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Dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum canis in a free-living maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)

Pereira, Keylla Helena Nobre Pacifico; Oliveira, Elton Luís Ritir; Gonçalves, Raphael Augusto Baldissera; Rolim, Luna Scarpari; Dias Neto, Ramiro das Neves; Castilho, Maíra Sales; Teixeira, Carlos Roberto; Rahal, Sheila Canavese.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 46(supl): 1-4, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-17905


Background: Chrysocyon brachyurus is a South American wild canid considered a species near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and is classified as vulnerable in the National List of Endangered Species. With the increase of the contact between domestic animals, human population and wild animals, there was a greater exposure of the maned wolf to pathogens. Due to the importance of its conservation, the knowledge of emerging infectious diseases that affect this species becomes essential. This report aims to describe the first diagnosed case of dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum canis in a maned wolf.Case: A free-living female maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), approximately 60 days old, was rescued with presence of alopecia, non-pruritic lesions, one of circular shape located in the nasal plane and the other with signs of scaling and crusts in the region of the left pina. The animal was active, in good general condition and without other significant changes to clinical examination. Skin scraping was performed for mycological culture of both lesions. Fungal growth on Sabourauds agar identified Microsporum canis. Topical therapy with ketoconazole ointment and cleaning of lesions with 0.2% chlorhexidine was instituted. After 20 days of treatment, remission of clinical signs and repilation of affected areas were observed. New mycological cultures of both areas were carried out, which were negative for Microsporum canis.Discussion: Although Microsporum canis is described as causing dermatophytosis in several animal species, it has apparently not yet been reported in maned wolves. Microsporum canis is one of the most isolated zoophilic dermatophytes in domestic cats and is also cited in reports of symptomatic wild felids, such as tigers, in which it has been identified as either the only agent of infection or in association with Trichophyton mentagrophytes.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1