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Aortic thromboembolism in a cat

Silva, Renata Andrade; Megda, Tábata Torres; Siano, Gabriela Ferreira; Alves, Fernanda dos Santos; Beier, Suzane Lilian; Paiva, Bruno Henrique de Albuquerque; Silva, Ana Patrícia de Carvalho da.
Acta Sci. vet.; 44(supl): 01-05, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15136


Background: The aortic thromboembolism in cats is usually associated with cardiomyopathy, when a thrombus or a clot is formed in the heart, transported through the bloodstream and fixed at somewhere. According to Virchows triad, changes in the endocardial surface or in the blood flow/composition can result in thrombus formation. The most common clinical signs are: hind limb paralysis, lack of femoral pulse, cold and cyanotic extremities. The treatment should be performed as soon as possible and it is based on antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, thrombolytics agents or surgical procedures. It is reported the case of a cat presenting aortic thromboembolism. Case: Macroscopically it was observed that the hind limb extremities were with a dark red color and with a bad odor on cut. There were in the subcutaneous tissue of the hind limbs a severe and diffuse accumulation of a reddish material, translucent, shiny, gelatinous (intense diffuse edema) and the skeletal muscles of the hind limbs had extensive pale and friable areas. Inside the medial saphenous vein lumen there was a greyish-white and soft material which adhered to the vessel wall. The lungs were not fully collapsed, it had a smooth and shiny surface and an extensive dark red area in the right middle lobe (moderate extensive bleeding). The spleen was with slightly bulging edges and on cut flowed moderate amount of blood [...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1