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9.

250.000 years but, in despite of their phylogenetic proximity, this two bovine groups show remarkable differences in regard to the muscle growth rate and meat tenderness. Thus, this study was aimed to evaluate the differential gene expression profile in Longissimus dorsi muscle of Nellore and Aberdeen Angus breeds in order to identify set of genes whose expression is associated with the manifestation of the above-mentioned traits. Twenty male calves of each breed were grown and finished in the feedlot system, half of which was slaughtered at 15 and the remaining half at 19 months of age. Our results strongly suggest that the autocrine and/or paracrine action of the IGF-1 produced in the muscle might play a crucial role in the modulation of muscle growth rate and meat tenderness in beef cattle. On the other hand, our gene interaction network analysis revealed a large number of genes encoding proteins acting in the skeletal muscle proteolysis, a small number of inhibitors and regulators of proteases, as well as several genes related to the programmed cell death in animals that had greater tenderness of meat, reinforcing the hypothesis of the involvement of a multi-enzymatic complex (including calpains and other proteases) in the meat tenderization process, which resembles the apoptosis process / Análise da expressão gênica no músculo esquelético de bovinos das raças Nelore e Aberdeen Angus e sua relação com o desenvolvimento muscular e a maciez da carne / 20090724

Jaboticabal; s.n; 24/07/2009. 93 p.
Tese em Português | VETTESES | ID: vtt-3526
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