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The role of atenolol in the modulation of the expression of genes encoding pro- (caspase-1) and anti- (Bcl2L1) apoptotic proteins in endothelial cells exposed to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion in rats

Taha, Murched Omar; Silva, Thaís de Melo Alexandre e; Ota, Keimy Saori; Vilela, Wander Junqueira; Simões, Ricardo Santos; Starzewski Junior, Alberto; Fagundes, Djalma José.
Acta cir. bras.; 33(12): 1061-1066, Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17287

Resumo

Purpose:To investigate the role of atenolol in the gene expression of caspase 1 (Casp1) and Bcl2L1 on vascular endothelium of rat intestine after ischemia and reperfusion (IR).Methods:Eighteen adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=6): SG (Sham group): no clamping of the superior mesenteric artery; IRG: IR plus saline group: IRG+At: IR plus Atenolol group. Rats from IRG and IRG+At were subjected to 60 min of intestinal ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. Atenolol (2mg/kg) or saline were injected in the femoral vein 5 min before ischemia, 5 min and 55 min after reperfusion. Thereafter, intestinal segments were appropriately removed and processed for Endothelial Cell Biology Rat RT2 Profiler PCR Array.Results:the anti-apoptotic Bcl2L1 gene expression was significantly down-regulated (-1.10) in the IRG and significantly up-regulated in the IRG+At (+14.15). Meanwhile, despite Casp1 gene expression was upregulated in both groups, it was significantly higher in the IRG (+35.06) than the IRG+At (+6.68).Conclusions:Atenolol presents antiapoptotic effects on rat intestine subjected to IR partly by the up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic Bcl2L1 gene expression. Moreover, atenolol can mitigate the pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory effects of Casp1 gene on rat intestine after IR.(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1