Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 19 de 19
Filtrar
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e274779, 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1447646

Resumo

The production of duck meat in the republic was previously based on the use of 4-5 lines and populations of the Beijing breed, where the Medeo cross lines (M-1 paternal and M2-maternal) were the most widespread. At the same time, many domestic lines and populations, such as the cross "Bishkulskaya Tsvetnaya", "Kyzylzharsky", whose livestock is concentrated in the Northern region, represent rich genetic material and can be used to create new crosses. This article describes the productive and breeding qualities of ducks of the local population in the Northern region of Kazakhstan, the data obtained make it possible for further purposeful breeding work to create, preserve highly productive poultry, providing highly efficient production of eggs and meat, adapted to both industrial conditions and conditions of keeping in small-scale and farms. On the basis of "Bishkul Poultry Farm" LLP, we obtained results on the assessment of productive and breeding indicators of ducks of the local population.


A produção de carne de pato na república era anteriormente baseada no uso de 4 a 5 linhas e populações da raça de Pequim, onde as linhas de cruz Medeo (m-1 paterna e M2-materna) eram mais difundidas. No entanto, muitas linhas e populações domésticas, como cross "Bishkul Color" e "Kyzylzharsky", cuja população está concentrada na região Norte, representam um rico material genético e podem ser utilizados em novos cruzamentos. Este artigo descreve as qualidades produtivas e reprodutivas dos patos da população local na região norte do Cazaquistão. Os dados obtidos permitem um trabalho de criação mais focado na criação e preservação de aves altamente produtivas, garantindo a produção altamente eficiente de ovos e carne, adaptada tanto às condições industriais quanto às condições de detenção em pequenas fazendas. Com base na "Bishkul avicultura LLP", obtivemos resultados relacionados à avaliação dos indicadores produtivos e reprodutivos dos patos da população local.


Assuntos
Animais , Reprodução , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cazaquistão
2.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 23(1): eRBCA-2019-1238, 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30478

Resumo

The present study evaluated the effects of early post-hatch feeding on the growth and development of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of mule ducks reared in the humid tropics to five days of age. A total of 120 newly hatched mule ducklings were selected and randomly assigned to four treatment groups. Each with 30 birds, (T1, T2, T3, and T4) is based on four feeding regimes (feed accessed at 3, 24, 36, and 48 hours post-hatch) for five days. The ducklings were euthanized each day and the parameters: small intestinal samples were processed for histological analysis and histometrical parameters including villi length and width, crypt width and depth, and the number of goblet cells per villus was measured, statistically analyzed using ANOVA and tabulated. The results of this study indicated that the earliest post-hatch feeding (at 3 hours post-hatch) showed the highest body weight (99.65 g), heavier (GIT) organ (p 0.05), highest duodenal length (120.71 cm), than other feeding times. The villi height of the three segments of the GIT increased (p>0.05) continuously regardless of the post-hatch feeding times. Based on the results, it was concluded that feeding at 3 hours post-hatch promoted the growth and development of the GIT faster than 24, 36, and 38 hours post hatch feeding.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Trato Gastrointestinal
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 23(1): eRBCA, fev. 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490840

Resumo

The present study evaluated the effects of early post-hatch feeding on the growth and development of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of mule ducks reared in the humid tropics to five days of age. A total of 120 newly hatched mule ducklings were selected and randomly assigned to four treatment groups. Each with 30 birds, (T1, T2, T3, and T4) is based on four feeding regimes (feed accessed at 3, 24, 36, and 48 hours post-hatch) for five days. The ducklings were euthanized each day and the parameters: small intestinal samples were processed for histological analysis and histometrical parameters including villi length and width, crypt width and depth, and the number of goblet cells per villus was measured, statistically analyzed using ANOVA and tabulated. The results of this study indicated that the earliest post-hatch feeding (at 3 hours post-hatch) showed the highest body weight (99.65 g), heavier (GIT) organ (p 0.05), highest duodenal length (120.71 cm), than other feeding times. The villi height of the three segments of the GIT increased (p>0.05) continuously regardless of the post-hatch feeding times. Based on the results, it was concluded that feeding at 3 hours post-hatch promoted the growth and development of the GIT faster than 24, 36, and 38 hours post hatch feeding.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Trato Gastrointestinal
4.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 23(4): eRBCA-2020-1423, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765871

Resumo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage time on albumen quality, incubation yield, and hatch window in Pekin ducks (Anas boschas). A total of 1302 eggs were randomly distributed to seven treatments according to the storage time with durations ranging from 1 to 14 days. Each treatment consisted of 186 eggs with a two-day storage interval between treatments. The pH and Haugh unit (HU) of the albumen, egg weight loss during incubation (WL), hatchability (HTCH), incubation duration (ID), hatch window, asymmetry (ASS), percentile kurtosis (PK), and embryonic mortality were analyzed. A linear effect was observed forthe WL, ID, and PK and a quadratic effect forpH, HU, and HTCH over time. No significant effect of storage time was observed on ASS. Post-pipping embryonic mortality was linearly affected by storage time. Prolonging the storage period above 10 days reduces albumen quality and hatchability, delays the hatch of Pekins, and results in a higher percentage of post-pipping mortality.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovos/análise , Desenvolvimento Embrionário
5.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 23(4): eRBCA-2020-1422, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765867

Resumo

Myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) are members of the myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2), a supergene family and are thought to be related to the development and regeneration of skeletal muscle. We selected a microsatellite locus located in the MEF2D gene to study the slaughter characteristics of Xingyi duck and discuss whether the locus could be used as a molecular genetic marker associated with the slaughter characteristics. To further study the function of this gene, we cloned the coding region of the MEF2D gene and expressed it in the prokaryotic expression system. We amplified exon 9 of MEF2D gene by PCR and analyzed after sequencing. The entire CDS region was amplified by RT-PCR. The prokaryotic expression vector was constructed by double enzyme digestion. Results showed that there was a significant correlation between the microsatellite polymorphism of exon 9 of the MEF2D gene and the eviscerated weight rate of Xingyi duck (p<0.05). The eviscerated weight rate of the aa (40/40) genotype was significantly higher than that of the ab (40/49) genotype. The CDS region of the MEF2D gene was cloned with a length of 1557 bp. The prokaryotic expression vector pET32a(+)-MEF2D was constructed. The results provide a foundation for future studies examining the function of the MEF2D.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Células Musculares , Células Procarióticas
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 23(4): eRBCA, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490897

Resumo

Myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) are members of the myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2), a supergene family and are thought to be related to the development and regeneration of skeletal muscle. We selected a microsatellite locus located in the MEF2D gene to study the slaughter characteristics of Xingyi duck and discuss whether the locus could be used as a molecular genetic marker associated with the slaughter characteristics. To further study the function of this gene, we cloned the coding region of the MEF2D gene and expressed it in the prokaryotic expression system. We amplified exon 9 of MEF2D gene by PCR and analyzed after sequencing. The entire CDS region was amplified by RT-PCR. The prokaryotic expression vector was constructed by double enzyme digestion. Results showed that there was a significant correlation between the microsatellite polymorphism of exon 9 of the MEF2D gene and the eviscerated weight rate of Xingyi duck (p<0.05). The eviscerated weight rate of the aa (40/40) genotype was significantly higher than that of the ab (40/49) genotype. The CDS region of the MEF2D gene was cloned with a length of 1557 bp. The prokaryotic expression vector pET32a(+)-MEF2D was constructed. The results provide a foundation for future studies examining the function of the MEF2D.


Assuntos
Animais , Células Musculares , Células Procarióticas , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 23(4): eRBCA, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490901

Resumo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage time on albumen quality, incubation yield, and hatch window in Pekin ducks (Anas boschas). A total of 1302 eggs were randomly distributed to seven treatments according to the storage time with durations ranging from 1 to 14 days. Each treatment consisted of 186 eggs with a two-day storage interval between treatments. The pH and Haugh unit (HU) of the albumen, egg weight loss during incubation (WL), hatchability (HTCH), incubation duration (ID), hatch window, asymmetry (ASS), percentile kurtosis (PK), and embryonic mortality were analyzed. A linear effect was observed forthe WL, ID, and PK and a quadratic effect forpH, HU, and HTCH over time. No significant effect of storage time was observed on ASS. Post-pipping embryonic mortality was linearly affected by storage time. Prolonging the storage period above 10 days reduces albumen quality and hatchability, delays the hatch of Pekins, and results in a higher percentage of post-pipping mortality.


Assuntos
Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Ovos/análise , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
8.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 22(3): eRBCA-2019-1143, out. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-761960

Resumo

A prolonged period without feed access negatively impacts the growth and development of poultry. This study evaluated the effect of early post-hatch feeding times on the growth and carcass performance of Mule ducks reared intensively in the tropics. A total of 48 Mule ducklings were obtained from a local hatchery and assigned in a completely randomized design to 4 treatments based on 4 feeding regimes, (T) as follows: T1 3hrs, T2 24hrs, T3 36hrs and T4 48hrs post-hatch. On day 1 the ducklings were individually weighed, followed by weekly weighing until harvest at 63 days. Feed and feed refusal was measured daily for a period of 63 days. At harvest the body weight at slaughter, eviscerated and hot carcass weight, as well as the initial pH and pH24 of the breast, leg, and thigh quarters was evaluated. Weights of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract were then taken. The feed conversion ratio (FCR), feed intake and meat: skin: bone ratio was calculated. At 0-7 days cumulative feed intake and FCR was influenced by treatment (p=0.022, p=0.026; respectively). Body weight at slaughter ranged from 2969-3382.5g. Treatment did not affect the weights of the bone, fat, muscle and skin, of the breast quarter (p=0.698, p=0.893, p=0.940; respectively). However, weight of the bone for the leg and thigh quarter differed among treatments. A lower pH24 was observed for both breast and leg and thigh quarters. The study suggests that early post-hatch feeding at 3-48hrs does not affect the performance of Mule ducks.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/análise
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 22(3): eRBCA, out. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490786

Resumo

A prolonged period without feed access negatively impacts the growth and development of poultry. This study evaluated the effect of early post-hatch feeding times on the growth and carcass performance of Mule ducks reared intensively in the tropics. A total of 48 Mule ducklings were obtained from a local hatchery and assigned in a completely randomized design to 4 treatments based on 4 feeding regimes, (T) as follows: T1 3hrs, T2 24hrs, T3 36hrs and T4 48hrs post-hatch. On day 1 the ducklings were individually weighed, followed by weekly weighing until harvest at 63 days. Feed and feed refusal was measured daily for a period of 63 days. At harvest the body weight at slaughter, eviscerated and hot carcass weight, as well as the initial pH and pH24 of the breast, leg, and thigh quarters was evaluated. Weights of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract were then taken. The feed conversion ratio (FCR), feed intake and meat: skin: bone ratio was calculated. At 0-7 days cumulative feed intake and FCR was influenced by treatment (p=0.022, p=0.026; respectively). Body weight at slaughter ranged from 2969-3382.5g. Treatment did not affect the weights of the bone, fat, muscle and skin, of the breast quarter (p=0.698, p=0.893, p=0.940; respectively). However, weight of the bone for the leg and thigh quarter differed among treatments. A lower pH24 was observed for both breast and leg and thigh quarters. The study suggests that early post-hatch feeding at 3-48hrs does not affect the performance of Mule ducks.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/análise
10.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 20(2): 193-196, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734704

Resumo

The present study evaluated the effects of aronia powder on growth performance and fatty acid profiles of ducks. A total of 90 ducks (one-day-old pekin, 48 males and 42 females) were distributed according to a completely randomized design into two treatments (control and 1% aronia powder) with 3 replicates of 15 birds per pen for 42 d. Apart from the feed:gain ratio, the other growth performance parameters, including initial body weight, final body weight, weight gain, and feed intake, did not differ significantly between treatments (p>0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in fatty acid profiles between treatments. However, oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2), and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) were significantly different (p<0.05) between treatments. Our results revealed that feeding ducks with 1% aronia powder improved the weight gained and the feed:gain ratio, but did not affect the fatty acid profiles of duck breast meat.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/análise
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 20(2): 193-196, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490522

Resumo

The present study evaluated the effects of aronia powder on growth performance and fatty acid profiles of ducks. A total of 90 ducks (one-day-old pekin, 48 males and 42 females) were distributed according to a completely randomized design into two treatments (control and 1% aronia powder) with 3 replicates of 15 birds per pen for 42 d. Apart from the feed:gain ratio, the other growth performance parameters, including initial body weight, final body weight, weight gain, and feed intake, did not differ significantly between treatments (p>0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in fatty acid profiles between treatments. However, oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2), and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) were significantly different (p<0.05) between treatments. Our results revealed that feeding ducks with 1% aronia powder improved the weight gained and the feed:gain ratio, but did not affect the fatty acid profiles of duck breast meat.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/análise
12.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 19(4): 577-582, Oct.-Dec.2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-722782

Resumo

The VLDLR gene plays important roles in the growth and adiposity in humans and mice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between VLDLR gene genetic polymorphisms and growth and abdominal fat traits of the Gaoyou domestic duck. A total of 267 Gaoyou ducks were employed for testing. A 18bp deletion was identified in VLDLR signal peptide coding region. The results of c2 test suggested that the genotype frequencies of VLDLR signal peptide coding region were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Least squares analysis showed that body weight (BW) of -18bp/-18bp genotype ducks was significantly higher than those of other genotypes from six (BW6) (p 0.05) to ten weeks of age (BW10) (p 0.01). The association analysis was performed taken body weight as covariant for abdominal percentage (AFP). Results showed that there was not interaction between genotype (p>0.05) and body weight for AFP and different genotypes had a significant effect on AFP (p 0.05). The results of Bonferroni t-test revealed that the abdominal fat percentage (AFP) of -18bp/-18bp genotype was significantly lower than those of +18bp/-18bp (p 0.05). Preliminary studies have shown that VLDLR may be a candidate gene for the selection for growth and abdominal fat, and the results of the present study indicate that VLDLR strongly influences carcass abdominal fat content of Gaoyou ducks.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Gordura Abdominal
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 19(4): 577-582, Oct.-Dec.2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490466

Resumo

The VLDLR gene plays important roles in the growth and adiposity in humans and mice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between VLDLR gene genetic polymorphisms and growth and abdominal fat traits of the Gaoyou domestic duck. A total of 267 Gaoyou ducks were employed for testing. A 18bp deletion was identified in VLDLR signal peptide coding region. The results of c2 test suggested that the genotype frequencies of VLDLR signal peptide coding region were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Least squares analysis showed that body weight (BW) of -18bp/-18bp genotype ducks was significantly higher than those of other genotypes from six (BW6) (p 0.05) to ten weeks of age (BW10) (p 0.01). The association analysis was performed taken body weight as covariant for abdominal percentage (AFP). Results showed that there was not interaction between genotype (p>0.05) and body weight for AFP and different genotypes had a significant effect on AFP (p 0.05). The results of Bonferroni t-test revealed that the abdominal fat percentage (AFP) of -18bp/-18bp genotype was significantly lower than those of +18bp/-18bp (p 0.05). Preliminary studies have shown that VLDLR may be a candidate gene for the selection for growth and abdominal fat, and the results of the present study indicate that VLDLR strongly influences carcass abdominal fat content of Gaoyou ducks.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Gordura Abdominal
14.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 19(4): 689-694, Oct.-Dec.2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-722767

Resumo

The present study aimed to evaluate ducks on performance, carcass traits and economic availability, fed on different phases of nutritional plans and in different housing densities. Two hundred and forty Muscovy ducks of creole lineage were used, distributed in boxes with water and food ad libitum. The experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial arrangement of 3x2 with three nutritional plans (3, 4 and 5 phases) and two housing densities (2 and 3 birds/m2) with four replicates. The ducks had weekly performance evaluations, and after 90 days, four birds in each treatment were slaughtered for evaluation of carcass traits. Differences (p 0.05) were observed on performance, carcass traits and economic analysis. The nutritional plans with 3 phases showed better results for feed intake and weight gain, as well as provided lower total cost production and higher operating profit. Ducks in higher densities showed smaller feed intake, weight gain, higher pro-ventricle weight and better results for total meet production, crude income and operating profit. In summary, nutritional plans with reduced phases (3 phases) and extensions of energy-protein relationships showed better results for ducks on performance and carcass traits in densities of 3 birds/m². More studies are necessary to determine other nutritional requirements for ducks in housing for a better nutritional and management control.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/anatomia & histologia , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/análise , Ração Animal
15.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 19(4): 689-694, Oct.-Dec.2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490451

Resumo

The present study aimed to evaluate ducks on performance, carcass traits and economic availability, fed on different phases of nutritional plans and in different housing densities. Two hundred and forty Muscovy ducks of creole lineage were used, distributed in boxes with water and food ad libitum. The experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial arrangement of 3x2 with three nutritional plans (3, 4 and 5 phases) and two housing densities (2 and 3 birds/m2) with four replicates. The ducks had weekly performance evaluations, and after 90 days, four birds in each treatment were slaughtered for evaluation of carcass traits. Differences (p 0.05) were observed on performance, carcass traits and economic analysis. The nutritional plans with 3 phases showed better results for feed intake and weight gain, as well as provided lower total cost production and higher operating profit. Ducks in higher densities showed smaller feed intake, weight gain, higher pro-ventricle weight and better results for total meet production, crude income and operating profit. In summary, nutritional plans with reduced phases (3 phases) and extensions of energy-protein relationships showed better results for ducks on performance and carcass traits in densities of 3 birds/m². More studies are necessary to determine other nutritional requirements for ducks in housing for a better nutritional and management control.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/anatomia & histologia , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal , Ração Animal/análise
16.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 17(2): 209-218, abr.-jun. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17111

Resumo

Growth curves for the uropygial gland (UG) of white, 3-way crossed mule ducklings were established using the Gompertz function. In total, 144 ducklings were fed in 12 floor pens with 12 birds in each pen. Each pen contained an equal number of animals of each sex. Feed and water were supplied ad libitum throughout the entire experimental period. The weekly change in UG weight was recorded in males and females from hatch to 8 weeks of age. The weight and length of the UG, the width of the lobus glandulae uropygialis, the length and width of the pluma of the circulus uropygialis, and the index of the papilla uropygialis were measured once a week in individual ducklings in one pen. The average UG weight gain observed in white, 3-way crossed drakes was significantly higher than that of ducks of 21-56 days of age (P 0.05). The UG length was 1.64-2.23 times the width of the left or right lobe, and the development of the UG was delayed from 3-4 weeks of age. The morphology of the UG changed from elliptical to elongated-elliptical with age. The right and left lobus glandulae uropygialis were symmetrical. The Gompertz growth functions of the UG in drakes and ducks were W=5.49e -e-0.675(t-1.955) and W=4.76e -e-0.685(t-1.936), respectively, where t represents age in weeks. These equations indicated that the maximum growth rate for drakes occurred at 14.1 days of age and for ducks at 13.6 days of age.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/anatomia & histologia , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 17(2): 209-218, abr.-jun. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490150

Resumo

Growth curves for the uropygial gland (UG) of white, 3-way crossed mule ducklings were established using the Gompertz function. In total, 144 ducklings were fed in 12 floor pens with 12 birds in each pen. Each pen contained an equal number of animals of each sex. Feed and water were supplied ad libitum throughout the entire experimental period. The weekly change in UG weight was recorded in males and females from hatch to 8 weeks of age. The weight and length of the UG, the width of the lobus glandulae uropygialis, the length and width of the pluma of the circulus uropygialis, and the index of the papilla uropygialis were measured once a week in individual ducklings in one pen. The average UG weight gain observed in white, 3-way crossed drakes was significantly higher than that of ducks of 21-56 days of age (P 0.05). The UG length was 1.64-2.23 times the width of the left or right lobe, and the development of the UG was delayed from 3-4 weeks of age. The morphology of the UG changed from elliptical to elongated-elliptical with age. The right and left lobus glandulae uropygialis were symmetrical. The Gompertz growth functions of the UG in drakes and ducks were W=5.49e -e-0.675(t-1.955) and W=4.76e -e-0.685(t-1.936), respectively, where t represents age in weeks. These equations indicated that the maximum growth rate for drakes occurred at 14.1 days of age and for ducks at 13.6 days of age.


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/anatomia & histologia , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal
18.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 15(3): 191-197, July-Sept. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490012

Resumo

The aim of the present study was to determine whether dietary Bacillus subtilis natto could affect growth performance of Muscovy ducks. A total of 120 hundred Muscovy ducks at the age of 1 day were randomly assigned to four groups (30 Muscovy ducks/group), and fed with diets supplemented with 0% (control group), 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.4% Bacillus subtilis natto, respectively during the 6-week feeding period. Weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency of Muscovy ducks were significantly improved by the dietary addition of Bacillus subtilis natto, and the results were more significant in 0.4% dietary Bacillus subtilis natto treatment group; Also, Bacillus subtilis natto reduced Escherichia coli and Salmonella colonies, and increased lactobacilli population in the ileum and the cecum. Biochemical parameters, including total protein, GOT (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), GPT (glutamic pyruvic transaminase), AKP (alkaline phosphatase), triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) contents (pBacillus subtilis natto was added to the diets (p 0.05), and improved duodenum and immune functions. However, the results above were not significantly different between birds fed 0.1% Bacillus subtilis natto supplemented diets and the control group (p>0.05). The results of the present study indicate that diets with 0.4% Bacillus subtilis natto improved the growth performance of Muscovy ducks by increasing the absorption of protein, simulating hormone secretion, suppressing harmful microflora, and improving the duodenal structure and immune functions of Muscovy ducks. It is suggested that Bacillus subtilis natto is a potential candidate to be used use as a probiotic to improve the growth performance of Muscovy ducks.


Assuntos
Animais , Bacillus subtilis/patogenicidade , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/microbiologia
19.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 15(3): 191-197, July-Sept. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28134

Resumo

The aim of the present study was to determine whether dietary Bacillus subtilis natto could affect growth performance of Muscovy ducks. A total of 120 hundred Muscovy ducks at the age of 1 day were randomly assigned to four groups (30 Muscovy ducks/group), and fed with diets supplemented with 0% (control group), 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.4% Bacillus subtilis natto, respectively during the 6-week feeding period. Weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency of Muscovy ducks were significantly improved by the dietary addition of Bacillus subtilis natto, and the results were more significant in 0.4% dietary Bacillus subtilis natto treatment group; Also, Bacillus subtilis natto reduced Escherichia coli and Salmonella colonies, and increased lactobacilli population in the ileum and the cecum. Biochemical parameters, including total protein, GOT (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), GPT (glutamic pyruvic transaminase), AKP (alkaline phosphatase), triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) contents (pBacillus subtilis natto was added to the diets (p 0.05), and improved duodenum and immune functions. However, the results above were not significantly different between birds fed 0.1% Bacillus subtilis natto supplemented diets and the control group (p>0.05). The results of the present study indicate that diets with 0.4% Bacillus subtilis natto improved the growth performance of Muscovy ducks by increasing the absorption of protein, simulating hormone secretion, suppressing harmful microflora, and improving the duodenal structure and immune functions of Muscovy ducks. It is suggested that Bacillus subtilis natto is a potential candidate to be used use as a probiotic to improve the growth performance of Muscovy ducks.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Patos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Patos/microbiologia , Bacillus subtilis/patogenicidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA