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A non-inferiority study to compare daily fast-acting insulin versus twice a week slow-acting insulin moderate diabetes mode

Camargo, Cristina Pires; Weschenfelder, Rafael Hori Nagamine; Fonseca, Guilherme Moreira da; Sousa, Alexandre Agostinho da Cruz; Gemperli, Rolf.
Acta cir. bras.; 35(7): e202000704, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-760094


Purpose Given the high prevalence of diabetes (D), several animal models have been analyzed. In the literature, most of the animal models have studied severe D. However, in clinical practice, most patients have moderate disease. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe a moderate D condition. Methods We analyzed 20 Wistar rats, age eight-weeks, weight between 200g-250g. All animals received an intravenous injection of Streptozotocin (55mg/kg weight). On the 15th day after D induction, the animals were divided into two groups: Group I animals receiving a single daily dose of fast-acting insulin (FAIG) NPH (1UI,SC) for partial glycemic control, and Group II - animals receiving slow-acting insulin (SAIG) twice a week. We measured glycemia, weight, and adverse events every week during two months. Results Of the total of animals analyzed in the study, three animals died in the FAIG and two animals died in the SAIG. Regarding the glycemic level, results were 339.5 ± 125.4mg/dL (95CI 302.3402 to 376.6842) in the FAIG, and 367.8 ± 66.1mg/dL (95IC 333.7607 to 401.8978) in the SAIG. There was no difference between groups as to weight during the study. Conclusion The use of slow-acting-insulin is not inferior to the use of fast-acting-insulin in the management of partially insulin-controlled moderate diabetes in rats.(AU)
Biblioteca responsável: BR68.1
Localização: BR68.1