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Assessment of hematological parameters and uterine hemodynamic indices in bitches with pyometra

Uçmak, Zeynep Günay; Kurban, İbrahim; Uçmak, Melih.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 49: Pub. 1796, Mar. 25, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-30235


Background: Pyometra is defined as chronic purulent inflammation of the uterus that causes changes in hematologicaland biochemical parameters. The disease is characterized with bacterial infection and pus accumulation in the uterus.Transabdominal B-mode ultrasonography provides easy and certain diagnosis of this disease. The hemodynamic changesin pyometra are evaluated by Doppler ultrasonography. The aim of the study is to determine the changes in hematologicalparameters and Doppler indices in bitches with pyometra, diestrus healthy bitches and evaluate the relationship betweenhematological parameters and hemodynamic indices within the both groups.Materials, Methods & Results: A total number of 27 bitches were enrolled in the study. The healthy diestrus bitches (groupH; n = 7) aged 6.2 ± 1.14 years, weighted 14.57 ± 3.75 kg. The bitches with pyometra (group PYO; n = 20) aged 9.1 ± 0.62years and weighted 17.65 ± 2.60 kg. Before all bitches had ovariohisterectomy, hematological analyses were performed.Transabdominal ultrasonography (USG) was performed with a 6.6 MHz convex transducer. The widest cross-sectionaluterine diameter (UD), wall thickness of uterine horns (UWT) and presence of luminal content were evaluated. Diameterof the uterine artery (DUA) was measured on a mapped color image using the USG software program. The examinationwas carried out with pulsed-wave Doppler USG to characterize the waveform of the uterine artery (UA). Anechogenic areasin uterine lumen, increase in UD and UWT were observed in group PYO. All cases in group PYO had luminal content inboth uterine horns ranging from 1.2 to 5.6 cm. The DUAs were measured in group H and in group PYO as 1.75 ± 0.03mm, 1.94 ± 0.08 mm; respectively (P < 0.05). The PI and RI values of group PYO were lower than group H (P < 0.001).Hematological analysis results showed that...(AU)
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