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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 51: Pub. 1903, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1415246

Resumo

Background: Pyometra is a bacterial and hormone-induced reproductive disease that occurs in the post-estrus luteal phase in intact queens. Pyometra is more common in the diestrus period due to the high progesterone concentration (in queens that mated, spontaneously ovulated, or were induced to ovulate). However, it can also be seen due to the use of exogenous hormones such as progesterone for the suppression of estrus. More research is needed in cases of pyometra in queens, as well as in bitches. Because, considering that the pathogenesis and characteristics of feline pyometra is similar to bitches, studies on pyometra-affected bitches are taken as reference in studies and applications on queens. From this point of view, the aims of this study were to reveal the changes in complete blood count, blood gas, and serum biochemistry parameters in feline pyometra cases and to determine the correlation between the mentioned parameters. Materials, Methods & Results: In the study, a total of 25 female cats of different breeds were used, between the ages of 6 months and 7 years, 15 were diagnosed with pyometra, and 10 healthy. Anamnesis, clinical findings, and ultrasonographic examinations were used in the diagnosis of pyometra. Abdominal ultrasonography was performed on queens brought to the clinic with complaints such as anorexia, polydipsia, polyuria, abdominal tension, and fever. The control group (n =10) consisted of queens that were introduced to the clinic and were reproductively healthy. Before any treatment in queens with pyometra and the control group, 1 mL blood samples were taken from v. cephalica to evaluate complete blood count, blood gases and serum biochemistry parameters. In complete WBC, Lym, Mon, Gra, RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH and PLT parameters and, blood gas parameters such as pH, pCO2 , pO2 , sO2 , Na, K, Cl, lactate, glucose, HCO3 , and BE were also evaluated in taken blood samples. Biochemical parameters BUN, creatinine, ALT, AST, ALP, amylase, T.BIL, D.BIL, P, CHOL, TG, LDH, TP, CPK, ALP, Ca, GGT were measured in serum samples. After examination and laboratory analysis, ovariohysterectomy was performed on queens as a treatment. Granulocyte, WBC, HCT and MCH levels of the pyometra group were higher (P < 0.05) and Lym levels were lower (P < 0.05) compared to the control group. According to these results, pH, HCO3 , and BE were lower (P < 0.05) in queens with pyometra than those in the control group, while Na and lactate parameters were higher (P < 0.05). According to the results of biochemical analysis, it was determined that BUN, creatinine levels, GGT, and LDH enzyme activities were found to be higher in the pyometra group compared to the control group, while the Ca level was found to be low (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was observed between BUN and creatinine and LDH, WBC, granulocyte, HCT, and lactate, and a negative correlation between lymphocytes, pH, and BE in the correlation analysis performed on queens with pyometra and control group. However, a positive correlation was observed between creatinine and LDH and HCT, and a negative correlation between lymphocyte, pH and BE. Discussion: There is not enough information about pyometra in queens. As a result, it was determined that there were significant changes in complete blood count, blood gases and serum biochemical parameters in queens with pyometra in this study. These changes were generally thought to be related to dehydration and sepsis or endotoxemia. In addition, it was evaluated that prerenal azotemia occurring in pyometra affected queens may cause renal dysfunction. For this reason, it is thought that the results obtained in the presented study may contribute to the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of pyometra cases in queens.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Piometra/sangue , Piometra/veterinária , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária
2.
Acta Vet. Brasilica ; 16(1): 1-4, jan. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1437426

Resumo

Agoutis (Dasyprocta prymnolopha, WAGLER 1831) have been studied in captivity as a potential source of meat for rural populations in Brazil, as a way of providing low-cost protein and easing hunting pressures in local communities. However, little is known about their physiological blood markers, which are crucial for animal husbandry and effective welfare management. This study provides hemogasometric and ionic venous parameters for female agoutis raised in captivity in the drylands of Brazil. Venous blood samples were collected from six females and analyzed for dissolved gases and ions in the blood. Hemogasometric parameters, especially base excess and anion gap were generally heterogenous, while ions varied little among individuals. Moreover, we observed high chlorine values and negative base excess values, which suggest that some animals might be implementing compensatory mechanisms for ion imbalances. We provide a preliminary note on agouti venous gases and ions, while reiterating the importance of the clinical context and in-house parameter definition to maximize accuracy.(AU)


Cutias (Dasyprocta prymnolopha, WAGLER 1831) têm sido estudadas em cativeiro como uma fonte potencial de carne para populações rurais no Brasil, como uma forma de fornecer proteína de baixo custo e aliviar as pressões de caça nas comunidades locais. No entanto, pouco se sabe sobre seus marcadores sanguíneos fisiológicos os quais são cruciais para a criação animal e o manejo eficaz do bem-estar. Este estudo fornece parâmetros hemogasométricos e iônicos veno-sos para cutias fêmeas criadas em cativeiro em regiões áridas do Brasil. Amostras de sangue venoso foram coletadas de seis fêmeas e analisadas para gases dissolvidos e íons no sangue. Os parâmetros hemogasométricos, especialmente o excesso de base e o anion gap, foram heterogêneos, enquanto os íons variaram pouco entre os indivíduos. Além disso, altos valores de cloro e valores negativos de excesso de base foram observados o que sugere que alguns animais podem estar desenvol-vendo mecanismos compensatórios para desequilíbrios iônicos. Um perfil preliminar sobre gases e íons venosos de cutias foi fornecido, ao mesmo tempo, destaca-se a importância do contexto clínico e da definição interna dos parâmetros para maximizar a precisão.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/fisiologia , Gasometria/veterinária , Dasyproctidae/fisiologia , Brasil
3.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 50: Pub. 1886, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1400916

Resumo

Background: Mammary tumors are the most common type of tumor in female dogs and account for 50% of all tumors in dogs. The clinical prognosis of canine mammary tumors is strongly affected by the size, stages, histological type, and grade of tumor; mitotic index; and nearby and distant metastasis. In canine mammary tumors, it is recommended that prognostic evaluation should also include complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and blood gases in addition to tumor size and stage. This study aimed to investigate the effect of tumor size, volume, and clinical stage on complete blood count, blood gas analysis, and serum biochemical parameters in bitches with mammary tumors and the correlation between them. Materials, Methods & Results: The study included a total of 18 bitches of different breeds, aged 6-15 years, of which 12 had mammary tumors and 6 were healthy. Thoracic X-rays were performed on bitches with mammary tumors in ventrodorsal and laterolateral positions to evaluate lung metastasis. Blood samples were collected from the cephalic vein from bitches in both groups in 2 different tubes (with plastic gel and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), 5 mL each, to perform complete blood count and evaluate blood gases and serum biochemical parameters. Blood samples were collected from the animals at the time of initial examination without any intervention. Analysis of the blood showed that bitches with mammary tumors had decreased levels of RBC, HCT, HGB, potassium, TCO2 , base excess, THbc, and ALT enzyme activity and increased levels of lactate, total protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, uric acid, and ALP and LDH enzyme activities compared with those in the control group. Furthermore, the dogs with a primary tumor of > 5 cm were found to have significantly higher levels of WBC, lactate, total protein, triglyceride, LDL, uric acid, and ALP and LDH enzyme activities and significantly lower levels of RBC and THbc compared with those in the control group. Bitches with tumors in multiple mammary lobes were found to have significantly higher levels of WBC, total protein, triglyceride, LDL, and ALP and LDH enzyme activities and significantly lower levels of RBC, HCT, HGB, TCO2 , THbc, and ALT enzyme activity compared with those in the control group. Based on the laboratory findings and approval of the owners of the dogs, mammary tissues containing the tumor and lymph nodes were surgically removed. After the operation, the removed mammary tissues were evaluated for size and volume. Clinical staging of the tumors was performed based on the size of the primary tumor (T), nearby lymph nodes (N), and metastasis (M) in accordance with the criteria set by WHO. Clinical staging of the tumors was, thus, based on the tumor, nodes, and metastases (TNM) score obtained according to the following system: Stage I: T1 N0 M0 , Stage II: T2 N0 M0 , Stage III: T3 N0 M0 , Stage IV: TanyN1 M0 , Stage V: made as TanyNanyM1 . Discussion: Mammary tumors are the most common type of neoplasm in bitches and, thus, cause serious problems in veterinary medicine. Tumors are significantly correlated with better prognosis compared with larger tumors. Based on this finding, this study investigated the effect of size, volume, and stage of mammary tumors in bitches on some blood parameters and the correlation between them. Therefore, it was concluded that clinical staging and evaluation of blood parameters could be useful in the diagnosis, treatment, and prediction of prognosis in canine mammary tumors. This study found that bitches with mammary tumors exhibited significant changes in their blood parameters (complete blood count, blood gas analysis, and serum biochemistry). The results obtained from this study may contribute to the development of approaches to the diagnosis, prediction of prognosis, and treatment of canine mammary tumors.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Gasometria/veterinária , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/sangue , Gradação de Tumores/veterinária , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/veterinária , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 834-842, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285262

Resumo

Urolithiasis has a high incidence among confined sheep. It is multifactorial and may cause economic damage. Our aim was to determine the capacity of urinary acidification using ammonium chloride in sheep. Twenty-five 3-month-old male sheep were confined and randomly divided into three groups; the G200 and G500 groups received 200mg/kg/GW and 500mg/kg/GW of ammonium chloride daily for 56 consecutive days, respectively, whereas the CG group did not receive ammonium chloride. Sampling times and clinical evaluation were performed weekly, starting from the 14th day of confinement (M1 or immediately before administering ammonium chloride) until the 17th day (M9) of the feedlot. Hemogasometry, biochemical examination of serum urea and creatinine concentration and ultrasound evaluation of the urinary tract were performed. The urinalysis indicated a higher incidence of ammonium magnesium phosphate crystals at the beginning of the study, showing a migration to urate crystal formation, mainly in the G500 group because of urinary acidification. No hemogasometric, serum biochemistry, ruminal fluid, or ultrasonographic changes were observed. Urinary acidification was achieved and maintained after M7 during the administration of ammonium chloride in the G500 group, but not in the other study groups.(AU)


A urolitíase apresenta alta incidência em ovinos confinados, etiologia multifatorial, e pode causar prejuízo econômico. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a capacidade da acidificação urinária mediante o uso de cloreto de amônio em ovinos. Foram utilizados 25 ovinos de três meses de idade, confinados e divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo CG (controle) não recebeu cloreto de amônio; grupo G200 (200mg/kg/PV) recebeu cloreto de amônio por 56 dias consecutivos; grupo G500 (500mg/kg/PV) recebeu cloreto de amônio por 56 dias consecutivos, administrados diariamente por via oral. Os momentos (M) de colheita de amostras e de avaliação clínica foram realizados com intervalo de sete dias, sendo M1 (imediatamente antes do cloreto de amônio), M2 (sete dias após) até M9, totalizando 70 dias de confinamento. Foram realizadas hemogasometria, concentração sérica de ureia e creatinina e avaliação ultrassonográfica do trato urinário. Na urinálise, houve uma maior incidência de cristais de fosfato amônio magnesiano no início do estudo, com migração para formação de cristais de urato, principalmente no G500, devido à acidificação urinária. Não houve alterações hemogasométricas, na bioquímica sérica, no líquido ruminal, ou alterações ultrassonográficas. A acidificação urinária foi obtida e mantida a partir do M7 durante a administração do cloreto de amônio no grupo G500, não ocorrendo nos outros grupos de estudo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovinos/fisiologia , Litíase/veterinária , Urolitíase/veterinária , Cloreto de Amônio/administração & dosagem , Gasometria/veterinária , Urinálise/veterinária
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1816, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363860

Resumo

Blood transfusion is a tool capable of saving lives. Patients undergoing blood transfusion usually present several alterations in the acid-base and electrolyte balance, aggravating the condition of critically ill patients. Some studies have demonstrated haematological alterations in certain species that received whole blood transfusions, however, few studies have evaluated acid base and electrolyte changes in dogs undergoing whole blood haemotherapy. The aim of this study was to analyze clinical, hematological, blood gas and electrolyte changes in anemic dogs after whole blood transfusion. Twenty nine dogs transfused due to anemia were enrolled in the study. Donors blood was collected in a transfusion bag containing citrate phosphate adenine dextrose and stored up to 24 h. Blood collections and evaluations were made before and 24 h after the transfusion. Data distribution normality was tested by the Shapiro Wilk Test. The means of the variables were compared by paired t-test. It was observed an increase in diastolic blood pressure and a reduction in heart rate (P < 0.05). There was a not significant increase in systolic blood pressure, temperature, and a reduction in respiratory rate per minute. Erythrocyte, haemoglobin and haematocrit averages were significantly increased after blood transfusion (P < 0.05). It was observed a reduction in the mean values of pH (P < 0.05), potassium (P > 0.05) and ionized calcium (P > 0.05) and an increase in the mean partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2 ) (P < 0.001), bicarbonate (P > 0.05) and sodium (P < 0.05). The probable cause of anemia was monocytic ehrlichiosis (14/29), visceral leishmaniasis (1/29), babesiosis (1/29), co-infection of Ehrlichia canis and Leishmania infantum (2/29), co-infection of E. canis and Babesia vogeli (1/29). It was not possible to determine the etiology of the anemia in ten dogs. Heart rate significantly reduced after transfusion, probably because of the increase in hematocrit, hemoglobin and erythrocyte values. It may be justified by the displacement of extravascular fluid to the intravascular space. Mean values of systolic blood pressure were slightly elevated before transfusion and remained elevated afterwards, while diastolic and mean arterial pressure increased significantly after transfusion. These changes may be due to the morbid condition and may be influenced by many other factors. Haematocrit, haemoglobin and erythrocyte values increased significantly after transfusion, according to what was observed in other studies. The significant reduction in pH and increase in pCO2 reflects the compensatory mechanism for metabolic acidosis to increase ventilation, leading to pCO2 reduction and changes in pH. The reduction in pH due to the contact of the collected blood with conservative solutions is one of the main changes thar occurs during blood storage. It was described significantly lower pH in dogs' whole blood samples stored for more than 24 h in vacutainer plastic containing CPDA-1. We may assume there was no intense pH reduction in the present study because the bags were stored for up to 24 h. Although not statistically significant, the increase of pO2 mean reflects the improvement of tissue oxygen perfusion. It was observed a significant increase in sodium ions. The mean sodium ion concentration before transfusion was very close to the maximum reference value. Hyperkalaemia was not observed, nor was there significant reduction of potassium ions after transfusion. Several studies report hyperkalaemia and transfusion-associated cardiac arrests in humans, associated with infusion of large volumes of blood. Whole blood transfusion increased erythrogram values and did not negatively affect the electrolyte or acid-base status, representing a safe and useful tool in the intensive care of small animals.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico , Transfusão de Sangue/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Reação Transfusional/veterinária , Anemia/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária , Cães
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1231-1240, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131500

Resumo

Objetivou-se avaliar diferentes modalidades ventilatórias em cães de diferentes idades submetidos à fração inspirada de oxigênio (FiO2) de 40% e 100%. Foram utilizados 36 cães de três grupos etários (GJ: 0-5; GA: 5-10 e GG: 10-15 anos), sem padronização de peso, sexo, raça e procedimento cirúrgico. Foram pré-medicados com acepromazina e morfina (0,02 e 0,5mg/kg), induzidos à anestesia geral com propofol dose-efeito, manutenção do plano anestésico com isoflurano em 1,3 V% e fornecimento de oxigênio conforme a FiO2 estabelecida para o grupo. Os animais foram submetidos a quatro diferentes modalidades ventilatórias: ventilação espontânea (VE), ventilação ciclada a volume (VCV), ventilação ciclada a pressão (VCP) e ventilação ciclada a pressão com PEEP (VCPP), e permaneceram 30 minutos em cada modalidade. Os parâmetros cardiovasculares mantiveram-se estáveis para todas as FiO2, modalidades ventilatórias e idades. Com relação aos parâmetros ventilatórios, na FiO2 100%, foram observados PaCO2 de 45mmHge e 29% de shunt, enquanto a FiO2 40% apresentou PaCO2 de 43 mmHg e 13% de shunt. Em relação às diferentes idades, os animais adultos e geriátricos apresentaram maiores valores de shunt (26% e 22%) e PaCO2 (44mm/Hg e 46mm/Hg). Conclui-se que a fração inspirada de 40% e a modalidade ventilatória ciclada a volume mostraram-se mais eficientes.(AU)


The objective was to evaluate different ventilatory modalities in dogs of different ages submitted to the inspired fraction of oxygen (FiO2) of 40% and 100%. Thirty-six dogs from three age groups (GJ 0-5, GA 5-10 and GG 10-15 years) were used, without standardization of weight, gender, race and surgical procedure. They were premedicated with acepromazine and morphine (0.02 and 0.5mg/kg), induced to general anesthesia with propofol dose/effect, maintenance of the anesthetic plane with isoflurane in 1.3V% and oxygen supply according to FiO2 established for the group. The animals were submitted to 4 different ventilation modalities, spontaneous ventilation (VS), volume-cycled ventilation (VCV), pressure-cycled ventilation (VCP) and pressure-cycled ventilation with PEEP (VCPP) and remained 30 minutes in each modality. The cardiovascular parameters remained stable for all FiO2, ventilatory modalities and ages. Regarding ventilatory parameters, in FiO2 and PaCO2 of 45mmHg and 29% of shunt, in FiO2 100%, PaCO2 of 43mmHg and 13% of shunt were observed. Regarding the different ages, adult and geriatric animals presented higher values of Shunt (26 and 22%) and PaCO2 (44 and 46mmHg). It was concluded that the inspired fraction of 40% and the volume-cycled ventilatory modality were more efficient.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Respiração Artificial/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária , Capacidade Inspiratória , Fatores Etários
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1231-1240, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30188

Resumo

Objetivou-se avaliar diferentes modalidades ventilatórias em cães de diferentes idades submetidos à fração inspirada de oxigênio (FiO2) de 40% e 100%. Foram utilizados 36 cães de três grupos etários (GJ: 0-5; GA: 5-10 e GG: 10-15 anos), sem padronização de peso, sexo, raça e procedimento cirúrgico. Foram pré-medicados com acepromazina e morfina (0,02 e 0,5mg/kg), induzidos à anestesia geral com propofol dose-efeito, manutenção do plano anestésico com isoflurano em 1,3 V% e fornecimento de oxigênio conforme a FiO2 estabelecida para o grupo. Os animais foram submetidos a quatro diferentes modalidades ventilatórias: ventilação espontânea (VE), ventilação ciclada a volume (VCV), ventilação ciclada a pressão (VCP) e ventilação ciclada a pressão com PEEP (VCPP), e permaneceram 30 minutos em cada modalidade. Os parâmetros cardiovasculares mantiveram-se estáveis para todas as FiO2, modalidades ventilatórias e idades. Com relação aos parâmetros ventilatórios, na FiO2 100%, foram observados PaCO2 de 45mmHge e 29% de shunt, enquanto a FiO2 40% apresentou PaCO2 de 43 mmHg e 13% de shunt. Em relação às diferentes idades, os animais adultos e geriátricos apresentaram maiores valores de shunt (26% e 22%) e PaCO2 (44mm/Hg e 46mm/Hg). Conclui-se que a fração inspirada de 40% e a modalidade ventilatória ciclada a volume mostraram-se mais eficientes.(AU)


The objective was to evaluate different ventilatory modalities in dogs of different ages submitted to the inspired fraction of oxygen (FiO2) of 40% and 100%. Thirty-six dogs from three age groups (GJ 0-5, GA 5-10 and GG 10-15 years) were used, without standardization of weight, gender, race and surgical procedure. They were premedicated with acepromazine and morphine (0.02 and 0.5mg/kg), induced to general anesthesia with propofol dose/effect, maintenance of the anesthetic plane with isoflurane in 1.3V% and oxygen supply according to FiO2 established for the group. The animals were submitted to 4 different ventilation modalities, spontaneous ventilation (VS), volume-cycled ventilation (VCV), pressure-cycled ventilation (VCP) and pressure-cycled ventilation with PEEP (VCPP) and remained 30 minutes in each modality. The cardiovascular parameters remained stable for all FiO2, ventilatory modalities and ages. Regarding ventilatory parameters, in FiO2 and PaCO2 of 45mmHg and 29% of shunt, in FiO2 100%, PaCO2 of 43mmHg and 13% of shunt were observed. Regarding the different ages, adult and geriatric animals presented higher values of Shunt (26 and 22%) and PaCO2 (44 and 46mmHg). It was concluded that the inspired fraction of 40% and the volume-cycled ventilatory modality were more efficient.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Respiração Artificial/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária , Capacidade Inspiratória , Fatores Etários
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 48: Pub.1777-Jan. 30, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458300

Resumo

Background: Whole-Body Vibration (WBV) consists of mechanical vibration stimuli produced that propagate throughout the body by increasing the gravitational load. The WBV can increase muscle mass in dogs with muscular atrophy. As Whole-body vibration (WBV) can be used as exercise modality with no impact on the joints, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of single session of WBV in hematobiochemical and hemogasometric parameters in adult and elderly healthy dogs. Materials, Methods & Results: Fourteen clinically healthy, neutered crossbreed male dogs, non-athlete were selected. The dogs were divided into two groups of seven dogs, according to the age group: Group I - adult dogs (GI): age between 12.0 and 84.0 months old; Group II - elderly dogs (GII): age above 84.0 months old. All dogs were submitted to a single session WBV by using a vibrating platform that delivered a vortex wave circulation as mechanical vibration. The WBV protocol used was 30 Hz frequency (3.10 mm peak displacement; 11.16 m/s2 peak acceleration; 0.29 m/s velocity), then 50 Hz (3.98 mm peak displacement; 39.75 m/s2 peak acceleration; 0.62 m/s velocity), and lastly 30 Hz (3.10 mm peak displacement; 11.16 m/s2 peak acceleration; 0.29 m/s velocity) for 5-min between de frequencies. The hematobiochemical and hemagasometric parameters were evaluated at 1-min before the WBV session (1PRE), 1-min after the WBV session (1POST), 120-min (120POST) and 24 h after the WBV session (24hPOST). The dogs accepted the vibration stimulus quite well, however, elderly dogs weighing above 30 kg were more likely to sit down with increased frequency from 30 to 50 Hz. No variations of food and water intakes and gastrointestinal changes were observed after the WBV session. Hemoglobin values showed significant decrease (P = 0.0312) between 1PRE and 1POST in elderly dogs. A significant decrease (P = 0.0453) was observed in alanine aminotransferase values between 120POST...


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Gasometria/veterinária , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/veterinária , Vibração/uso terapêutico , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Terapias Complementares/veterinária , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 789-795, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056899

Resumo

During pregnancy there are modifications in the metabolic profile of sheep that may predispose to the occurrence of metabolic disorders, of which pregnancy toxaemia (PT) is highlighted. Blood gas analysis is detects changes in acid-base and electrolyte balance effectively. The objectives of this study were to study the acid-base and electrolyte balance of sheep during gestation and in the immediate peripartum (up to 48 hours postpartum), comparing single gestation with twins. Sixty healthy sheep of Dorper breed, two to five years old were raised in a semi-intensive system and were divided in two experimental groups: Group 1: 30 ewes, with ultrasonographic diagnosis of single fetus gestation; Group 2: 30 ewes, with ultrasonographic diagnosis of twin pregnancy. The experimental moments were defined as: MI-immediately after artificial insemination (control); MG30 - 30 days of gestation; MG90 - 90 days of gestation; MG120 - 120 days of gestation; MG130 - 130 days of gestation; MG140 - 140 days of gestation; MP - lambing; MPP1 - 24h postpartum; MPP2 - 48h postpartum. At all times 1mL of blood was collected per jugular vein puncture for blood gas evaluation in a portable equipament (I-Stat®). The pH, carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2), bicarbonate (HCO3-), base excess (BE), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), ionized calcium (Ca+2), lactate, anion gap (AG) were mensured and strong ion difference (SID) were calculed. This work showed that there were changes in acid-base and electrolyte balance in pregnant ewes, due to the decrease in BE, HCO3-, TCO2 and increase of lactate and AG during gestation, but the pH remained normal and did not present any difference among moments in both groups. Comparing the groups, single-gestation ewes presented higher alkaline expenditure at delivery than twin-gestation, evidenced by lower levels of BE and HCO3-. Lower Na+ levels were observed in prepartum; drop in K+ values with advancing gestation; hyperchloremia and hypocalcemia during gestation according to the reference standards for species; decreased iCa+2 levels in the final third of gestation in both groups. It was concluded that the ewes of this study were healthy until the last moment analyzed (48h postpartum), although have shown greater consumption of the alkaline reserve in the peripartum, being more explicit in the single gestation animals. In addition, this situation can be physiological and result in increased energy demand during gestation, more exacerbated by peripartum.(AU)


Durante a gestação ocorrem modificações metabólicas nas ovelhas que podem predispor a ocorrência de transtornos metabólicos, dos quais se destaca a toxemia da prenhez (TP). A hemogasometria é um exame que detecta alterações nos equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico de forma eficaz. Os objetivos deste estudo foram estudar os equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico de ovelhas durante a gestação e no periparto imediato (até 48 horas pós-parto), comparando-se gestação única com gemelar. Foram utilizadas 60 ovelhas criadas em manejo semi-intensivo, hígidas, da raça Dorper, com dois a cinco anos de idade. Foram constituídos dois grupos experimentais: Grupo 1: 30 ovelhas, com diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de gestação de feto único; Grupo 2: 30 ovelhas, com diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de gestação gemelar. Os momentos experimentais foram definidos como: MI - imediatamente após a inseminação artificial (controle); MG30 - 30 dias de gestação; MG90 - 90 dias de gestação; MG120 - 120 dias de gestação; MG130 - 130 dias de gestação; MG140 - 140 dias de gestação; MP - dia do parto; MPP1 - 24h pós-parto; MPP2 - 48h pós-parto. Em todos os momentos foi colhido 1mL de sangue por punção da veia jugular para avaliação hemogasométrica em aparelho portátil (I-Stat®). Foram analisados os parâmetros: pH, pressão de dióxido de carbono (PCO2), bicarbonato (HCO3-), excesso de bases (EB), sódio (Na+), potássio (K+), cloreto (Cl-), cálcio ionizado (iCa+2), lactato, ânion gap (AG) e diferença de íons fortes (SID). Este trabalho mostrou que houve mudanças nos equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico nas ovelhas prenhes, pela diminuição do EB, HCO3- e aumento do lactato e AG no decorrer da gestação, porém o pH se manteve dentro da normalidade e não apresentou diferença ao longo dos momentos em ambos os grupos. Comparando os grupos, as ovelhas de gestação única apresentaram maior consumo da reserva alcalina no momento do parto do que as de gestação gemelar, evidenciado menores níveis de EB e HCO3-. Foram observados níveis mais baixos de Na+ no pré-parto; queda dos valores de K+ com o avanço da gestação; hipercloremia e hipocalcemia durante a gestação segundo os padrões de referência para espécie e diminuição dos níveis de iCa+2 no terço final da gestação nas ovelhas de ambos os grupos. Concluiu-se que as ovelhas deste estudo apresentaram-se saudáveis até o último momento analisado (48h pós-parto), embora tenham mostrado maior consumo da reserva alcalina no periparto, sendo mais evidente nos animais de gestação única. Apesar disso, essa ocorrência pode ser considerada fisiológica e consequência do aumento da demanda energética durante a gestação, mais exacerbada no periparto.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Pré-Eclâmpsia/veterinária , Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base/veterinária , Carneiro Doméstico/fisiologia , Gasometria/veterinária
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 789-795, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-745442

Resumo

During pregnancy there are modifications in the metabolic profile of sheep that may predispose to the occurrence of metabolic disorders, of which pregnancy toxaemia (PT) is highlighted. Blood gas analysis is detects changes in acid-base and electrolyte balance effectively. The objectives of this study were to study the acid-base and electrolyte balance of sheep during gestation and in the immediate peripartum (up to 48 hours postpartum), comparing single gestation with twins. Sixty healthy sheep of Dorper breed, two to five years old were raised in a semi-intensive system and were divided in two experimental groups: Group 1: 30 ewes, with ultrasonographic diagnosis of single fetus gestation; Group 2: 30 ewes, with ultrasonographic diagnosis of twin pregnancy. The experimental moments were defined as: MI-immediately after artificial insemination (control); MG30 - 30 days of gestation; MG90 - 90 days of gestation; MG120 - 120 days of gestation; MG130 - 130 days of gestation; MG140 - 140 days of gestation; MP - lambing; MPP1 - 24h postpartum; MPP2 - 48h postpartum. At all times 1mL of blood was collected per jugular vein puncture for blood gas evaluation in a portable equipament (I-Stat®). The pH, carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2), bicarbonate (HCO3-), base excess (BE), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), ionized calcium (Ca+2), lactate, anion gap (AG) were mensured and strong ion difference (SID) were calculed. This work showed that there were changes in acid-base and electrolyte balance in pregnant ewes, due to the decrease in BE, HCO3-, TCO2 and increase of lactate and AG during gestation, but the pH remained normal and did not present any difference among moments in both groups. Comparing the groups, single-gestation ewes presented higher alkaline expenditure at delivery than twin-gestation, evidenced by lower levels of BE and...(AU)


Durante a gestação ocorrem modificações metabólicas nas ovelhas que podem predispor a ocorrência de transtornos metabólicos, dos quais se destaca a toxemia da prenhez (TP). A hemogasometria é um exame que detecta alterações nos equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico de forma eficaz. Os objetivos deste estudo foram estudar os equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico de ovelhas durante a gestação e no periparto imediato (até 48 horas pós-parto), comparando-se gestação única com gemelar. Foram utilizadas 60 ovelhas criadas em manejo semi-intensivo, hígidas, da raça Dorper, com dois a cinco anos de idade. Foram constituídos dois grupos experimentais: Grupo 1: 30 ovelhas, com diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de gestação de feto único; Grupo 2: 30 ovelhas, com diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de gestação gemelar. Os momentos experimentais foram definidos como: MI - imediatamente após a inseminação artificial (controle); MG30 - 30 dias de gestação; MG90 - 90 dias de gestação; MG120 - 120 dias de gestação; MG130 - 130 dias de gestação; MG140 - 140 dias de gestação; MP - dia do parto; MPP1 - 24h pós-parto; MPP2 - 48h pós-parto. Em todos os momentos foi colhido 1mL de sangue por punção da veia jugular para avaliação hemogasométrica em aparelho portátil (I-Stat®). Foram analisados os parâmetros: pH, pressão de dióxido de carbono (PCO2), bicarbonato (HCO3-), excesso de bases (EB), sódio (Na+), potássio (K+), cloreto (Cl-), cálcio ionizado (iCa+2), lactato, ânion gap (AG) e diferença de íons fortes (SID). Este trabalho mostrou que houve mudanças nos equilíbrios ácido-básico e eletrolítico nas ovelhas prenhes, pela diminuição do EB, HCO3- e aumento do lactato e AG no decorrer da gestação, porém o pH se manteve dentro da normalidade e não apresentou diferença ao longo dos momentos em ambos os grupos. Comparando os grupos, as ovelhas de gestação única apresentaram maior consumo...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Pré-Eclâmpsia/veterinária , Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base/veterinária , Carneiro Doméstico/fisiologia , Gasometria/veterinária
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 485-491, July 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040717

Resumo

In order for successful extra-uterine adaptation to occur, it is necessary for the neonate to be able to establish its respiratory functions effectively, guaranteeing efficient oxygenation and good vitality. Respiratory disorders are the major cause of death during the neonatal period in cattle, and this mortality is even more significant when it comes to calves originated by in vitro fertilization (FIV) or animal cloning (CA). Blood gas analysis assesses acid-base balance changes effectively, and when associated with the neonate's clinical examination, provides subsidies for accurate diagnosis and early treatment of neonatal maladaptation. The objective of this study was to study neonates born from artificial insemination (IA) and to compare them to calves conceived by FIV and CA, regarding blood gas and clinical examination. For that, 20 AI calves, 15 FIV calves, and 15 cloned calves were evaluated immediately after calving and at 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours of life. At all experimental times, venous blood samples were collected for blood gas and clinical examination was performed. In the postpartum evaluation, Apgar score and column length and respiratory amplitude measurements were used. IVF animals showed no alterations, resembling Group IA calves. The calves from CA showed more pronounced acidosis postpartum than expected physiological acidosis mixed for neonates, with decreasing values of bicarbonate (HCO3-), and base excess (BE) and the increase in carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2) when compared to the other groups. This disorder may have reflected lower mean values of Apgar scores and increased heart and respiratory rates. Intensive follow-up of these neonates is suggested, with monitoring by clinical and hemogasometric examination for early diagnosis of this condition and treatment based on oxygen therapy and bicarbonate replacement.(AU)


Para que ocorra adaptação extra-uterina bem sucedida é necessário que o neonato consiga estabelecer suas funções respiratórias de maneira eficaz, garantindo oxigenação eficiente e boa vitalidade. Distúrbios respiratórios são os maiores causadores de óbito durante o período neonatal em bovinos, e essa mortalidade é ainda mais expressiva quando se trata de bezerros originados por fertilização in vitro (FIV) ou clonagem animal (CA). A hemogasometria avalia alterações do equilíbrio ácido-básico de forma eficaz, e quando associada ao exame clínico do neonato, fornece subsídios para diagnóstico acurado e tratamento precoce da má adaptação neonatal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar recém-nascidos bovinos originados por inseminação artificial (IA) e compará-los a bezerros concebidos por FIV e CA, no que se refere a hemogasometria e exame clínico. Para isso, foram utilizados 20 bezerros IA, 15 bezerros FIV e 15 bezerros clonados que foram avaliados imediatamente após o parto e com 6, 12, 24 e 48 horas de vida. Em todos os momentos experimentais foram colhidas amostras de sangue venoso para hemogasometria e foi realizado o exame clínico. Na avaliação pós-parto foram utilizados escore Apgar e mensurações de comprimento de coluna e amplitude respiratória. Os animais FIV não demonstraram alterações, assemelhando-se aos bezerros do Grupo IA. Os bezerros provenientes de CA apresentaram acidose pós-parto mais acentuada do que a acidose mista fisiológica esperada para neonatos, evidenciada pela diminuição dos valores de bicarbonato (HCO3-) e excesso de bases (EB) e pelo aumento de pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono (PCO2) quando comparados aos demais grupos. Esse distúrbio pode ter refletido em valores médios menores de escore Apgar e no aumento das frequências cardíaca e respiratória. Sugere-se acompanhamento intensivo desses neonatos, com monitoramento por meio do exame clínico e hemogasométrico para diagnóstico precoce dessa condição e tratamento baseado em oxigenioterapia e reposição de bicarbonato.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Índice de Apgar , Acidose Respiratória/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária , Ventilação Voluntária Máxima , Animais Recém-Nascidos/sangue , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Fertilização in vitro/veterinária , Clonagem de Organismos/veterinária
12.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1698-2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458096

Resumo

Background: Urolithiasis is an economically important disease that has considerable significance for sheep farming.With the tissue and biochemical changes resulting from the development of this disease, metabolic disorders and immuneresponse are established. Hemogasometric evaluation allows the identification of systemic acid-base imbalances quickly.Acute phase proteins (APP) have in the last two decades had become the biomarkers of choice in human and veterinarymedicine. To date, no biomarker studies have been published for sheep with obstructive urolithiasis. Thus, this studyaimed to analyze the hemogasometric kinetics in obstructive urolithiasis in sheep and the APP that can be used as earlybiomarkers in this disease.Materials, Methods & Results: In this study, 14 healthy male Santa Inês sheep, aged approximately 90 days, were fed oncalculogenic diet for 120 days. The sheep were examined weekly to observe the clinical signs. Blood and urine analysiswere also performed. For comparative analysis purposes, at the end of the experiment, sheep that developed obstructiveurolithiasis were extracted from the initial experimental group D1 (without urolithiasis) and moved to the second experimental group D2 (with urolithiasis). In the pre-experimental period and on the day of slaughter, venous blood was sampledfor hemogasometric tests, with a maximum time of 15 minutes between collection and analysis to ensure the reliability ofthe results obtained. The pH, pCO2, pO2, EB, tCO2, HCO3-, stHCO3-, tHb, sO2 and Hct, Na+, K+ and Ca2+ ions were quantified. To identify and measure immunoglobulins (A and G) and APP, samples from sheep that developed obstructive urolithiasis (D2) were analyzed. Blood samples were harvested weekly until the clinical...


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Biomarcadores , Ovinos , Transferrina , Urolitíase/etiologia , Urolitíase/prevenção & controle , Urolitíase/veterinária , Cinética , Gasometria , Sistema Urinário/fisiopatologia
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 485-491, July 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25157

Resumo

In order for successful extra-uterine adaptation to occur, it is necessary for the neonate to be able to establish its respiratory functions effectively, guaranteeing efficient oxygenation and good vitality. Respiratory disorders are the major cause of death during the neonatal period in cattle, and this mortality is even more significant when it comes to calves originated by in vitro fertilization (FIV) or animal cloning (CA). Blood gas analysis assesses acid-base balance changes effectively, and when associated with the neonate's clinical examination, provides subsidies for accurate diagnosis and early treatment of neonatal maladaptation. The objective of this study was to study neonates born from artificial insemination (IA) and to compare them to calves conceived by FIV and CA, regarding blood gas and clinical examination. For that, 20 AI calves, 15 FIV calves, and 15 cloned calves were evaluated immediately after calving and at 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours of life. At all experimental times, venous blood samples were collected for blood gas and clinical examination was performed. In the postpartum evaluation, Apgar score and column length and respiratory amplitude measurements were used. IVF animals showed no alterations, resembling Group IA calves. The calves from CA showed more pronounced acidosis postpartum than expected physiological acidosis mixed for neonates, with decreasing values of bicarbonate (HCO3-), and base excess (BE) and the increase in carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2) when compared to the other groups. This disorder may have reflected lower mean values of Apgar scores and increased heart and respiratory rates. Intensive follow-up of these neonates is suggested, with monitoring by clinical and hemogasometric examination for early diagnosis of this condition and treatment based on oxygen therapy and bicarbonate replacement.(AU)


Para que ocorra adaptação extra-uterina bem sucedida é necessário que o neonato consiga estabelecer suas funções respiratórias de maneira eficaz, garantindo oxigenação eficiente e boa vitalidade. Distúrbios respiratórios são os maiores causadores de óbito durante o período neonatal em bovinos, e essa mortalidade é ainda mais expressiva quando se trata de bezerros originados por fertilização in vitro (FIV) ou clonagem animal (CA). A hemogasometria avalia alterações do equilíbrio ácido-básico de forma eficaz, e quando associada ao exame clínico do neonato, fornece subsídios para diagnóstico acurado e tratamento precoce da má adaptação neonatal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar recém-nascidos bovinos originados por inseminação artificial (IA) e compará-los a bezerros concebidos por FIV e CA, no que se refere a hemogasometria e exame clínico. Para isso, foram utilizados 20 bezerros IA, 15 bezerros FIV e 15 bezerros clonados que foram avaliados imediatamente após o parto e com 6, 12, 24 e 48 horas de vida. Em todos os momentos experimentais foram colhidas amostras de sangue venoso para hemogasometria e foi realizado o exame clínico. Na avaliação pós-parto foram utilizados escore Apgar e mensurações de comprimento de coluna e amplitude respiratória. Os animais FIV não demonstraram alterações, assemelhando-se aos bezerros do Grupo IA. Os bezerros provenientes de CA apresentaram acidose pós-parto mais acentuada do que a acidose mista fisiológica esperada para neonatos, evidenciada pela diminuição dos valores de bicarbonato (HCO3-) e excesso de bases (EB) e pelo aumento de pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono (PCO2) quando comparados aos demais grupos. Esse distúrbio pode ter refletido em valores médios menores de escore Apgar e no aumento das frequências cardíaca e respiratória. Sugere-se acompanhamento intensivo desses neonatos, com monitoramento por meio do exame clínico e hemogasométrico para diagnóstico precoce dessa condição e tratamento baseado em oxigenioterapia e reposição de bicarbonato.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Índice de Apgar , Acidose Respiratória/veterinária , Gasometria/veterinária , Ventilação Voluntária Máxima , Animais Recém-Nascidos/sangue , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Fertilização in vitro/veterinária , Clonagem de Organismos/veterinária
14.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1698, Nov. 17, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23822

Resumo

Background: Urolithiasis is an economically important disease that has considerable significance for sheep farming.With the tissue and biochemical changes resulting from the development of this disease, metabolic disorders and immuneresponse are established. Hemogasometric evaluation allows the identification of systemic acid-base imbalances quickly.Acute phase proteins (APP) have in the last two decades had become the biomarkers of choice in human and veterinarymedicine. To date, no biomarker studies have been published for sheep with obstructive urolithiasis. Thus, this studyaimed to analyze the hemogasometric kinetics in obstructive urolithiasis in sheep and the APP that can be used as earlybiomarkers in this disease.Materials, Methods & Results: In this study, 14 healthy male Santa Inês sheep, aged approximately 90 days, were fed oncalculogenic diet for 120 days. The sheep were examined weekly to observe the clinical signs. Blood and urine analysiswere also performed. For comparative analysis purposes, at the end of the experiment, sheep that developed obstructiveurolithiasis were extracted from the initial experimental group D1 (without urolithiasis) and moved to the second experimental group D2 (with urolithiasis). In the pre-experimental period and on the day of slaughter, venous blood was sampledfor hemogasometric tests, with a maximum time of 15 minutes between collection and analysis to ensure the reliability ofthe results obtained. The pH, pCO2, pO2, EB, tCO2, HCO3-, stHCO3-, tHb, sO2 and Hct, Na+, K+ and Ca2+ ions were quantified. To identify and measure immunoglobulins (A and G) and APP, samples from sheep that developed obstructive urolithiasis (D2) were analyzed. Blood samples were harvested weekly until the clinical...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Urolitíase/etiologia , Urolitíase/prevenção & controle , Urolitíase/veterinária , Biomarcadores , Ovinos , Transferrina , Gasometria , Cinética , Sistema Urinário/fisiopatologia
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 35-43, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989350

Resumo

The effects of different concentrations of oxygen and nitrous oxide on blood gas parameters in pigs maintained under spontaneous or pressure-controlled ventilation, with or without positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), were compared. Forty-eight pigs were randomly divided into six groups, submitted to different concentrations of compressed air or N2O, associated with different fractions of inspired oxygen (FiO2). The group subject to 30% of compressed air (GA30) showed the closest proximity to the physiological range of partial pressure (PaO2) expected for the species. For oxygen saturation (SaO2), the values obtained were below the lower physiological limit in the group administered 30% N2O (GN30). Use of PEEP positively interfered in PaCO2 independent of FiO2, however, its effectiveness can be compromised when complemented by N2O-based anesthesia. For SaO2, only GN30 showed values lower than adequate for maintaining tissue oxygenation. The pH, base deficit and bicarbonate in arterial blood were influenced by FiO2 and N2O. In conclusion, the use of compressed air maintains blood gas parameters at their most stable, especially GA30 and PEEP, which seemed to positively influence the experimental groups, with some interference from FiO2 and N2O.(AU)


Compararam-se os efeitos de diferentes concentrações do óxido nitroso ou oxigênio sobre variáveis hemogasométricas, em suínos mantidos em ventilação espontânea ou controlada à pressão, associada ou não à pressão expiratória final positiva (PEEP). Foram utilizados 48 porcos, distribuídos em seis grupos. Administraram-se diferentes concentrações de ar comprimido ou N2O, associadas a diversas frações de oxigênio inspirado (FiO2). O grupo sujeito a 30% de ar comprimido (GA30) mostrou maior proximidade do intervalo fisiológico da pressão parcial de oxigênio (PaO2). Para a saturação de oxigênio (SaO2), observaram-se valores aquém do limite inferior fisiológico no grupo administrado com 30% de N2O (GN30). A utilização da PEEP é capaz de interferir positivamente na PaCO2, independentemente da FiO2, porém tem a efetividade comprometida quando há complemento da anestesia com o N2O. Para a SaO2, apenas o GN30 esboçou valores inferiores aos adequados para manutenção da oxigenação tecidual. O pH, o déficit base e o bicarbonato no sangue arterial foram influenciados pela FiO2 e pelo N2O. Concluiu-se que o uso do ar comprimido mantém os parâmetros hemogasométricos mais estáveis, com destaque para o GA30 e a PEEP, o que parece influenciar positivamente os grupos experimentais, mas com interferência da FiO2 e do N2O.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Oxigênio/sangue , Suínos/sangue , Gasometria/veterinária , Óxido Nitroso/sangue
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 35-43, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21394

Resumo

The effects of different concentrations of oxygen and nitrous oxide on blood gas parameters in pigs maintained under spontaneous or pressure-controlled ventilation, with or without positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), were compared. Forty-eight pigs were randomly divided into six groups, submitted to different concentrations of compressed air or N2O, associated with different fractions of inspired oxygen (FiO2). The group subject to 30% of compressed air (GA30) showed the closest proximity to the physiological range of partial pressure (PaO2) expected for the species. For oxygen saturation (SaO2), the values obtained were below the lower physiological limit in the group administered 30% N2O (GN30). Use of PEEP positively interfered in PaCO2 independent of FiO2, however, its effectiveness can be compromised when complemented by N2O-based anesthesia. For SaO2, only GN30 showed values lower than adequate for maintaining tissue oxygenation. The pH, base deficit and bicarbonate in arterial blood were influenced by FiO2 and N2O. In conclusion, the use of compressed air maintains blood gas parameters at their most stable, especially GA30 and PEEP, which seemed to positively influence the experimental groups, with some interference from FiO2 and N2O.(AU)


Compararam-se os efeitos de diferentes concentrações do óxido nitroso ou oxigênio sobre variáveis hemogasométricas, em suínos mantidos em ventilação espontânea ou controlada à pressão, associada ou não à pressão expiratória final positiva (PEEP). Foram utilizados 48 porcos, distribuídos em seis grupos. Administraram-se diferentes concentrações de ar comprimido ou N2O, associadas a diversas frações de oxigênio inspirado (FiO2). O grupo sujeito a 30% de ar comprimido (GA30) mostrou maior proximidade do intervalo fisiológico da pressão parcial de oxigênio (PaO2). Para a saturação de oxigênio (SaO2), observaram-se valores aquém do limite inferior fisiológico no grupo administrado com 30% de N2O (GN30). A utilização da PEEP é capaz de interferir positivamente na PaCO2, independentemente da FiO2, porém tem a efetividade comprometida quando há complemento da anestesia com o N2O. Para a SaO2, apenas o GN30 esboçou valores inferiores aos adequados para manutenção da oxigenação tecidual. O pH, o déficit base e o bicarbonato no sangue arterial foram influenciados pela FiO2 e pelo N2O. Concluiu-se que o uso do ar comprimido mantém os parâmetros hemogasométricos mais estáveis, com destaque para o GA30 e a PEEP, o que parece influenciar positivamente os grupos experimentais, mas com interferência da FiO2 e do N2O.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Oxigênio/sangue , Suínos/sangue , Gasometria/veterinária , Óxido Nitroso/sangue
17.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub.421-2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458185

Resumo

Background: Wry nose is a congenital deformity that causes respiratory obstruction and decreased oxygenation rate.Gestation in a wry nose mare may be considered a risk to the neonate since it depends on the maternal environment fordevelopment. Compromised oxygenation during pregnancy can lead to fetal distress and cause consequences on fetaldevelopment. However, depending on the degree of the impairment, the fetus may still be able to adapt. The aim of thepresent study was to report the gestation in a mare with facial deviation until term and to assess blood gases in the mareand neonate, and to evaluate the histomorphometry of the placenta.Case: A Criollo breed mare presenting facial deviation (Wry Nose) was donated to Equine Medicine Research Group(ClinEq) of the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) due to the presence of the physical deformity. When the mare wasfive years old, it was inseminated and had a pregnancy confirmed. At the fifth month of gestation, evaluation of fetalaorta diameter, fetal orbital diameter and combined thickness of the uterus and placenta (CTUP) started to be performedmonthly to assess gestation health. The assessment of the fetal orbit and aorta diameter revealed a linear increase of bothvariables with the progress of gestation indicating a normal fetal development. CTUP remained in the normal referencerange, presenting no alterations during the gestational length. The mare foaled at 324 days of gestation a coat showing nocongenital deformities. The foaling was monitored until the complete passage of fetal membranes. A complete clinical andhematological evaluation of the foal was carried out after birth. The foal showed normal adaptive behavior, clinical andhematological parameters during the first hours of life, although presenting physical signs of immaturity. Venous bloodsamples were collected from the mare at 315 days of gestation, immediately after foaling and...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Gravidez , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Gasometria/veterinária , Nariz/anormalidades , Obstrução Nasal/complicações , Obstrução Nasal/veterinária , Oxigenação
18.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47(suppl.1): Pub. 421, Sept. 19, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23835

Resumo

Background: Wry nose is a congenital deformity that causes respiratory obstruction and decreased oxygenation rate.Gestation in a wry nose mare may be considered a risk to the neonate since it depends on the maternal environment fordevelopment. Compromised oxygenation during pregnancy can lead to fetal distress and cause consequences on fetaldevelopment. However, depending on the degree of the impairment, the fetus may still be able to adapt. The aim of thepresent study was to report the gestation in a mare with facial deviation until term and to assess blood gases in the mareand neonate, and to evaluate the histomorphometry of the placenta.Case: A Criollo breed mare presenting facial deviation (Wry Nose) was donated to Equine Medicine Research Group(ClinEq) of the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) due to the presence of the physical deformity. When the mare wasfive years old, it was inseminated and had a pregnancy confirmed. At the fifth month of gestation, evaluation of fetalaorta diameter, fetal orbital diameter and combined thickness of the uterus and placenta (CTUP) started to be performedmonthly to assess gestation health. The assessment of the fetal orbit and aorta diameter revealed a linear increase of bothvariables with the progress of gestation indicating a normal fetal development. CTUP remained in the normal referencerange, presenting no alterations during the gestational length. The mare foaled at 324 days of gestation a coat showing nocongenital deformities. The foaling was monitored until the complete passage of fetal membranes. A complete clinical andhematological evaluation of the foal was carried out after birth. The foal showed normal adaptive behavior, clinical andhematological parameters during the first hours of life, although presenting physical signs of immaturity. Venous bloodsamples were collected from the mare at 315 days of gestation, immediately after foaling and...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Nariz/anormalidades , Obstrução Nasal/complicações , Obstrução Nasal/veterinária , Oxigenação , Gasometria/veterinária , Animais Recém-Nascidos
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2070-2079, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976407

Resumo

Blood transfusion is a therapeutic procedure of great importance for veterinary medicine, in spite of only few studies in the literature on hemotherapy in goats. We aimed to evaluate the biochemical, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation of goats submitted to homologous transfusion of fresh whole blood or stored for 15 and 35 days. Eighteen adult male goats were submitted to a single phlebotomy to remove 30% of the blood volume, and we transfused 20mL/kg of whole blood stored in CPDA-1 bags according to the experimental group, being: G0 composed goats who received fresh blood, G15 and G35 goats that received blood stored for 15 and 35 days, respectively. For the biochemical evaluation, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, blood samples were collected at the following moments: before the induction of anemia (TC0); 6 hours after phlebotomy and before transfusion (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 and 96 hours after transfusion (T1, T6, T12, T24 and T96 respectively); 8, 16 and 32 days after transfusion (T8d, T16d and T32d respectively). Before transfusion, blood samples were also withdrawn from the bags for the same analyzes. Statistical analyzes were performed in the statistical program GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adopting a significance level of 5%. The bags of blood stored for 15 and 35 days showed more biochemical changes, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation than fresh blood bags. As for the biochemical analysis, after the transfusion was observed an increase of the total protein, albumin, glucose and creatine kinase in the 3 groups, and elevation of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and urea in G15 and G35. The changes observed in the blood gas analysis had no clinical significance, as they were within the reference values for the species. The goats that received stored blood showed disorder in their antioxidant system through alteration of the SOD activity. In the analysis of lipid peroxidation no difference between the groups for the concentration of malondialdehyde was found. Thus, it can be concluded that transfusion of whole fresh stored blood in goats did not compromise the blood gases, lipid peroxidation and liver and renal functions of the transfused animals. In addition, the method was proved to be efficient to restore, among other components, the total protein and albumin. The transfusion, as performed in this study, proved to be safe for used in the clinical practice of goats.(AU)


A transfusão de sangue é um procedimento terapêutico de grande importância para medicina veterinária, apesar disto, na literatura há poucos estudos sobre hemoterapia em caprinos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as respostas bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica de caprinos submetidos à transfusão homóloga de sangue total fresco ou armazenado por 15 e 35 dias. Foram utilizados 18 caprinos adultos, machos, submetidos a uma única flebotomia para retirada de 30% do volume sanguíneo e transfundidos com 20mL/kg de sangue total armazenado em bolsas CPDA-1 de acordo com o grupo experimental, sendo: o G0 composto por animais que receberam sangue fresco; G15 e G35 animais que receberam sangue armazenado por 15 e 35 dias, respectivamente. Para a avaliação bioquímica, hemogasométrica, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica foram coletadas amostras de sangue nos seguintes momentos: antes da indução da anemia (TC0); 6 horas após a flebotomia e antes de transfusão (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 e 96 horas após a transfusão (T1, T6, T12, T24 e T96, respectivamente); 8, 16 e 32 dias após a transfusão (T8d, T16d e T32d, respectivamente). Antes da transfusão, amostras de sangue também foram retiradas das bolsas para realização das mesmas análises. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no programa estatístico GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. As bolsas de sangue armazenadas por 15 e 35 dias apresentaram mais alterações bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica do que as bolsas de sangue fresco. Quanto à análise bioquímica, após a transfusão observou-se aumento da proteína total, albumina, glicose e creatina quinase nos 3 grupos; e elevação da bilirrubina total, bilirrubina direta e ureia no G15 e G35. As alterações observadas na análise hemogasométrica não tiveram significado clínico, pois estavam dentro dos valores de referência para a espécie. Os animais que receberam sangue armazenado apresentaram desordem no seu sistema antioxidante demonstrada pela alteração da atividade da SOD. Na análise da peroxidação lipídica não houve diferença entre os grupos para a concentração de malondialdeído. Sendo assim, pode-se concluir que a transfusão de sangue homólogo total fresco ou armazenado em caprinos não comprometeu a gasometria, peroxidação lipídica e funções hepática e renal dos animais transfundidos. Além disso, mostrou-se eficiente em repor entre outros componentes, a proteína total e albumina. Desta forma, a transfusão, conforme realizada neste estudo, mostrou-se segura para ser utilizada na prática clínica desta espécie.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Transfusão de Sangue/veterinária , Ruminantes/sangue , Gasometria/veterinária , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Estresse Oxidativo
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2070-2079, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19334

Resumo

Blood transfusion is a therapeutic procedure of great importance for veterinary medicine, in spite of only few studies in the literature on hemotherapy in goats. We aimed to evaluate the biochemical, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation of goats submitted to homologous transfusion of fresh whole blood or stored for 15 and 35 days. Eighteen adult male goats were submitted to a single phlebotomy to remove 30% of the blood volume, and we transfused 20mL/kg of whole blood stored in CPDA-1 bags according to the experimental group, being: G0 composed goats who received fresh blood, G15 and G35 goats that received blood stored for 15 and 35 days, respectively. For the biochemical evaluation, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, blood samples were collected at the following moments: before the induction of anemia (TC0); 6 hours after phlebotomy and before transfusion (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 and 96 hours after transfusion (T1, T6, T12, T24 and T96 respectively); 8, 16 and 32 days after transfusion (T8d, T16d and T32d respectively). Before transfusion, blood samples were also withdrawn from the bags for the same analyzes. Statistical analyzes were performed in the statistical program GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adopting a significance level of 5%. The bags of blood stored for 15 and 35 days showed more biochemical changes, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation than fresh blood bags. As for the biochemical analysis, after the transfusion was observed an increase of the total protein, albumin, glucose and creatine kinase in the 3 groups, and elevation of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and urea in G15 and G35. The changes observed in the blood gas analysis had no clinical significance, as they were within the reference values for the species. The goats that received stored blood showed disorder in their antioxidant system through alteration of the SOD activity...(AU)


A transfusão de sangue é um procedimento terapêutico de grande importância para medicina veterinária, apesar disto, na literatura há poucos estudos sobre hemoterapia em caprinos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as respostas bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica de caprinos submetidos à transfusão homóloga de sangue total fresco ou armazenado por 15 e 35 dias. Foram utilizados 18 caprinos adultos, machos, submetidos a uma única flebotomia para retirada de 30% do volume sanguíneo e transfundidos com 20mL/kg de sangue total armazenado em bolsas CPDA-1 de acordo com o grupo experimental, sendo: o G0 composto por animais que receberam sangue fresco; G15 e G35 animais que receberam sangue armazenado por 15 e 35 dias, respectivamente. Para a avaliação bioquímica, hemogasométrica, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica foram coletadas amostras de sangue nos seguintes momentos: antes da indução da anemia (TC0); 6 horas após a flebotomia e antes de transfusão (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 e 96 horas após a transfusão (T1, T6, T12, T24 e T96, respectivamente); 8, 16 e 32 dias após a transfusão (T8d, T16d e T32d, respectivamente). Antes da transfusão, amostras de sangue também foram retiradas das bolsas para realização das mesmas análises. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no programa estatístico GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. As bolsas de sangue armazenadas por 15 e 35 dias apresentaram mais alterações bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica do que as bolsas de sangue fresco. Quanto à análise bioquímica, após a transfusão observou-se aumento da proteína total, albumina, glicose e creatina quinase nos 3 grupos; e elevação da bilirrubina total, bilirrubina direta e ureia no G15 e G35. As alterações observadas na análise hemogasométrica não tiveram significado clínico, pois estavam dentro dos valores de referência para a espécie...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Transfusão de Sangue/veterinária , Ruminantes/sangue , Gasometria/veterinária , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Estresse Oxidativo
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