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1.
Rev. bras. zootec ; 51: e20210063, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1442669

Resumo

The experiment aimed to analyze the economic viability of using highenergy diets and the supplementation of chromium propionate or calcium salts of palm oil in the diet of ewes from the late gestation until the end of lactation. Seventy-two ewes of Santa Ines × Dorper crossbreeds were allocated to five treatments: CTL (n = 14) with 100% of NRC recommendation for metabolizable energy per kg dry matter intake (ME/kg DMI), LOW (n = 14) with 90% ME/kg DMI, HIGH (n = 15) with 110% ME/kg DMI, Cr (n = 15) HIGH diet plus chromium propionate, and FAT (n = 14) HIGH diet plus calcium salts of palm oil. Based on the performance data, a short-term analysis was performed for a module of 1000 ewes, evaluating costs, revenues, and profitability, and long-term analysis was performed by an additional cash flow of 120 months. The CTL and FAT treatments were not viable due to higher costs and lower revenues, and they also had a negative net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR). The LOW treatment, despite lower costs and positive profitability, had a negative NPV (-$872.90) and IRR (1.85%) that was below the discount rate, making it unprofitable in the long run. The HIGH and Cr treatments were considered feasible because they had lower unit costs and higher profitability, in addition to a high NPV ($64,894.11 and 104,902.05, respectively) and a higher IRR (9.03% and 13.65%, respectively) than the discount rate. The use of high-energy diets, with added chromium propionate, promoted better performance and, consequently, better economic return.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Propionatos/análise , Ovinos/fisiologia , Óleo de Palmeira/efeitos adversos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/fisiologia
2.
R. bras. Ci. avíc. ; 23(2): eRBCA-2020-1252, abr. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30452

Resumo

This study was designed to determine the effect of a combination of propionic-acetic acid on body weight, the relative weight of some organs, lactic acid bacteria, and intestinal pH of neonatal broilers. A total of 60 1-day-old Ross 308® broiler chickens were randomly placed in metabolic cages to two treatments, three replicates, and ten birds per replicates. The treatments consisted of a control diet (CD) and CD + 0.03% of propionic acid and acetic acid in the drinking water at a rate of 4 ml/L of water. The combination of organic acids depressed the body weight in neonatal broilers (p 0.05) and increased the relative weight (p 0.05) of gizzard, proventriculus, small intestine, and liver; also acidified the cecum with a significant decrease (p 0.05) of the pH. Also, these organic acids increased (p 0.05) the count of green bacilli with a white halo in the small intestine and decreased (p 0.05) the proliferation of irregular flat green bacilli in the cecum, although for both intestinal portions, the total lactic acid bacteria count was not different (p>0.05) between treatments. The combined use in the diet and drinking water of the propionic and acetic organic acids, respectively, reduced the bodyweight of neonatal broilers (10 days) and the cecal pH, as well as modified the relative weights of some digestive organs and the growth of some morphological groups of lactic acid bacteria.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas/anatomia & histologia , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/microbiologia , Peso Corporal , Propionatos/administração & dosagem
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 23(2): eRBCA, abr. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1490848

Resumo

This study was designed to determine the effect of a combination of propionic-acetic acid on body weight, the relative weight of some organs, lactic acid bacteria, and intestinal pH of neonatal broilers. A total of 60 1-day-old Ross 308® broiler chickens were randomly placed in metabolic cages to two treatments, three replicates, and ten birds per replicates. The treatments consisted of a control diet (CD) and CD + 0.03% of propionic acid and acetic acid in the drinking water at a rate of 4 ml/L of water. The combination of organic acids depressed the body weight in neonatal broilers (p 0.05) and increased the relative weight (p 0.05) of gizzard, proventriculus, small intestine, and liver; also acidified the cecum with a significant decrease (p 0.05) of the pH. Also, these organic acids increased (p 0.05) the count of green bacilli with a white halo in the small intestine and decreased (p 0.05) the proliferation of irregular flat green bacilli in the cecum, although for both intestinal portions, the total lactic acid bacteria count was not different (p>0.05) between treatments. The combined use in the diet and drinking water of the propionic and acetic organic acids, respectively, reduced the bodyweight of neonatal broilers (10 days) and the cecal pH, as well as modified the relative weights of some digestive organs and the growth of some morphological groups of lactic acid bacteria.


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas/anatomia & histologia , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/microbiologia , Peso Corporal , Propionatos/administração & dosagem
4.
Hig. aliment ; 33(288/289): 525-529, abr.-maio 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21944

Resumo

Foi estudada a cinética de produção de ácidos orgânicos na fermentação de soro lácteo com cultura mista de Propionibacterium freundenreichii subsp ATCC 6207 e Lactobacillus paracasei. Foram analisados os efeitos das concentrações de células de L. paracasei, de lactose e de CaCO3 sobre a produção de ácidos orgânicos com auxílio de delineamento composto central rotacional (DCCR), totalizando 18 ensaios. Foi verificada existência de uma região ótima usando meio de fermentação contendo concentração acima de 45 g L-1 de lactose e abaixo de 20 g L-1 de CaCO3, com melhor produção dos ácidos orgânicos. A cultura pode eficientemente utilizar soro lácteo para produção de ácidos orgânicos, diminuindo impactos ambientais provocado pelo este subproduto da produção de queijo.(AU)


Assuntos
Soro do Leite/química , Ácidos Orgânicos/métodos , Fermentação , Propionatos , Soro do Leite/microbiologia , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Propionibacterium freudenreichii
5.
Hig. aliment ; 33(288/289): 525-529, abr.-maio 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1481989

Resumo

Foi estudada a cinética de produção de ácidos orgânicos na fermentação de soro lácteo com cultura mista de Propionibacterium freundenreichii subsp ATCC 6207 e Lactobacillus paracasei. Foram analisados os efeitos das concentrações de células de L. paracasei, de lactose e de CaCO3 sobre a produção de ácidos orgânicos com auxílio de delineamento composto central rotacional (DCCR), totalizando 18 ensaios. Foi verificada existência de uma região ótima usando meio de fermentação contendo concentração acima de 45 g L-1 de lactose e abaixo de 20 g L-1 de CaCO3, com melhor produção dos ácidos orgânicos. A cultura pode eficientemente utilizar soro lácteo para produção de ácidos orgânicos, diminuindo impactos ambientais provocado pelo este subproduto da produção de queijo.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Propionatos , Soro do Leite/microbiologia , Soro do Leite/química , Ácidos Orgânicos/métodos , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Propionibacterium freudenreichii
6.
Ciênc. anim. bras. (Impr.) ; 20: e.43084, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1473716

Resumo

Foi avaliado um composto comercial de ácidos orgânicos, adicionado à ração, no controle da Salmonella de frangos de corte desafiados com Salmonella Enteritidis e Salmonella Enteritidis associadas à Eimeria tenella. Foram utilizados 504 pintos de um dia, fêmeas, da linhagem Hubbard®, sendo o delineamento inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 2x3, totalizando seis tratamentos com seis repetições e 14 aves a unidade experimental. Foi analisado o pH intestinal, o escore de lesão dos cecos, contagem de oocistos fecais e a presença de salmonela no baço e tonsilas cecais das aves. Aves desafiadas com S. Enteritidis que receberam ácidos apresentaram menor frequência de isolamento da bactéria nos órgãos linfoides analisados. Assim como apresentaram redução no número de oocistos de E. tenella nas excretas coletadas diretamente na bandeja e redução dos escores de lesão intestinal provocadas pela infecção por Eimeria tenella. Os ácidos orgânicos promoveram benefício à saúde intestinal dos frangos de corte com reflexos positivos no controle da Salmonella Enteritidis juntamente com a Eimeria tenella.


A commercial organic acids compound was assessed, added to feed, to control Salmonella Enteritidis. Broilers were challenged with Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Enteritidis associated with Eimeria tenella. Five hundred and four day-old Hubbard® females chicks were used in a completely randomized design in a 2x3 factorial, a total of six treatments with six replications and being 14 birds the experimental unit. Intestinal pH, cecum lesion score, oocyst faecal counts and the presence of Salmonella in the cecal tonsils and spleen of broilers were investigated. Broilers that were challenged only with S. Enteritidis that received the compound in test showed lower frequency of bacteria isolation in lymphoid organs. Besides, decreased number of oocysts of E. tenella was observed and the intestinal lesion scores caused by infection was lower. Organic acids promoted a benefit on broilers intestinal health with positive effects on the control of Salmonella Enteritidis with Eimeria tenella.


Assuntos
Animais , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Eimeria tenella , Galinhas/microbiologia , Salmonella enterica , Ácidos Orgânicos , Formiatos/uso terapêutico , Propionatos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Acético/uso terapêutico
7.
Ci. Anim. bras. ; 20: e.43084, dez. 13, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24655

Resumo

Foi avaliado um composto comercial de ácidos orgânicos, adicionado à ração, no controle da Salmonella de frangos de corte desafiados com Salmonella Enteritidis e Salmonella Enteritidis associadas à Eimeria tenella. Foram utilizados 504 pintos de um dia, fêmeas, da linhagem Hubbard®, sendo o delineamento inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 2x3, totalizando seis tratamentos com seis repetições e 14 aves a unidade experimental. Foi analisado o pH intestinal, o escore de lesão dos cecos, contagem de oocistos fecais e a presença de salmonela no baço e tonsilas cecais das aves. Aves desafiadas com S. Enteritidis que receberam ácidos apresentaram menor frequência de isolamento da bactéria nos órgãos linfoides analisados. Assim como apresentaram redução no número de oocistos de E. tenella nas excretas coletadas diretamente na bandeja e redução dos escores de lesão intestinal provocadas pela infecção por Eimeria tenella. Os ácidos orgânicos promoveram benefício à saúde intestinal dos frangos de corte com reflexos positivos no controle da Salmonella Enteritidis juntamente com a Eimeria tenella.(AU)


A commercial organic acids compound was assessed, added to feed, to control Salmonella Enteritidis. Broilers were challenged with Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Enteritidis associated with Eimeria tenella. Five hundred and four day-old Hubbard® females chicks were used in a completely randomized design in a 2x3 factorial, a total of six treatments with six replications and being 14 birds the experimental unit. Intestinal pH, cecum lesion score, oocyst faecal counts and the presence of Salmonella in the cecal tonsils and spleen of broilers were investigated. Broilers that were challenged only with S. Enteritidis that received the compound in test showed lower frequency of bacteria isolation in lymphoid organs. Besides, decreased number of oocysts of E. tenella was observed and the intestinal lesion scores caused by infection was lower. Organic acids promoted a benefit on broilers intestinal health with positive effects on the control of Salmonella Enteritidis with Eimeria tenella.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas/microbiologia , Salmonella enterica , Eimeria tenella , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Ácidos Orgânicos , Propionatos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Acético/uso terapêutico , Formiatos/uso terapêutico
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 47: Pub.1691-2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458077

Resumo

Background: In the early lactation, dairy cows go through a period of negative energy balance because they do not intakeenough food to supply the energetic demand of milk production. In this period, dairy cows are susceptible to metabolicdisorders, although has little evidence that milk production contribute to increase diseases occurrence. Some alternativesto minimize metabolic disorders, that reduce milk yield, has been suggested, as increase energy density in the diet of drycows 21 days before the parturition and include additives in the diet pre and post-partum. The aim of this study was tomeasure the productive parameters in dairy cows fed calcium salts as energetic source.Materials, Methods & Results: Two Latin square 4x4 were used, whereas one comprehended of early lactation cows andthe other of mid lactation cows. Animals of 2nd and 3rd parity were used only. Parity was distributed evenly among groups.The trial consisted of 4 groups with 4 treatments as follow: T1: 300 g of calcium acetate, T2: 200 g of calcium propionate,T3: 200 g of calcium salts of fatty acids, and T4: control without any calcium additive. The animals were milked twice aday, the first milking at 07:00 am and the second milking at 05:00 pm. Milk samples were collected in plastic containerswith potassium dichromate. These samples were sent to the Laboratory of Milk Analysis of the Paranaense Association ofBreeders of the Holstein Breed for analysis of fat, protein, lactose and total solids through the infrared method. Throughoutthe experimental period, the daily production of the animals under study was recorded. The production of milk (kg) wascorrected to 3.5% fat using the formula PLA 3.5% = (0.432 + kg milk) + (0.1623 x kg milk x fat content).Discussion: Greater supply of glucose or propionate stimulate milk protein production, but the mechanism of this stimulation is unclear...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Cálcio da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Leite/química , Metabolismo Energético , Produção de Alimentos , Propionatos/administração & dosagem
9.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 47: Pub. 1691, Oct. 26, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23813

Resumo

Background: In the early lactation, dairy cows go through a period of negative energy balance because they do not intakeenough food to supply the energetic demand of milk production. In this period, dairy cows are susceptible to metabolicdisorders, although has little evidence that milk production contribute to increase diseases occurrence. Some alternativesto minimize metabolic disorders, that reduce milk yield, has been suggested, as increase energy density in the diet of drycows 21 days before the parturition and include additives in the diet pre and post-partum. The aim of this study was tomeasure the productive parameters in dairy cows fed calcium salts as energetic source.Materials, Methods & Results: Two Latin square 4x4 were used, whereas one comprehended of early lactation cows andthe other of mid lactation cows. Animals of 2nd and 3rd parity were used only. Parity was distributed evenly among groups.The trial consisted of 4 groups with 4 treatments as follow: T1: 300 g of calcium acetate, T2: 200 g of calcium propionate,T3: 200 g of calcium salts of fatty acids, and T4: control without any calcium additive. The animals were milked twice aday, the first milking at 07:00 am and the second milking at 05:00 pm. Milk samples were collected in plastic containerswith potassium dichromate. These samples were sent to the Laboratory of Milk Analysis of the Paranaense Association ofBreeders of the Holstein Breed for analysis of fat, protein, lactose and total solids through the infrared method. Throughoutthe experimental period, the daily production of the animals under study was recorded. The production of milk (kg) wascorrected to 3.5% fat using the formula PLA 3.5% = (0.432 + kg milk) + (0.1623 x kg milk x fat content).Discussion: Greater supply of glucose or propionate stimulate milk protein production, but the mechanism of this stimulation is unclear...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Propionatos/administração & dosagem , Cálcio da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Produção de Alimentos , Metabolismo Energético , Leite/química
10.
Semina ciênc. agrar ; 40(6,supl.2): 3289-3298, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1501596

Resumo

This study aimed to assess the combined effect of L-carnitine, chromium propionate, and organic selenium in the diet of pigs at the finishing stage in commercial farms on performance parameters. The sample included 5,456 female and castrated male DB pigs with mean age of 159 days and mean initial weight of 103.33 ± 4.11 kg. The pigs were split into two treatments in a completely randomized design: the control group, free of growth-promoting dietary additives, and the test group, supplemented with Profitilina® (50 mg L-carnitine, 0.2 mg chromium propionate, and 0.3 mg organic selenium kg-1 of feed) for 30 days prior to slaughter. The outcomes assessed were daily weight gain (DWG), daily feed intake (DFI), feed conversion (FC), and final body weight (FBW). An improved performance according to all parameters (P<0.001) was seen for the test group (2.58 versus 2.64 g day-1 for DFI; 0.76 versus 0.87g day-1 for DWG; 3.42 versus 3.06 for FC; and 125.7 versus 127.7 kg for FBW). Providing a combined dietary supplementation with L-carnitine, chromium propionate, and organic selenium to finishing pigs was effective at improving weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, and final weight.


Objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a ação combinada da L-carnitina, do propionato de cromo e do selênio orgânico em dietas de suínos em fase final de engorda, em granjas comerciais, sobre os parâmetros de desempenho. Foram avaliados 5.456 suínos (genética DB), machos castrados e fêmeas, com idade média de 159 dias e peso médio inicial de 103,33 ± 4,11 kg. Os animais foram divididos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com dois tratamentos, definidos como grupo Controle, isento de aditivos promotores de crescimento na ração; e Teste, suplementados com o produto Profitilina® (50 mg kg-1 de L-carnitina; 0,2 mg kg-1 de propionato de cromo e 0,3 mg kg-1 de selênio) durante 30 dias pré-abate. Foram avaliados o ganho diário de peso (GDP), o consumo diário de ração CDR), a conversão alimentar (CA) e o peso vivo final (PVF). Houve melhora do desempenho para todos os parâmetros (P<0,001) a favor do grupo Teste (2,58 versus 2,64 g dia-1 para o CDR; 0,76 versus 0,87g dia-1 para o GDP; 3,42 versus 3,06 para a CA, e 125,7 versus 127,7 kg de PVF). A suplementação dietética de rações de suínos em fase final de terminação com 50 mg kg-1 de L-carnitina; 0,2 mg kg-1 de propionato de cromo e 0,3 mg kg-1 de selênio foi efetiva na melhora dos índices de desempenho.


Assuntos
Animais , Aumento de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos , Carnitina/administração & dosagem , Propionatos/administração & dosagem , Ração Animal , Selênio/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Semina Ci. agr. ; 40(6,supl.2): 3289-3298, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25662

Resumo

This study aimed to assess the combined effect of L-carnitine, chromium propionate, and organic selenium in the diet of pigs at the finishing stage in commercial farms on performance parameters. The sample included 5,456 female and castrated male DB pigs with mean age of 159 days and mean initial weight of 103.33 ± 4.11 kg. The pigs were split into two treatments in a completely randomized design: the control group, free of growth-promoting dietary additives, and the test group, supplemented with Profitilina® (50 mg L-carnitine, 0.2 mg chromium propionate, and 0.3 mg organic selenium kg-1 of feed) for 30 days prior to slaughter. The outcomes assessed were daily weight gain (DWG), daily feed intake (DFI), feed conversion (FC), and final body weight (FBW). An improved performance according to all parameters (P<0.001) was seen for the test group (2.58 versus 2.64 g day-1 for DFI; 0.76 versus 0.87g day-1 for DWG; 3.42 versus 3.06 for FC; and 125.7 versus 127.7 kg for FBW). Providing a combined dietary supplementation with L-carnitine, chromium propionate, and organic selenium to finishing pigs was effective at improving weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, and final weight.(AU)


Objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a ação combinada da L-carnitina, do propionato de cromo e do selênio orgânico em dietas de suínos em fase final de engorda, em granjas comerciais, sobre os parâmetros de desempenho. Foram avaliados 5.456 suínos (genética DB), machos castrados e fêmeas, com idade média de 159 dias e peso médio inicial de 103,33 ± 4,11 kg. Os animais foram divididos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com dois tratamentos, definidos como grupo Controle, isento de aditivos promotores de crescimento na ração; e Teste, suplementados com o produto Profitilina® (50 mg kg-1 de L-carnitina; 0,2 mg kg-1 de propionato de cromo e 0,3 mg kg-1 de selênio) durante 30 dias pré-abate. Foram avaliados o ganho diário de peso (GDP), o consumo diário de ração CDR), a conversão alimentar (CA) e o peso vivo final (PVF). Houve melhora do desempenho para todos os parâmetros (P<0,001) a favor do grupo Teste (2,58 versus 2,64 g dia-1 para o CDR; 0,76 versus 0,87g dia-1 para o GDP; 3,42 versus 3,06 para a CA, e 125,7 versus 127,7 kg de PVF). A suplementação dietética de rações de suínos em fase final de terminação com 50 mg kg-1 de L-carnitina; 0,2 mg kg-1 de propionato de cromo e 0,3 mg kg-1 de selênio foi efetiva na melhora dos índices de desempenho.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Carnitina/administração & dosagem , Propionatos/administração & dosagem , Selênio/administração & dosagem , Aumento de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Sci. agric ; 75(1): 12-17, Jan.-Feb.2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1497689

Resumo

Canola provides oil for human consumption and a by-product from the extraction of its oil canola meal (CM), is used as a good quality protein and lipid supplement for ruminants. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition and fermentation profile associated with the potential for methane production of three types of CM: solvent-extracted CM of Brassica napus (CMBN), B. juncea (CMBJ) and cold press-extracted CM from B. napus (CPCM) used to feed ruminants. The protein content of canola meal ranged from 36 to 41 %. The acid and neutral detergent insoluble in nitrogen ranged from 1 to 2 % and 4 to 5 %, respectively. The lipid content of canola meal samples ranged from 2 % (CMBN, CMBJ) to 14 % (CPCM). In vitro, dry matter disappearance of CMBJ was higher than that of other types of CM at 4 h, 24 h and 48 h. Gas production from CMBJ was greater than that of CPCM and CMBN at 24 h and 48 h of incubation. CPCM produced lower methane than CMBJ at 48 h of incubation. CPCM produced a higher (p 0.05) molar proportion of propionate from 12 h to 48 h of incubation. In conclusion, this study found that CPCM could be a good source of protein (mainly PB2) and lipids in the feed of ruminants; it will decrease methane production and enhance propionate production. There was correlation between less methane production, and the content of lipids and PB2 in the three types of CM studied.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/química , Metano , Propionatos , Óleos de Plantas , Ruminantes , Suplementos Nutricionais
13.
Sci. agric. ; 75(1): 12-17, Jan.-Feb.2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-13554

Resumo

Canola provides oil for human consumption and a by-product from the extraction of its oil canola meal (CM), is used as a good quality protein and lipid supplement for ruminants. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition and fermentation profile associated with the potential for methane production of three types of CM: solvent-extracted CM of Brassica napus (CMBN), B. juncea (CMBJ) and cold press-extracted CM from B. napus (CPCM) used to feed ruminants. The protein content of canola meal ranged from 36 to 41 %. The acid and neutral detergent insoluble in nitrogen ranged from 1 to 2 % and 4 to 5 %, respectively. The lipid content of canola meal samples ranged from 2 % (CMBN, CMBJ) to 14 % (CPCM). In vitro, dry matter disappearance of CMBJ was higher than that of other types of CM at 4 h, 24 h and 48 h. Gas production from CMBJ was greater than that of CPCM and CMBN at 24 h and 48 h of incubation. CPCM produced lower methane than CMBJ at 48 h of incubation. CPCM produced a higher (p 0.05) molar proportion of propionate from 12 h to 48 h of incubation. In conclusion, this study found that CPCM could be a good source of protein (mainly PB2) and lipids in the feed of ruminants; it will decrease methane production and enhance propionate production. There was correlation between less methane production, and the content of lipids and PB2 in the three types of CM studied.(AU)


Assuntos
Brassica napus/química , Óleos de Plantas , Metano , Propionatos , Ruminantes , Suplementos Nutricionais
14.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 46: Pub.1599-2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457888

Resumo

Background: The negative energetic balance of lactating cows that occurs during the few weeks postpartum shifts the hormonal profile of the animal. These alterations may lead to metabolic disturbance as ketosis and lipid infiltration. Hypocalcemia is another metabolic problem that occurs in the peripartum period, it is characterized by the reduction in blood levels of calcium (Ca2+) near birth. Blood parameters illustrates the nutritional status of milking cows. The serum levels of glucose, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and cholesterol are parameters that reveal liver condition and it is very important for the metabolism of milking cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate three additives in the form of a calcium salts on blood parameters of lactating cows.Materials, Methods & Results: Two Latin square 4x4 were used, whereas one comprehended of early lactation cows and the other of mid lactation cows. Animals of 2nd and 3rd parity were used only. Parity was distributed evenly among groups. The trial consisted of 4 groups with 4 treatments as follow: T1: 300 g of calcium acetate, T2: 200 g of calcium propionate, T3: 200 g of calcium salts of fatty acids, and T4: control without any calcium additive. Blood samples were collected for analysis of serial calcium, glucose, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) and cholesterol. The calcium levels were higher in T1 than T3 in early lactation. There was no significant difference of glucose levels between groups. Groups T1 and T2 had lower amounts of BHBA. Cholesterol was higher in T3 and T1 in the early lactation and just in T3 was higher in the mid lactation.[...]


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Cálcio da Dieta/metabolismo , Cálcio da Dieta/sangue , Ingestão de Energia , Lactação , Glicogênio , Propionatos
15.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 46: Pub. 1599, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734615

Resumo

Background: The negative energetic balance of lactating cows that occurs during the few weeks postpartum shifts the hormonal profile of the animal. These alterations may lead to metabolic disturbance as ketosis and lipid infiltration. Hypocalcemia is another metabolic problem that occurs in the peripartum period, it is characterized by the reduction in blood levels of calcium (Ca2+) near birth. Blood parameters illustrates the nutritional status of milking cows. The serum levels of glucose, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and cholesterol are parameters that reveal liver condition and it is very important for the metabolism of milking cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate three additives in the form of a calcium salts on blood parameters of lactating cows.Materials, Methods & Results: Two Latin square 4x4 were used, whereas one comprehended of early lactation cows and the other of mid lactation cows. Animals of 2nd and 3rd parity were used only. Parity was distributed evenly among groups. The trial consisted of 4 groups with 4 treatments as follow: T1: 300 g of calcium acetate, T2: 200 g of calcium propionate, T3: 200 g of calcium salts of fatty acids, and T4: control without any calcium additive. Blood samples were collected for analysis of serial calcium, glucose, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) and cholesterol. The calcium levels were higher in T1 than T3 in early lactation. There was no significant difference of glucose levels between groups. Groups T1 and T2 had lower amounts of BHBA. Cholesterol was higher in T3 and T1 in the early lactation and just in T3 was higher in the mid lactation.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Cálcio da Dieta/sangue , Cálcio da Dieta/metabolismo , Lactação , Ingestão de Energia , Propionatos , Glicogênio
16.
Ci. Rural ; 48(8): e20180217, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-736483

Resumo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of three enteral electrolyte solutions, each with different energy sources, administrated as continuous flow on the physiological parameters and blood count of healthy Holstein heifers. Six Holstein heifers were used in a crossover design. All animals received all three treatments: solution with calcium propionate, 4g of NaCl, 0.5g of KCl, 0.3g of MgCl2, and 10g of calcium propionate diluted in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 299mOsm/L); solution with glycerol, 4g of NaCl, 0.5g of KCl, 0.3g of MgCl2, 1g of calcium acetate, and 10mL of glycerol in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 287mOsm/L); solution with propylene glycol, 4g of NaCl, 0.5g of KCl, 0.3g of MgCl2, 1g of calcium acetate, and 15mL of propylene glycol in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 378mOsm/L). Physical evaluations and blood samples were collected immediately before the initiation of fluid therapy, at 3-hour intervals over the 12-hour period of fluid therapy, and 12 hours after the end of fluid therapy. Animals presented no signs of stress or discomfort. All solutions resulted in a significant decrease in erythrocyte concentration, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit, without affecting the leukogram. Enteral fluid therapy administered as continuous flow via the naso-ruminal route was well-tolerated by animals with minimal effects on animal welfare, even when administered for 12 hours. This technique is indicated as an alternative route for parenteral maintenance fluid therapy. Electrolyte solutions proposed here were able to significantly expand blood volume.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de três soluções eletrolíticas enterais de manutenção com diferentes fontes de energia administradas em bovinos adultos por via nasorruminal em fluxo contínuo sobre parâmetros fisiológicos e hematológicos. Foram utilizadas seis novilhas holandesas em um delineamento crossover. Os animais foram submetidos a três tratamentos: Solução contendo Propionato de cálcio - 4g de NaCl, 0,5g de KCl, 0,3g de MgCl2 e 10g de propionato de cálcio para cada 1000mL (Osmolaridade mensurada: 299mOsm/L); Solução contendo Glicerol - 4g de NaCl, 0,5g de KCl, 0,3g de MgCl2, 1g de acetato de cálcio e 10mL de glicerol para cada 1000mL (Osmolaridade mensurada: 287mOsm/L); Solução contendo Propilenoglicol - 4g de NaCl, 0,5g de KCl, 0,3g de MgCl2, 1g de acetato de cálcio e 15mL de propilenoglicol para cada 1.000mL (Osmolaridade mensurada: 378mOsm/L). Foi realizado exame físico e colheita de sangue para os hemogramas imediatamente antes do início da hidratação e a cada três horas durante 12h de tratamento e mais uma colheita 12h após o final do período experimental, perfazendo seis colheitas ao total. Todas soluções promoveram ao longo das 12 horas de tratamento hemodiluição com redução nos valores de hemácias, concentração de hemoglobina e volume globular, sem, contudo, alterar o leucograma. A hidratação enteral em fluxo contínuo via nasorruminal, mostrou-se uma técnica bem tolerada pelos animais, como mínimos efeitos sobre o bem-estar, mesmo quando administrada por 12 horas, sendo, portanto, uma técnica indicada como uma opção à hidratação parenteral na terapia de manutenção de fluidos. As três soluções eletrolíticas aqui propostas são capazes de expandir significativamente a volemia.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Hidratação/métodos , Hidratação/veterinária , Eletrólitos , Biomarcadores , Propionatos , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária
17.
Bol. ind. anim. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 182-194, set. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1466915

Resumo

The aim of this study was the indication of an additive for the ensilage of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). In a laboratory trial, nine treatments were applied (g of additive/kg of fresh forage - FF) to the sugarcane (RB867515), before ensiling in minisilos (15 x 30 cm PVC tubes) during 78 days: untreated; urea (5) + sodium benzoate (0.5); urea (7.5) + benzoate (0.5); urea (5) + benzoate (0.75); urea (7.5) + benzoate (0.75); sodium propionate (1, 2 and 4); calcium hydroxide (10). Urea + benzoate in the lowest doses, propionate in the higher concentration and calcium hydroxide were selected, considering the ethanol content (26.5, 27.2 and 7.4 g/kg DM, respectively), total DM loss (88, 46 and 58 g/kg DM, respectively) and digestibility (541, 496 and 516 g/kg DM, respectively) of the silages. Silages treated with these doses of additives and the untreated silage (80 d of storage) were fed (nine + seven d) to 16 castrated male sheep (Santa Inês) housed in metabolic cages. The silage with calcium hydroxide presented coefficients of apparent digestibility of DM (0.44), of NDF (0.4) and DM intake (20 g/kg live weight) in the higher levels. Calcium hydroxide was superior to propionate and urea + benzoate, considering alcoholic fermentation control and reduction of losses in the silage and the forages nutritional value.


O objetivo deste estudo foi indicar um aditivo para a ensilagem da cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum officinarum L.). Em um ensaio de laboratório, nove tratamentos foram aplicados (g de aditivo/kgde forragem fresca - FF) à cana-de-açúcar (RB867515) antes da ensilagem em minisilos (tubos de PVC de 15 x 30 cm) durante 78 d: sem tratamento; uréia (5) + benzoato de sódio (0,5); uréia (7,5) + benzoato (0,5); uréia (5) + benzoato (0,75); uréia (7,5) + benzoato (0,75); propionato de sódio (1, 2 e 4); hidróxido de cálcio (10). Uréia + benzoato nas doses mais baixas, propionato na dose mais alta e hidróxido de cálcio foram selecionados, considerando a concentração de etanol (26,5; 27,2 e 7,4 g/kgMS, respectivamente), perda total de MS (88, 46 e 58 g/kg MS, respectivamente) e digestibilidade (541, 496 e 516 g/kg MS, respectivamente) das silagens. Silagens tratadas com estas dosagens dos aditivos e silagem não tratada (80 d estocagem) foram fornecidas (nove + sete d) a 16 carneiros (Santa Inês) machos castrados mantidos em gaiolas metabólicas. A silagem com hidróxido de cálcio apresentou coeficientes de digestibilidade aparente da MS (0,44), da FDN (0,40) e de ingestão da MS (20 g/kg peso vivo) nos níveis mais altos. Hidróxido de cálcio foi superior ao propionato e à uréia + benzoato, considerando-se o controle da fermentação alcoólica, a redução de perdas e o valor nutritivo da silagem.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/química , Propionatos/análise , Propionatos/química , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharum/química , Silagem/análise
18.
B. Indústr. Anim. ; 74(3): 182-194, set. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23812

Resumo

The aim of this study was the indication of an additive for the ensilage of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). In a laboratory trial, nine treatments were applied (g of additive/kg of fresh forage - FF) to the sugarcane (RB867515), before ensiling in minisilos (15 x 30 cm PVC tubes) during 78 days: untreated; urea (5) + sodium benzoate (0.5); urea (7.5) + benzoate (0.5); urea (5) + benzoate (0.75); urea (7.5) + benzoate (0.75); sodium propionate (1, 2 and 4); calcium hydroxide (10). Urea + benzoate in the lowest doses, propionate in the higher concentration and calcium hydroxide were selected, considering the ethanol content (26.5, 27.2 and 7.4 g/kg DM, respectively), total DM loss (88, 46 and 58 g/kg DM, respectively) and digestibility (541, 496 and 516 g/kg DM, respectively) of the silages. Silages treated with these doses of additives and the untreated silage (80 d of storage) were fed (nine + seven d) to 16 castrated male sheep (Santa Inês) housed in metabolic cages. The silage with calcium hydroxide presented coefficients of apparent digestibility of DM (0.44), of NDF (0.4) and DM intake (20 g/kg live weight) in the higher levels. Calcium hydroxide was superior to propionate and urea + benzoate, considering alcoholic fermentation control and reduction of losses in the silage and the forages nutritional value.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi indicar um aditivo para a ensilagem da cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum officinarum L.). Em um ensaio de laboratório, nove tratamentos foram aplicados (g de aditivo/kgde forragem fresca - FF) à cana-de-açúcar (RB867515) antes da ensilagem em minisilos (tubos de PVC de 15 x 30 cm) durante 78 d: sem tratamento; uréia (5) + benzoato de sódio (0,5); uréia (7,5) + benzoato (0,5); uréia (5) + benzoato (0,75); uréia (7,5) + benzoato (0,75); propionato de sódio (1, 2 e 4); hidróxido de cálcio (10). Uréia + benzoato nas doses mais baixas, propionato na dose mais alta e hidróxido de cálcio foram selecionados, considerando a concentração de etanol (26,5; 27,2 e 7,4 g/kgMS, respectivamente), perda total de MS (88, 46 e 58 g/kg MS, respectivamente) e digestibilidade (541, 496 e 516 g/kg MS, respectivamente) das silagens. Silagens tratadas com estas dosagens dos aditivos e silagem não tratada (80 d estocagem) foram fornecidas (nove + sete d) a 16 carneiros (Santa Inês) machos castrados mantidos em gaiolas metabólicas. A silagem com hidróxido de cálcio apresentou coeficientes de digestibilidade aparente da MS (0,44), da FDN (0,40) e de ingestão da MS (20 g/kg peso vivo) nos níveis mais altos. Hidróxido de cálcio foi superior ao propionato e à uréia + benzoato, considerando-se o controle da fermentação alcoólica, a redução de perdas e o valor nutritivo da silagem.(AU)


Assuntos
Silagem/análise , Propionatos/análise , Propionatos/química , Benzoatos/química , Saccharum/química , Saccharum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
19.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 19(3): 131-135, jul.-set. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-691074

Resumo

O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar métodos de controle e tratamento de bacterioses na larvicultura de Litopenaeus vannamei, avaliando o uso contínuo de probiótico e o uso pontual de enrofloxacino 15mg.L-1 e propionato de sódio 0,5 mM.L-1 nos momentos de metamorfose sobre os, parâmetros zootécnicos e microbiológicos (larvas e da água). Foram utilizadas 16 unidades de 60L, povoadas na densidade de 325 náuplios.5L-1, divididos em três tratamentos: enrofloxacino, probiótico, propionato de sódio e controle. O enrofloxacino e o propionato foram ministrados em protozoea 3, misis 3 e pós-larva 4 e o probiótico foi ministrado na ração ao longo de todo o experimento. O probiótico aumentou as contagens de bactérias ácido-láticas em relação aos demais tratamentos na água de cultivo (p=0,00001) e em relação ao enrofloxacino e o proprionato nas larvas (p=0,0048). A água do tratamento com probiótico apresentou menor contagem de Vibrio spp. que o enrofloxacino (p=0,0011) e as larvas tratadas com probiótico apresentaram menor contagem de Vibrio spp. que o propionato (p=0,0158). Contudo, não foi observada diferença nos índices zootécnicos avaliados. Assim, os aditivos na dose utilizada não alteram parâmetros zootécnicos da larvicultura do camarão L. vannamei.(AU)


The purpose of this study was to assess control and treatment methods for bacterial diseases in Litopenaeus vannamei, evaluating the continuous use of probiotics and occasional use of 15mg-L-1 enrofloxacin and 0.5-mM.L-1 sodium propionate at the morphological change moments on the performance and microbiological parameters of larvae and water. A total of 16 60-L units were used, stocked with 325 nauplii/5L-1, divided into three treatments and one control. Enrofloxacin and propionate were administered into protozoea 3, misis 3 and 4, and post-larvae 4, while the probiotic was administered in the feed throughout the experiment. The probiotic increased the counts of lactic acid bacteria in relation to the other treatments in the culture water (p = 0.00001) and in relation to enrofloxacin and propionate in larvae (p = 0.0048). The treatment water with probiotic had lower counts of Vibrio ssp. than enrofloxacin (p = 0.0011) and larvae treated with probiotic showed lower counts of Vibrio ssp. that propionate (p = 0.0158). However, no difference was observed in the performance indexes assessed. Thus, it can be concluded that additives in the assessed doses did not influence the performance parameters of L. vannamei.(AU)


El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar métodos de control y tratamiento de enfermedades bacterianas en larvicultura de Litopenaeus vannamei, evaluando el uso continuo de probiótico y el uso puntual de 15 mg.L-1 de enrofloxacino y 0,5 mM.L-1 de propionato de sodio en momentos de metamorfosis sobre los parámetros zootécnicos y microbiológicos (larvas y del agua). Se han utilizado 16 unidades de 60L, pobladas en la densidad de 325 nauplios.5L-1, divididos en tres tratamientos: enrofloxacino, probiótico, propionato de sodio y control. El enrofloxacino y el propionato fueron suministrados en protozoea 3, misis 3 y postlarva 4 y el probiótico suministrado en alimento durante el transcurso del experimento. El probiótico aumentó el contaje de bacterias ácido-lácticas en correlación a los demás tratamientos en agua de cultivo (p=0,0001) y las larvas en relación al enrofloxacino y el propionato en las larvas (p=0,0048). El agua del tratamiento con probiótico presentó menor contaje de Vibrio spp. que el enrofloxacino (p=0,0011) y las larvas tratadas con probiótico presentaron menor contaje de Vibrio spp. que el propionato (p=0,0158). Sin embargo, no se ha observado diferencia en los índices zootécnicos de larvicultura de camarón L. vannamei.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Penaeidae/virologia , Penaeidae , Vibrioses/prevenção & controle , Prevenção de Doenças , Propionatos
20.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 19(3): 131-135, jul.-set. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-833148

Resumo

O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar métodos de controle e tratamento de bacterioses na larvicultura de Litopenaeus vannamei, avaliando o uso contínuo de probiótico e o uso pontual de enrofloxacino 15mg.L-1 e propionato de sódio 0,5 mM.L-1 nos momentos de metamorfose sobre os, parâmetros zootécnicos e microbiológicos (larvas e da água). Foram utilizadas 16 unidades de 60L, povoadas na densidade de 325 náuplios.5L-1, divididos em três tratamentos: enrofloxacino, probiótico, propionato de sódio e controle. O enrofloxacino e o propionato foram ministrados em protozoea 3, misis 3 e pós-larva 4 e o probiótico foi ministrado na ração ao longo de todo o experimento. O probiótico aumentou as contagens de bactérias ácido-láticas em relação aos demais tratamentos na água de cultivo (p=0,00001) e em relação ao enrofloxacino e o proprionato nas larvas (p=0,0048). A água do tratamento com probiótico apresentou menor contagem de Vibrio spp. que o enrofloxacino (p=0,0011) e as larvas tratadas com probiótico apresentaram menor contagem de Vibrio spp. que o propionato (p=0,0158). Contudo, não foi observada diferença nos índices zootécnicos avaliados. Assim, os aditivos na dose utilizada não alteram parâmetros zootécnicos da larvicultura do camarão L. vannamei.


The purpose of this study was to assess control and treatment methods for bacterial diseases in Litopenaeus vannamei, evaluating the continuous use of probiotics and occasional use of 15mg-L-1 enrofloxacin and 0.5-mM.L-1 sodium propionate at the morphological change moments on the performance and microbiological parameters of larvae and water. A total of 16 60-L units were used, stocked with 325 nauplii/5L-1, divided into three treatments and one control. Enrofloxacin and propionate were administered into protozoea 3, misis 3 and 4, and post-larvae 4, while the probiotic was administered in the feed throughout the experiment. The probiotic increased the counts of lactic acid bacteria in relation to the other treatments in the culture water (p = 0.00001) and in relation to enrofloxacin and propionate in larvae (p = 0.0048). The treatment water with probiotic had lower counts of Vibrio ssp. than enrofloxacin (p = 0.0011) and larvae treated with probiotic showed lower counts of Vibrio ssp. that propionate (p = 0.0158). However, no difference was observed in the performance indexes assessed. Thus, it can be concluded that additives in the assessed doses did not influence the performance parameters of L. vannamei.


El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar métodos de control y tratamiento de enfermedades bacterianas en larvicultura de Litopenaeus vannamei, evaluando el uso continuo de probiótico y el uso puntual de 15 mg.L-1 de enrofloxacino y 0,5 mM.L-1 de propionato de sodio en momentos de metamorfosis sobre los parámetros zootécnicos y microbiológicos (larvas y del agua). Se han utilizado 16 unidades de 60L, pobladas en la densidad de 325 nauplios.5L-1, divididos en tres tratamientos: enrofloxacino, probiótico, propionato de sodio y control. El enrofloxacino y el propionato fueron suministrados en protozoea 3, misis 3 y postlarva 4 y el probiótico suministrado en alimento durante el transcurso del experimento. El probiótico aumentó el contaje de bacterias ácido-lácticas en correlación a los demás tratamientos en agua de cultivo (p=0,0001) y las larvas en relación al enrofloxacino y el propionato en las larvas (p=0,0048). El agua del tratamiento con probiótico presentó menor contaje de Vibrio spp. que el enrofloxacino (p=0,0011) y las larvas tratadas con probiótico presentaron menor contaje de Vibrio spp. que el propionato (p=0,0158). Sin embargo, no se ha observado diferencia en los índices zootécnicos de larvicultura de camarón L. vannamei.


Assuntos
Animais , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Penaeidae/virologia , Vibrioses/prevenção & controle , Prevenção de Doenças , Propionatos
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