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Evaluation of sensitivity to zinc and copper of Diophrys appendiculata(Protozoa, Ciliophora) and their associated bacteria, both isolated from a tropical polluted bay

Bitencourt, José Augusto Pires; Pereira, Daniella da Costa; Silva-Neto, Inácio Domingos da; Crapez, Mirian Araujo Carlos; Baptista Neto, Jose Antonio.
Revista Brasileira de Zoociências (Online); 17(1): 112-123, 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1494641

Resumo

Ciliates are an essential component of microbial food webs, connecting biomass production to higher trophic levels and providing substrates for bacterial growth. Bacteria are widespread in sea sediment and the first to metabolize organic matter. Heavy metals are toxic and bind to particulate organic matter. This work aims to study the influence of heavy metals (Zn and Cu) on D. appendiculata and their naturally associated bacteria, both from Guanabara Bay during 96 h bioassay with 0, 0.001, 0.009, 0.05, 0.1 mg L-1 and maximum concentration stipulated by CONAMA 357 (Zn 5.0; Cu 1.0 mg L-1). It was analyzed for tolerance, resistance and biomass production. In Zn control, ciliate produced 1.24x102-2.47x103 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h), with 0.009 mg Zn L-1 reaches 2.49x102-1.93x103 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h). Their naturally associated bacteria, in Zn control, produced 5.0x10-2-5.67x10-2 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h), with 0.1 mg Zn L-1 4.87x10-2-8.38x10-2 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h). In Cu control, D. appendiculata produced 1.04x102-3.12x102 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h), with 0.009 mg Cu L-1 biomass was 8.31x101-7.27x10-2 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h) and with CONAMA concentration was below detection level. Their naturally associated bacteria, in Cu control, produced 1.20x10-2-5.14x10-2 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h) and with 0.1 mg Cu L-1 7.40x10-4-3.81x10-2 μg C cm-3 (0-96 h), with CONAMA concentration 5.14x10-2 μg C cm-3 (96 h). D. appendiculata are tolerant to 0.09 mg L-1 and resistant to 0.1 mg L-1 after 24 h to Zn-Cu and LD50 stipulated was 1.17 (Zn) 0.90 (Cu) mg L-1. Microbial loop was functional in low concentration of Zn and Cu, but their diversity in nature was affected.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1