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Effectiveness of protected areas for jaguars: the case of the Taiamã Ecological Station in Brazil

Cardoso, Henrique Matheus; Morato, Ronaldo Gonçalves; Miyazaki, Selma Samiko; Pereira, Thadeu Deluque Costa; Araújo, Gediendson Ribeiro de; Kantek, Daniel Luis Zanella.
Pap. avulsos Zool.; 60: e20206048, Sept. 29, 2020. ilus, mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-33426


The largest feline in the Americas and the third largest in the world, the jaguar is an apex predator in the food chain and a key species in the ecosystems where it occurs, developing important ecological functions in maintaining ecosystem balance. In Brazil, the Pantanal is considered an important refuge for the species, and protected areas such as the Taiamã Ecological Station (TES) are relevant for conservation of pristine ecosystem where the species persist. Thus, considering that this area is located in one of the regions with the highest concentration of this large cat in the Pantanal, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the protection given by the TES for the jaguar population. The station is a flooded island in the middle of the Paraguay river and surrounded by extensive wetlands. We monitored ten jaguars using GPS collar at the TES and its surroundings. The samples were separated into high-water season (January to June) and low-water season (July to December), and the estimated home ranges were grouped as: 1) residents only and 2) all monitored individuals. The stabilization of the home ranges of eight jaguars, considered residents, was determined through variograms. When all jaguars were analysed together there was 55% overlap between the clustered areas of the two analysed seasons. In the analysis excluding non-resident individuals there was 72% overlap between the clustered areas. The type of land cover inside these areas was very similar between these periods. The range of this protected area is not sufficient to effectively protect these jaguar populations, since the grouped home ranges of the resident animals studied are 3.5(wet)/2.5(dry) times larger than the area of the TES. However...(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1