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Enxerto osteocondral autógeno associado ao IGF-1 emlesão induzida na cartilagem articular de coelhos / Autogenous osteochondral graft associated with IGF-1 in induced articular cartilage lesion in rabbits

Kawamoto, Fernando Yoiti Kitamura; Muzzi, Leonardo Augusto Lopes; Lacreta Junior, Antônio Carlos Cunha; Raymundo, Djeison Lutier; Endrigo Gabellini Leonel Alves; Silva, Willer Guimarães e; Muzzi, Ruthnéa Aparecida Lázaro.
Acta Sci. vet.; 46: Pub. 1588, 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-18417

Resumo

Background: Articular cartilage has a limited capacity for regeneration and of the various treatments proposed, none have reached appropriate therapeutic effectiveness. This study aimed to evaluate autogenous osteochondral grafts in intact or macerated format, in association with or without insulin-like growth factor type-1 (IGF-1) in the repair of osteochondral defects induced in the femoral trochlear groove of rabbits.Materials, Methods & Results: Seventeen healthy White New Zealand rabbits were selected for this study. The rabbits were female, six months old, and had an average body weight of 4.5 kg. All 34 stifle joints were subjected to autogenous osteochondral grafting in the femoral trochlear groove. The joints were divided into four groups designated as intact osteochondral graft with IGF-1 (INT + IGF), intact osteochondral graft with physiological solution (INT + FIS), macerated osteochondral graft with IGF-1 (MAC + IGF), and macerated osteochondral graft with physiological solution (MAC + FIS). Serial evaluations were performed by orthopedic and radiographic examination. After 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively, the grafted area was subjected to macroscopic, histological, and immunohistochemical analyses. Although no statistically significant differences were found between the groups in relation to clinical, macroscopic, histological, and immunohistochemical aspects, a tendency of IGF-1 to promote tissue repair was evident. In the radiographic evaluation, the articular surface and the recipient site in both groups with IGF-1 showed significantly more effective filling (P ≤ 0.05). Regardless of the group, collagen type 2 production, as assessed by immunohistochemistry, was found to be appropriate on the grafted articular surface.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1