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The effect of mycotoxins adsorbents beta glucans or montmorillonite on bovine ruminal fermentation in vitro / Impacto dos adsorventes de micotoxinas Beta-glucana ou montmorilonita sobre a fermentação ruminal de bovinos in vitro

Dal Pozzo, Marcelo; Viegas, Julio; Kozloski, Gilberto Vilmar; Stefanello, Cristiano Miguel; Silveira, Alisson Minozzo da; Bayer, Cimélio; Santurio, Janio Morais.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 44: 01-06, 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-722740


Background: The addition of adsorbents in foods has been the strategy used by nutritionists to reduce the toxic effects of mycotoxins in animals. Mycotoxins are found in a range of foods and commonly they present variations in the chemical structure therefore, it has been appropriate to include adsorbents from different sources in the diet of ruminants. However, few researches were conducted in order to better understand the interaction of adsorbents on ruminal fermentation. Our objective in this study was to investigate the possible effects of two adsorbent products on bovine ruminal fermentation. One consists of 65% of -glucan (-glu), originating cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and used at a concentration of 1% and natural sodium montmorillonite (MMT) at a concentration of 5%. Materials, Methods & Results: The effects of -glu adsorbents (1%) and MMC (5%) in culture medium that simulated ruminal fermentation were evaluated. Bottles, with a capacity of 120 mL, were used to be filled with substrate such as maize and ryegrass hay ground, nutrient solution (medium of Menke), liquid extracted rumen fistulated bovine and the two adsorbents evaluated, totaling 50 mL. The experiment was conducted with three treatments, named after: control (Cont), -glu and MMT. In the control treatment adsorbents were not added. Six replicates were used for each treatment and two trials were conducted. One of the tests aimed to determine the fermentation kinetics by means of the gas production after 72 h incubation and quantifying the production of methane (CH4) at 48h. While another test aimed to quantify the production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) - acetic, propionic and butyric acid - and the production of ammonia (NH3) in 24 h incubation. [...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1