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Levan from Bacillus subtilis Natto: its effects in normal and in streptozotocin-diabetic rats

Melo, Fernando Cesar Bazani Cabral de; Zaia, Cássia Thaïs Bussamra Viera; Celligoi, Maria Antonia Pedrine Colabone.
Braz. J. Microbiol.; 43(4): 1613-1619, Oct.-Dec. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-2115


Levan is an exopolysaccharide of fructose primarily linked by β-(2→6) glycosidic bonds with some β-(2→1) branched chains. Due to its chemical properties, levan has possible applications in both the food and pharmaceutical industries. Bacillus subtilis is a promising industrial levan producer, as it ferments sucrose and has a high levan-formation capacity. A new strain of B. subtilis was recently isolated from Japanese food natto, and it has produced levan in large quantities. For future pharmaceutical applications, this study aimed to investigate the effects of levan produced by B. subtilis Natto, mainly as potential hypoglycemic agent, (previously optimized with a molecular weight equal to 72.37 and 4,146 kDa) in Wistar male rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin and non-diabetic rats and to monitor their plasma cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels. After 15 days of experimentation, the animals were sacrificed, and their blood samples were analyzed. The results, compared using analysis of variance, demonstrated that for this type of levan, a hypoglycemic effect was not observed, as there was no improvement of diabetes symptoms during the experiment. However, levan did not affect any studied parameters in normal rats, indicating that the exopolysaccharide can be used for other purposes.(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1
Localização: BR68.1