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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. avic ; 25(2): eRBCA-2021-1599, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419077

Resumo

This study described changes in the serum biochemistry, morphology of genital organs, long bone, and eggshell during the daily egg formation cycle in Japanese quails. Sixty quails (18-wk) were distributed in 6 groups according to hours post-oviposition (POV): 0 hr POV (16h00), 2 hrs POV (egg in magnum), and 4, 8, 14, and 20 hrs POV (egg in uterus). The magnum had higher relative weight before the next ovulation (20 and 0 hr POV), and its tubular glands showed functional variation through periods: abundant eosinophilic, PAS+, and negative Alcian blue secretion at 0 and 2 hrs, empty glands aspect at 4 hrs, and filled again at 20 hrs POV. Serum albumin and total Ca had the highest value in the 2 hrs group, and the lowest in 8 and 14 hrs groups. Egg-cycle period affected the Ca% of the medullar bone of the femur and tibiotarsus, with the lowest mean at 14 hrs POV (06h00), and the highest mean after oviposition (0 hr POV), showing the recovery of Ca stores in long bones for the next egg cycle. Analysis of the eggshell using scanning electron microscopy evidenced that palisade layer formation starts during the night (8­14 hrs POV), and most parts are secreted during the day period. In conclusion, eggshell secretion in light periods, high magnum activity and medullary bone Ca deposition during midday and afternoon, as well as the ovulation/oviposition in the afternoon, are the main characteristics of the distinct physiological aspects of the egg cycle in quails.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bioquímica/métodos , Ovos/análise , Coturnix/fisiologia , Tubas Uterinas/química
2.
Rev. bras. reprod. anim ; 45(4): 590-599, out.-dez. 2021. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1492713

Resumo

At mating or artificial insemination, sperm begin their movement towards the site of fertilization. However, most sperm are lost due to retrograde flow and very few ultimately reach the upper oviduct where fertilization occurs. The complex structure of the oviduct functions to store sperm, to increase their lifespan, and to release and move sperm towards the oocytes in the ampulla. To accomplish this feat, the oviduct has complex folds that provide direction to sperm, waves of fluid that carry sperm and also provide sperm direction, adhesive glycans that retain sperm in the isthmus, and a signaling sperm to promote sperm release from the isthmus for fertilization. A better understanding of how the oviduct accomplishes these goals will likely lead to improved sperm storage and release and enhanced fertility.


Assuntos
Masculino , Animais , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Transporte Espermático/genética , Tubas Uterinas , Fertilidade
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(2): 141-154, Feb. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1098447

Resumo

Although Trachemys scripta elegans is an exotic species popular as a pet in Brazil, studies on reproductive biology and capacity are non-existent in the Brazilian Cerrado. This study analyzed ovarian and oviduct characteristics and the egg production capacity of T. scripta elegans grown in this biome. The findings will associate with the size of the specimens and the sexual maturity, aiming at comparisons with native and exotic populations, as well as interspecific and contributing to the understanding of its impact on the invaded ecosystems and the establishment of eradication programs. Thus, 39 females had evaluated the body biometry and the morphology and morphometry of the ovaries and oviducts. G2 (N=20): with Class I (>5-10mm) follicles, with Class I and Class II (>10-fold) follicles, 25mm) and G3 (N=9) with Class I, Class II and Class III (>25mm) follicles. Analysis of variance, Scott-Knott's test, and Pearson's correlation analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the groups in body biometry; in the mean gonadosomatic index and gonadal morphometry, only the width of the oviducts in the right antimer and the mass and width in the left antimer were higher in G3, the only one that presented eggs. There was positive and harmonic development between body mass, carapace, and plastron, and gonadal growth occurred concomitantly with body growth, indicating a higher reproductive potential and a positive relationship between the size of the litter and the female litter. The gonadosomatic index proved to be an excellent reproductive indicator, and the ovarian evaluation was a better indicator of sexual maturity than the maximum carapace length. Ovaries were irregular structures, without delimitation between the cortical and medullary regions and filled with vitelogenic follicles of different diameters, atresic follicles, and corpora lutea, which reflected the ovarian complexity of the species and the presence of follicular hierarchy. In the scarce stroma, two germinative beds were observed per ovary and the presence of gaps very close to the follicles and associated with the blood vessels. Analysis of gonadal tissue revealed three types of oocytes according to cytoplasmic characteristics: homogeneous, vesicular or vesicular in the cortex with apparent granules. Oviducts were functional and separated, joining only in the final portion to form the cloaca and subdivided into infundibulum, tuba, isthmus, uterus, and vagina. The structure of the uterine tube was composed of serosa, muscular and mucous, which was full of glands. The presence of eggs in the oviducts indicated that the specimens can reproduce in the Brazilian Cerrado. This study provides necessary and relevant information on the reproductive biology and capacity of T. scripta elegans in the Brazilian Cerrado and can contribute to the understanding of its impact on the invaded ecosystems and the establishment of eradication programs. The extraction of females with capacity can reduce the annual reproductive yield of the species and decrease its effect on local biodiversity.(AU)


Embora Trachemys scripta elegans seja uma espécie exótica popular como animal de estimação no Brasil, estudos sobre biologia e capacidade reprodutivas são inexistentes no Cerrado brasileiro. Este estudo analisou características ovarianas e do oviduto e a capacidade de produção de ovos em T. scripta elegans criadas neste bioma, correlacionando estes achados ao tamanho dos espécimes e a maturidade sexual, visando comparações com populações nativas e exóticas, bem como interespecíficas e contribuir para a compreensão de seu impacto nos ecossistemas invadidos e com o estabelecimento de programas de erradicação. Assim, 39 fêmeas tiveram avaliadas a biometria corporal e a morfologia e morfometria dos ovários e ovidutos. De acordo com o tamanho dos folículos ovarianos as fêmeas foram separadas em G1 (N= 10): com folículos Classe I (>5-10 mm), G2 (N= 20): com folículos Classe I e Classe II (>10-25 mm) e G3 (N= 9) com folículos Classe I, Classe II e Classe III (>25 mm). À análise de variância, teste de Scott-Knott e à análise de correlação de Pearson verificou-se que não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos na biometria corporal; no índice gonadossomático médio e na morfometria gonadal, apenas a largura dos ovidutos no antímero direito e a massa e a largura no antímero esquerdo foram maiores no G3, o único que apresentou ovos. Houve desenvolvimento positivo e harmônico entre massa corporal, carapaça e plastrão e o crescimento gonadal ocorreu concomitante ao crescimento corporal, indicando maior potencial reprodutivo e relação positiva entre o tamanho da ninhada de ovos e o da fêmea. O índice gonadossomático mostrou-se um bom indicador reprodutivo e a avaliação ovariana um melhor indicador da maturidade sexual que o comprimento máximo da carapaça. Ovários foram estruturas irregulares, sem delimitação entre a região cortical e medular e repletos de folículos vitelogênicos de diferentes diâmetros, folículos atrésicos e corpos lúteos, que refletiram a complexidade ovariana da espécie e a presença de hierarquia folicular. No estroma escasso foram observados dois leitos germinativos por ovário e a presença de lacunas muito próximas aos folículos e associadas aos vasos sanguíneos. A análise do tecido gonadal revelou três tipos de oócitos de acordo com as características do citoplasma: homogêneo, vesicular ou vesicular no córtex com grânulos aparentes. Ovidutos eram funcionais e separados, unindo-se apenas na porção final para formar a cloaca e subdividiam-se em infundíbulo, tuba uterina, istmo, útero e vagina. A estrutura da tuba uterina era constituída de serosa, muscular e mucosa, a qual era repleta de glândulas. A presença de ovos nos ovidutos indicou que os espécimes podem se reproduzir no cerrado brasileiro. Este estudo fornece informações básicas e relevantes da biologia e capacidade reprodutivas de T. scripta elegans no Cerrado brasileiro e pode contribuir com a compreensão de seu impacto nos ecossistemas invadidos e com o estabelecimento de programas de erradicação, uma vez que a extração de fêmeas com capacidade reprodutiva pode contribuir com a diminuição do rendimento reprodutivo anual da espécie e diminuir seu efeito sobre a biodiversidade local.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Oviductos/anatomia & histologia , Tartarugas/anatomia & histologia , Tubas Uterinas/anatomia & histologia , Maturidade Sexual , Corpo Lúteo/anatomia & histologia , Pradaria , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2101-2110, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142286

Resumo

O conhecimento da anatomia de qualquer animal silvestre é de fundamental importância para sua preservação e proteção. Neste contexto, o presente estudo objetivou descrever a morfologia do sistema reprodutor feminino de Alouatta belzebul. Foram utilizados seis espécimes de A. belzebul, fêmeas, adultas, e livres de lesões. Observou-se macroscopicamente que os ovários têm características morfológicas em formato ovoides, com superfície lisa, e, na análise histológica na região de córtex, evidenciou-se folículos ovarianos em diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento. As tubas uterinas anatomicamente são finas e curvilíneas, apresentando uma camada mucosa, uma muscular e outra serosa. O útero possui formato simples, com fundo globoso, com um miométrio altamente vascularizado, sendo organizado em feixes de fibras musculares lisas. A estrutura anatômica da vagina apresentou-se como um tubo muscular longo de paredes finas, onde, na região vestibular, o óstio externo da uretra é marcado por uma papila uretral bilobada e, na região de vulva, em sua porção caudal, contatou-se um clitóris bem desenvolvido. No que concerne à análise histológica da vagina, verificou-se, em região de mucosa vaginal, um extrato basal composto por epitélio estratificado pavimentoso não queratinizado atrófico. As descrições morfológicas fornecem, de forma inédita, informações importantes relativas à anatomia macroscópica e microscópica do sistema reprodutor feminino dessa espécie.(AU)


Knowledge of the anatomy of any wild animal is of fundamental importance for its preservation and protection. In this context the present study aimed to describe the morphology of the female reproductive system of A. belzebul. We used 6 specimens of A. belzebul, female, adult and free of lesions. It was macroscopically observed that the ovaries are ovoid with smooth surface and the histological analysis in cortical region showed ovarian follicles in different stages of development. The fallopian tubes are anatomically thin and curvilinear, with one mucous layer, one muscular and one serous layer. The uterus was presented in a simple format with a globular fundus, with a highly vascularized myometrium, being organized in bundles of smooth muscle fibers. The anatomical structure of the vagina presented itself as a long thin-walled muscular tube where in the vestibular region the external orifice of the urethra is marked by a bilobed urethral papilla and in the caudal portion in its caudal portion a well-developed clitoris. Regarding the histological analysis of the vagina, a basal extract composed of atrophic non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium was found in the vaginal mucosa region. The morphological descriptions provide important information regarding the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the female reproductive system of this species in an unprecedented way.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Útero/anatomia & histologia , Vagina/anatomia & histologia , Alouatta/anatomia & histologia , Tubas Uterinas/anatomia & histologia , Genitália Feminina/anatomia & histologia
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(2): 141-154, fev. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30456

Resumo

Although Trachemys scripta elegans is an exotic species popular as a pet in Brazil, studies on reproductive biology and capacity are non-existent in the Brazilian Cerrado. This study analyzed ovarian and oviduct characteristics and the egg production capacity of T. scripta elegans grown in this biome. The findings will associate with the size of the specimens and the sexual maturity, aiming at comparisons with native and exotic populations, as well as interspecific and contributing to the understanding of its impact on the invaded ecosystems and the establishment of eradication programs. Thus, 39 females had evaluated the body biometry and the morphology and morphometry of the ovaries and oviducts. G2 (N=20): with Class I (>5-10mm) follicles, with Class I and Class II (>10-fold) follicles, 25mm) and G3 (N=9) with Class I, Class II and Class III (>25mm) follicles. Analysis of variance, Scott-Knott's test, and Pearson's correlation analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the groups in body biometry; in the mean gonadosomatic index and gonadal morphometry, only the width of the oviducts in the right antimer and the mass and width in the left antimer were higher in G3, the only one that presented eggs. There was positive and harmonic development between body mass, carapace, and plastron, and gonadal growth occurred concomitantly with body growth, indicating a higher reproductive potential and a positive relationship between the size of the litter and the female litter. The gonadosomatic index proved to be an excellent reproductive indicator, and the ovarian evaluation was a better indicator of sexual maturity than the maximum carapace length.(AU)


Embora Trachemys scripta elegans seja uma espécie exótica popular como animal de estimação no Brasil, estudos sobre biologia e capacidade reprodutivas são inexistentes no Cerrado brasileiro. Este estudo analisou características ovarianas e do oviduto e a capacidade de produção de ovos em T. scripta elegans criadas neste bioma, correlacionando estes achados ao tamanho dos espécimes e a maturidade sexual, visando comparações com populações nativas e exóticas, bem como interespecíficas e contribuir para a compreensão de seu impacto nos ecossistemas invadidos e com o estabelecimento de programas de erradicação. Assim, 39 fêmeas tiveram avaliadas a biometria corporal e a morfologia e morfometria dos ovários e ovidutos. De acordo com o tamanho dos folículos ovarianos as fêmeas foram separadas em G1 (N= 10): com folículos Classe I (>5-10 mm), G2 (N= 20): com folículos Classe I e Classe II (>10-25 mm) e G3 (N= 9) com folículos Classe I, Classe II e Classe III (>25 mm). À análise de variância, teste de Scott-Knott e à análise de correlação de Pearson verificou-se que não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos na biometria corporal; no índice gonadossomático médio e na morfometria gonadal, apenas a largura dos ovidutos no antímero direito e a massa e a largura no antímero esquerdo foram maiores no G3, o único que apresentou ovos. Houve desenvolvimento positivo e harmônico entre massa corporal, carapaça e plastrão e o crescimento gonadal ocorreu concomitante ao crescimento corporal, indicando maior potencial reprodutivo e relação positiva entre o tamanho da ninhada de ovos e o da fêmea. O índice gonadossomático mostrou-se um bom indicador reprodutivo e a avaliação ovariana um melhor indicador da maturidade sexual que o comprimento máximo da carapaça. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Oviductos/anatomia & histologia , Tartarugas/anatomia & histologia , Tubas Uterinas/anatomia & histologia , Maturidade Sexual , Corpo Lúteo/anatomia & histologia , Pradaria , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia
6.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 46(supl): 1-5, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457916

Resumo

Background: Ectopic pregnancy mainly refers to tubal pregnancy and abdominal pregnancy. Tubal pregnancy presents as an implanted embryo that develops in the fallopian tubes, and is relatively common in humans. In animals, tubal pregnancy occurs primarily in primates, for example monkeys. The probability of a tubal pregnancy in non-primate animals is extremely low. Abdominal pregnancy is a type of ectopic pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus, fallopian tube, ovary, and ligament (broad ligament, ovarian ligament, suspensory ligament).This paper describes two cases of ectopic pregnancy in cats.Cases: Cat 1. The presenting sign was a significant increase in abdominal circumference. The age and immune and sterilization status of the cat were unknown. On palpation, a 4 cm, rough, oval-shaped, hard mass was found in the posterior abdomen. Radiographic examination showed three high-density images in the posterior abdomen. The fetus was significantly calcified and some feces was evident in the colon. The condition was preliminarily diagnosed as ectopic pregnancy. Cat 2. The owner of a 2-year-old British shorthair cat visited us because of a hard lump in the cat’s abdomen. The cat had a normal diet and was drinking normally. Routine immunization and insect repulsion had been implemented. The cat had naturally delivered five healthy kittens two months previous. Radiographs showed an oval-shaped mass with a clear edge in the middle abdominal cavity. Other examinations were normal. The case was preliminarily diagnosed as ectopic pregnancy, and the pregnancy was surgically terminated. The ectopic pregnancies were surgically terminated. During surgery, the structures of the uterus and ovary of cat 1 were found to be intact and the organs were in a normal physiological position. Cat 1 was diagnosed with primary abdominal pregnancy. In cat 2, the uterus left side was small and the fallopian tube on the same side was both enlarged and longer than normal.[...]


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Gravidez , Gatos , Gravidez Abdominal/veterinária , Gravidez Ectópica/veterinária , Gravidez Tubária/veterinária , Saco Gestacional , Tubas Uterinas
7.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 46(supl): 1-5, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-726503

Resumo

Background: Ectopic pregnancy mainly refers to tubal pregnancy and abdominal pregnancy. Tubal pregnancy presents as an implanted embryo that develops in the fallopian tubes, and is relatively common in humans. In animals, tubal pregnancy occurs primarily in primates, for example monkeys. The probability of a tubal pregnancy in non-primate animals is extremely low. Abdominal pregnancy is a type of ectopic pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus, fallopian tube, ovary, and ligament (broad ligament, ovarian ligament, suspensory ligament).This paper describes two cases of ectopic pregnancy in cats.Cases: Cat 1. The presenting sign was a significant increase in abdominal circumference. The age and immune and sterilization status of the cat were unknown. On palpation, a 4 cm, rough, oval-shaped, hard mass was found in the posterior abdomen. Radiographic examination showed three high-density images in the posterior abdomen. The fetus was significantly calcified and some feces was evident in the colon. The condition was preliminarily diagnosed as ectopic pregnancy. Cat 2. The owner of a 2-year-old British shorthair cat visited us because of a hard lump in the cats abdomen. The cat had a normal diet and was drinking normally. Routine immunization and insect repulsion had been implemented. The cat had naturally delivered five healthy kittens two months previous. Radiographs showed an oval-shaped mass with a clear edge in the middle abdominal cavity. Other examinations were normal. The case was preliminarily diagnosed as ectopic pregnancy, and the pregnancy was surgically terminated. The ectopic pregnancies were surgically terminated. During surgery, the structures of the uterus and ovary of cat 1 were found to be intact and the organs were in a normal physiological position. Cat 1 was diagnosed with primary abdominal pregnancy. In cat 2, the uterus left side was small and the fallopian tube on the same side was both enlarged and longer than normal.[...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Gatos , Gravidez Ectópica/veterinária , Gravidez Abdominal/veterinária , Gravidez Tubária/veterinária , Tubas Uterinas , Saco Gestacional
8.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 15(supl. 1): 751-764, set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1461396

Resumo

The oviduct is a tubular organ comprising three distinct anatomical regions (the infundibulum, the ampulla and the isthmus) connecting the ovary and the uterus. Oviductal function is regulated by ovarian hormones, gametes, and embryo-derived factors, for optimally facilitating key reproductive events. A crosstalk is established between the oviduct and the gametes and embryo and this dialogue shapes the microenvironment in which gamete transport, fertilization, and early embryonic development occur. This review aims to address each participant in this conversation in a holistic manner by delineating several advances in the field within the greater context of understanding how oviduct-gamete and oviduct-embryo dialogue shape reproductive success and furthermore how this knowledge can be applied in vitro.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos/embriologia , Células Germinativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Embrião de Mamíferos , Tubas Uterinas/embriologia
9.
Anim. Reprod. ; 15(supl. 1): 751-764, set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-740155

Resumo

The oviduct is a tubular organ comprising three distinct anatomical regions (the infundibulum, the ampulla and the isthmus) connecting the ovary and the uterus. Oviductal function is regulated by ovarian hormones, gametes, and embryo-derived factors, for optimally facilitating key reproductive events. A crosstalk is established between the oviduct and the gametes and embryo and this dialogue shapes the microenvironment in which gamete transport, fertilization, and early embryonic development occur. This review aims to address each participant in this conversation in a holistic manner by delineating several advances in the field within the greater context of understanding how oviduct-gamete and oviduct-embryo dialogue shape reproductive success and furthermore how this knowledge can be applied in vitro.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Tubas Uterinas/embriologia , Células Germinativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Embrião de Mamíferos , Bovinos/embriologia
10.
Vet. Zoot. ; 24(3): 468-479, set. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17787

Resumo

Muitas biotecnologias estão sendo desenvolvidas visando a conservação do material genético de garanhões de alto valor zootécnico. Dentre estas pode-se destacar a colheita de espermatozoides do epidídimo de animais que sofreram algum trauma ou enfermidade que impossibilitem a colheita do sêmen, óbito ou eutanásia. Porém essas células espermáticas não entram em contato com o plasma seminal, importante por conter proteínas que participam de processos relacionados à proteção e ligação dos espermatozoides aos reservatórios espermáticos na tuba uterina. Neste sentido, sugere-se que ocorram alterações bioquímicas nas células espermáticas do epidídimo. Objetivou-se com esta revisão, estudar as principais diferenças morfofuncionais entre os espermatozoides provenientes do epidídimo e do ejaculado de equinos.(AU)


Several biotechnologies are being developed aiming genetic material conservation of stallions with high zootechnical value, as we can highlight the harvest epididymiss sperm of animals who suffered trauma or illness that makes impossible the semen collection, death or euthanasia. However these sperm cells do not get in touch with seminal plasma, important whereas it has proteins that participate in processes related to the protection and binding of sperm to the sperm reservoir in the oviduct. In this sense, it suggests that there are significant biochemical changes in epididymal sperm. This review aimed to study the main morphological and functional differences between the sperm from the epididymis and ejaculated in horses.(AU)


Muchas biotecnologías desarrolladas actualmente son direccionadas a la conservación del material genético de garañones de alto valor zootécnico. Dentro de estas se destacan la colecta de espermatozoides de epidídimo de animales que sufrieron algún trauma o enfermedad que imposibilita la colecta de semen, y de animales que murieron o fueron eutanasiados. Las células espermáticas del epidídimo no entran en contacto con el plasma seminal, importante porque contiene proteínas que participan en procesos relacionados con la protección y ligación de los espermatozoides al reservorio espermático en el oviducto uterino. En este sentido, se sugiere que existen importantes alteraciones bioquímicas en las células espermáticas del epidídimo, por tanto el motivo de esta revisión es estudiar las principales diferencias morfo funcionales entre los espermatozoides provenientes del epidídimo y los provenientes del eyaculado en caballos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cavalos/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Tubas Uterinas , Adesão Celular , Epididimo , Sêmen
11.
Vet. zootec ; 24(3): 468-479, set. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1503438

Resumo

Muitas biotecnologias estão sendo desenvolvidas visando a conservação do material genético de garanhões de alto valor zootécnico. Dentre estas pode-se destacar a colheita de espermatozoides do epidídimo de animais que sofreram algum trauma ou enfermidade que impossibilitem a colheita do sêmen, óbito ou eutanásia. Porém essas células espermáticas não entram em contato com o plasma seminal, importante por conter proteínas que participam de processos relacionados à proteção e ligação dos espermatozoides aos reservatórios espermáticos na tuba uterina. Neste sentido, sugere-se que ocorram alterações bioquímicas nas células espermáticas do epidídimo. Objetivou-se com esta revisão, estudar as principais diferenças morfofuncionais entre os espermatozoides provenientes do epidídimo e do ejaculado de equinos.


Several biotechnologies are being developed aiming genetic material conservation of stallions with high zootechnical value, as we can highlight the harvest epididymis’s sperm of animals who suffered trauma or illness that makes impossible the semen collection, death or euthanasia. However these sperm cells do not get in touch with seminal plasma, important whereas it has proteins that participate in processes related to the protection and binding of sperm to the sperm reservoir in the oviduct. In this sense, it suggests that there are significant biochemical changes in epididymal sperm. This review aimed to study the main morphological and functional differences between the sperm from the epididymis and ejaculated in horses.


Muchas biotecnologías desarrolladas actualmente son direccionadas a la conservación del material genético de garañones de alto valor zootécnico. Dentro de estas se destacan la colecta de espermatozoides de epidídimo de animales que sufrieron algún trauma o enfermedad que imposibilita la colecta de semen, y de animales que murieron o fueron eutanasiados. Las células espermáticas del epidídimo no entran en contacto con el plasma seminal, importante porque contiene proteínas que participan en procesos relacionados con la protección y ligación de los espermatozoides al reservorio espermático en el oviducto uterino. En este sentido, se sugiere que existen importantes alteraciones bioquímicas en las células espermáticas del epidídimo, por tanto el motivo de esta revisión es estudiar las principales diferencias morfo funcionales entre los espermatozoides provenientes del epidídimo y los provenientes del eyaculado en caballos.


Assuntos
Animais , Adesão Celular , Cavalos/fisiologia , Epididimo , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Tubas Uterinas , Sêmen
12.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 44(supl): 01-05, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1457512

Resumo

Background: The uterine horn agenesis or aplasia is a rare anomaly consisting of absence or incomplete development of the paramesonephric ducts that origin the uterine horns. This change occurs during fetal formation and may occur concomitantly to agenesis of the ovary and/or ipsilateral kidney. The extra-uterine pregnancy consists of fetal growth outside the uterine cavity and can occur as a tubal or abdominal pregnancy. We report here the case of a 7-years-old mix breed dog, attended at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso, with accidental diagnosis of agenesis of uterine horn and ovaries and ectopic fetal mummification. Case: A 7-years-old mix breed dog, not spayed, was attended at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso (HOVET-UFMT), complaining of mucous bloody vaginal discharge. The patient had regular estrus and was multiparous. There was no mating history in the last estrus neither trauma over the past months. In previous pregnancies the patient presented eutocic labors. On physical examination the dog showed apathy although it was alert, pale mucous membranes, presence of perivulvar blackish secretion and discreet abdominal enlargement. As preoperative exams, a complete blood count, liver and renal function (serum creatinine and alanine aminotransferase) were performed. It has also performed the abdominal ultrasound [...]


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Morte Fetal , Tubas Uterinas , Útero/anormalidades , Laparotomia/veterinária
13.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 44(supl): 01-05, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-13452

Resumo

Background: The uterine horn agenesis or aplasia is a rare anomaly consisting of absence or incomplete development of the paramesonephric ducts that origin the uterine horns. This change occurs during fetal formation and may occur concomitantly to agenesis of the ovary and/or ipsilateral kidney. The extra-uterine pregnancy consists of fetal growth outside the uterine cavity and can occur as a tubal or abdominal pregnancy. We report here the case of a 7-years-old mix breed dog, attended at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso, with accidental diagnosis of agenesis of uterine horn and ovaries and ectopic fetal mummification. Case: A 7-years-old mix breed dog, not spayed, was attended at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso (HOVET-UFMT), complaining of mucous bloody vaginal discharge. The patient had regular estrus and was multiparous. There was no mating history in the last estrus neither trauma over the past months. In previous pregnancies the patient presented eutocic labors. On physical examination the dog showed apathy although it was alert, pale mucous membranes, presence of perivulvar blackish secretion and discreet abdominal enlargement. As preoperative exams, a complete blood count, liver and renal function (serum creatinine and alanine aminotransferase) were performed. It has also performed the abdominal ultrasound [...](AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Morte Fetal , Tubas Uterinas , Útero/anormalidades , Laparotomia/veterinária
14.
Braz. j. vet. pathol ; 9(1): 27-30, mar. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469943

Resumo

An adenoma of the uterine tube in a 14-year-old, mixed breed, female dog with history of abdominal distention is described. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a 15 x 20 cm anechoic mass in the left caudal region of the abdominal cavity. Laparotomy was performed and the mass, within the left ovarian bursa, was surgically excised by ovariohysterectomy. Grossly, the left ovarian bursa was markedly increased in size (7 x 15 x 20 cm) and contained approximately 300ml of serosanguineous fluid that surrounded a 5 x 13 x 17 cm in diameter, red, papilliform, and soft mass. Histologically, the mass was characterized as an epithelial neoplastic proliferation arranged in a papilliform pattern. The numerous papillae were lined by a single layer of well-differentiated columnar ciliated cells, with occasional cuboidal cells, and supported by a dense fibrovascular stroma. Columnar cells contained abundant, slightly vacuolated and granular cytoplasm. The granules were located predominantly in the apical surface and were Alcian blue and periodic acid-Schiff positive. Nuclei were round and polarized in the apical surface of the cell. Neoplastic cells were positive for pan-cytokeratin and vimentin. The diagnosis of adenoma of uterine tube was based on the anatomic location, and histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Cães , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/veterinária , Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/veterinária
15.
Anim. Reprod. (Online) ; 13(3): 160-167, jul.-set. 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1461216

Resumo

The fact that embryos can be obtained in vitro undermines the role of the oviduct. However, it has been demonstrated that when in vitro produced bovine zygotes are cultured in the oviduct of sheep, cattle or mice the embryo quality is improved compared to the embryos produced in vitro. Thus the oviduct is not simply a passive organ required only for transporting the embryo to the uterus but also provides a suitable microenvironment for the early embryo. The study of physiological mechanisms and interactions between the embryo and the oviductal environment is essential to understand the correct processes of early embryo developmental. This knowledge can be used to improve current in vitro procedures providing high quality embryos capable of continued development and implantation, and resulting in viable births.


Assuntos
Feminino , Animais , Gravidez , Bovinos/embriologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Ruminantes/embriologia , Tubas Uterinas
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(6): 1497-1504, nov.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-827936

Resumo

No presente estudo, utilizou-se a melatonina e a proteína específica do oviduto (pOSP) nos meios de maturação in vitro. Foram avaliadas a expansão do complexo cumulus-ovócito (CCOs), as concentrações intracelulares de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS) e o desenvolvimento embrionário nos diferentes grupos (C = controle; T1 = somente com melatonina; T2 = com melatonina e pOSP e T3 somente com pOSP). No tocante à expansão do CCOs, houve diferença (P<0,05) dos valores obtidos no grupo C em relação aos valores médios dos grupos T1, T2 e T3, porém não houve diferença entre os valores obtidos nos tratamentos (P>0,05). Na dosagem de ROS, não houve diferença entre os valores médios obtidos no grupo C (26,4±10,9) e o valor verificado no grupo T1 (23,4±7,8), porém no grupo T2 (21,3±9,7) o valor médio mostrou-se satisfatório em relação ao valor do grupo C. No entanto, o valor médio do grupo T3 (16,6±10,5) foi o que demonstrou resultado mais satisfatório quando comparado aos demais grupos (P<0,05). A produção de embriões foi avaliada por meio da taxa de clivagem. Não houve diferença (P >0,05) entre os valores obtidos entre o grupo C (48,9 %) e os valores verificados nos grupos T1 (51,5 %), T2 (50 %), T3 (57,7 %), nem destes entre si. Este estudo permitiu concluir que a proteína específica do oviduto recombinante e a melatonina foram eficientes em melhorar a expansão dos CCOs. Além disso, as células tratadas com pOSP mostraram-se com menor quantidade de ROS, podendo a pOSP ser considerada um antioxidante proteico.(AU)


The present study used melatonin and recombinant oviduct specific protein (pOSP) in in vitro maturation medium (IVM). The expansion of the cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), the intracellular concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and embryo development of the different groups were evaluated (C = control; T1 = melatonin; T2 = melatonin and pOSP and T3 = pOSP). Regarding the COCs expansion, the groups T1, T2 and T3 showed satisfactory results compared with group C (P<0.05), but there was no difference between treatments (P>0.05). In the ROS dosage, there was no difference between the mean values obtained in group C (26.4 ± 10.9) and group 1 (23.4 ± 7.8). However, in group 2 (21.3 ± 9.7), the average value was found to be satisfactory in relation group C. Despite that, the average value of treatment 3 (16.6 ± 10.5) was the most satisfactory result found compared to the other groups (P<0.05). The production of embryos was evaluated by cleavage rate, there was no difference between the values obtained in group C and the values recorded in groups T1 (51.5 %), T2 (50 %), T3 (57.7 %), and among them. This study showed that the pOSP and the melatonin were effective in the improvement of the expansion of COCs cells. In addition, the cells that were treated with pOSP presented a lower amount of ROS, allowing the pOSP to be considered a proteic antioxidant.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Tubas Uterinas/química , Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Suínos , Antioxidantes , Fase de Clivagem do Zigoto , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária/veterinária , Técnicas In Vitro/veterinária
17.
Anim. Reprod. ; 13(3): 160-167, jul.-set. 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17546

Resumo

The fact that embryos can be obtained in vitro undermines the role of the oviduct. However, it has been demonstrated that when in vitro produced bovine zygotes are cultured in the oviduct of sheep, cattle or mice the embryo quality is improved compared to the embryos produced in vitro. Thus the oviduct is not simply a passive organ required only for transporting the embryo to the uterus but also provides a suitable microenvironment for the early embryo. The study of physiological mechanisms and interactions between the embryo and the oviductal environment is essential to understand the correct processes of early embryo developmental. This knowledge can be used to improve current in vitro procedures providing high quality embryos capable of continued development and implantation, and resulting in viable births.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Ruminantes/embriologia , Bovinos/embriologia , Tubas Uterinas
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 68(6): 1497-1504, nov.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17254

Resumo

No presente estudo, utilizou-se a melatonina e a proteína específica do oviduto (pOSP) nos meios de maturação in vitro. Foram avaliadas a expansão do complexo cumulus-ovócito (CCOs), as concentrações intracelulares de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS) e o desenvolvimento embrionário nos diferentes grupos (C = controle; T1 = somente com melatonina; T2 = com melatonina e pOSP e T3 somente com pOSP). No tocante à expansão do CCOs, houve diferença (P<0,05) dos valores obtidos no grupo C em relação aos valores médios dos grupos T1, T2 e T3, porém não houve diferença entre os valores obtidos nos tratamentos (P>0,05). Na dosagem de ROS, não houve diferença entre os valores médios obtidos no grupo C (26,4±10,9) e o valor verificado no grupo T1 (23,4±7,8), porém no grupo T2 (21,3±9,7) o valor médio mostrou-se satisfatório em relação ao valor do grupo C. No entanto, o valor médio do grupo T3 (16,6±10,5) foi o que demonstrou resultado mais satisfatório quando comparado aos demais grupos (P<0,05). A produção de embriões foi avaliada por meio da taxa de clivagem. Não houve diferença (P >0,05) entre os valores obtidos entre o grupo C (48,9 %) e os valores verificados nos grupos T1 (51,5 %), T2 (50 %), T3 (57,7 %), nem destes entre si. Este estudo permitiu concluir que a proteína específica do oviduto recombinante e a melatonina foram eficientes em melhorar a expansão dos CCOs. Além disso, as células tratadas com pOSP mostraram-se com menor quantidade de ROS, podendo a pOSP ser considerada um antioxidante proteico.(AU)


The present study used melatonin and recombinant oviduct specific protein (pOSP) in in vitro maturation medium (IVM). The expansion of the cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), the intracellular concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and embryo development of the different groups were evaluated (C = control; T1 = melatonin; T2 = melatonin and pOSP and T3 = pOSP). Regarding the COCs expansion, the groups T1, T2 and T3 showed satisfactory results compared with group C (P<0.05), but there was no difference between treatments (P>0.05). In the ROS dosage, there was no difference between the mean values obtained in group C (26.4 ± 10.9) and group 1 (23.4 ± 7.8). However, in group 2 (21.3 ± 9.7), the average value was found to be satisfactory in relation group C. Despite that, the average value of treatment 3 (16.6 ± 10.5) was the most satisfactory result found compared to the other groups (P<0.05). The production of embryos was evaluated by cleavage rate, there was no difference between the values obtained in group C and the values recorded in groups T1 (51.5 %), T2 (50 %), T3 (57.7 %), and among them. This study showed that the pOSP and the melatonin were effective in the improvement of the expansion of COCs cells. In addition, the cells that were treated with pOSP presented a lower amount of ROS, allowing the pOSP to be considered a proteic antioxidant.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Suínos , Tubas Uterinas/química , Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária/veterinária , Técnicas In Vitro/veterinária , Antioxidantes , Fase de Clivagem do Zigoto
19.
R. bras. Reprod. Anim. ; 40(4): 618-619, Out-Dez. 2016.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-24307

Resumo

Cystic endometrial hyperplasia is an endometrial modification the uterus of female dogs and catscorrelated to high levels of estrogen and prolonged exposure to progesterone. In this context, the present studyreports the occurrence of cystic endometrial hyperplasia and hydrosalpinx in rabbits. A rabbit was referred tothe HOVET/UFRA for elective ovarian-hysterectomy. Histological examination showed an increase in the size ofthe endometrial glands and cystic distension. The tube uterine constituted cystic distention with epithelial ofpseudostratified epithelium ciliated. This case report describes the first time the cystic endometrial hyperplasiaand hydrosalpinx in a rabbit.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Coelhos , Hiperplasia Endometrial/classificação , Hiperplasia Endometrial/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia Endometrial/veterinária , Dilatação/métodos , Dilatação/veterinária , Tubas Uterinas
20.
Braz. J. Vet. Pathol. ; 9(1): 27-30, mar. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-684116

Resumo

An adenoma of the uterine tube in a 14-year-old, mixed breed, female dog with history of abdominal distention is described. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a 15 x 20 cm anechoic mass in the left caudal region of the abdominal cavity. Laparotomy was performed and the mass, within the left ovarian bursa, was surgically excised by ovariohysterectomy. Grossly, the left ovarian bursa was markedly increased in size (7 x 15 x 20 cm) and contained approximately 300ml of serosanguineous fluid that surrounded a 5 x 13 x 17 cm in diameter, red, papilliform, and soft mass. Histologically, the mass was characterized as an epithelial neoplastic proliferation arranged in a papilliform pattern. The numerous papillae were lined by a single layer of well-differentiated columnar ciliated cells, with occasional cuboidal cells, and supported by a dense fibrovascular stroma. Columnar cells contained abundant, slightly vacuolated and granular cytoplasm. The granules were located predominantly in the apical surface and were Alcian blue and periodic acid-Schiff positive. Nuclei were round and polarized in the apical surface of the cell. Neoplastic cells were positive for pan-cytokeratin and vimentin. The diagnosis of adenoma of uterine tube was based on the anatomic location, and histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Adenoma/veterinária , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/veterinária
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