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Red and green defocus curves and duochrome test in different age groups / Curvas de desenfoque rojo y verde y prueba de duocromo en diferentes grupos de edad

Rolandi, Riccardo; Zeri, Fabrizio; Duse, Alessandro; Carlotta Rizzo, Giulia; Ponzini, Erika; Tavazzi, Silvia.
J. optom. (Internet); 17(3): [100497], jul.-sept2024. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS (España) | ID: ibc-231871

Purpose:

To compare the eye defocus curves (DCs) obtained with stimuli on red, green, and white backgrounds and to investigate the applicability of the duochrome test (DT) in different age groups.

Methods:

12 elderly (ELD 59.3 ± 3.9 years) and 8 young (YG 22.1 ± 1.1 years) subjects were recruited. An optometric assessment with the DT was carried out to obtain the subjective refraction at distance. DCs at distance on green, white, and red backgrounds were measured and the following parameters were deduced dioptric difference between red-green, green-white, red-white focal positions (minima of the DCs), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and widths of the DCs for red, green, and white.

Results:

The DC difference between the green-white focal positions (mean ± standard deviation) was -0.12±0.17 diopters (D) (ELD, p = 0.012) and -0.11±0.12 D (YG, p = 0.039), while the red-white difference was not statistically significant. The DC red-green difference was 0.20±0.16 D (ELD, p = 0.002) and 0.18±0.18 D (YG, p = 0.008). The ELD BCVA with green background was significantly worse than BCVA with red (p = 0.007) and white (p = 0.007). The mean value of the DC's width in ELD for green (1.01±0.36 D) was higher than for red (0.77±0.21 D) and for white (0.84±0.35 D), but with no statistical significance.

Conclusion:

Both age groups showed a slight focusing preference for red when using white light. Moreover, ELD showed a worse BCVA with a green compared to a red background. Despite these results deduced by DC analyses, these aspects do not compromise the possibility of using the DT in clinical practice both in the young and in the elderly. Furthermore, the difference of about 0.20 D between red-green DC in both groups confirms the clinical appropriateness of the widespread use of 0.25 D step as the standard minimum difference in power between correcting lenses.(AU)
Biblioteca responsable: ES1.1
Ubicación: ES15.1 - BNCS