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Epidemiological characterization and risk assessment associated with the presence of Diptera order in laying poultry farms / Caracterização epidemiológica e avaliação de risco associados à presença da ordem Diptera em granjas de postura

Oliveira, Tiago Mendonça de; Teixeira, Cristina Mara; Araujo, Isabela de Lourdes; Rezende, Leandro do Carmo; Cunha, Lucas Maciel; Castro Filho, Rui Pitágoras de Lima; Diniz, Soraia Araújo; Silva, Marcos Xavier.
Acta Sci. vet.; 46: 1-8, 2018. tab, graf, mapas
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19157

Resumo

Background: Health aspects of flocks of laying chickens, such as the occurrence of infestations by parasites and poultry pests, influence significantly the productivity indicators. In recent years, Brazilian poultry has gone through a scientific and technological evolution which resulted in high density poultry hens in the laying sheds and an increase of the occurrence of ectoparasites such as Diptera. The presence of these flies have caused negative impacts for poultry farming, since these may be responsible for the increase of stress and disease emergence and, in addition, reduction of productivity. In this context, the control of synanthropic Diptera is one of the challenges of the poultry farmers and professionals of this area. This study was carried to assess and characterize the risks for the presence of flies in chicken houses of laying farms in the state of Minas Gerais.Materials, Methods & Results: Was used a secondary database and adapted for this study, with information from 402 chicken houses of 42 laying hens commercial properties. The variables used to compose the correspondence model were selected through chi-square tests (P ≤ 0.05). A risk index was built to the presence of flies from variables considered as risk factors for these ectoparasites. In addition, a study of the spatial analysis was carried to evaluate the intensity of chicken houses of poultry farms with the presence of flies. For this, a Kernel map was produced using the QGIZ 2.18.1 software, georreferencing the regions of state of Minas Gerais that have these ectoparasites. It was observed the presence of flies in 253 chicken houses evaluated, which corresponds to a frequency of 62.9%, with the most present flies were Chrysomya spp. 37.3%, M. domestica 34.3%, Fannia spp. 16% and Stomoxys spp. 14%. The graph of the correspondence analysis produced for the epidemiological characterization of the presence of flies presented an accumulated chi-square value of 56.05%.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1