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Distúrbio compulsivo em cadela da raça Border Collie / Compulsive disorder in Border Collie bitch

Rosado, Isabel Rodrigues; Silva, Juliana Gonzaga da; Freitas, Dilma Mendes de; Reis, Aline Silva dos; Picelli, Julia Perinotto; Frange, Sofia Elias; Alves, Endrigo Gabellini Leonel; Martin, Ian.
Acta Sci. vet.; 47(suppl.1): Pub. 452, 7 dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25646

Resumo

Background: Compulsive disorders are excessive and repetitive behaviors that jeopardize the quality of life of both animaland guardian. It generally affects dogs between 6 and 36 months of age and its etiology is associated to stress, anxiety andgenetic predisposition. Clinical manifestations are the usual behaviors of the dog, but overly and inappropriately done.Diagnosis is based on a history of repetitive behavior and on clinical and complementary exams to discard other diseases.The aim of this study is to report a case of compulsive disorder in a female Border Collie dog, including diagnostic andtherapeutic approaches.Case: A 5-month-old, female, Border Collie dog was presented to Uberabas Veterinary Hospital owing to a chasingshadows behavior that started as a playtime activity but intensified to the point of becoming a repetitive and excessive act,followed by self-trauma and excessive barking. Clinical examination showed lesions in nasal planum region. No alterationswere observed on neurological examination apart from the chasing of shadows that also happened in the consultation room.Therefore, since there were no other findings on clinical and neurological exams, and since the manifestation occurredas a response to environmental stimuli (presence of shadows), it was established a presumptive diagnosis of compulsivedisorder. Treatment with trazodone chlorhydrate was performed, and it was indicated ovariohysterectomy, a follow-upwith a professional behaviorist and trainer and environment modifications. After a fortnight, it was observed a discreetimprovement of the clinical signs, hence a second anxiolytic, clomipramine, was added to the treatment. Approximately3 months after the beggining of therapy, there was improvement of the animals clinical picture...(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1