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Induction of mutation and measurement of genetic variability in sugarcane genotypes / Indução de mutação e mensuração da variabilidade genética em genótipos de cana-de-açúcar

Nardino, Maicon; Ricardo Carvalho, Ivan; Ferrari, Mauricio; Junior de Pelegrin, Alan; Jardel Szareski, Vinicius; Nicolau Follmann, Diego; Otomar Caron, Braulio; Schmidt, Denise; Queiróz de Souza, Velci.
R. Ci. agrovet.; 16(3): 247-255, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX-Express | ID: vti-713980

Resumo

The widespread usage of commercial varieties of sugar that are adapted to agricultural system and come from parents with a small genetic distance can lead to a narrowing of the genetic basis of sugarcane. This study aimed to induce mutations and evaluate the genetic distance among the sugarcane mutants produced by different multivariate techniques. Were induced mutations and then evaluate the genetic distance among these sugarcane mutants with the use of multivariate techniques. The study was conducted in the experimental area of the UFSM, Frederico Westphalen - RS. The genotype used for mutation induction was IAC 873396. The induction process proceeded with the placement of buds in a solution of the mutagenic agent MMS (Methyl Methane Sulfonate). A total of 22 mutants and six commercial checks were evaluated for 12 traits of agronomic interest. The analyses were: the evaluation of individual averages, Tocher"s grouping, average Euclidean distance, an analysis of principal components, and the relative contribution of characteristics. The mutation induction process generated significant patterns of genetic variability among sugarcane mutants verified by three multivariate analyses. The UPGMA clustering methods, Tocher and principal component analysis revealed similar results related to the dissimilarity of sugarcane genotypes. Genotypes 20, 24, and 10 were greater than the gener
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1