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Sinonasal osteosarcoma in a horse

Leite, Raíssa Oliveira; Fabris, Viciany Erique; Silva, Elisa SantAnna Monteiro da; Nogueira, Geison Morel; Delfiol, Diego José Zanzarini.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 47(suppl.1): Pub. 364, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18397


Background: Osteosarcomas are common malignant bone tumors described in dogs, humans and cats. However, thereare rare reports in horses. The tumor etiology has not been fully elucidated. Clinical signs are associated to the tumorsize, location and growth characteristics. When located on the face, the most common findings are facial distortion, nasaldischarge and inspiratory dyspnea. The aim of this study was to report an osteoblastic osteosarcoma in a horse, located onthe right maxillary region with projections into the corresponding nostril.Case: A 6-year-old mixbreed saddle gelding, presenting bay coat was admitted to a University Hospital with a chronicsinusitis history. The animal was previously examined and treated by other veterinarians, who suspected of odontogenicmaxillary sinusitis, and therefore a repulsion of the fourth premolar from the right maxilla hemiarcade was performed.However, an improvement of the clinical signs was not observed and subsequently the gelding was referred to a VeterinaryHospital. During physical examination the patient presented dyspnea, tachypnea and tachycardia. An increase on the facesize was observed, together with a fetid and purulent nasal discharge. During oral cavity inspection, a diagonal wear wasdetected at the occlusal surface of the right hemiarcade; food accumulation was seen at the dental extraction site, and acommunication with the rostral maxillary sinus was evidenced, from where a purulent fetid discharge was draining. At theradiographic exam, well defined margins of a tumor were observed, with adjacent bone lysis and the presence of a centralnucleus showing a gross granular mineral radiopacity, distorting the frontal and nasal bones. During the endoscopic exam,a mass partially occluding the right nasal cavity close to the nasal opening was seen, which was blocking the progressionof the endoscopy. However, during the left cavity inspection, at the end of the nasal septum a mass...(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1