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Pylorectomy and gastroduodenostomy (Billroth I procedure) for obstructive antrum pyloric leiomyoma in a bitch

Cima, Idalini; Santos, Alex dos; Dazzi, Claudia Cerutti; Machado, Tanise Policarpo; Motta, Adriana Costa da; Borges, Josiane; Rodriguez, Rubens; Silva, Marco Augusto Machado.
Acta Sci. vet.; 44(supl): 01-06, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-14850

Resumo

Background: Gastric neoplasms are uncommon in dogs, especially those affecting smooth muscle layers. Leiomyoma is a smooth muscle benign neoplasm, which requires surgical resection. Pylorectomy and gastroduodenostomy (Billroth I procedure) is the most indicated technique in cases not affecting the biliary and pancreatic tracts. Thus, the purpose of this study was to report a successful case of Billroth I procedure in a bitch presenting antrum pyloric obstructive leiomyoma. Case: A 12-year-old, non-spayed, Cocker Spaniel bitch was admitted presenting depression, hyporexia, postprandial vomiting and sparse episodes of hematemesis, for 30 days. Clinical suspicion on obstructive gastric outflow disease was established. Bloodwork (complete blood count, BUN, albumin, ALP and ALT), abdominal ultrasound and thoracic radiographs were assessed. The patient undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. On endoscopic evaluation, small hemorrhagic mucosa ulcers were visualized on the gastric body, antrum and pylorus. Moreover, a sessile, ulcerated, round-shape and infiltrated antral-pyloric mass was seen. The mass was 1.5-2.0 cm in diameter and apparently involved the smooth muscle layer, causing severe pyloric obstruction. However, endoscopic evaluation of the duodenum was possible. Several biopsy samples were taken from the neoplasm and sent for histopathologic assessment. The result was [...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1