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Enfermidades de bovinos e ovinos diagnosticadas no Estado do Tocantins / Cattle and sheep diseases diagnosed in the state of Tocantins - Brazil

Oliveira, Mariana Correia; Ramos, Adriano Tony; Cunha, Isabelle Magalhães; Nunes, Guilherme Souza; Chenard, Marina Galindo; Nogueira, Vivian de Assunção; Caldas, Saulo Andrade; Helayel, Michel Abdalla.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 47: Pub. 1676, Aug. 12, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-21889


Background: Knowing the different diseases that affect the herds of a region is a fundamental necessity, because sanityis one of the main factors limiting animal production. Several studies have reported the diseases affecting the animals ofvarious regions of Brazil; however, no such study was carried out in the state of Tocantins so far. Thus, the objective ofthis work is to report the main diseases diagnosed in cattle and sheep in the central and northern regions of the state ofTocantins, between January 2011 and December 2015.Materials, Methods & Results: The records and reports of the cattle and sheep treated by the clinicians and pathologistsof the Ruminants Medical Clinic (SCMR) of the University Veterinary Hospital (HVU), School of Veterinary Medicineand Zootecnia (EMVZ), University Federal of Tocantins (UFT) during the study period were evaluated. The cases wereclassified into two categories, conclusive and inconclusive; the cases with conclusive diagnosis were classified according tothe etiology and the organic systems involved. In the period of five years, 697 cattle and sheep were treated in the SCMR.The diagnoses were made using epidemiological, clinical, and pathological data, and in some cases, using complementarytests. Among the 697 cases reviewed, 692 (99.2%) and 5 (0.8%) cases were diagnosed conclusively and inconclusively,respectively. The most affected system was the digestive system, which accounted for 260 (37.6%) cases; this was followedby the locomotor 130 (18.8%) cases, nervous 56 (8.1%) cases, reproductive 57 (8.2%) cases, urinary 50 (7.2%) cases, skin16 (2.3%) cases, muscular 11 (2%) cases, respiratory 34 (4.9%) cases, hemolymphopoietic 28 (3.5%) cases, endocrine 24(3.5%) cases, sense organs 22 (3.2%) cases, and cardiovascular 4 (0.6%) cases. A total of 220 (31.6%) parasitic, 202 (29%)infectious, 106 (15.2%) toxic, 96 (13.8%) nutritional, 52 (7.5%) by physical agents, and 6 (0.8%) congenital/hereditarydiseases were...(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1