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Use of hypertonic glucose (10%) in the prevention of postoperative adhesions in rats

Nogueira Neto, João; Carmo, Alexandra de Oliveira do; Lima, Laura Sales Carvalho; Gomes, Lyvia Maria Rodrigues de Sousa; Moura, Ed Carlos Rey; Oliveira, Caio Marcio Barros de; Raymundo, Thiers Soares; Melo, George Castro Figueira de; Leal, Plinio da Cunha.
Acta cir. bras; 36(5): e360504, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1278106

Resumo

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the efficacy of hypertonic glucose (10%), alone or in combination with the corticoid dexamethasone, to prevent peritoneal adhesion following hysterectomy in rats. Methods Forty-two adult rats underwent hysterectomy with peritoneal lavage: G1 - glucose (10%); G2 - glucose (10%) and dexamethasone 3 mg·kg-1; and G3 - physiological saline (PS) 0.9%. Results In the macroscopic analysis after 14 days, G1 had a median score of 1, G2 of 1, and G3 of 2.5 (p < 0.0001), G3 compared to G1 and G2. There was no difference between groups after 28 days. In the microscopic analysis, the median vascular proliferation after 14 days was 2 for G1, 1 for G2, and 3 for G3 (p = 0.0037, G3 vs. G1 and G2). After 28 days, G1 showed a median vascular proliferation score of 2, G2 of 2.5, and G3 of 3 (p < 0.0001, G3 vs. G1 and G2). Regarding the inflammatory reaction after 14 days, G1 had a median score of 2, G2 of 1, and G3 of 3 (p = 0.7916). After 28 days, G1 had a median score of 0.5 (0-1.75), G2 of 1.5, and G3 of 2.5 (p < 0.0001, G3 vs. the others and G2 vs. G1). In the evaluation of fibrosis after 14 days, G1 had a median score of 1, G2 of 1, and G3 of 2.5 (p < 0.0001, G3 vs. G1and G2). After 28 days, G1 had a median fibrosis score of 1, G2: 2, and G3: 2.5 (p < 0.0001), G3 vs. the others andG2 vs. G1). Conclusions The use of hypertonic glucose (10%) solution seems to reduce macroscopic and microscopic pelvic adhesions.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1