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Gross anatomy and vascularization of the brain of pacarana (Dinomys branickii)

Freitas, Letícia Menezes; Pereira, Kleber Fernando; Melo, Fabiano Rodrigues de; Silveira, Leandro; Santos, Odeony Paulo dos; Pereira, Dayane Kelly Sabec; Melo, Fabiana Cristina Silveira Alves de; Jácomo, Anah Tereza de Almeida; Lima, Fabiano Campos.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 46: Pub. 1598, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734614


Background: The pacarana lives in South America and has herbivorous and nocturnal habits. It is a rare species with scarce data concerning its morphology and adding more data is important in establishing its vulnerability. The aim was to describe its macroscopic brain anatomy, as well as the brain vascularization.Materials, Methods & Results: Two specimens were available for this study, that were donated post-mortem. The animals were injected with latex and fixed with 10% formaldehyde. Upon exposure and removal of the brain its main features were described. The rhinal fissure is single and the lateral sulcus arises from its caudal part. There are two sagittal sulci, an extensive medial sulcus and a short lateral sulcus. The piriform lobe is vermiform and the rostral part is smaller. The caudal colliculus is larger than the rostral colliculus and they are separated by a sulcus. The cerebellum has oval shape and the flocculus lobe is not conspicuous. The cerebral arterial circle was analyzed and described. The brain is supplied by the vertebrobasilar system only. The cerebral arterial circle is formed by the terminal branch of the basilar artery, the caudal communicating artery, the rostral cerebral artery and the rostral communicating artery. The caudal and middle cerebellar arteries are branches of the basilar artery. The terminal branch of the basilar artery originates the rostral cerebellar artery and the caudal cerebral artery. From the end of the caudal communicating artery and the beginning of the rostral cerebral artery arises the middle cerebral artery.[...](AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1