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Seroprevalence and influence of bovine leukemia virus on the incidence of mastitis in dairy herds

Almeida, Ítalo Câmara de; Almeida, Sayanne Luns Hatum de; Barioni, Graziela; Donatele, Dirlei Molinari; Clipes, Renata Cogo; Glória, Leonardo Siqueira; Di Filippo, Paula Alessandra.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.); 49: Pub.1783-2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1458422


Background: The enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) is a viral disease with a chronic aspect and its etiological agent is anoncogenic deltaretrovirus called bovine leukemia virus (VLB). It has a wide distribution in dairy cattle herds, and it maytake several years before the first clinical manifestations occur. Animals seropositive for VLB are more susceptible todeveloping infectious diseases such as mastitis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of EBL, theprevalence of mastitis, the possible association between leukosis and mastitis, and the risk factors related to leukosis inmunicipalities of the Caparaó region of Espírito Santo, Brazil.Materials, Methods & Results: The prevalence of enzootic bovine leukosis and its association with mastitis were evaluatedin an 854 clinically healthy crossbred (Bos tauros tauros x Bos taurus indicus) dairy cows were used, in different lactationphases, from farms located in the 12 municipalities that compose the Caparaó Capixaba micro-region, in the southernpart of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in the period from February to December 2015. The seroprevalence of EBL was determinedby the agar gel immunodiffusion test, the presence of clinical mastitis was ascertained by the black background mug testand of subclinical mastitis by the CMT. The reuse of needles, type of milking, reproductive management, calf mortality,presence of reproductive problems and milk yield were the risk factors assessed. The association between the variableswas estimated by the odds ratio (95% confidence interval). The significance of the associations was determined by theChi-square test. The prevalence of EBL, clinical and subclinical mastitis was 56.79%, 5.50% and 43.55%, respectively.There was a positive association between the EBL virus and the presence of...
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1