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Remote ischemic conditioning improves rat brain antioxidant defense in a time-dependent mechanism

Monteiro, Andrew Moraes; Couteiro, Rodrigo Paracampo; Silva, Dora Fonseca da; Trindade Júnior, Sérgio Cunha; Silva, Renata Cunha; Sousa, Luís Fernando Freitas de; Santos, Deivid Ramos dos; Freitas, Jofre Jacob da Silva; Brito, Marcus Vinícius Henriques.
Acta cir. bras; 36(7): e360707, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1339005

Resumo

ABSTRACT Purpose To clarify the best protocol for performing remote ischemic conditioning and to minimize the consequences of ischemia and reperfusion syndrome in brain, the present study aimed to evaluate different time protocols and the relation of the organs and the antioxidant effects of this technique. Methods The rat's left femoral artery was clamped with a microvascular clamp in times that ranged from 1 to 5 minutes, according to the corresponding group. After the cycles of remote ischemic conditioning and a reperfusion of 20 minutes, the brain and the left gastrocnemius were collected. The samples were used to measure glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and catalase levels. Results In the gastrocnemius, the 4-minute protocol increased the catalase concentration compared to the 1-minute protocol, but the latter increased both glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase compared to the former. On the other hand, the brain demonstrated higher catalase and glutathione peroxidase in 5-minute group, and the 3-minute group reached higher values of glutathione reductase. Conclusions Remote ischemic conditioning increases brain antioxidant capacity in a time-dependent way, while muscle presents higher protection on 1-minute cycles and tends to decrease its defence with longer cycles of intermittent occlusions of the femoral artery.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1