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Oxygen supply as a refining technique for injectable anesthesia in laboratory rats

Alemán-Laporte, Jilma; Ambrósio, Aline Magalhães; Zanatto, Dennis Albert; Garcia-Gomes, Mariana de Souza Aranha; Antiorio, Ana Tada Fonseca Brasil; Bandini, Luciana Ahlf; Yamamoto, Pedro Kenzo; Fantoni, Denise Tabacchi; Navas-Suarez, Pedro Enrique; Alvarado, Gilbert; Mori, Claudia Madalena Cabrera.
Biol. Models Res. Technol; 2(1): e00142021, 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402340


Well-controlled anesthesia is critical to reducing potential surgical complications and ensuring safe and successful procedures. Respiratory depression, inducing hypoxia, and hypercapnia are adverse effects of injectable anesthesia in laboratory rats. This study aimed to determine the effect of oxygen supply in laboratory rats anesthetized with the combination of ketamine (K) and xylazine (X) plus acepromazine (A) or methadone (Me). The results showed that oxygenation allowed adequate levels of SO2 and paO2, avoiding hypoxemia. However, all anesthetized rats showed respiratory acidosis with low pH and high paCO2 levels, which was not reversed after oxygen administration. The acidosis could be related to hypoventilation due to respiratory depression induced by the XKMe association, as well as absorption atelectasis with the CO2 accumulation during anesthesia. Despite respiratory acidosis, oxygen administration was beneficial for anesthetized rats preventing hypoxemia. This makes it possible to prevent all the metabolic alterations that cause cell death by hypoxia, improving the well-being of anesthetized rats, as well as the quality of the results obtained.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1