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Increased serum alkaline phosphatase in a FeLV-positive cat

Valle, Stella de Faria; Elesbão, Bárbara Schwarzbach; Costa, Fernanda Vieira Amorim da; Gambin, Laís Stefen; Jesus, Luciana de; Moresco, Mauricio Bianchini; Bettio, Marcelle; González, Félix Hilário Diaz.
Acta Sci. vet.; 44(supl): 01-04, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-13369

Resumo

Background: Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is an oncogenic virus that usually invades bone marrow causing non-regenerative anemia and thrombocytopenia. In FeLV positive cats, the myeloid leukemia is characterized by intense proliferation of blast cells in a bone marrow with myeloid precursor predominance and several malignancies degree. The leukocyte alkaline phosphatase is found secondary granules of mature neutrophils of humans, horses and cows but not in dogs and cats, which demonstrate the enzyme activity in myeloblast and promyeloblasts cells. In this case is describing a FeLV-positive case with leukemic disorder accompanied by extremely high levels of serum alkaline phosphatase. Case: A 8-year-old castrated male Domestic Short Hair cat with a 3-month history of convulsions, pica, vomits, lethargy, hypodipsia and anorexia was examined and showed mild dehydration, severe jaundice and hyperpnoea. Laboratory results evidenced severe normocytic hypochromic non-regenerative anemia, moderated leukocytosis with severe degenerative neutrophil left shift, moderated lymphocytosis and severe thrombocytopenia. Serum biochemical profile showed mild hyperalbuminemia, moderated increment in alanine transaminase and severe increment in alkaline phosphatese. The cat was positive for ELISA point of care FeLV antigen and negative for FIV antibodies. Urinalysis revealed moderated bilirubinuria [...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1