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Experimental coinfection of chicken anemia virus and Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine strains in broiler chicks

Prezotto, C. F; Marin, S. Y; Araújo, T. S; Barbosa, F. O; Barrios, P. R; Gomes, A. M; Peconick, A. P; Resende, M; Sousa, R. V; Martins, N. R. S.
R. bras. Ci. avíc.; 18(3): 475-480, Jul-Set. 2016. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-15600


This study aimed at determining the clinical and pathological effects of the coinfection of young SPF chickens with chicken anemia virus (CAV) and Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) vaccine strains. The clinical signs, gross and microscopic lesions were determined after the experimental coinfection broilers with a CAV genotype 1 vaccine strain given intraperitoneally on the first day of age and a MG F-strain vaccine given intranasally on the 8th day of age. The experimental groups included the negative control (group 1), a group infected with the MG F-strain vaccine (group 2), and a group coinfected with CAV and MG vaccines (group 3). Chicks were examined clinically and post mortem at 23 days of age, and gross and microscopic lesions of the trachea, thymus, and air sacs were compared among treatments (Kruskal-Wallis test). Infections were confirmed by PCR for specific genetic fragments of each agent in the target tissues. Mortality was only observed in chicks on group 3, with two deaths and more severe lesions in the trachea, thymus and air sacs compared with groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.01). Dead chicks presented reduced thymus and spleen size, hemorrhagic trachea with catarrhal exudate and partial obstruction, pericarditis, catarrhal airsacculitis, lungs with liquid and ascites. The surviving chicks in group 3 showed more severe respiratory changes than those in group 2, in addition to thymus and spleen size reduction. Results indicate the adverse effects of the coinfection of young chickens with MG F-strain and CAV genotype 1 vaccines.(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1