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Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Production and Biofilm Formation in Salmonella Serovars Resistant to Antimicrobial Agents

Mandelli, JZA; Ehrhardt, A; Manto, L; Borges, KA; Furian, TQ; Weber, B; Rodrigues, LB; Santos, LR.
R. bras. Ci. avíc.; 21(2)2019.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX-Express | ID: vti-743891


ABSTRACT Antimicrobial resistance is a serious public health problem and Salmonella spp. is highly resistant to antimicrobial agents. Biofilms are important in the food industry due to their formation on products, utensils, and surfaces and the difficulty in their removal. The objective of this study was to assess extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production, antimicrobial resistance, and biofilm production of Salmonella isolated from poultry slaughterhouses. Antimicrobial susceptibility was assessed by the disk diffusion assay and ESBL by double diffusion disk assay using the beta-lactamase inhibitor (amoxicillin+clavulanate). The antimicrobials tested were: ampicillin, amoxicillin+clavulanate, aztreonam, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, enrofloxacin, sulfonamide, and tetracycline. Serovars Infantis, Panamá, and Tennessee were found to produce ESBL. All serovars were sensitive to tetracycline, and S. Brandenburg was sensitive to all drugs tested. Serovars Panamá, Anatum, Infantis, and Schwarzengrund were moderate biofilm producers at 3 ºC and 9 ºC±1 ºC, respectively, showing possible adaptation of these serovars to these temperatures. Antimicrobials should be used with caution because of the levels of resistance observed and because of ESBL production, and hygiene and sanitary measures should be enhanced to minimize the adhesion of biofilm-forming Salmonella serovars at refrigeration temperatures.
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1