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Genetic parameters for longevity in Holteins cows / Parâmetros genéticos para longevidade em vacas da raça Holandesa

Junqueira Oliveira, Elisa; Corrêa da Silva, Suelen; Cristina Paro de Paz, Claudia; Braga Bignardi, Annaíza; Lúcia Cardoso, Vera; El Faro, Lenira.
B. Indústr. Anim.; 69: 38-38, 2012.
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-467498

Resumo

The milk yield has been the most selected trait in dairy cattle breeding programs. However various studies have shown a decline in adaptive and longevity traits in herds that are under selection for improving production, especially in taurine breeds, as the Holstein, who was highly selected for milk production. The aim of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for first lactation 305-day milk yield (Y305) and for longevity traits and to verify the association among them, in high production Holstein cows. The data sets used were from Agrindus Farm, with calving occurring between 1989 and 2005. The traits analyzed were Y305, productive life (PL), calculated as the length of lactation days from the first day of lactation until the culling, and age at culling (AC). Variance components were estimated by Restricted Maximum Likelihood, applying multi-trait animal model. Heritability estimates for Y305, PL and AC were, respectively, 0.35, 0.07 and 0.10. Heritability estimates for PL and AC suggest small genetic variability to get genetic gains by direct selection for these traits, because they are influenced by decisions of voluntary and involuntary culling, being largely affected by factors related to the environment. It is difficult to measure these traits because it is necessary to evaluate culling of animals and causes of culling. The magnitude of the heritability estimate f
O artigo não apresenta resumo em português.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1