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Fecal peritonitis in aging rat model. Therapeutic response to different antibiotic strategies

Mascena, Guilherme Veras; Figueiredo Filho, Carlos Alberto; Lima Júnior, Marcos Antônio Xavier de; Oliveira, Thárcia Kiara Beserra; Gadelha, Diego Nery Benevides; Melo, Maria Cecília Santos Cavalcanti; Brandt, Carlos Teixeira.
Acta cir. bras.; 33(5): 446-453, May 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-734708

Resumo

Purpose: To evaluate the response of aging rats with sepsis to two different antibiotic regimens. Methods: The study was conducted with 30 aging rats (18 month-old) with autologous feces peritonitis. The animals were divided into three groups: Group 0 received no therapeutic intervention (control), while Group 1 received a single dose of 40 mg/kg meropenem and Group 2 received a single dose of 20 mg/kg moxifloxacin. The intervention in both Groups was made 6 hours after induction of peritonitis. The animals were followed up to 15 days for evaluating morbidity and mortality. The weights at baseline were similar in all groups. Results: At the end of follow-up, weight loss was significantly greater (p=0.0045) in Group 0 (non-intervention controls). Culture from a blood sample at the end of follow-up was positive in all the animals in Group 0, in two animals in Group 1 and in four animals in Group 2. Morbidity/mortality was significantly higher in Group 0 compared to both Groups 1 and 2 (p=0.003) but the scores were not significantly different between Groups 1 and 2 (p=0.6967). Conclusion: Both antibiotic regimens rendered promising results for the treatment of fecal peritonitis.(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1