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Trophic ecology of citrus pests based on stable isotope analysis

de Santi-Júnior, Adelino; Wilson Botteon, Victor; Mastrangelo, Thiago; Zacharias Moreira, Marcelo.
Sci. agric.; 75(6)2018.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX-Express | ID: vti-731635


ABSTRACT: Macrodactylus pumilio Burm. (Coleoptera: Scarabeidae) and Naupactus cervinus (Boh.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) are considered primary pests in citrus crops in Brazil, causing damage to plants and decreasing productivity. However, few studies investigate the ecology of these insects. In this context, the use of stable isotopes analysis (SIA) emerges as an alternative technique to conventional studies of behavioral ecology because it is faster and may explain feeding behavior based on the food source for each species. Field sampling and laboratory experiments were carried out to examine the changes of carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (13C and 15N) among pests and host plants (C3 citrus and C4 grasses), providing means to examine trophic interactions. Beetles were collected at the municipality of Gavião Peixoto, São Paulo State, identified and kept at 5 °C in saturated saline solution until the SIA. Two patterns for both species were found: 13C value for N. cervinus was -23.6 and -13 for M. pumilio, indicating similarity between the results of 13C of N. cervinus and citrus plants (-26 ) and dependence on grasses (-12 ) for M. pumilio individuals. The mean 15N value was 4.3 and 5.8 for citrus plants and grass leaves, respectively, and the mean 15N value was 4.4 for N. cervinus and 4.9 for M. pumilio. The results showed a higher affinity of N. cervinus for citrus roots since the larval stage compared with the alternative diet on M. pumilio.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1