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Insecticidal action of glycerol monolaurate against the lesser mealworm (Alphitobius diaperinus) and its ecotoxicological effect on Enchytraeus crypticus

Tomasi, Thainã; Zortéa, Talyta; Reis, Tamires Rodrigues dos; Lopes, Leonardo Quintana Soares; Baldissera, Matheus Dallamea; Santos, Roberto Christ Vianna; Baretta, Dilmar; Stefani, Lenita Moura; Silva, Aleksandro Schafer da.
Acta Sci. vet.; 46: 1-6, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-19204


Background: Alphitobius diaperinus, known as the lesser mealworm, is recognized as a problem for the poultry production sector. Several chemical methods have been employed in an attempt to control it, without successful results. Thus, alternative methods should be considered as an interesting approach to control this type of infestation. A recent study showed that glycerol monolaurate (GML) possesses insecticidal effect against bees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the effect of GLM against the larval and adult forms of the lesser mealworm in vitro, and to verify whether GLM treated poultry litter used as soil fertilizer exerts any negative effect on its fauna.Materials, Methods & Results: In vitro tests were performed using three concentrations of GLM: 0.2, 0.4 and 1 mg mL-1, and the number of dead larvae and adults of A. diaperinus was counted on days 0, 2, 5 and 8 post-treatment. Poultry litter was pulverized with 1 mg mL-1 of GML, maintained under controlled conditions for 20 days and revolved every two days. Two ecotoxicological tests were performed using Enchytraeus crypticus. In the first test, GML was applied directly into the soil at doses of 0.5, 1 and 2 mg kg-1 of soil, while the second test used poultry litter as soil fertilizer at concentrations of 0, 2, 4 and 8 tons per hectare. Insecticidal action of GML against larvae and adults of A. diaperinus where only the 1 mg mL-1 concentration showed positive effect. GML caused 100% mortality of larvae two days after the beginning of treatment. Similarly, GML showed high efficacy to control adult forms of A. diaperinus, causing 83 and 90% of mortality on days 5 and 8 post-treatment, respectively.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1