com potencial patogênico. Portanto, este estudo visou isolar fungos presentes em amostras biológicas de morcegos na cidade de Sinop - MT, que possui grandes áreas de desmatamento devido à urbanização e agricultura. Foram capturados 48 morcegos de diferentes espécies, em onze fragmentos florestais urbanos definidos de acordo com fluxo de pessoas e animais domésticos, para obtenção de amostras biológicas. Essas amostras foram processadas e submetidas aos cultivos microbiológicos, para isolamento e identificação dos gêneros dos fungos. Dos 48 morcegos, 34 (70,83%) foram positivos para pelos menos um gênero de fungo, sendo 18 (37,5%) fêmeas e 16 (33,33%) machos, e os gêneros isolados a partir das amostras biológicas foram Penicillium sp., Scopulariopsis sp., Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Cryptococcus sp., Trichosporon sp. e Candida sp., que podem ser causadores de infecções oportunistas. Desse total, a espécie que apresentou maior positividade para pelo menos um gênero de fungo foi Molossus molossus com 21 (43,8%). Nossos resultados demonstram que os morcegos capturados nos fragmentos florestais urbanos na cidade de Sinop - MT, podem atuar como agentes veiculadores de fungos com potencial patogênico, aumentando assim o risco de exposição e aquisição de infecções fúngicas oportunistas por pessoas e animais domésticos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Quirópteros/sangue , Quirópteros/microbiologia , Fungos/patogenicidade , Penicillium , Scopulariopsis , Fusarium , Aspergillus , Alternaria , Cryptococcus , Trichosporon , Candida
4.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 44: e58543, mar. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368012

Resumo

Microbial polysaccharides are of great biotechnological and commercial interest and have wide application in the food, cosmetic and medicine industries. Exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by the yeast Cryptococcus laurentii SD7, isolated from fresh water molluscs, was studied using agro-industrial byproducts as substrates in the submerged fermentation. The Central Composite Design (CCD) 23 was used to study the influence of pH, different concentrations on sugarcane molasses and corn steep liquor (CSL), for 48 hours. According to the results, the highest EPS production occurred at the initial pH 5 and at 8.4% concentration of sugarcane molasses, which were statistically significant variable at 10% (p < 0.1). The concentration of CSL had no influence in the studied range, thus, it can be used lowest concentration (0.3%). The time course of EPS production showed that while cell growth peaked within 48 hours, the highest EPS production (6.61 g L-1) occurred at 168 hours, with a productivity of about 0.04 g L-1 h-1. The pH of the medium remained approximately constant throughout the fermentation process. The yeast C. laurentii SD7 showed great potential for EPS production at a low cost and with sustainable substrates.(AU)


Assuntos
Melaço , Substratos para Tratamento Biológico , Zea mays , Cryptococcus , Polissacarídeos , Biopolímeros
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(supl.1): 715, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363923

Resumo

Background: Cryptococcosis is a systemic mycotic disease caused by encapsulated yeasts C. neoformans and C. gattii. Cryptococcus neoformans is predominantly found in soils and feces of pigeons and psittacids. Infection occurs mainly through the respiratory tract, through the inspiration of fungal propagules (basidiospores and/or desiccated yeast cells). The main lesions observed are in the nasal cavity and lungs, but in dogs, the central nervous system and eyes are widely affected. Despite some previously mentioned reports, the retrobulbar form has not been described in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this report is to describe a case of retrobulbar cryptococcoma mimetizing a tumor in a young bitch. Case: A 2-year-old female Labrador Retriever, was admitted to one Veterinary Hospital with exophthalmia on the left eye for 15 days and other signs included negative retropulsion, mydriasis, and abscence of menace and pupillary reflexes. Ocular ultrasound imaging revealed a hyperecotic and heterogeneous retrobulbar mass in the mid-dorsal region compressing the optic nerve. Computed tomography of the skull showed the presence of proliferation of neoplastic tissue in a locally invasive retrobulbar region promoting moderate rostrolateral displacement of the left ocular bulb, discrete osthelysis in maxillary bone, palatine, medial wall of the orbital bone and frontal bone, with destruction of cribiform plate adjacent to the dorsal region of the orbital wall and presence of mild contrast uptake in the region of the left olfactory bulb lobe, characterizing a picture compatible with neoplasia with malignancy and locally invasive characteristics. Exenteration and excision of part of the frontal bone were performed and histopathological examination revealed granulation with the presence of fibroblasts and numerous typical blastoconidia of Cryptococcus neoformans. The patient was treated with Itraconazole [10 mg/kg, v.o, SID, for 90 days] and one year after diagnosis, X-ray was performed to control the lesion and radiographic aspects were within normal limits. Discussion: Cryptococcus sp. is an environmental fungus that has the potential to be pathogenic to humans and animals. Fungus present as a basidiospores in pigeon droppings. The patient described had a history of contact with free-living pigeons, making it a risk factor for the occurrence of cryptococcosis, being the possible cause of the infection. In dogs, the disease is mainly described in immunosuppressed animals, which was not the case of the patient, who presented clinical and laboratory results within the normal range and without a previous history of use of immunosuppressants. The alterations described in the computed tomography, such as destruction of the cribriform plate adjacent to the dorsal region of the left orbital wall and the presence of slight contrast uptake in the left olfactory bulb lobe region, are compatible with the main entry point for propagules of Cryptococcus sp. In the present case, no periocular and ocular alterations were observed as described in the literature, and the lesion was restricted to the retrobulbar space. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a neoformation mimicking a malignant neoplasm and the diagnosis of cryptococcoma was revealed by histopathology. Based on the present case, cytology through aspiration of retrobulbal neoformations is imperative as a diagnostic method, especially in endemic areas for fungal diseases that can mimic ocular neoplasms.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Doenças Orbitárias/veterinária , Exoftalmia/veterinária , Criptococose/veterinária , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária , Mimetismo Molecular
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub.537-4 jan. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458364

Resumo

Background: Cryptococcosis is a serious fungal infection contracted by humans and animals, and the most common systemic mycosis found in cats. This disease is often contracted through inhalation of fungal propagules. The Central Nervous System (CNS) may be infected through local extension (nasal and frontal sinuses) or via hematogenous route. Similarly to CNS bacterial infection, the clinical signs of neurological dysfunction may be attributed to mass effect (gelatinous mass of fungal microorganisms and fungal granuloma formation) or to a more disseminated inflammatory response to invading microorganisms. The objective of this study is to report one case of a patient with cryptococcal granulomas in the central nervous system and one case of a patient with neurological signs associated to a cryptococcosis. Cases: Case 1. A 3-year-old male mixed breed feline was admitted to a veterinary clinic, located in Porto Alegre, RS, Southern Brazil. The patient presented unsourced behavioral changes, vestibular ataxia and dysphagia caused by inability of coordination. The following tests were performed: complete blood count test, biochemical analysis, computed tomography scan (CT scan), fluid analysis, radiography and toxoplasmosis test. The following medicine were administrated for treatment: fluconazole, dexamethasone, mannitol, phenobarbital and levetiracetam. Fluid therapy was also part of the treatment. Immediately after death, the cat was submitted for necropsy, and a fungal granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis was diagnosed. Cryptococcus sp. was identified as the causal agent through pathological findings, fungal culture and PCR analysis. Case 2. One year later, another feline was admitted to the same clinic (a 2-year-old female mixed breed) presenting hypersalivation, tremors and excessive vocalization. The patient had contact with the deceased feline. The following tests were performed: complete blood count...


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Criptococose/terapia , Criptococose/veterinária , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Sistema Nervoso Central/microbiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 48(suppl.1): Pub. 537, Oct. 10, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765363

Resumo

Background: Cryptococcosis is a serious fungal infection contracted by humans and animals, and the most common systemic mycosis found in cats. This disease is often contracted through inhalation of fungal propagules. The Central Nervous System (CNS) may be infected through local extension (nasal and frontal sinuses) or via hematogenous route. Similarly to CNS bacterial infection, the clinical signs of neurological dysfunction may be attributed to mass effect (gelatinous mass of fungal microorganisms and fungal granuloma formation) or to a more disseminated inflammatory response to invading microorganisms. The objective of this study is to report one case of a patient with cryptococcal granulomas in the central nervous system and one case of a patient with neurological signs associated to a cryptococcosis. Cases: Case 1. A 3-year-old male mixed breed feline was admitted to a veterinary clinic, located in Porto Alegre, RS, Southern Brazil. The patient presented unsourced behavioral changes, vestibular ataxia and dysphagia caused by inability of coordination. The following tests were performed: complete blood count test, biochemical analysis, computed tomography scan (CT scan), fluid analysis, radiography and toxoplasmosis test. The following medicine were administrated for treatment: fluconazole, dexamethasone, mannitol, phenobarbital and levetiracetam. Fluid therapy was also part of the treatment. Immediately after death, the cat was submitted for necropsy, and a fungal granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis was diagnosed. Cryptococcus sp. was identified as the causal agent through pathological findings, fungal culture and PCR analysis. Case 2. One year later, another feline was admitted to the same clinic (a 2-year-old female mixed breed) presenting hypersalivation, tremors and excessive vocalization. The patient had contact with the deceased feline. The following tests were performed: complete blood count...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Criptococose/terapia , Criptococose/veterinária , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Sistema Nervoso Central/microbiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico
8.
Rev. Educ. Contin. CRMV-SP (Impr.) ; 18(3): 12-18, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1488780

Resumo

This paper analyzes a case report of cryptococcosis in a 11 years old crossbreed domestic feline, that was attended at Dr. Vicente Borelli"  Centro Universitário Fundação de Ensino Octávio Bastos Veterinary Hospital. The animal presented increased nasal volume. After physical examination, it was collected material from the lesion in order to do fungal culture and histologic analysis. It was observed pyogranulomatous dermatitis and presence of Cryptococcus spp., an microorganism able to affect humans, domestics and wild animals, corroborating the diagnosis of Cryptococcosis.


O presente trabalho analisa um caso de criptococose em um felino doméstico, sem raça definida, com 11 anos de idade, atendido no Hospital Veterinário "Dr. Vicente Borelli" do Centro Universitário Fundação de Ensino Octávio Bastos, São João da Boa Vista - SP. O animal apresentava aumento de volume em região nasal. Após exame clínico, foi realizada a colheita de material para exame de cultura fúngica e histopatológico. Neste último, observou-se uma dermatite piogranulomatosa e presença do microrganismo Cryptococcus spp., capaz de acometer humanos e animais domésticos e silvestres, confirmando o diagnóstico de Criptococose.


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Criptococose/classificação , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/epidemiologia , Cryptococcus
9.
R. Educ. contin. Med. Vet. Zoot. ; 18(3): 12-18, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30431

Resumo

This paper analyzes a case report of cryptococcosis in a 11 years old crossbreed domestic feline, that was attended at Dr. Vicente Borelli"  Centro Universitário Fundação de Ensino Octávio Bastos Veterinary Hospital. The animal presented increased nasal volume. After physical examination, it was collected material from the lesion in order to do fungal culture and histologic analysis. It was observed pyogranulomatous dermatitis and presence of Cryptococcus spp., an microorganism able to affect humans, domestics and wild animals, corroborating the diagnosis of Cryptococcosis.(AU)


O presente trabalho analisa um caso de criptococose em um felino doméstico, sem raça definida, com 11 anos de idade, atendido no Hospital Veterinário "Dr. Vicente Borelli" do Centro Universitário Fundação de Ensino Octávio Bastos, São João da Boa Vista - SP. O animal apresentava aumento de volume em região nasal. Após exame clínico, foi realizada a colheita de material para exame de cultura fúngica e histopatológico. Neste último, observou-se uma dermatite piogranulomatosa e presença do microrganismo Cryptococcus spp., capaz de acometer humanos e animais domésticos e silvestres, confirmando o diagnóstico de Criptococose.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Criptococose/classificação , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/epidemiologia , Cryptococcus
10.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 44(supl): 01-07, 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457525

Resumo

Background: Salivary gland diseases in dogs have an overall incidence of 0.3%. Sialocele and sialoadenitis are the most common injuries and are usually caused by infectious diseases, especially of bacterial origin. Currently, Cryptococcus neoformans has not been registered as the etiological agent since fungal participation is unusual. This case report describes a cryptococcal sialoadenitis in a dog. Case: A 1.9-year-old male poodle had a swelling of the right submandibular region, combined with dry cough and snoring that persisted for about 30 days. The dog often walked in the town square, which has pigeons, and was seen eating chicken droppings. The dog was diagnosed with sialoadenitis in the right submandibular salivary gland. The following laboratory tests were performed cytology, fungal culture, blood count, search for hemoparasites, total plasma protein (ppt), alanine aminotransferase dosage (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), urea (U), creatinine (CREA), Albumin (ALB), total protein (TP), globulin (GLOB) and amylase (AML). In addition, the dog underwent cervical, thoracic and abdominal ultrasound, and cervical x-rays. The cytology results showed fungal sialoadenitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. The blood test results evidenced thrombocytopenia and increased ppt, TP, GLOB, and AML. The lungs and heart x-rays results showed no alterations. However, the proximal third [...]


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Columbidae/microbiologia , Cryptococcus neoformans , Glândulas Salivares/lesões , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Cryptococcus/citologia
11.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 44(supl): 01-07, 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-482942

Resumo

Background: Salivary gland diseases in dogs have an overall incidence of 0.3%. Sialocele and sialoadenitis are the most common injuries and are usually caused by infectious diseases, especially of bacterial origin. Currently, Cryptococcus neoformans has not been registered as the etiological agent since fungal participation is unusual. This case report describes a cryptococcal sialoadenitis in a dog. Case: A 1.9-year-old male poodle had a swelling of the right submandibular region, combined with dry cough and snoring that persisted for about 30 days. The dog often walked in the town square, which has pigeons, and was seen eating chicken droppings. The dog was diagnosed with sialoadenitis in the right submandibular salivary gland. The following laboratory tests were performed cytology, fungal culture, blood count, search for hemoparasites, total plasma protein (ppt), alanine aminotransferase dosage (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), urea (U), creatinine (CREA), Albumin (ALB), total protein (TP), globulin (GLOB) and amylase (AML). In addition, the dog underwent cervical, thoracic and abdominal ultrasound, and cervical x-rays. The cytology results showed fungal sialoadenitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. The blood test results evidenced thrombocytopenia and increased ppt, TP, GLOB, and AML. The lungs and heart x-rays results showed no alterations. However, the proximal third [...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Glândulas Salivares/lesões , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Columbidae/microbiologia , Cryptococcus neoformans , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , /uso terapêutico , Cryptococcus/citologia
12.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 82: 1-4, 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1026511

Resumo

A criptococose é uma micose primariamente pulmonar, sendo adquirida por meio de inalação de propágulos fúngicos infectantes encontrados no ambiente. Um dos principais agentes etiológicos da criptococose é a espécie Cryptococcus neoformans , que apresenta distribuição mundial. O objetivo desse trabalho foi pesquisar a ocorrência de Cryptococcus spp. em excretas de Columba livia (pombos domésticos) encontradas na área externa do prédio do Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, centro de referência para o tratamento da Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida na região sul do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Durante um período de dez meses, foi coletado um total de 40 amostras de excretas secas da área acadêmica e da área hospitalar do Hospital Universitário. As excretas foram adicionadas de solução salina com cloranfenicol, homogeneizados em vórtex, semeados em ágar Níger e incubados a 25ºC com observações diárias até sete dias. A identificação do micro-organismo foi realizada por provas fenotípicas e bioquímicas. Das 40 amostras processadas e analisadas, 13 (32,5%) foram positivas para o isolamento de Cryptococcus spp., variando de 20.000 a 3.000.000 UFC/g de fezes. O isolamento desse fungo em um ambiente hospitalar é relevante em saúde pública, pois evidencia a exposição dos indivíduos que frequentam esse local a propágulos infectantes.(AU)


Cryptococcosis is primarily a pulmonary mycosis, being acquired by inhalation of infective fungal propagules found in the environment. One of the main etiological agents of cryptococcosis is the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans , which has worldwide distribution and whose natural habitat is the feces of birds. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Cryptococcus spp. in excreta of Columba livia (domestic pigeon) found in the outer area of the building of Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, a reference center for the treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in southern state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. During a period of ten months, a total of 40 samples of dried excreta was collected from the site's academic area and hospital. To the excreta, were added saline solution with chloramphenicol, homogenized in a vortex, cultivated in Niger seed agar and incubated at 25°C with daily observations up to seven days. The identification of the microorganism was performed by phenotypical and biochemical tests. From the 40 samples processed and analyzed, 13 (32.5%) were positive for the isolation of Cryptococcus spp., with the quantity of yeasts ranging from 20.000 to 3.000.000 CFU/g of feces. Isolation of the opportunistic fungus Cryptococcus spp. at a university hospital is relevant in public health for demonstrating the exposure of individuals who frequent this site to infectant propagules.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Columbidae , Virulência , Saúde Pública , Criptococose , Cryptococcus , Brasil
13.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 82: 01-04, 2015.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1462273

Resumo

Cryptococcosis is primarily a pulmonary mycosis, being acquired by inhalation of infective fungal propagules found in the environment. One of the main etiological agents of cryptococcosis is the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans, which has worldwide distribution and whose natural habitat is the feces of birds. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Cryptococcus spp. in excreta of Columba livia (domestic pigeon) found in the outer area of the building of Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, a reference center for the treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in southern state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. During a period of ten months, a total of 40 samples of dried excreta was collected from the sites academic area and hospital. To the excreta, were added saline solution with chloramphenicol, homogenized in a vortex, cultivated in Niger seed agar and incubated at 25C with daily observations up to seven days. The identification of the microorganism was performed by phenotypical and biochemical tests. From the 40 samples processed and analyzed, 13 (32.5%) were positive for the isolation of Cryptococcus spp., with the quantity of yeasts ranging from 20.000 to 3.000.000 CFU/g of feces. Isolation of the opportunistic fungus Cryptococcus spp. at a university hospital is relevant in public health for demonstrating the exposure of individuals who frequent this site to infectant propagules.


A criptococose é uma micose primariamente pulmonar, sendo adquirida por meio de inalação de propágulos fúngicos infectantes encontrados no ambiente. Um dos principais agentes etiológicos da criptococose é a espécie Cryptococcus neoformans, que apresenta distribuição mundial. O objetivo desse trabalho foi pesquisar a ocorrência de Cryptococcus spp. em excretas de Columba livia (pombos domésticos) encontradas na área externa do prédio do Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, centro de referência para o tratamento da Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida na região sul do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Durante um período de dez meses, foi coletado um total de 40 amostras de excretas secas da área acadêmica e da área hospitalar do Hospital Universitário. As excretas foram adicionadas de solução salina com cloranfenicol, homogeneizados em vórtex, semeados em ágar Níger e incubados a 25ºC com observações diárias até sete dias. A identificação do micro-organismo foi realizada por provas fenotípicas e bioquímicas. Das 40 amostras processadas e analisadas, 13 (32,5%) foram positivas para o isolamento de Cryptococcus spp., variando de 20.000 a 3.000.000 UFC/g de fezes. O isolamento desse fungo em um ambiente hospitalar é relevante em saúde pública, pois evidencia a exposição dos indivíduos que frequentam esse local a propágulos infectantes.


Assuntos
Animais , Columbidae , Criptococose , Cryptococcus , Saúde Pública , Virulência , Brasil
14.
Arq. Inst. Biol. ; 82: 01-04, 2015.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18891

Resumo

Cryptococcosis is primarily a pulmonary mycosis, being acquired by inhalation of infective fungal propagules found in the environment. One of the main etiological agents of cryptococcosis is the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans, which has worldwide distribution and whose natural habitat is the feces of birds. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Cryptococcus spp. in excreta of Columba livia (domestic pigeon) found in the outer area of the building of Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, a reference center for the treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in southern state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. During a period of ten months, a total of 40 samples of dried excreta was collected from the sites academic area and hospital. To the excreta, were added saline solution with chloramphenicol, homogenized in a vortex, cultivated in Niger seed agar and incubated at 25C with daily observations up to seven days. The identification of the microorganism was performed by phenotypical and biochemical tests. From the 40 samples processed and analyzed, 13 (32.5%) were positive for the isolation of Cryptococcus spp., with the quantity of yeasts ranging from 20.000 to 3.000.000 CFU/g of feces. Isolation of the opportunistic fungus Cryptococcus spp. at a university hospital is relevant in public health for demonstrating the exposure of individuals who frequent this site to infectant propagules.(AU)


A criptococose é uma micose primariamente pulmonar, sendo adquirida por meio de inalação de propágulos fúngicos infectantes encontrados no ambiente. Um dos principais agentes etiológicos da criptococose é a espécie Cryptococcus neoformans, que apresenta distribuição mundial. O objetivo desse trabalho foi pesquisar a ocorrência de Cryptococcus spp. em excretas de Columba livia (pombos domésticos) encontradas na área externa do prédio do Hospital Universitário Dr. Miguel Riet Correa Junior, centro de referência para o tratamento da Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida na região sul do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Durante um período de dez meses, foi coletado um total de 40 amostras de excretas secas da área acadêmica e da área hospitalar do Hospital Universitário. As excretas foram adicionadas de solução salina com cloranfenicol, homogeneizados em vórtex, semeados em ágar Níger e incubados a 25ºC com observações diárias até sete dias. A identificação do micro-organismo foi realizada por provas fenotípicas e bioquímicas. Das 40 amostras processadas e analisadas, 13 (32,5%) foram positivas para o isolamento de Cryptococcus spp., variando de 20.000 a 3.000.000 UFC/g de fezes. O isolamento desse fungo em um ambiente hospitalar é relevante em saúde pública, pois evidencia a exposição dos indivíduos que frequentam esse local a propágulos infectantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Criptococose , Columbidae , Cryptococcus , Virulência , Saúde Pública , Brasil
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 67(6): 1639-1645, nov.-dez. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-334106

Resumo

Os pombos possuem uma rica diversidade de microrganismo, entre eles fungos sapróbios, como do gênero Cryptococcus, que podem atuar como agentes patogênicos para o homem e animais. Objetivou-se o isolamento, a caracterização bioquímica e a molecular de amostras de Cryptococcus spp. de excretas ambientas de pombos. Foram colhidas 100 amostras ambientais de pontos equidistantes e representativos da área da cidade de Araçatuba, São Paulo. As amostras foram rasteladas do solo de vias públicas, armazenadas em frasco coletor e encaminhadas para o Laboratório de Bacteriologia e Micologia da FMVA, onde foram processadas e cultivadas em duplicata, em placas de Petri contendo ágar Sabouraud dextrose a 4% e Niger. Em seguida, foram incubadas à temperatura ambiente e a 30ºC, respectivamente, por um período não inferior a 15 dias. Após a observação diária, as colônias sugestivas para levedura foram reisoladas em ágar Niger e submetidas a testes bioquímicos para posterior caracterização molecular pela técnica da PCR. Como resultado, a caracterização bioquímica e a molecular isolaram 32 colônias leveduriformes, sendo 8% dos cultivos positivos para Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans, 17% para Rhodotorula rubidae e 7% Candida albicans. Pelo exposto, concluiu-se que excretas ambientais de pombos constituem um microfoco para Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans e outras leveduras com potencial patogênico, representando um risco à saúde pública, sendo necessárias medidas preventivas, como a higienização com a correta remoção das excretas, a fim de minimizar os riscos de exposição ambiental(AU)


Pigeons have a rich diversity of microrganisms, including fungi saprobes such as the genus Cryptococcus that can act as a pathogen for humans and animals. The aim of this was their isolation, biochemical and molecular characterization of samples of Cryptococcus from ambientas avian excreta. One hundred environmental samples,representative of the area equidistant from Araçatuba, São Paulo points were collected. The samples were removed and stored in collection bottles, sent to the Laboratory of Bacteriology and Mycology of FMVA, where they were processed and cultivated in duplicate on Petri dishes containing Sabouraud dextrose 4% and Niger and incubated at room temperature 30° C, respectively, for a period of no less than 15 days. Colonies after daily observation which were suggestive for yeast growth were re-isolated in Niger agar and subjected to biochemical analisis for further molecular characterization by PCR tests. As results, the biochemical and molecular characterization of 32 yeast colonies revealed 8% of cultures positive for Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans, 17% Rhodotorula rubidae and 7% Candida albicans. It was concluded that environmental avian excreta are active sites for replication of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans and other yeasts with pathogenic potential. These constitute a public health risk, and preventive measures are necessary, such as cleaning and complete removal of excreta in order to minimize the risk of environmental exposure(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Columbidae/microbiologia , Cryptococcus/ultraestrutura , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Zoonoses/diagnóstico , Saúde Pública
16.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 46(3): 815-823, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-13272

Resumo

Pectinolytic enzymes are greatly important in winemaking due to their ability to degrade pectic polymers from grape, contributing to enhance process efficiency and wine quality. This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of pectinolytic yeasts during spontaneous fermentation of Argentine Bonarda grape, to select yeasts that produce extracellular pectinases and to characterize their pectinolytic activity under wine-like conditions. Isolated yeasts were grouped using PCR-DGGE and identified by partial sequencing of 26S rRNA gene. Isolates comprised 7 genera, with Aureobasidium pullulans as the most predominant pectinolytic species, followed by Rhodotorula dairenensis and Cryptococcus saitoi. No pectinolytic activity was detected among ascomycetous yeasts isolated on grapes and during fermentation, suggesting a low occurrence of pectinolytic yeast species in wine fermentation ecosystem. This is the first study reporting R. dairenensis and Cr. saitoi species with pectinolytic activity. R. dairenensis GM-15 produced pectinases that proved to be highly active at grape pH, at 12 °C, and under ethanol and SO2 concentrations usually found in vinifications (pectinase activity around 1.1 U/mL). This strain also produced cellulase activity at 12 °C and pH 3.5, but did not produce β-glucosidase activity under these conditions. The strain showed encouraging enological properties for its potential use in low-temperature winemaking. (AU)


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/enzimologia , Cryptococcus/enzimologia , /metabolismo , Rhodotorula/enzimologia , Vitis/microbiologia , Vinho/microbiologia , Argentina , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Fermentação/fisiologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Tipagem Molecular , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Pectinas/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Rhodotorula/isolamento & purificação
17.
Braz. J. Microbiol. ; 45(2): 379-387, Apr.-June 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28942

Resumo

This study aimed the optimization of culture condition and composition for production of Cryptococcus laurentii 11 biomass and lipids in cheese whey medium supplemented with sugarcane molasses. The optimization of pH, fermentation time, and molasses concentration according to a full factorial statistical experimental design was followed by a Plackett-Burman experimental design, which was used to determine whether the supplementation of the culture medium by yeast extract and inorganic salts could provide a further enhancement of lipids production. The following conditions and composition of the culture medium were found to optimize biomass and lipids production: 360 h fermentation, 6.5 pH and supplementation of (g L-1): 50 molasses, 0.5 yeast extract, 4 KH2PO4, 1 Na2HPO4, 0.75 MgSO4•7H2O and 0.002 ZnSO4•H2O. Additional supplementation with inorganic salts and yeast extract was essential to optimize the production, in terms of product concentration and productivity, of neutral lipids by C. laurentii 11. Under this optimized condition, the production of total lipids increased by 133% in relation to control experiment (from 1.27 to 2.96 g L-1). The total lipids indicated a predominant (86%) presence of neutral lipids with high content of 16- and 18- carbon-chain saturated and monosaturated fatty acids. This class of lipids is considered especially suitable for the production of biodiesel.


Assuntos
Queijo/microbiologia , Cryptococcus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cryptococcus/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Melaço , Meios de Cultura/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(3): 261-269, mar. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-10435

Resumo

Seven cases of cryptococosis (six cats and one dog) were studied to establish the determining histomorphological and histochemical characteristics in the histopathological diagnosis of this condition. Additional data related to the epidemiology, clinical aspects, sites of the lesions, and gross findings were obtained from the necropsy and biopsy protocols. Histologically, yeasts were observed inside macrophages or free in the parenchyma, associated with scarse to severe lymphohistioplasmacytic inflammatory reaction. In the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) sections, the yeasts were round, with a central cell containing a nucleus, surrounded by a clear halo (usually non-stained capsule). The techniques of periodic Schiff acid (PAS), Groccot (GMS), and Fontana-Masson (FM) were utilized and demonstrated the wall of the yeast cells. The FM stain showed the melanin present in these cells. The Alcian blue and Mayer's mucicarmin stains showed mainly the yeast polysaccharide capsule. The diameter of the cells ranged from 1.67 to 10.00µm and the full diameter of the encapsulated yeasts varied between 4.17 e 34.16µm. Yeast buddings were better observed through the PAS stain and were narrow based, simple or multiple, mainly in the opposite poles of the cells or forming chains. The definitive diagnosis of cryptococosis was established through the histopathological exam, based on the specific morphology of the agent (encapsulated yeast) and on histochemical proprieties, mostly in the cases without fungal culture.(AU)


Sete casos de criptococose (seis gatos e um cão) foram estudados para estabelecer as características histomorfológicas e histoquímicas determinantes no diagnóstico histopatológico dessa condição. Os dados complementares relacionados à epidemiologia, aos aspectos clínicos, à localização das lesões e às alterações macroscópicas foram obtidos dos protocolos de necropsias e biópsias. Na histologia, as leveduras foram observadas no interior de macrófagos ou livres no parênquima, associadas à reação inflamatória linfo-histioplasmocítica que variou de escassa a acentuada. Pela técnica de hematoxilina-eosina (HE) as leveduras eram arredondadas, com célula central contendo um núcleo, circundada por um halo claro (cápsula geralmente não corada). As técnicas histoquímicas do ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS), Grocott e Fontana-Masson (FM) foram utilizadas e evidenciaram a parede das células das leveduras. Pelo FM observou-se a melanina presente nessas células. As técnicas do azul Alciano e da mucicarmina de Mayer evidenciaram principalmente a cápsula polissacarídica das leveduras. O diâmetro das células das leveduras variou de 1,67 a 10,00µm e o diâmetro total das leveduras encapsuladas variou entre 4,17 e 34,16µm. Os brotamentos foram melhor visualizados através do PAS e ocorreram em base estreita, de forma única ou múltipla, principalmente em polos opostos das células das leveduras ou formando uma cadeia. O diagnóstico definitivo de criptococose foi estabelecido através do exame histopatológico, baseando-se na morfologia característica do agente (levedura encapsulada) e em suas propriedades tintoriais (histoquímicas), principalmente nos casos em que a cultura micológica não foi realizada.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Cães , Cães/microbiologia , Gatos/microbiologia , Criptococose/veterinária , Micoses/veterinária , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Cryptococcus/patogenicidade , Criptococose/diagnóstico
19.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 34(2): 793-804, 2013.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-4973

Resumo

fungos patogênicos das espécies Cryptococcus neoformans e Cryptococcus gattii podem ser encontrados no meio ambiente em guano de pombos, solo com excrementos de pombos e pássaros, além de matéria vegetal de árvores. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a presença das espécies patogênicas de Cryptococcus em solo com excrementos de pombos, solo com matéria vegetal e em madeira em decomposição de partes ocas de árvores existentes em lugares públicos da cidade de Londrina, PR. Trinta locais foram selecionados dentre praças, parques e ruas da região central da cidade onde amostras foram coletadas de: solo com excretas de pombos (n=120), solo com matéria vegetal da base das árvores (n=120) e swab de matéria vegetal em decomposição de partes ocas de árvores, no período de junho de 2009 a março de 2010. As coletas abrangeram três estações do ano: inverno, primavera e verão, nesse período 360 amostras foram obtidas e analisadas em quatro diferentes etapas. As espécies foram identificadas por meio de análise microscópica da cultura e crescimento em meios seletivos. Um total de cinco amostras foi positivo para Cryptococcus spp. (1,38%), três amostras foram identificadas como C. neoformans (0,84%), duas amostras de solo com excrementos de pombos e uma amostra vegetal do solo. As amostras eram provenientes de um parque, uma rua e uma praça localizados na área central de Londrina. C. gattii foi isolado das outras duas amostras (0,54%), uma em solo com excrementos de pombos e outra em amostra de matéria vegetal do solo obtida de dois parques da cidade localizados em área desprotegida contra insolação e chuvas. Não foi obtido isolamento de Cryptococcus spp. das 120 amostras de swab de madeira em decomposição de partes ocas das 12 espécies de árvores amostradas. Os resultados das análises do meio ambiente confirmaram a ocorrência das espécies patogênicas Cryptococcus neoformans e Cryptococcus gattii em locais onde a população suscetível de humanos e animais podem ser expostos aos propágulos infecciosos dos fungos.(AU)


The pathogenic fungi of the species Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii could be found in the environment on pigeon guano, soil with pigeon and bird excreta and vegetable material from trees. The aim of this study was analyze the presence of the Cryptococcus pathogenic species on soil with pigeon excreta, soil with vegetable material and decayed wood of trunk hollows of trees from public places in the city of Londrina, PR. Thirty public places were selected from squares, parks and streets in the city centre where samples were collected from: soil with pigeon excreta (n=120), soil with vegetable material (n=120) and decayed wood of trunk hollows of trees (n=120), during June 2009 until March 2010. These collect comprised the seasons: winter, spring and summer, during this period 360 samples were obtained and analyzed in four different times. The species were identified by means of microscopic analysis from culture and their rising on selective medium. A total of five samples were positive to Cryptococcus spp. (1,38%) three were positive to Cryptococcus neoformans (0,84%) in two samples of soil with pigeon excreta, the other one on soil with vegetable material. The samples were originated from a park, a street and a square, placed in the city centre area of Londrina. Cryptococcus gattii was isolated from two samples (0,54%), one in soil with pigeon excreta and another in vegetable material obtained from the soil of two parks that were not protected against sunshine and rain. Cryptococcus spp. was not isolated in none of the 120 swabs samples of decayed wood trunk hollows from the 12 species of trees sampled. The results of the analyses from the environment confirmed the occurrence of the pathogenic species Cryptococcus neoformans e Cryptococcus gattii in places were the human and animal susceptible populations could be exposure to infectious fungi propagators.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cryptococcus/patogenicidade , Leveduras/patogenicidade , Guano australis/análise , Columbidae/classificação , Fungos/classificação
20.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 39(4): 1-4, 20110000. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-12356

Resumo

Background: The dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii and the yeasts of the Cryptococcus complex are important fungal pathogens of humans and animals that cause sporotrichosis and cryptococcosis, respectively. Both fungi are saprophytes of soils rich in organic matter and infect the host through traumatic injuries and/or inhalation. Sporotrichosis has been recognized as an important disease in the small animal clinic and in public health. Cases of this mycosis in cats and dogs have been reported in various Brazilian States. Our research group diagnosed eleven cases of sporotrichosis in dogs in Rio Grande do Sul in a five-year period. On the other hand, clinical cases of cryptococcosis in dogs and cats have not often been described in Brazil. In addition, infections caused by non- neoformans species have rarely been reported throughout the world. The aim of this study is to describe the first case of concomitant infection by Sporothrix schenckii and Cryptococcus albidus in a dog. Case: In 2008, a veterinary clinic of Rio Grande municipality received a 5-year-old female Dalmatian which had presented an increase of the nasal plan, sneezing, dyspnea and a serous nasal discharge for 30 days. Upon clinical examination, abnormalities in retal temperature, cardiopulmonary auscultation and frequency of the animal were not observed. The presence of an eritematous non-ulcerated mass partially occluding the airways was verified in the nasal cavity. Differential diagnosis included sporotrichosis, cryptococcosis and transmissible venereal tumor (TVT). Diagnosis confirmation was performed by laboratory tests which included radiographic, cytological and mycological analyses. The nasal radiograph revealed a mass of 20 mm in diameter with adjacent bone compromising. Ovoid and round cells suggestive of yeasts were found in cytology. Colonies with macroscopic and microscopic morphology compatible with Sporothrix schenckii and Cryptococcus albidus were obtained in mycological analysis. Confirmation of the species C. albidus was obtained by the API32 commercial system. Antifungal therapy with itraconazole at a 10 mg kg -1 oral dosage for 90 days was successfully performed, resulting in the regression of the lesions. Discussion: Sporotrichosis has been frequently diagnosed in cats and dogs in the south and southeast of Brazil. However, mixed infection cases with Sporothrix schenckii are rare. In Brazil, one case was described in a cat with sporotrichosis, demodicosis and pediculosis which was co-infected with the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV). Mixed fungal infection by Cryptococcus neoformans and was described only in a dog in Canada that presented lesions similar to those reported in this study. Cryptococcosis cases in animals and humans caused by non-neoformans species with C. albidus and C. magnus have been described worldwide. Systemic, renal and cutaneous infections by C. albidus have been reported in dogs, cats and horses. The present study reports the first case of a concomitant infection of Sporothrix schenckii and Cryptococcus albidus in a dog, and warns small animal doctors of the importance of laboratory exams so that a final infectious disease diagnosis, especially of fungal infections, can be reached.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Coinfecção/veterinária , Dermatomicoses/veterinária , Sporothrix , Cryptococcus , Micoses/diagnóstico
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