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Behavior of two Leishmania infantum strains-evaluation of susceptibility to antimonials and expression of microRNAs in experimentally infected J774 macrophages and in BALB/c mice.

Silva, Stella Costa; Silva, Débora Faria; Almeida, Tamires Cunha; Perasoli, Fernanda Barçante; da Silva, André Talvani Pedrosa; da Silva, Glenda Nicioli; Rezende, Simone Aparecida.
Parasitol Res; 117(9): 2881-2893, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943317
Strains of the same Leishmania parasite species, isolated from different host organisms, may exhibit unique infection profiles and induce a change in the expression of microRNAs among host macrophages and in model host mice. MicroRNAs (MiR) are endogenous molecules of about 22 nucleotides that are involved in many regulatory processes, including the vertebrate host immune response. In this respect, the infectivity and susceptibility to antimonials of two L. infantum strains, BH46, isolated from human, and OP46, isolated from symptomatic dog, were characterized in J774 macrophages and BALB/c mice. Parasite burden was assessed in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow using the serial limiting dilution technique. A higher parasite burden was observed in the spleen and bone marrow of animals infected with OP46 compared to BH46 strain. Our results also showed that OP46 was less susceptible to the antimonials. In addition, miR-122 and miR-155 expression was evaluated in the liver and J774 macrophages, and in spleens from infected animals, respectively. An increase was observed in the expression of miR-155 in J774 macrophages infected with both strains compared to uninfected cells, with a higher expression in cells infected with OP46. However, no difference in the expression of miR-122 and miR-155 was observed in the infected animals. Thus, this study shows that OP46 was more infective for mice, it caused a higher increase in miR-155 expression in infected macrophages and was less susceptible to the antimonials evaluated. These data suggest that alteration in miR-155 level likely plays a role in regulating the response to L. infantum.