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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e382823, 2023. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1447036

Resumo

Purpose: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest cancers with increasing incidence. Even if progress have been made, the five-year overall survival remains lower than 10%. There is a desperate need in therapeutic improvements. In the last two decades, new in-vitro models have been developed and improved, including tridimensional-culture spheroids and organoids. However, animal studies remain mandatory in the upscaling before clinical studies. Orthotopic and syngeneic grafting is a robust model to test a drug efficiency in a tumor and its microenvironment. Methods: We described a method for orthotopic and syngeneic graft of KRAS mutated, p53 wildtype, 8305 cells in a C57BL/6J mouse model. Results: With this microsurgical method, 30 mice were grafted, 24 by a junior and six by a senior, resulting in 95,8 and 100% of (partial and total) successful tumoral implantation, respectively. Twenty mice underwent ultrasound follow-up. It was an efficient method for the tumoral growth evaluation. At day 16 after grafting, 85% of the tumors were detectable by ultrasound, and at day 22 all tumors were detected. Conclusions: The presented method appears to be a robust and reliable method for pre-clinical studies. A junior master student can provide positive results using this technique, which can be improved with training.


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Transplantes , Muridae
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 75(2): 214-214, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1427480

Resumo

The aim of this study was to present a novel surgical method for correction of medial patellar luxation in small-breed dogs with trochlear dysplasia and marked hypoplasia of the medial femoral condyle. The "Watermelon" approach was applied together with trochlear wedge recession or trochlear block recession and consisted in increasing the height of the medial condyle with an osteochondral autograft resembling a watermelon slice, placed into an additional slot in the medial femoral condyle to prevent the postoperative reluxation of the patella. The study cohort included 19 dogs (25 joints) from small breeds (Pinscher, Pomeranian, and Chihuahua) with second-grade medial patellar luxation. Fourteen joints were submitted to wedge recession surgery combined with "Watermelon" grafting, and 11 joints: to block recession surgery with "Watermelon" grafting. The sulcus-deepening trochleoplasty combined with "Watermelon" grafting was clinically successful and with low percentage of minor postoperative complications. The mean duration of anesthesia was significantly longer for block recession combined with "Watermelon" (P<0.001), but the recovery period was shorter (P<0.05).


O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar um novo método cirúrgico para correção da luxação patelar medial em cães de raça pequena com displasia troquelar e hipoplasia marcada do côndilo femoral medial. A abordagem "Melancia" foi aplicada juntamente com a recessão da cunha trocolear ou recessão do bloco trocolear e consistiu em aumentar a altura do côndilo medial com um auto-enxerto osteocondral parecido com uma fatia de melancia, colocado em uma fenda adicional no côndilo femoral medial para evitar o relaxamento pós-operatório da patela. A coorte do estudo incluiu 19 cães (25 juntas) de raças pequenas (Pinscher, Pomeranian, e Chihuahua) com luxação patelar medial de segundo grau. Catorze juntas foram submetidas à cirurgia de recessão em cunha combinada com enxerto de "melancia", e 11 juntas: para bloquear a cirurgia de recessão com enxerto de "melancia". A trocleoplastia de "melancia" combinada com o enxerto de "melancia" foi clinicamente bem sucedida e com baixo percentual de pequenas complicações pós-operatórias. A duração média da anestesia foi significativamente maior para a recessão em bloco combinada com "Melancia" (P<0,001), mas o período de recuperação foi mais curto (P<0,05).


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Transplantes , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Luxação Patelar/veterinária , Doenças do Cão
3.
Sci. agric ; 79(3): e20200216, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1290192

Resumo

Seasonal variations and production factors can influence the quality of grapes. Considering the Sub-middle region of the São Francisco Valley, Brazil, differentiated by production in rainy and warmer periods of the year, the climatic conditions in each season affect the duration of the phenological phases and quality of the grapes. The objective of this study was to characterize the changes in the quality components during maturation of 'BRS Magna' grapes on different rootstocks, in rainy seasons under tropical conditions, as a support to define the harvest time. The experiment was conducted in Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil, from Jan to Apr 2017 (cycle 1) and Dec 2017 to Apr 2018 (cycle 2) evaluating rootstocks and age of the fruits. Bunches were picked from the start of maturation to the harvest: 49, 56, 61, 64 and 68 days after fruit set (DAF) for cycle 1, and 35, 41, 48, 55, 61, and 66 DAF for cycle 2. In cycle 1 'IAC 572' and 'Paulsen 1103' rootstocks provided higher sugar contents in grapes, which was only repeated in cycle 2 for 'Paulsen 1103'. The accumulation of anthocyanins and yellow flavonoids was favored by 'IAC 313' and 'IAC 572' rootstocks in cycle 1, and by 'IAC 313' and 'IAC 766' in cycle 2. A higher content of polyphenols was conferred on 'IAC 572' in cycle 1 and on 'IAC 766' in cycle 2, which also had a greater antioxidant capacity. Although there were differences between rootstocks, harvesting at approximately 64 DAF maximized grape quality for all treatments.(AU)


Assuntos
Transplantes , Vitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estações do Ano , Brasil , Estação Chuvosa , Frutas/fisiologia
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(5): e360503, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278103

Resumo

ABSTRACT Purpose As a classical xenotransplantation model, porcine kidneys have been transplanted into the lower abdomen of non-human primates. However, we have improved upon this model by using size-matched grafting in the orthotopic position. The beneficial aspects and surgical details of our method are reported herein. Methods Donors were two newborn pigs (weighting 5 to 6 kg) and recipients were two cynomolgus monkeys (weighting, approximately, 7 kg). After bilateral nephrectomy, kidneys were cold-transported in Euro-Collins solution. The porcine kidney was transplanted to the site of a left nephrectomy and fixed to the peritoneum. Results Kidneys transplanted to the lower abdomen by the conventional method were more susceptible to torsion of the renal vein (two cases). In contrast, early-stage blood flow insufficiency did not occur in orthotopic transplants of theleft kidney. Conclusions Size-matched porcine-primate renal grafting using our method of transplanting tothe natural position of the kidneys contributes to stable post-transplant blood flow to the kidney.


Assuntos
Animais , Transplante de Rim , Transplantes , Suínos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Rim/cirurgia , Macaca fascicularis , Nefrectomia
5.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub.604-Jan 4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458467

Resumo

Background: Large skin defects are caused by tumor excision, making appropriate reconstruction and complete healingof the lesion a challenge for surgeons. There are some difficulties in reaching these goals, especially in cases of surgicalwound in the limbs, due to the scarce amount of skin and its reduced elasticity, which limit the possibility of flaps whencompared to the head, neck, and trunk. This study reports a case of wound closure on the lateral skin in the femoral regionof a dog’s pelvic limb via island skin graft associated with the implantation of a non-adherent cellulose acetate mesh andintensive postoperative care.Case: An 8-year-old Rottweiler female dog was attended at Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná’s Veterinary Clinic(CVE) in Curitiba, Paraná, presenting a tumor located laterocaudally to the right stifle joint. After preoperative examinations the patient underwent tumor surgery; however, two more surgical procedures were required due to suture dehiscence in the region, which resulted in increased wound size. At first, the wound was treated for granulation tissue to beformed. Subsequently, the island skin grafting technique was chosen to close the wound, associated with the implantationof a non-adherent cellulose acetate mesh imbibed with petrolatum emulsion to keep the grafted fragments in place. Themesh was fixed in a simple interrupted suture pattern using 2-0 nylon thread. The lateral regions of the chest and abdomen were chosen as donor skin beds due to their large dimensions, skin elasticity, and ease in defect reconstruction. Thefragments were obtained using a 10-mm biopsy punch and scalpel, and the defects were sutured in a simple interruptedpattern using 2-0 nylon thread. The patient remained hospitalized for movement restriction and postoperative monitoringfor 72 h, and the bandage remained untouched during this time interval. Thereafter, the patient...


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Cães/cirurgia , Pele , Transplantes , Neoplasias/veterinária , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/veterinária
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 49(suppl.1): Pub. 604, 10 fev. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30140

Resumo

Background: Large skin defects are caused by tumor excision, making appropriate reconstruction and complete healingof the lesion a challenge for surgeons. There are some difficulties in reaching these goals, especially in cases of surgicalwound in the limbs, due to the scarce amount of skin and its reduced elasticity, which limit the possibility of flaps whencompared to the head, neck, and trunk. This study reports a case of wound closure on the lateral skin in the femoral regionof a dogs pelvic limb via island skin graft associated with the implantation of a non-adherent cellulose acetate mesh andintensive postoperative care.Case: An 8-year-old Rottweiler female dog was attended at Pontifical Catholic University of Paranás Veterinary Clinic(CVE) in Curitiba, Paraná, presenting a tumor located laterocaudally to the right stifle joint. After preoperative examinations the patient underwent tumor surgery; however, two more surgical procedures were required due to suture dehiscence in the region, which resulted in increased wound size. At first, the wound was treated for granulation tissue to beformed. Subsequently, the island skin grafting technique was chosen to close the wound, associated with the implantationof a non-adherent cellulose acetate mesh imbibed with petrolatum emulsion to keep the grafted fragments in place. Themesh was fixed in a simple interrupted suture pattern using 2-0 nylon thread. The lateral regions of the chest and abdomen were chosen as donor skin beds due to their large dimensions, skin elasticity, and ease in defect reconstruction. Thefragments were obtained using a 10-mm biopsy punch and scalpel, and the defects were sutured in a simple interruptedpattern using 2-0 nylon thread. The patient remained hospitalized for movement restriction and postoperative monitoringfor 72 h, and the bandage remained untouched during this time interval. Thereafter, the patient...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Transplantes , Pele , Cães/cirurgia , Neoplasias/veterinária , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/veterinária
7.
Ars vet ; 37(3): 177-186, 2021. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1463595

Resumo

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a inflamação em auto-enxertos cutâneos obtidos no terceiro, sétimo e décimo quarto dia de pós-operatório, além disso, buscou-se determinar diferenças no processo de cicatrização no grupo tratado com células tronco mesenquimais xenógenas em relação ao grupo controle utilizando a avaliação microscópica e imuno-histoquímico. A avaliação microscópica foi realizada utilizando cortes histológicos corados pela técnica de histoquímica com hematoxilina-eosina (HE), e a imuno-histoquímica, com cortes submetidos a anticorpos específicos. As variáveis analisadas foram quantidade de vasos, células inflamatórias, COX-2, Macrófagos e presença de necrose. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo software R. A quantidade de vasos foi maior (p<0,0001) no grupo tratamento (GT) durante o dia 3, enquanto no grupo controle (GC) foi maior no dia 7. No dia 3 houve menor porcentagem de necrose no grupo tratamento (GT) (p = 0,038). Nos demais dias avaliados não houve diferença entre a porcentagem de necrose observada nos dois tratamentos (p = 0,98), sendo de 53% para o grupo controle (GC) e 47% para o grupo tratamento (GT). Em relação ao número de macrófagos não houve diferença entre os grupos (p = 0,5637). Entretanto, entre os dias houve diferença significativa (p = 0,0223), sendo menor número de macrófagos no terceiro dia. A imunomarcação de COX-2 foi similar entre os grupos (p = 0,5637) e entre os dias (p = 0,9843). Portanto, o emprego das células tronco mesenquimais xenógenas em enxertos cutâneos promoveu menor ocorrência de necrose, favorecendo sua cicatrização, e não induziu o processo inflamatório, sendo assim factível seu uso em cirurgias reconstrutivas.


The present study aimed to assess inflammation in skin autografts obtained on the third, seventh and fourteenth postoperative day, in addition, it sought to determine differences in the healing process in the group treated with xenogenous mesenchymal stem cells in relation to to the control group using microscopic and immunohistochemical evaluation. Microscopic evaluation was performed using histological sections, stained by the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) histochemistry technique, and immunohistochemistry with sections were subjected to specific antibodies. The variables analyzed were the number of vessels, inflammatory cells (COX-2 and Macrophages) and the presence of necrosis. The data were analyzed statistically by software R. The number of vessels was higher (p< 0.0001) ) in the treatment group (GT) during day 3, while in the control group (CG) it was higher on day 7. On day 3 there was a lower percentage of necrosis in the treatment group (GT) (p = 0.038). On the other evaluated days, there was no difference between the percentage of necrosis observed in the two treatments (p = 0.98), being 53% for the control group (CG) and 47% for the treatment group (GT). Regarding the number of macrophages, there was no difference between groups (p = 0.5637). However, between days there was a significant difference (p = 0.0223), with a lower number of macrophages on the third day. The immunostaining of COX-2 was similar between groups (p = 0.5637) and between days (p = 0.9843). Therefore, the use of xenogenous mesenchymal stem cells in skin grafts promoted a lower occurrence of necrosis, favoring its healing, and did not induce the inflammatory process, thus making its use in reconstructive surgery feasible.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Cicatrização , Coelhos/cirurgia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Necrose , Transplantes
8.
Ars Vet. ; 37(3): 177-186, 2021. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-33501

Resumo

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a inflamação em auto-enxertos cutâneos obtidos no terceiro, sétimo e décimo quarto dia de pós-operatório, além disso, buscou-se determinar diferenças no processo de cicatrização no grupo tratado com células tronco mesenquimais xenógenas em relação ao grupo controle utilizando a avaliação microscópica e imuno-histoquímico. A avaliação microscópica foi realizada utilizando cortes histológicos corados pela técnica de histoquímica com hematoxilina-eosina (HE), e a imuno-histoquímica, com cortes submetidos a anticorpos específicos. As variáveis analisadas foram quantidade de vasos, células inflamatórias, COX-2, Macrófagos e presença de necrose. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo software R. A quantidade de vasos foi maior (p<0,0001) no grupo tratamento (GT) durante o dia 3, enquanto no grupo controle (GC) foi maior no dia 7. No dia 3 houve menor porcentagem de necrose no grupo tratamento (GT) (p = 0,038). Nos demais dias avaliados não houve diferença entre a porcentagem de necrose observada nos dois tratamentos (p = 0,98), sendo de 53% para o grupo controle (GC) e 47% para o grupo tratamento (GT). Em relação ao número de macrófagos não houve diferença entre os grupos (p = 0,5637). Entretanto, entre os dias houve diferença significativa (p = 0,0223), sendo menor número de macrófagos no terceiro dia. A imunomarcação de COX-2 foi similar entre os grupos (p = 0,5637) e entre os dias (p = 0,9843). Portanto, o emprego das células tronco mesenquimais xenógenas em enxertos cutâneos promoveu menor ocorrência de necrose, favorecendo sua cicatrização, e não induziu o processo inflamatório, sendo assim factível seu uso em cirurgias reconstrutivas.(AU)


The present study aimed to assess inflammation in skin autografts obtained on the third, seventh and fourteenth postoperative day, in addition, it sought to determine differences in the healing process in the group treated with xenogenous mesenchymal stem cells in relation to to the control group using microscopic and immunohistochemical evaluation. Microscopic evaluation was performed using histological sections, stained by the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) histochemistry technique, and immunohistochemistry with sections were subjected to specific antibodies. The variables analyzed were the number of vessels, inflammatory cells (COX-2 and Macrophages) and the presence of necrosis. The data were analyzed statistically by software R. The number of vessels was higher (p< 0.0001) ) in the treatment group (GT) during day 3, while in the control group (CG) it was higher on day 7. On day 3 there was a lower percentage of necrosis in the treatment group (GT) (p = 0.038). On the other evaluated days, there was no difference between the percentage of necrosis observed in the two treatments (p = 0.98), being 53% for the control group (CG) and 47% for the treatment group (GT). Regarding the number of macrophages, there was no difference between groups (p = 0.5637). However, between days there was a significant difference (p = 0.0223), with a lower number of macrophages on the third day. The immunostaining of COX-2 was similar between groups (p = 0.5637) and between days (p = 0.9843). Therefore, the use of xenogenous mesenchymal stem cells in skin grafts promoted a lower occurrence of necrosis, favoring its healing, and did not induce the inflammatory process, thus making its use in reconstructive surgery feasible.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Necrose , Coelhos/cirurgia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Cicatrização , Transplantes
9.
Ci. Rural ; 51(7)2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-31179

Resumo

Rootstocks are widely used in viticulture due to their resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. Additionally, rootstocks can affect vine growth and fruit quality. This study evaluated the compatibility and initial developmental of the BRS Magna grafted on different rootstocks The wedge graft technique on woody cuttings was utilized. The percentage of survival ranged from 0% (VR043-43) to 98.33% (101-14 MGT), and the rootstock were grouped into three distinct groups. IAC 313 Tropical and SO4 rootstocks were those ones with the highest vigor in relation to initial shoot growth. However, IAC 572 Jales, Harmony, 3309 Couderc and Gravesac had the best balance between initial shoot growth and root development. The BRS Magna when grafted on rootstocks IAC 313 Tropical, SO4 and 101-14 MGT showed the highest initial development rates, while when grafted on R99, R110 and 420A, it showed the lowest initial development.(AU)


Os porta-enxertos são amplamente utilizados na viticultura devido à sua resistência aos estresses biótico e abiótico. Além disso, os porta-enxertos podem afetar o crescimento da videira e a qualidade dos frutos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a compatibilidade e o desenvolvimento inicial de videiras BRS Magna enxertada em diferentes porta-enxertos. A técnica de enxertia em fenda foi utilizada. A porcentagem de sobrevivência variou de 0% (VR043-43) a 98,33% (101-14 MGT) e os porta-enxertos foram agrupados em três grupos distintos. Os porta-enxertos IAC 313 Tropical e SO4 foram os de maior vigor em relação ao crescimento inicial da parte aérea. Já IAC 572 Jales, Harmony, 3309 Couderc e Gravesac tiveram o melhor equilíbrio entre o crescimento inicial da parte aérea e o desenvolvimento das raízes. BRS Magna quando enxertada nos porta-enxertos IAC 313 Tropical, SO4 e 101-14 MGT apresentou as maiores taxas de desenvolvimento inicial, enquanto que, quando enxertada em R99, R110 e 420A, apresentou os menores valores iniciais de desenvolvimento.(AU)


Assuntos
Transplantes/microbiologia , Vitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Frutas/anatomia & histologia
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1018-1028, Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155043

Resumo

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from canine adipose tissue in the healing process of full-thickness mesh skin grafts in rabbits. The stem cells were collected from young dogs; and, after characterization, remained in cryopreservation, in independent doses containing 2 x 106 cells. The mesh distal limb graft technique was performed in 60 rabbits, divided into three groups, CG (Control Group), GT1 (Intralesional Stem Cell Treated Group), and GT2 (Intravenous Stem Cell Treated Group), containing 20 animals each. After grafting, each group was randomly divided into four subgroups according to euthanasia time 3, 7, 14, and 30 days, containing five animals in each group. Animals of GT1_14, GT1_30, and GT2_14, GT2_30 subgroups received a second dose of xenogeneic cells on the seventh day. Meanwhile, animals from GT1_30 and GT2_30 received the third dose of xenogeneic cells on day 14. The groups treated with xenogeneic stem cells positively affected type III collagen re-epithelialization and deposition, and possibly GT1 had a controlled inflammatory response. However, no effect on angiogenesis. Thus, it was possible to demonstrate tolerance and therapeutic action of mesenchymal stem cells from canine adipose tissue in skin grafts in rabbits.(AU)


O presente estudo teve como principal objetivo avaliar os efeitos das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães no processo de cicatrização de autoenxertos de pele de espessura total em malha em coelhos. As células-tronco foram coletadas de cães jovens, após a caracterização estas permaneceram em criopreservação, em doses individuais contendo 2 x 106 células. A técnica de enxerto em malha na região distal do membro foi realizada em 60 coelhos, divididos em três grupos, GC (Grupo Controle), GT1 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco intralesional) e GT2 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco via endovenosa), contendo 20 animais cada. Imediatamente após a enxertia, cada grupo foi dividido aleatoriamente em quatro subgrupos, de acordo com o tempo de eutanásia 3, 7, 14 e 30 dias contendo cinco animais cada. Animais dos subgrupos GT1_14, GT1_30 e GT2_14, GT2_30 receberam uma segunda dose de células xenógenas no sétimo dia. Ademais, animais do GT1_30 e do GT2_30 receberam a terceira dose de células xenógenas no dia 14. Os grupos tratados com células-tronco xenógenas tiveram um efeito positivo na reepitelização e deposição de colágeno tipo III, e possivelmente, o GT1 teve uma resposta inflamatória controlada, entretanto o efeito na angiogênese não foi observado. Dessa forma, foi possível demonstrar que houve tolerância e ação terapêutica das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães em enxertos de pele em coelhos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Coelhos , Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo , Transplantes , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Autoenxertos , Cicatrização , Neovascularização Fisiológica
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1018-1028, dez. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-33269

Resumo

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from canine adipose tissue in the healing process of full-thickness mesh skin grafts in rabbits. The stem cells were collected from young dogs; and, after characterization, remained in cryopreservation, in independent doses containing 2 x 106 cells. The mesh distal limb graft technique was performed in 60 rabbits, divided into three groups, CG (Control Group), GT1 (Intralesional Stem Cell Treated Group), and GT2 (Intravenous Stem Cell Treated Group), containing 20 animals each. After grafting, each group was randomly divided into four subgroups according to euthanasia time 3, 7, 14, and 30 days, containing five animals in each group. Animals of GT1_14, GT1_30, and GT2_14, GT2_30 subgroups received a second dose of xenogeneic cells on the seventh day. Meanwhile, animals from GT1_30 and GT2_30 received the third dose of xenogeneic cells on day 14. The groups treated with xenogeneic stem cells positively affected type III collagen re-epithelialization and deposition, and possibly GT1 had a controlled inflammatory response. However, no effect on angiogenesis. Thus, it was possible to demonstrate tolerance and therapeutic action of mesenchymal stem cells from canine adipose tissue in skin grafts in rabbits.(AU)


O presente estudo teve como principal objetivo avaliar os efeitos das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães no processo de cicatrização de autoenxertos de pele de espessura total em malha em coelhos. As células-tronco foram coletadas de cães jovens, após a caracterização estas permaneceram em criopreservação, em doses individuais contendo 2 x 106 células. A técnica de enxerto em malha na região distal do membro foi realizada em 60 coelhos, divididos em três grupos, GC (Grupo Controle), GT1 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco intralesional) e GT2 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco via endovenosa), contendo 20 animais cada. Imediatamente após a enxertia, cada grupo foi dividido aleatoriamente em quatro subgrupos, de acordo com o tempo de eutanásia 3, 7, 14 e 30 dias contendo cinco animais cada. Animais dos subgrupos GT1_14, GT1_30 e GT2_14, GT2_30 receberam uma segunda dose de células xenógenas no sétimo dia. Ademais, animais do GT1_30 e do GT2_30 receberam a terceira dose de células xenógenas no dia 14. Os grupos tratados com células-tronco xenógenas tiveram um efeito positivo na reepitelização e deposição de colágeno tipo III, e possivelmente, o GT1 teve uma resposta inflamatória controlada, entretanto o efeito na angiogênese não foi observado. Dessa forma, foi possível demonstrar que houve tolerância e ação terapêutica das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães em enxertos de pele em coelhos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Coelhos , Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo , Transplantes , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Autoenxertos , Cicatrização , Neovascularização Fisiológica
12.
Ci. Rural ; 50(9): e20190284, July 29, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-28314

Resumo

It is known that skin healing in cats is slower and has a higher complication rate than in dogs, what leads to search for new resources to enhance this process. Omentum properties in the aid of tissue repair are known and, among the forms of extraperitoneal omentalization, the use of free omental grafts without vascular anastomosis is advantageous, but little studied; there is no knowledge about its effect on skin healing, nor if its still viable when implanted in the subcutaneous space. Thus, the present study aimed to describe possible alterations produced by free omental graft without anastomosis inserted in the subcutaneous space, by means of macroscopic clinical analysis of the implantation region in cats. Twenty intact female cats were divided into two groups (Group 1: treated animals; Group 2: controls) of similar size. All animals were subjected to ovariosalpingohysterectomy (OSH) prior to the induction of an experimental wound for the implantation of the omental graft. Wounds were evaluated on days 1, 2, 4, 8, and 15 postsurgery and then weekly until no lesions were noted. Data regarding color, consistency, presence or absence of crusts, wound resistance, and volume measurements were recorded. There was activation of the omentum on the 4th day of evaluation with reduction of hemorrhage and an increase in the resistance to traction of the experimental wound. We concluded that the omentum without vascular anastomosis is capable of maintaining its viability and exert positive influence on the repair process without showing deleterious signs on the implantation site.(AU)


Sabe-se que a cicatrização de pele em gatos é mais lenta e apresenta índice maior de complicações que nos cães, dai a importância da busca de novos recursos para estimular o processo cicatricial. São conhecidas as propriedades do omento no auxílio ao reparo tecidual e, dentre as formas de omentalização extraperitoneal, o uso do omento livre sem anastomose vascular é vantajoso, porém pouco estudado; não há conhecimento sobre seu efeito na cicatrização cutânea, tampouco se permanece viável quando implantado no espaço subcutâneo. Sendo assim, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar possíveis alterações produzidas pelo enxerto omental livre sem anastomose inserido no espaço subcutâneo, por meio da avaliação clínica macroscópica da região de implantação em gatos. Foram utilizadas 20 gatas, de idade entre um e sete anos, sem alterações em exame de sangue, FIV/FELV negativas. Os animais foram divididos em dois grupos (Tratado e Controle) de igual tamanho, diferindo quanto à utilização do enxerto de omento livre. Foi realizada cirurgia de ovariossalpingohisterectomia (OSH) em todos os animais, previamente à criação da ferida experimental para implantação ou não do enxerto omental. As feridas foram avaliadas nos dias 1, 2, 4, 8 e 15 do pós-operatório e a partir de então semanalmente, até nenhuma alteração ser observada. Foram anotados dados referentes à coloração, consistência, presença de crosta, resistência da ferida e medidas do volume. Nos resultados destacou-se a ativação do omento no quarto dia de avaliação, observada pelo aumento de volume, com redução de hemorragia e aumento na resistência da ferida experimental à tração. Conclui-se que o omento em sua forma livre sem anastomose é capaz de manter sua viabilidade e exercer influência positiva sobre o processo de reparo, sem demonstrar sinais deletérios sobre a região implantada.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gatos , Transplantes , Anastomose Cirúrgica/veterinária , Cicatrização , Omento
13.
Acta cir. bras. ; 35(4): e202000405, June 5, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-27503

Resumo

Purpose To investigate the effects of Chemically Extracted Acellular Nerves (CEANs) when combined with Adipose-Derived mesenchymal Stem Cell (ADSC) transplantation on the repair of sciatic nerve defects in rabbits. Methods A total of 71 six-month-old Japanese rabbit were used in this study. Twenty rabbits served as sciatic nerve donors, while the other 51 rabbits were randomly divided into Autologous Nerve Transplantation Group (ANT, n=17), CEAN group (n=17) and CEAN-ADSCs group (n=17). In all these groups, the rabbits left sciatic nerves were injured before the experiment, and the uninjured sciatic nerves on their right side were used as the control (CON). Electrophysiological tests were carried out and sciatic nerves were prepared for histomorphology and stretch testing at 24 weeks post-transplant. Results There were significant differences between ANT and Con groups in amplitude (AMP): P=0.031; motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV): P=0.029; Maximum stress: P=0.029; and Maximum strain P=0.027. There were also differences between the CEAN and CEAN+ADSCs groups in AMP: P=0.026, MNCV: P=0.024; Maximum stress: P=0.025 and Maximum strain: P=0.030. No significant differences in these parameters were observed when comparing the ANT and CEAN+SACN groups (MNCV: P=0.071) or the CEAN and ANT groups (Maximum stress: P=0.069; Maximum strain P=0.077). Conclusion Addition of ADSCs has a significant impact on the recovery of nerve function, morphology, and tensile mechanical properties following sciatic nerve injury.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Nervo Isquiático/anormalidades , Transplantes , Tecido Adiposo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais
14.
Acta cir. bras. ; 34(7): e201900704, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-23660

Resumo

Purpose: The effects of resveratrol administration on calvarial bone defects with alloplastic graft material was investigated for osteoinductive reaction and bone development in rats. Methods: Healthy male rats were randomly divided into 3 groups consisting of 10 rats. Groups were as follows: control (defect) group, defect + graft group, and defect + graft + resveratrol group. A calvarial bone defect was created in all groups, alloplastic bone grafts were applied to the defect in the 2nd and 3rd group, resveratrol (5 mg/kg/day) was added to the drinking water of the animals following graft application for 28 days in the 3rd group. Results: Increase in osteoclasts and necrotic changes were observed histopathologically in the control group. In the 2nd group, reduction of inflammation, congestion of blood vessels, increased osteblastic activity, osteoinductive effect, progression of osteocyte development and increased collagen fibers in connective tissue were observed. In the 3rd group, osteoblasts seemed to secrete bone matrix and accelerate osteoinductive effect with increased osteopregenitor activity and positive osteopontin and osteonectin expressions. Conclusion: Resveratrol treatment was thought to be an alternative and supportive drug for implant application by inducing new bone formation in the calvaral defect region as a result of short-term treatment.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Osso e Ossos/lesões , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Resveratrol/administração & dosagem , Resveratrol/uso terapêutico , Transplantes/anatomia & histologia , Transplantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplantes/cirurgia , Turquia
15.
Acta cir. bras. ; 34(11): e201901107, 2019. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24198

Resumo

Purpose: To establish a hypotensive brain death pig model and observe the effects of hypotension on small bowel donors. Methods: The hypotensive brain death model was produced using the modified intracranial water sac inflation method in ten domestic crossbred pigs. Effects of hypotensive brain death on small bowel tissue morphology were evaluated through changes in intestinal tissue pathology, tight junction protein of the intestinal mucosa and plasma intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (i-FABP) levels. The pathophysiological mechanism was examined based on changes in superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow and systemic hemodynamics. Results: After model establishment, SMA blood flow, and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) significantly decreased, while heart rate increased rapidly and fluctuated significantly. Small bowel tissue morphology and levels of tight junction protein of the intestinal mucosa showed that after model establishment, small bowel tissue injury was gradually aggravated over time (P 0.05). Plasma i-FABP levels significantly increased after brain death (P 0.05). Conclusions: A hypotensive brain death pig model was successfully established using an improved intracranial water sac inflation method. This method offers a possibility of describing the injury mechanisms more clearly during and after brain death.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Suínos/cirurgia , Transplantes/classificação , Intestinos/cirurgia , Morte Encefálica/veterinária
16.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 29(4,supl.3): 41-44, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-759369

Resumo

A perfuração ocular é considerada uma emergência na oftalmologia veterinária. Ela ocorre quando camadas mais profundas da córnea são lesionadas, levando ao extravasamento dos componentes oculares. O tratamento é cirúrgico e dentre as técnicas existentes, os enxertos conjuntivais pediculados são considerados como procedimentos de eleição. O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de relatar um caso de perfuração corneana na qual realizou-se a técnica de enxerto conjuntival pediculado para recuperação da integridade do globo ocular de um paciente canino. Durante o pós-cirúrgico ocorreu a deiscência de sutura, sendo necessária a realização de uma nova cirurgia, alcançando assim a cicatrização da lesão e a preservação do bulbo ocular acometido.(AU)


Eye perforation is considered an emergency in veterinary ophthalmology. It occurs when deeper layers of the cornea are injured, leading to leakage of eye components. The treatment is surgical and among the existing techniques, pediculated conjunctival grafts are considered as procedures of choice. This paper aims to report a case of corneal perforation in which the pediculated conjunctival graft technique was performed to recover the integrity of the eyeball of a canine patient. During the postoperative period there was suture dehiscence and a new surgery was necessary, thus achieving wound healing and preservation of the affected ocular bulb.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Transplantes , Traumatismos Oculares/terapia , Traumatismos Oculares/veterinária , Doenças do Cão , Lesões da Córnea/terapia , Lesões da Córnea/veterinária
17.
R. bras. Ci. Vet. ; 25(2): 49-54, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-741015

Resumo

Na pele, quando a cicatrização por primeira intenção não é possível devido ao excesso de tensão tecidual, a melhor opção setorna a utilização de técnicas cirúrgicas reconstrutivas como retalhos e enxertos. A utilização de enxertos ou retalhos, reduzconsideravelmente o tempo de cicatrização das lesões, além de minimizar os riscos de possíveis infecções. Ademais, pela grandefrequência de lesões traumáticas múltiplas, cutâneas e ósseas que ocorrem nos pequenos animais após atropelamentos e suasinúmeras opções de tratamento, o que torna por vezes difícil a escolha da melhor conduta a estes pacientes, objetivou-se descrevero tratamento de uma ferida traumática, utilizando, açúcar, tala de Robert Jones modificada, seguido de enxerto cutâneo em malhade espessura total, em um cão que apresentava extensa ferida cutânea infectada e luxação aberta metatarsofalangeana, dandoênfase ao retorno funcional do membro. O paciente canino, foi submetido ao tratamento por segunda intenção da ferida, até amesma estar apta a receber a enxertia cutânea. Os resultados foram satisfatórios, ocorrendo cicatrização completa da ferida ereestabilização funcional do membro com 120 dias de tratamento. Conclui-se que a combinação de tratamentos, conservativoe cirúrgico, pode ser uma alternativa eficiente a amputação do membro no tratamento de ferida lacerada infectada associada aluxação articular completa(AU)


In the skin, when healing by first intention is not possible due to excess tissue tension, the best option becomes the use of reconstructive surgical techniques such as flaps and grafts. The use of grafts or flaps, greatly reduces the healing time of the lesions, in addition to minimizing the risks of possible infections. In addition, due to the great frequency of multiple traumatic, cutaneous and bone injuries that occur in small animals after running over and their innumerable treatment options, which makes it sometimes difficult to choose the best behavior for these patients, the objective was to describe the treatment of a traumatic wound, using modified Robert Jones sugar, followed by total thickness mesh cutaneous graft, in a dog that had an extensive infected cutaneous wound and open metatarsophalangeal luxation, emphasizing the functional return of the limb. The canine patient, was submitted to the second intention treatment of the wound until it was able to receive cutaneous grafting. The results were satisfactory, with complete wound healing and functional limb reestablishment with 120 days of treatment. It is concluded that the combination of conservative and surgical treatments can be an efficient alternative to limb amputation in the treatment of infected lacerated wound associated with complete joint dislocation, generating satisfactory functional and aesthetic results.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Transplantes , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/anormalidades , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/veterinária
18.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 83-86, 2017.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1472332

Resumo

The efficiency of the mesh graft used in lacerating wound was evaluated when comparedto another wound treated by second intention. The debridement of the wound wasperformed, the necrotic tissue was removed for subsequent granulation tissue formationand graft application. The transplanted skin was collected from the thoracic region with thesame measures of the defect to be corrected. The preparation of the graft consisted of theremoval of adipose tissue, and later, with the use of the scalpel blade, several rectilinearcuts were made, leaving it with mesh pattern. The graft was fixed to the wound with theuse of a separate single suture. After the surgical procedure, a bandage with hydrogel wasapplied to the limb of the animal, where the dressing change occurred at intervals of fourdays. We concluded that the wound treatment in the MTE using the graft was efficient withtotal wound healing when compared to the non-grafted MTD treatment.Palavras-chaves: cirurgia reconstrutiva; plástica; cão.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Lacerações/terapia , Lacerações/veterinária , Pelve/lesões , Telas Cirúrgicas/veterinária , Transplantes
19.
Ciênc. Anim. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 83-86, 2017.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-728560

Resumo

The efficiency of the mesh graft used in lacerating wound was evaluated when comparedto another wound treated by second intention. The debridement of the wound wasperformed, the necrotic tissue was removed for subsequent granulation tissue formationand graft application. The transplanted skin was collected from the thoracic region with thesame measures of the defect to be corrected. The preparation of the graft consisted of theremoval of adipose tissue, and later, with the use of the scalpel blade, several rectilinearcuts were made, leaving it with mesh pattern. The graft was fixed to the wound with theuse of a separate single suture. After the surgical procedure, a bandage with hydrogel wasapplied to the limb of the animal, where the dressing change occurred at intervals of fourdays. We concluded that the wound treatment in the MTE using the graft was efficient withtotal wound healing when compared to the non-grafted MTD treatment.Palavras-chaves: cirurgia reconstrutiva; plástica; cão.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Lacerações/terapia , Lacerações/veterinária , Pelve/lesões , Telas Cirúrgicas/veterinária , Transplantes
20.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 45(suppl.1): 1-3, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-16986

Resumo

Background: In facial reconstruction, several kinds of grafts can be used, like bone grafting, cutaneous grafting, biological membranes, fasciae latae, biomaterials, and others. The advantage of using fasciae latae in the tissue reparation is the need of little blood supply, making it a viable option in the restoration of biological functions. The objective of this study was to describe the case of a female poodle, 12-year-old, and with subcutaneous emphysema due to fracture of the nasal bone, submitted to cranioplasty using fasciae latae. Case: It was attended a 12-year-old female poodle due to a traumatic brain injury. At physical examination, the animal had presented facial swelling and respiratory distress with inspiratory effort. Additionally, were verified subcutaneous emphysema and a depression in the nasal plane region with crepitus on palpation. Radiographic examinations revealed nasal bone and maxilla fractures. The animal was submitted to cranioplasty for nasal bone fracture repair. To access the nasal bone and frontal sinus was performed an incision in the dorsal midline from the level of medial orbital rim to the nasal plane. The subcutaneous tissue was divulsioned to allow the exposure of the nasal bone fracture, whose small fragments prevented the internal fixation. The bone defect was then repaired using free autologous fasciae latae of 2 cm wide x 3 cm long, sutured to the periosteum. Subcutaneous emphysema gradually decreased until its resolution at three days postoperatively. The surgical wound had complete healing at 10 days after surgery without concomitant complications. Discussion: The choice of the reconstructive technique is based on the operative planning and the surgeons experience. In the present case we opted for the autologous fasciae latae graft since its ready availability and lesser predisposition to immunogenic sensibilization and rejection.[…](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Crânio/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo/veterinária , Transplantes , Autoenxertos , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/veterinária , Fraturas Ósseas
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