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Osteossínteses de ílio e fêmur em cachorro-do-mato (Cerdocyon thous) / Ilium and femur osteosynthesis in crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous)

Silva, Bruna Zafalon da; Santos, Eduardo Almeida Ruivo dos; Costa, Priscila Medina da; Goulart, Miúriel de Aquino; Schmitt, Bernardo; Alievi, Marcelo Meller.
Acta sci. vet. (Online); 45(suppl.1): Pub. 219, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-741005

Resumo

Background: Fractures and dislocations are common orthopedic conditions arising from traumas from anthropic interaction on wild species, such as those caused by road trampling. Among the treatments, osteosynthesis is considered the method of choice in the treatment of fractures, such as ilium body fractures and femoral fractures. Based on this context, with regard to the incidence of auto accidents and few studies describing osteosynthesis techniques for crab-eating fox, the present study aimed to report the osteosynthesis performed on the body of the ileum and femur of a wild specimen of Cerdocyon thous. Case: A female, adult, crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), coming from wild life was referred to hospital care with a history of run over. After specific examinations, it was diagnosed a complete transverse femoral shaft fracture, an oblique ilium body fracture, a pubic and ischial fracture, and pelvic canal narrowing. The treatment instituted was osteosynthesis of the femoral and ilium body fractures through the use of a 2.7 mm locking plate and screws. In the postoperative period, radiographic examination was performed, where bone callus formation was observed in the 5th week and bone remodeling and consolidation in the 11th week. After 140 days of rehabilitation, the animal was able to be released in the wild, with effective return of function of the pelvic limbs. The release was performed by environmental agencies in a national natural reserve, using radio necklace monitoring.Discussion: Osteosynthesis techniques and preoperative and postoperative management proved to be effective for the return of adequate function of the pelvic limbs in Cerdocyon thous. For wild animals, the use of internal orthopedic implants (plate and screws, for example) become the most suitable for osteosynthesis...(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1