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Immune response to Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi infection is reduced in malnourished BALB/c mice

Serafim, Tiago Donatelli; Malafaia, Guilherme; Silva, Marcelo Eustáquio; Pedrosa, Maria Lúcia; Rezende, Simone Aparecida.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz; 105(6): 811-817, Sept. 2010. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-560668
Protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies may down-regulate immune response and increase morbidity and mortality due to infection. In this study, a murine model was used to study the effects of protein, iron and zinc deficiencies on the immune response to Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi infection. Mice were initially fed a standard diet or with a diet containing 3 percent casein but deficient in zinc and iron. After malnutrition was established, mice were inoculated with L. chagasiand sacrificed four weeks later in order to evaluate liver and spleen parasite loads and serum biochemical parameters. Significant decreases in liver and spleen weight, an increase in the parasite loads in these organs and decreases in serum protein and glucose concentrations in malnourished animals were observed. Furthermore, the production of interferon-gamma by spleen cells from infected malnourished mice stimulated by Leishmaniaantigen was significantly lower compared with that in control diet mice. These data suggest that malnutrition alters the immune response to L. chagasiinfection in the BALB/c model and, in association with the effects on biochemical and anatomical parameters of the host, favored increases in the parasite loads in the spleens and livers of these animals.
Biblioteca responsable: BR1.1