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Effects of thymoquinone on interleukin-1 and interferon gamma gene expression and antibody titers against newcastle disease in broiler chickens under oxidative stress

Rastad, A; Sadeghi, A. A.; Chamani, M; Shawrang, P.
R. bras. Ci. avíc.; 18(4): 593-597, Out-Dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-683978


An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of the dietary inclusion of different levels of thymoquinone (TQ) of broilers subjected to oxidative stress or not on the antibody titers against Newcastle disease and on the gene expression of interleukine-1 and interferon gamma. A total of 320 one-day-old broilers was randomly assigned to eight treatments with four replicates of 10 birds each, in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement, consisting of four thymoquinone (TQ) levels (0, 5, 8, or 11 mg/kg body weight) and two levels tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) injection (0 or 0.02 mmol/kg of body weight). Blood samples were collected from two birds per replicate to determine antibody titers against Newcastle disease. At the end of experiment, two birds per replicate were randomly selected, sacrificed and their spleens were collected to evaluate the genes expressioninterleukin-1 and interferon gamma (p 0.05). The dietary inclusion of TQ of broilers subjected or not oxidative stress increased antibody production against Newcastle disease (p 0.05). Both individual and combined dietary inclusion of t-BHP and TQ promote the differentiation and proliferation of spleen cells and the gene expression of interleukin-1 and interferon gamma (p 0.05). (AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1