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Influence of follicular growth stimulation on fertility of beef cows treated with eCG or FSH in FTAI protocols / Influência da estimulação do crescimento folicular na fertilidade de vacas de corte tratadas com eCG ou FSH em protocolos de IATF

Thedy, Diego Xavier; Berlitz, Carolina Gabriela Becker; Oliveira, Carolina Rodrigues; Luiz, Débora Schneid Vaz; Velho, Gabriella dos Santos; Dalto, André Gustavo Cabrera; Borges, João Batista Souza.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 46: 1-6, 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19182

Resumo

Background: The pregnancy rate in fixed-time insemination (FTAI) programs in beef cattle is affected by several factors, including the size of ovulatory follicle (OF). Induced ovulation of small OF (≤11 mm) reduces the chance of pregnancy after FTAI when compared to ovulation of larger follicles (≥12 mm). Hormonal treatments to enhance the follicle growth have been widely used in comercial beef cattle systems, aiming to improve the development of a dominant follicle. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of treatment with eCG or FSH at the time of progesterone implant removal on the diameter of OF, final follicle growth and pregnancy rate in beef cows.Materials, Methods & Results: Three hundred and seven suckled beef cows with body condition score 2.80 ± 0.24 (1 to 5 scale) and 45 to 70 days postpartum were synchronized to FTAI. On day 0, intravaginal implants containing 1 g of progesterone, were inserted and administered 2 mg of estradiol benzoate (EB), i.m. On day 7, intravaginal implants were removed and 150 µg of D-cloprostenol were administered i.m. At this time, three groups were assigned according to the treatments: eCG (400 UI eCG, i.m.), FSH (25 UI FSH, i.m.) and Control (1 mL Saline, i.m.). On day 8, all cows were injected with 1mg EB i.m. and were inseminated 52 to 56 h after the implant removal. Transrectal ultrasonography exams of ovaries were performed at the time of implant removal and before FTAI to determine the diameter of the largest follicle and the follicular daily growth. Pregnancy exams were conducted by transretal ultrasonography 30 days after FTAI. Statistical analyzes were performed by Chi-square test for pregnancy rate. Ovarian diameters and follicular daily growth were analyzed by ANOVA with means compared by Tukey test considering significant P value < 0.05.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1